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a Patent, and is introduc'd into the House of Peers, (tho' he was the Day before notoriously ignorant in our Laws) Men appeal to him from the Decree of all the Judges. Besides this, the Lords are perpetual Legislators, and have an hand in the repealing as well as making Laws; by which means the whole Constitution may be subverted by this one Innovation. And it is plain, that the Prince who should place so entire a Confidence in his Ministry, as to give Peerage upon their Recommendation, would enable them by that Power in the Legislature, joined to the Execution of the Regal Authority as Ministers, to give that Prince and Nation to the next Potentate who should be powerful enough to receive and maintain so vast a Present.
However well dispofed Mens Minds may be, there are some things which are not to be torn' mitt ed to their Wills.
The whale Constitution is in Danger, ifthis Matter is not prevented by some future Law; and I think 1 have in my Head a sufficient Expedient, that can no way impair the Prerogative of the Crown, the Power of the Peers, or the Liberty of the People; and that is, that a Bill be brought in to disable any Peer to Vote in any Case, till three Years after the Date of his Patent.
You fee, Noble Sir, that without giving the Matter the least Aggravation, I have shown that if this Avenue to the House of Lords is not shut, that House must be blown up by it as effectually as it might have been by the combustible Matter laid under it an Æge ago by iGnido Fattx.
He that brings the Torch into the Room to sire it in the midst of the Company, differs from him who undermines it only in Point of Modesty.
It is amazing that such Care should be taken to prohibit an Occasional Conformist from being a Constable, and no Body takes it in his Head to prevent an Occasional Lord from being a Judge, nay, Legislator. I am very willing that a Good and Honourable Peace may expiate this Step, which was made in the Eye of the World without the least Deference to a Good and Gracious Sovereign, to an Illustrious Nobility, to a Learned and Knowing Gentry, to a Great and Valiant People: I say, let even this Step be forgiven for a Good Peace; but let not that Peace receive its Sanction from the Repetition of it. If Men cannot carry on the Business of the Nation without such Helps, they may as well in plain Terms tell us they cannot maintain the Constitution,but they will alter it to one which they can. But how is this received with so much Indifference ? Why, Men qualified for Power direct Mankind by consulting their Interest and managing their Affections; but Pretenders to Administration indulge the Passions of the Multitude at the Expence of their real Interest and Advantage. ft is by this latter Method all the Anarchical Proceedings, which have of late distracted this unhappy Nation, have been tolerated. When the Minds of Men are prejudiced, wonderful Effects may be wrought against CommonSense. One weak Step, in flying a Fool for what he said in a Pulpit, with all the Pomp that could be used to take down a more dangerous
gerous and powerful Man than ever England yet has seen, cost the most Able Ministry that ever any Prince was honoured with, its Being. The Judgment of the House of Lords was by this means insulted and evaded, and the Anarchical Fury ran so high, that Harry Sacbeverel swelling, and Jack Huggins laughing, marched through England in a Triumph more than Military. Many extraordinary Things which have happened since, have been brought about upon a Maxim no deeper than Tax Bella potior, Peace is better than War. A great many Lyes grafted upon this unquestionable Truth, could not but produce Wonders among all who pay Taxes. But Arithmetick is so common an Art, that the very common People, now their Passions are sallen, fee their Cafe in one Sheet of Paper call'd A View of the Taxes, Funds andpublick Revenues of England*, Printed for Ttm. Child at the White Hart at the West End of St. Pauls.
As for my self, what I have here suggested is from a very honest Heart, and 1 have an Armour in my Integrity against all Gainsayers. My Comfort is, that the Laws of England are still in Force, and tho' what I have said may be Unacceptable, 1 am sure it is not Illegal. While the Laws are in Being I am safe, and no Man can be safe who out-lives them; may 1, whenever they expire, die with them.
I wish you the long Possession of the Honour in which your generous Behaviour has placed you in the Minds of all true Englishmen; and am, with great Respect,
- Tour most Obedient Servants Fleetstreet,
March y, 1713. Francis Hicks, T H E >
G U A R D I A N
'August the 7th, 1713.
Dtlenda est Carthago —
IT is usually thought, with great Justices a very impertinent thing in a private Man to intermeddle in Matters which regard the State. But the Memorial which is mentioned in the following Letter is so daring, and so apparently designed for the most Traiterous Purpose imaginable, that 1 do not care what Mismterpretation 1 suffer, when I expose it to the Resentment of all Men who value their Country, or have any Regard to the Honour, Safety, or Glory of their Queen. It is certain there is not much Danger in delaying the Demolition of Dunkirk during the Life of his present most Christian Majesty, who is renowned for the most inviolable Regard to Treaties; but that Pious Prince is aged, and in cafe of his Decease, now the Power of France and Spain is in the same Family, it is possible an Ambitious Successor, (or his Ministry in a King's Minority) might dispute his being bound by the Act of his Predecessor in so weighty a Particular.
(VOU employ your important Moments, * 4 methinks, a lktletoofrivolously, when
* you confider so often little Circumstances of
* Dress and Behaviour, and never make men4 don of Matters wherein you and all your
* Fellow-Subjects in general are concerned. 4 I give you now an Opportunity; not only of 4 manifesting your Loyalty to your Queen, but
* your Affection to your Country, if you treat
* an Insolence done to them both with the Dis
* dain it deserves. The enclosed Printed Pa4 per in French and English has been handed a4 bouttheTown, and givengratis to Passengers 4 in the Streets at Noon-Day. You fee the 4 Title of it is, A most humble Address or Me*' mortal'presented to her Majesty the Queen of
* Great Britain, by the Deputy of the Magi4 strates of Dunkirk. The nauseous Memoria4 list, with the most fulsome Flattery, tells the 4 Queen of her Thunder, and of Wisdom and 4 Clemency adored by all the Earth, at the same
* time that he attempts to undermine her Power, 4 and escape her Wisdom, by beseeching her to
* do an Act which would give a well-grounded
* Jealousie to her People. What the Sycophant 4 desires is, that the Mole and Dikes of Dun' 4 kirk may be spared; and, it seems, the Sieur 4 Tugghe, for so the Petitioner is called, was
* Thunder-struck by the Denunciation (which
* he says) the Lord discount Bolinbroke made
* to him, That her Majesty did not think to 4 make any Alteration in the dreadful Sentence