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Mont. Nor you?

Nfont. Your lordship does ill to give up Mal. Nor I, I take it.

your right! Mont. Two eager suilors!

I am not capable of this great goodness : Lav. Troth, 'tis wondrous hot;

There sits iny wife, that holds my

troth. Hear'o bless us from him!

Churl. I'll end all : Lam. You've told me, Montague,

I wooe'd you for my lady, and now give up Wlio are not fit to have me; let me know Alas, poor wench, my aims are lower far. The man you would point out for me.

Alont. How's this, sweetheart? Mont. There he sits;

Lam. Sweetheart, 'tis so; the drift was
My lord of Amiens, madam, is my choice: mine, to hide
He's noble every way, and worthy a wife


till it struck home. With all the dowries of

Omnes. Give you joy! [I'll have thee! Ami. Do you speak, sir,

Lum. Prithee leave wondring! by this kiss, Out of your friendship to me?

Mont. Then, by this kiss, and this, l'ií Mont. Yes, my lord,

ever serve you!

[hope And out of truth; for I could never flatter. Long. This gentleman and I, sir, must needs Ami. I would not say how much I owe

Once more to follow you. you for it,

(you, Mont. As friends and fellows;
For that were but a promise; but I'll thank Nerer as servants more.
As now I find you, in despite of fortune, Long. Dub. You make us happy!
A fair and noble gentleman.

Orl. Friend Montague, you've taught me Lam. My lords,

so much honour, I must confess the choice this man hath made I've found a fault i'myself; but thus I'll purge Is every way a great one, if not too great, My conscience of it: the late land I took And no way to be slighted: yet, because By false play froin you, with as much conWe love to have our own eyes sometimes, trition 62 Give nie a little liberty to see {now As with entireness of affection How I could fit myself, if I were put to't. To this most happy day, again I render: Ami. Madam, we must.

Be master of your own; forget my malice, Lam. Are ye all agreed?

And make me worthy of your love, lord Omnes. We be. [here! Montague!

[your name.
Lum. Then, as I am a inaid, I shall chuse Mont. You have won me and honour to
Montague, I must have thee.

Mal. Since

[follow. Mont. Why, madam, I have learn’d to suffer Your lordship has begun good deeds, we'll Than you can (out of pity) mock me with, Good sir, forgive us! We are now those men This way especially:

Fear you for goodness' sake: those sums of Lam. Thou think'st I jest now;

money But, by the love I bear thee, I will have thee! Unjustly we detain from you, on your pardon

Mont. If you could be so weak to love a Shall be restor'd again, and we your servants. fall'n man,

La-P. You're very forward, sir! it seems He must deserve more than I ever can,

you've money:

(you. Or ever shall! Dear lady, look but this way I pray you lay ont; I'll pay you, or pray for Upon that lord, and you will tell me then As the sea works. Your eyes are no true chusers of good men. Luv. Their penance, sir, I'll undertake, 50 Ami. Do you love him truly?

please you Lam. Yes, my lord:

To grant ine one concealment 63.
I will obey him truly, for I'll marry him; Long. A right courtier,
And justly think he that has so well serv'd Still a-begging.

Mont. What is it, sir?
With his obedience, being born to greatness, Luv. A gentlewoman.
Must use me nobly of necessity,

Mont. In When I shall serve hiin.

Lav. Yes, sir, in yours. Ami. 'Twere a deep sin to cross you. Noble Mont. Why, bring her forth, and take Montague,


[Exit Lav. I wish ye all content, and am as happy

Lam. What wench would he have? In my friend's good as it were merely mine! Mont. Any wench, I think. 62 With as much contrition, and entireness of

Affection to this most happy day again, I render.] This being all printed as prose, ran readily into its true measure, except in the part—and entireness of affection; and here the reader will observe, that there is certainly one mistake, for without changing and to as, the comparative as in the first part wants its responsive as in the second, to make out the comparison. The repetition of with too (which is all that is wanting to complete the measure) is an additional beauty to the language, whether in verse or prose. Seward. 63 Concealment.] See note 14 on the Humorous Lieutenant,


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Omnes. Ha, ha, ha! Enter Laverdine, and Veramour like

(wouldst thou come

Lu-P. Oh, thou fresh-water gudgeon,

To point of marriage with an ignoramus ?
I uv. This is the gentlewoman.

Thou shouldst have had ber urine to the docMont. 'Tis my page, sir.

tor's ;

(plain Ver. No, sir; I am a poor disguised lady, The foolishest physician could have made That like a page have follow'd you full long The liquid Epicæne63; a blind man by the For love, God wot.


(stone.-Omnes. A lady!

Could have discoverd the ring from the
Lav. Yes, yes; 'tis a lady. [gether,

Boy, come to sea with me; I'll teach thee
Mont. It may be so; and yet we've lain to- to climb,
But, by my troth, I never found her lady.

And come down by the rope, nay, to eat rats.
Duch. Why wore you boys' cloaths ?

Ver. I shall devour my master before the
Ver. I will tell you, madam; [methought prison then6+;
I took example by two or three plays, that Sir, I've began my trade.
Concern'd me.

