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S and one other A& made in England, in the 'Twelfth Year of the Reign of his laid late Majesty K.Willian the Illd, Entitled, An Act for the further Limitation of the Crown, and better $securing the Rights and Liberties of the Subje&t,

and the Aas lately made in England and Scotland, mutually for the Union of thetwo Kingdoms; or that the Kings or Queens of this Realm, with and by the Authority of Parlia'ment, are not able to make Laws and Statutes

of sufficient Force and Validity to limit and "bind.che Crown, and the Descent, Limitation, "Inheritance, and Government thereof, every

such Person or Persons shall be guilty of High 'Treason; and if any Person or persons thall 'maliciously and directly, by Preaching, Téaching, or advised Speaking, declare, maintain, and affirm, as aforesaid, such Person or Perfons Mall 'incur the Penalty of Premunire.

Thus did our Kingdom of Great Britain begin in the Fifth Year of her Majesty's Reign, and in the Year of our Lord 1767. And from this Great £ra, to which it is so eafie to look back, every Briton may date this happy Conclufion; that all the Notions of Hereditary Right, but that of her Majesty and the Heirs of her Body, and in Default of fuch issue, that of the most Illustrious Princess Sophia, and the Heirs of her Body, being protestants, are at an End.

And all this hath been done in fo open a manner, and in lo expreffive and plain terms, that one cannot but think that our Popish or Jacobite Party, who have been of late so bold both in Writing and Speaking again{t the Settlement of the Crown of Great Britain in the Protestant Line, and cannot possibly plead Ignorance of these things, inust have some unaccountable Encouragement for their Support. But let me inform every Briton that loves his Queen, Religion, Laws and Liberties, it is his Duty to appear Boldly in their Defence, and dete& and feize those Enemies to his Country, where ever he finds them. What should any Man fear in fo just a Cause, who acts under the Guard and Protection of the Laws of his Country, whilft his opponents act with Halters about their Necks?

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It is not material to mention the grand Surpicions of the Spurious Birth of the Pretended Prince of Wales ; That it was talk'd with great Alfurance by the Papists, that the late King James's Queen was big with a Soo, fome Months before the Pretended Birth; for they well knew a Daughter would not do their Buliness ; That at the Time of the Pretended Birth, the Princess

Anne, now our most gracious Queen, was at the Bath; That the Bishops were clapt up in the Tower; That the Women about the Queen were Papists; That the Prefuniptive Heir was not present; That at the Birth of the prefent French King, the next Heir, tho' a Man, was permitted to fee the Queen actually Delivered; That in our Cafe it might have been done with much more Decency, had there been a Birth, fince the next Heir was a Woman; That the late King James, and his Queen, owning the Pretender, is no Argument for his pot being Spurious, confidering the Bigotry of that Prince, and the great Influence the Clergy of the Church of Rome have on their Laity; That our own History informs us, that the First Queen Mary was prevail'd on by her Popish Priefts to feign

her

herself with Child, to exclude her Protestant Sister, the Lady Elizabeth, from the Crown of England; That the Imposture had been carried on, and a Birth been impos'd upon the Nation, had not King Philip, her Husband, wisely consider'd, that the Impoitor would not only succeed to the Crown of England, but also to that of Spain, and to prevented it. I say these things are altogether insignificant, they are foreign to the purpose. Be the Pretender who he will, or whoever was his Father or Mother, it concerns not any Briton , he is an Attainted Person, an Enemy to our Queen and Country; and all his Aiders and Abetters are guilty of Fligh Treason.

Now I am upon the Subject of this late Settlement of the Crown, I cannot forbear to express my Wonder, that there can be found any Briton weak enough to contend against a Power in their own Nation, which is pra&tised to a much greater Degree in other States, and without the lealt Scruple exercised, according to the Emergencies of Human Affairs. How hard is it, that Britain mould be debar'd the Privilege of establishing its own Security, even by relinquishing only those Branches of the Royal Line which threaten it with Delruction, whilst other Nations never scruple, upon less Occasions, to go much greater Lengths. There have been even in France three different Races of their Kings; the first began with Pburamond, the second with Charles Martell, and the third with Hugh Caper; and I doubt whether if the direct Line of the Blood Royal of France were to be followed, it would make for the Title of his present molt Christian Majelty. But to come to fresh In

stances, tances, in which Great Britain it felf hath not been unconcerned, What Right, by the contrary Rule, could the Duke of Savoy have to the Kingdom of Sicily, or the Elector of Bavaria to that of Sardinia? Can Great Britain help to advance Men to other Thrones, and have no Power in limiting its own? Has not Lewis the XIV th given us fresh Instances of such Innova. tions in his own Family ? Or can Men think he is not in Earnest, in excluding his Grandson the King of Spain, and his Descendants, from the Crown of France; and the Dauphin and Duke of Berry, and their Descendants, from the Crown of Spain ? And if such Sacred Things as Kingdoms themselves may be thus disposed of out of the Right Line, not by any Resignation that can in any equitable Sense be called voluntary, but apparently for meer Reasons of State and Ambition, certainly the English and Scotch, for Preservation of Religion, Liberty and Property, the Essential Benefits of Life, might with more Justice settle their Crown in the Protestant Line in the manner they have done, excluding all the nearer Princes of the Blood that are Papists. .

When I reflect on these many folemn strong Barriers of Laws and Oaths, of Policy and Religion, of Penalties without, and Conscience within, methinks all Fear vanisheth before them. It seems a Phantom only that disappears with the Light; and I begin to hope it is as ridiculous and groundless, as the Artifice of some Men endeavours to represent it. But my Thoughts will not let me reft here ; I ask my self, before I am aware, what are the Marks of a lafting Secu. rity? What are our Tempers and our Hearts

no Preteach out a kiound us

at Home? ... In what Hands is Power lodged Abroad? Are our unnatural Divisions our Strength ? -.-. Or is it nothing to us which of the Princes of Europe hoth the longest Sword? The Powerful Hand that deals out Crowns and Kingdoms all around us, may it not in time reach out a King to us too? Are there no Pretensions to our Crown that can ever be revived?... Or are Popery and Ambition become tame and quiet Neighbours?

These uneasie Questions are enough to fa tisfie any Briton, chat we can neither know our Security, nor be sendible of our Danger from any partial View of our Condition, or from Appearances on one side only. Our Condition cannot be judged of, but from the Circumstances of the Atairs of Europe in gea neral, as well as of Great Britain in particu lar.

That I may represent this with the more Advantage, and put every thing in its proper View, I cannot but look back on the glorious Scene some paft Years presented us with, a Scene too glorious indeed to be forgotten, and yet too affecting to be remembred. Ambition, Tyranny and Opprefsion seemed not long ago to be just taking their leave of this part of the World, and ready to give place to Honour, Liberty and Justice. The French for near an Age had been always triumphant in their Encroachments on their Neighbours; from the number of their Troops, their early taking the Field, the Remifsness of their Enemies, join'd with their happy manner of interpreting the Sense of their Leagues and Treaties, they had always succeeded in every thing they under

took ;

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