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The most destructive Circumstance in our Affairs seems to be, that by the long and repeated Insinuations of our Enemies, many are worn into a kmd of Doubt of their own Cause, and think with Patience of what is suggested in savour of contrary Pretensions. The most obvious Method of reviving the proper Sentiments in the Minds of Men for what they ought to esteem most dear, is to shew, That our Cause has in it all the Sanctions of Honour, Truth, and Justice, and that we are, by all the Laws of God and Man, enstated in a Condition of en* joying Religion, Life, Liberty, and Property, rescued from the most imminent Danger of having them all for ever depend upon the Arbitrary Power of a Popish Prince.

We mould have been chained dowo in this abject Condition in the Reign of the late King fames, had not God Almighty in Mercy .given us the late happy Revolution, by that glorious Instrument of his Providence the great and memorable King WIL LIA M. But though this wonderful Deliverance happened as it were but Yesterday, yet such is the Inadvertency or Ingratitude of some amongst us, that they seem not only to have forgotten the Deliverer, but even the Deliverance it .self* Old Men act as if they believed the Danger which then hung over their Heads was onty a Dream, the wild Effects of ill-grounded imaginary Fears; and young Men, as if they had never heard from their Fathers, nor read of what passed in this Kingdom, at a Period no sarther backward than the Space of Five and Twenty Years.


I flatter my self, that if the Passages which happened in those Days, the Resolutions of the Nation thereupon, and the just Provisions made from Time to Time against our salling into the same Disasters, were sairly stated and laid in one View, all indirect Arts and mean Subtleties practised to weaken our Securities would be frustrated, and vanish before the glaring Light of Law and Reason.

I shall not govern my self on this Occasion by the partial Relation of particular Persons or Parties, but by the Sense of the whole People, by the Sense of the Houses of Lords and Commons, the representative Body of the whole Nation; in whose Resolutions, according to the different State of Things, the Condition of the Kingdom, by those who had the greatest Stakes in it, has been from time to time, plainly, impartially, and pathetically expressed.

I shall begin with the Act of Parliament made in England in the second Session of the first Year of the late King William and Queen Mary, entituled, An A3 declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Sulyecf, and fettling the Succession of the Crown.

It carries in it the noble Resentment of a People that had been just rescued from Tyranny; and yet, that they might justify their Actions to Posterity, it recites all the particular Instances of the Tyrannical Reign in a plain and dispassionate Simplicity. The Act runs as follows.

4\17Hereas the Lords Spiritual and Temporal,' • » * and Commons assembled at Westminster, c lawfully, fully, and freely representing all the

4Estates 4 on the 13th Day of February, in the Year of 4 our Lord 1688, present unto their Majesties, 4 By causing several good Subjects, being


* then called and known by the Names and 4 Stile of William and Mary, Prince and Prin4 cess of Orange, being present in their proper

* Persons, a certain Declaration in Writing, 4 made by the said Lords and Commons in the 4 Words following, viz.

* Whereas the late King James the Second,

* by the Assistance of divers evil Counsellors,

* Judges, and Ministers employed by him, did

* endeavour to subvert and extirpate the Prote

* slant Religion, and the Laws and Liberties of 4 this Kingdom;

4 By assuming and exercising a Power of dif4 pensing with and suspending of Laws, and

* the Execution of Laws, without Consent of

* Parliament;

* By committing and prosecuting divers wor

* thy Prelates, for humbly petitioning to be ex4 cased from concurring to the said assumed 4 Power;

* By issuing, and causing, to be executed, a c Commission under the Great Seal for erecting < a Court called the Court of Commissioners

* for Ecclesiastical Causes;

* By levying Money for, and to the Use of

* the Crown, by Pretence of Prerogative, for 4 other Time, and in other Manner, than the

* same was granted by Parliament \

* By raisingandkeepingaStandingArmy with4 in this Kingdom in Time of Peace without 4 Consent of Parliament, and quartering Sol

* diers contrary to Law,

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* Protestants, to be disarmed, at the same time 4 when Papists were both armed and employed,

* contrary to Law;

4 By violating the Freedom of Election of 4 Members to serve in Parliament;

4 By Prosecutions in the Court of King's Bench

* for Matters and Causes cognizable only in

* Parliament, and by divers other arbitrary and 4 illegal Courses:

4 And whereas of late Years partial, corrupt, 'and unqualified Persons have been returned 4 and served on Juries, in Trials, and particu4 larly divers Jurors in Trials for HighTrea4 son which were not Free-holders^

4 And excessive Bail hath been required of 4 Persons committed in criminal Cafes, to e4 lude the Benefit of the Laws made for the 4 Liberty of the Subjects; 4 And excessive Fines have been imposed, 4 And illegal and cruel Punishments inflicted, 4 And several Grants and Promises made of

* Fines and Forfeitures, beforeany Conviction 4 or Judgment agaipst the Persons upon whom 4 the same were to be levied:

4 All which are utterly and directly contra4 ry to the known Laws, and Statutes, and 4 Freedom of this Realm.

1 And whereas the said late King James the 4 Hd having abdicated the Government, and 4 the Throne being thereby vacant,

4 His Highness the Prince of Orange {whom 4 it hath pleased Almighty God to make the 4 glorious Instrument of delivering this King4 dom from Popery and Arbitrary Power) did

* (by the Advice of the Lords Spiritual and

4 Temporal, and divers principal Persons of 4 the Commons) cause Letters to be written 4 to the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, being 4 Protestants, and other Letters to the several 4 Counties, Cities, Universities, Boroughs,

* and Cinque-Ports, for the chusing of such 4 Persons to represent them as were of Right 4 to be sent to Parliament, to meet and fit at 4 Westminster upon the two and twentieth Day

* of January, in this Year Gne thousand fix 4 -hundred eighty and eight, in order to such an 4'Establishment, as that their Religion, Laws, 4 and Liberties might not again be in Danger

* of being subverted, upon which Letters E( lections having been accordingly made.

4 And thereupon the said Lords Spiritual and

* Temporal, and Commons, pursuant to their

* respective Letters and Elections, being now 4 assembled in a full and free Representative

* of this Nation, taking into their most serious 4 Consideration the best Means for attaining the 4 Ends aforesaid, do, in the first place, as their 4 Ancestors in like Cafe have usually done for 'the vindicating and asserting their ancient

* Rights and Liberties, declare,

4 That the pretended Power of suspending 4 of Laws, or the Execution of Laws, by Re

* gal Authority, without Consent of parlia4 ment, is illegal.

4 That the pretended Power of dispensing

* with Laws, or the Execution of Laws by

* Rega^ Authority, as it hath been assumed and

* exercised of late, is illegal.

4 That the Commission for erecting the late

* Court of Commissioners for Ecclesiastical 4 Causes, and all other Commiffions and

G Courts

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