Mal. Trade! to the city, child;
Mont. Why made you not me acquainted A flap cap will become thet.
With it?

Mont. Gentlemen,
Ver. Indeed, sir, I knew it not myself, I beseech


molest yourselves no further Until this gentleman open'd my dull eyes, For his preferment; 'tis determined. And by persuasion made me see it.

Lav. I'm much ashamed; and if my cheek Ami. Could

Giveth not satisfaction, break my head. His power

in words make such a change? Mont. Your shame is enough, sir. Ver. Yes;

Ami. Montagues,
As truly woman as yourself, my lord. [man? Much joy attend thy marriage-bed! By thy

Lav. Why, but hark you? are not you a wo- Example of true goodness, Envy is exil'd;

Ver. If hands and face make it not evident, And to all bonest men tiät truth intend,
You shall see more.

I wish good luck! fair Fate be still thy friend!
Nal. Breeches, breeches, Laverdine!
La-P. 'Tis not enough; women may wear

[Exeunt omnes. Search further, courtier. (those cases;

63 The liquid Epicæne.] There is great humour in this, which will escape those who are not acquainted with the technical words in gra'nmar: the Epicæne gender is the doubtful, or where the sex is not distinguished. The adjective and substantive are therefore jocosely inverted, and the liquid Epicone, is the same as the dubious liquid. Seward.

We do not remember meeting with a stranger observation, than is contained in the above 64 I shall devour my master before the prison then.) This is a passage that has puzzled Mr. Syınpson and myself. He proposes to read poison for prison, but be owns himself not satisfied with the change; nor, indeed, do I see, what advance towards sense we can make by it. I am very far from being satisfied with what I am going to propose. It is very clear, that Veramour designs to call La-Poop a rat, and his natural answer should be, “-'I shall " then devour my master the first of all his crew.” I read, therefore,

-before his prisoners then.
The rats of the ship may be called such. Seward.
65 Montague, much joy attend thy marriuge bed;

By thy ecumple of True goodness, Envy is exil'd,
And to all honest men that truth intend,

I wish good luck, fair Fate be still thy friend.] The reader will here see another instance, how much corrupted the measure was in those parts of the play which were rang’d as verse; which generally arose from the printers making the beginning of most speeches the beginning of a verse, when they are often a conclusion of some foregoing verse, as in this in

Hence they were forced to curtail the next lines, to bring two lines and a half into two; and I hope, that the original is only restored in stretching them again into due dimensions. In the last line, I believe, for thy friend, we should read their friend, else we should make a fuller point than a comma before it. The former seems most natural.

Seward reads,

Montague, much joy
Attend thy marriage bed; by th' example
Of thy true goodness, Envy is exild,

And, &c.
Scarcely any of Mr. Seward's divisions, which he so often mentions, are adopted in the



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Presented before His Majesty, the Queen's Majesty, the Prince, Count Palatine and the Lady Elizabeth their Highnesses, in the Banqueting House at Whitehall,

on Saturday the 20th day of February, 1612.

This Masqne was undoubtedly the production of Beaumont alone. There is a quarta

edition of it without a date; and it is also printed in the folio of 1647.


To the Worthy Sir Francis Bacon, His Majesty's Solicitor-General; and the Grave and

Learned Bench of the anciently-ullied Houses of Gray's Inn und the Inner-Temple, the
Inner. Temple and Gray's Inn.


YOU that spared no time nor travel, in the setting forth, ordering, and furnishing of this Masque, (being the first truits of honour, in this kind, which these two Societies have offered to his inajesty), will not think much now to look back upon the effects of your own care and work : for that whereof the success was then doubtful, is now happily performed and graciously accepted; and that which you were then to think of in straits of time, you may now peruse at leisure: and you, Sir Francis Bacon, especially, as you did then by your countenance and loving affection advance it, so let your good word grace it and defend it, which is able to add value to the greatest and least inatters.

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THIS Masque was appointed to have been presented the Shrove-Tuesday before', at which time the masquers with their attendants, and divers other gallant young gentlemen of both houses, as their convoy, set forth from Winchester-house (which was the rendezvous) towards the court, about seven of the clock at night.

This voyage by water was performed in great triumph; the gentleinen masquers being placed by ihemselves in the king's royal barge, with the rich furniture of state, and adorned with a great number of lights placed in such order as might make best show.

They were attended with a number of barges and gallies, with all variety of loud musick, and several peals of ordnauce, and led by two admirals.

Of this show his majesty was graciously pleased to take a view, with the prince, the count Palatine, and the lady Elizabeth their highnesses, at the windows of his privy gallery, upon the water, till their landing, which was at the privy stairs; where they were most honourably received by the lord chamberlain, and so conducted to the vestry.

The hall was by that time filled with company of very good fashion, but yet so as a very great number of principal ladies, and other noble persons, were not yet come in, whereby it was foreseen that the room would be so scanted as might have been inconvenient; and thereupon his majesty was most graciously pleased, with the consent of the gentleinen masquers, to put off the night until Saturday following, with this special favour and privilege, that there should be no let, as to the outward ceremony of magnificence until that time.

