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By levying and keeping up a standing Ar: * my in Time of Peace, without Consent of • Parliament, and maintaining them upon free • Quarter.
By employing the Officers of the Army as • Judges throughout the Kingdom, by whom "the Subjects were put to Death without le. • gal Tryal, Jury, or Record.
By impoling exorbitant Fines to the Value s of the Parties Estates, exa&ing extravagant • Bail, and disposing Fines and Forfeitures be: *fore any Process or Convi&ion.
By iinprisoning Perfou's without expressing the Reason, and delaying to bring them to - Tryal.
By causing several Persons to be prosecuted, * and their Eltates to be forfeited upon Stretches 6 of old and obsolete Laws, upon weak and “i frivolous Pretences, and upon lame and deá fe&tive Proofs; as particularly the late Ears • of Argyle, to the Scandal of the Justice of & the Nation, ..By subverting the Rights of the Royal Bo• roughs, the Third Enate of Parliament, im* pofing upon them not only Magiftrates, but * also the whole Town Council and Clerks, * contrary to their Liberties and express Char• ters, without any Prerence of Sentence, Sur
render, or Confent; fo that the Commif: . fioners to Parliament being chosen by the Ma.
giftrates and Councils, the King might in • Effe& as well nominate the Estate of Parlia:
ment: Besides that, many of the Magiftrates • by him put in were Papists, and the Boroughş • were forc'd to pay Money for the Letters im
posing those illegal Magistrates upon them.
By sending Letters to the chief Courts of • Justice, not only ordering the Judges to stop .fine Die, but also commanding how to pro** 'ceed in Cases depending before them, contra
ry to the express Laws; and by changing the .. Nature of the Judges Patents ad Vitam or • Culpam, into a Commifsion de bene placito, c to dispose them to a Compliance with arbi*trary Courses, and turning them out of their
Offices if they refused to comply.
• By granting personal Prote&ions for Civil Debts contrary to L3w.
• All which Miscarriages of King James, were utterly and dire&tly contrary to the • known Laws, Freedoms and Statutes of the .. Realm of Scotland. Upon which Grounds 16 and Reasons the Eftates of the Kingdom of
Scotland did find and declare, that the said • King James had forfeited the Crown, and the
Throne was become vacant.
then Prince of Orange, fince King of England, us whom it hath pleased God to make the glo6 rious Instrument of delivering these Kingdoms • from Popery and arbitrary Power, by Advice . 4 of several Lords and Gentlemen of the Scots
• Nation then at London, did call the Estates of . this Kingdom to meet upon the 14th of March .. last, in order to such an Establishment as that * the Religion, Laws, and Liberties might not • again be in Danger of being subverted; The
Caid Estates being then assembled accordingly, s in a full and free Reprefentative of the Na. .« tion, did in the firft Place, as their Ance. • Aurs in like Cafes bad usually done for vin
• dicating and asserting their ancient Rights and • Liberties declare,
"That by the Law of Scotland no Papift 6 could be King or Queen of the Realm, por • bear any Office therein; nor that any Prote< ftant Successor could exercise the Regal Power, & 'till they had sworn the Coronation Oath.
That all Proclamations asserting an abso. ! lute power to null and disable Laws, in or« der for erecting Schools and Colleges for Je• suits, converting Protestant Churches and < Chappels into Mass-houses, and the allowing • Mafs to be said; and the allowing Popish " Books to be printed and dispersed, was con
trary to Law.
"That the taking the Children of Noblemen, « Gentlemen, and others, and keeping them • abroad to be bred Papists;
• The making Funds and Donations to Po. • pish Schools and Colleges, the bestowing · Pensions on Priests, and the seducing Prote6 ftants from their Religion by Offers of Pla. • ces and Preferments, was contrary to Law.
That the disarming of Proteftancs, and em. « ploying Papists in the greatest Places of Trust • both Civil and Military, was contrary to Law.
"That the imposing an Oath without Au. .6thority of Parliament, was contrary to Law.
"That the railing of Mony without Consent I of Parliament or Convention, was contrary. 6. to Law.. : “That employing the Officers of the Army
as Judges, was contrary to Law. instela
That the prosecuting and seizing Men's Eftates as forfeited upon Stretches of old and "obsolete Laws, &c. was contrary to Law.
• That the nominating and imposing Magi• ftrates, &c. upon Boroughs, contrary to their 6. express Charters, was contrary to Law. ..
. 'That the sending Letters to the Courts of • Justice, ordering the Judges to defift from • determing of Causes, and ordering them how
to proceed in Causes depending before them, "&c. was contrary to Law.
· That the granting of Personal Prote&tions, ..& c. was contrary to Law.
.That the forcing the Subje&ts to depose a• gainst themselves in capital Causes, however
the Punishments were restri&ed, was con6-trary to Law.
• That the uling Torture without Evidence,
or in ordinary Crimes, was contrary to Law. ... That the sending of an Army in a warlike 6. Manner into any part of the Kingdom in • Time of Peace, and exacting. Locality and 6. Free Quarters, was contrary to Law. :That the charging the Subjects with Law. " Boroughs at the King's Instance, and impo.' "sing Bonds without Authority of Parliament, " and the suspending Advocates for not appear' ing when Bonds were offered, was contrary b.to Law. . That the putting Garrisons into private
Houses in Time of Peace, without Authority ! of Parliament, was illegal.
"That The Opinions of the Lords of the 6- Session in the two Cases following; were « llegal; (viz.) That the concerting the De. * mand of the Supply of a Fore faulted Person,
" although not given, was Treason; and that • Persons refusing to discover their private • Thoughts in relation to Points of Treason, • or other Mens Actions, are guilty of Trea
" That the fining Husbands for their Wives « withdrawing from Church, was Illegal.
“That Prelacy and Superiority of an Office s in the Church above Presbyters, is, and has • been a great and unsupportable Burden to this • Nacion, and contrary to the Inclinations of • the Generality of the People ever since the • Reformation, they having reformed Popery • by Presbytery, and therefore ought to be abolished..
"That it is the Right and Privilege of the • Subje&t, to protest for Remedy of Law to . the King and Parliament, against Sentences • pronounced by the Lords of the Sessions,
provided the same do not stop Executions of " the said Sentences.
"That it is the Right of the Subject to peti. • tion the King, and that all Prosecutions and • Imprisonments for such petitioning, were ! contrary to Law.
• Therefore for the Redress of all Grievan
ces, and for the amending, strengthening, and • preserving the Laws, they claimed that Par. o liaments ought to be frequently called, and al"lowed to lit, and Freedom of Speech and De• bate allowed the Members; and further claimed " and infifted upon all, and sundry the Premi. • ses, as their undoubted Rights and Liberties; • and that no Declaration, or Proceedings, to
the Prejudice of the People, in any the said | Premises, ought in any wise to be drawn