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T O A
Member os Parliament.
SIR, Land**, M#23. 1714;
THOUGH I have had the Misfortune to appear an unworthy Member of your House, and am expelled, accordingly, from my Seat in Parliament, I am not by that Vote (which was more important to the People of England than I shall at this Timeexplain) deprived of the common Benefits of Life, Li-' berty, or any other Enjoyment of a rational Being. And I do not think I can better bestow my Time, or employ these Advantages, then in doing all in my Power to preserve them to others os well as my self, and in asserting the' Right of my Fellow-Subj-ects against any thing which I apprehend to be au Encroachment up
on what they ought toenjoyas Men, and what they are legally possessed of as Englijjhmen, or, if you will, as Britons.
This, Sir, is all the Apology I shall make to you for addressing to you in this publick Manner my Thoughts concerning the Bill, now making its Way with all convenient Expedition through your House and the whole Legislature. I shall examine this Matter as well as Hade will allow me, and therefore must recite as distinctly as I can what you gave me in Discourse as the Substance of this intended Law, to wit,
jTHAT whereas by an Act of Parliament, 4 in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Years 4 of his late Majesty King Charles the Second, c' intituled, An Ac t for the Uniformity of
* Publick Prayers, and the Administration of the
* Sacrament, and other Rites and Ceremonies; 4 and for Establishing the Form of Making, Or4 daining, and Consecrating Bijhops, Priests and
* Deacons in the Church of England; it is a> 4 mong other Things enacted, that every School
* Master keeping any Publick or Private School,
* and every Person Instructing and Teaching any 4 Youth or Private Family, as a Tutor or School
* Master, should subscribe before his or their
* Respective Bishop, or Archbishop, or Ordina< ry of the Diocess, a Declaration or Acknow
* ledgment, in which among other Things is 4 contained as follows, viz. I A.B. do declare,
* that I will conform to the Liturgy of the Church 'of England, as it is now by Law Establish''d.—
* And if any School-Master or other Person in' 4 structing or teaching Touth in any Private School
* or Family as a Tutor or School-ftfasttr, before, \..' "! tutnfi 4 License obtained from the Respective Archbijjhop
* or Ordinary of the Diocess, according to the 4 Laws and Statutes of this Realm, for which
* h; should pay 12 d. only^ and before Subscript \ lion and Acknowledgment made as aforesaid; 4 then every such School-Master or other instruct4 ing or teaching as aforesaid, jhould for the first 4 Offence suffer Three Months Imprisonment ! without Bail, and fur every second, and ether 4 such Offence, jhouldsuffer Three Months lm4 prifonment without Bail or Mainpriz.e, and also \ forfeit to his Majesty the Sum of j 1.
• And whereas notwithstanding the said Act; 4 Sundry Papists and other Persons dissenting 4 from the Church of England, have taken up
* on them to Instruct" and Teach Youth-as Tu1 tors and School-Masters, and have set up 4 Schools and Seminaries for the Education of
* several Persons, in Reading, ScRolastick, Aci
* demical or other Literature. -—Whereby, if
* due and speedy Remedy be not had, great 4 Danger might ensue to this Church and State.
* For the making the said recited Act more 4 effectual, and for preventing the Danger afore4 said, ....
. -iBe it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent, 4 &e. That every Person or Persons who shall 4 from and after the Day of
4 next ensuing, keep any Publick or Private 4 School or Seminary, or Teach or Instruct any 4 Youth as Tutor or School-Master, or School4 Mistress, in Reading, Scholastick, Academical, 4 or other Literature, within that Part of Great 4 Britain called England, the Dominion of 'Wales, or Town of Berwick upon Tweed, 4 before such Person or Persons (hall have Sub
. . 4 scribed
4 scribed the Declaration or Acknowledgment 4 before recited, and shall have had and obtained 4 a License from the Respective Archbishop or 4 Bishop, or Ordinary of the Place, under his
* Seal of Office, for which the Party shall Pay
and no more; and in Case such Per4 son or Persons shall be thereof convicted by 4 the Oath of or more credible Wit
1 ness or Witnesses.beforeany or more
4 Justice or Justices of the Peace within any 4 County, Riding, City, or Town Corporate,
* where such Offence shall be committed in 4 that Part of Grtat Britain called England; 4 which Oath such Justice or Justices are here'by impowered and required to Administer, 4 and shall, and may. Provided always, 4 and be it hereby enacted, That no License J shall be granted by any Archbishop, Bishop, 4 or Ordinary, unless the Person or Persons 4 who sue for the same, shall produce a Certi4 skate of his, her, or their having received
* the Sacrament according to the Usage of the 4 Church of England, in some Parish-Church 4 within the Space os
4 next before Grant of such License under the 4 Hand of nor until such
4 Persoa or Persons shall have taken and sob4 scribed the Oaths of Allegiance and Supre
* macy, and Abjuration, as appointed by LaW, 4 before the said Archbishop, Bishop, or Ojrdi
* nary; which said Oaths the said Ardhbilhop, 4 Bishop, or Ordinary, are hereby Mipewered 4 and required to Administer. And be it Fhr4 ther enacted by the Authority aforesiiid.,That 'any Person wno Tball have obtain'd a License f and subscribed the Declaration, andtafeeitwia'
:.: . 4 sub