At the day that it was presented, there was a choice room reserved for the gentlemen of both their houses, who, coming in troop about seven of the clock, received that special ho nour and noble favour, as to be brought to their places by the right honourable the earl of Northampton, lord-privy-seal.

This Masque was appointed, &c.] The marriage of the count Palatine of the Rhine with the lady Elizabeth, daughter to James I., was celebrated on Valentine's Day, in the year 1613. "The Masque then exhibited by the gentleinen of Gray's Inn and the Inner-Temple was performed with much splendor and magnificence, and at a great expence to both those societies. In Dugdale's Origines Juridiciales, 1071, p. 286, we find the following accounts of the charges attending this representation, extracted from the records of each society. Gray's Inn. In the 10th of King James, the gentlemen of this house were (together with • those of the other inns of court) actors in that great Masque at Whitehall, at the marriage • of the king's eldest daughter unto Frederick Count Palatine of the Rhine; the charge in

apparel for the actors in which Masque, was supported by the society: the readers being

each man assessed at 4l.; the ancients, and such as at that time were to be called an• cients, at 21. 108. apiece; the barristers at 21. a man; and the students at 208.; out of • which so much was to be taken as the Inner-Temple did then allow,

• Which being performed, there was an order inade, 18 Maii then next following, that the gentlemen who were actors in that Masque should bring in all their masqueing apparel, so provided at the charge of the house.'

Ibid. p. 346. Lincoln's Inn. The third upon a Masque in 11 Jac. presented by this society before the king, at the marriage of the lady Elizabeth his daughter, to the prince • Elector Palatine of the Rhine, which cost no less than mixxxvil. 8s. 11d." R.


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THE DEVISE OR ARGUMENT. JUPITER and Juno, willing to do honour to the marriage of the two famous rivers, Thamesis and Rhine, employ their messengers severally, Mercury and Iris, for that purpose. They meet and contend: then Mercury; for his part, brings forth an anti-masque all of spirits or divine natures; but yet not ot' one kind or livery (because that had been so much in use heretofore) but, as it were, in consort, like to broken music: and preserving the propriety of the devise; for that rivers in nature are maintained either by springs from beneath, showers from above, he raiseth four of the Naiales out of the fountains, and bringeth down five of the Hyades out of the clouds, to dance. Hereupon, Iris scoffs at Mercury, for that he had devised a dance but of one sex, which could have no life: but Mercury, who was provided for that exception, and in token that the match should be blessed both with love and riches, calleth forth out of the groves four Cupids, and brings down from Jupiter's altar four statues of gold and silver to dance with the nymphs and stars: in which dance, the Cupids being blind, and the statues having but half life put into them, and retaining still somewhat of their old nature, giveth fit occasion to new and strange varieties both in the music and paces. This was the first anti-masque.

Then Iris, for her part, in scorn of this high-flying devise, and in token that the match shall likewise be blessed with the love of the common people, calls to Flora, her confederate (for that the months of flowers are likewise the months of sweet showers and rainbows) to bring in a May dance, or rural dance, consisting likewise not of any suited persons, but of a confusion or commixture of all such persons as are natural and proper


country sports. This is the second anti-masque.

Then Mercury and Iris, after this vieing one upon the other, seem to leave their contention; and Mercury, by the consent of Iris, brings down the Olympian knights, intimating, that Jupiter having, after a long discontinuance, revived the Olympian games, and summoned thereunto from all parts the liveliest and activest persons that were, had enjoined them, before they fell to their games, to do honour to these nuptials. The Olympian games portend to the match celebrity, victory, and felicity. This was the main masque.

The fabric was a mountain with two descents, and severed with two traverses.

At the entrance of the king, the first traverse was drawn, and the lower descent of the inountain discovered, which was the pendant of a hill to lite, with divers boscages and grovets upon the steep or hanging grounds thereof; and at the foot of the hill, four delicate fountains running with water, and bordered with sedges and water flowers.

Iris nrst appeared; and presently after Mercury, striving to overtake her.

Iris as pareled in a robe of discoloured taffeta, figured in variable colours, like the rainbow, a cloudy wreath on her head, and tresses.

Mercury in doublet and hose of white tatleta, a white hat, wings on his shoulders and feet, his caduceus in bis hand, speaking to Iris as followeth: Mercury. STAY, stay!

Merc. Stay, foolish maid! Stay, light-foot Iris! for thou Or I will take my rise upon a hill, striv'st in vain;

When I perceive thee seated in a cloud, My wings are nimbler than thy feet. In all the painted glory that thou hast,

And never cease to clap my willing wings, Dissembling Mercury! my messages

"Till I catch hold of thy discolour'd bow, Ask honest haste; not like those wanton ones And shiver it, beyond the angry power Your thundring father sends.

Of your curstmistress to make up again. * Curst;] i. e. Cross, peevish. The word occurs in Philaster, and several othe places.

4 D 2


Tris. Away,

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