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SIR, W Hoever reads the following Apology,

Vy will easily allow me, that I am much léss concerned for the Fame of a Writer than that of an honest Man.. I have declared the Affiltances I had in composing the Writings which are here defended; for the upright Purpose, the innocent. Intention of them, is all which I am anxious to assert. In Defence of Truth I incurred popular Hatred and Contempt, with the Prospe& of suffering the want even of the ordinary Convenienses of Life. The Probability of being undone I could nor but form : to my self when I took upon me what I did;

but a Weight heavier than all this fell upon me, : to wit, a Resolution of the Representative of · my Country to my Dishonour. This indeed was a Blow unexpe&ted; nor could it enter in. to my imagination, that the Insolence of any Minister could run so high, as to demand of

the House of Commons to punish one of its - Members for being unacceptable to him. The · Perusal of this Pamphlet will convince the Rea· der, there was not so much as the Appearance of any other Motive for my Expulsion. The

Day Day of Debate was indeed a very memorable one, and the Perfons concerned in it bugely worth suspending the Councils of a Nation. It was remarkable however, that such was the Force of Truth, that the Member accused had not an harth personal Exprefsion used against him; and the Minister, in the midst of all his Power, who brought on the Accusation, was treated in the Manner which all Mankind knows he deserves. As for my Part, I ever thought meanly of the Capacity, though not, till lately, of the Good-nature of that Dema. gogue, and saw very well his Audaciousness would one Day suffer by his Ignorance. lo was visible, whatever became of his Country, which I believe had little Share in his Lordship's Cares, he would, with the Wand in his Hand, raise Powers which he would want Skill to command, and which consequently would tear him himself in Pieces.

But without dwelling upon the Contemplation of Mischiefs wrought by a cunning wicked Creature, placed in a Station proper only for a wife and virtuous Man, I am now to give you my Thanks for your generous Defence of me in this great Adversity. Your Behavi. our was indeed equally noble during the whole French Administration, and your Eloquence was of publick Service to your Country, when . the Prerogative was strained to the utmost, not to exalt our own Sovereign, but to compliment France with the Greatness and Interest of her and her People. The Joiervention of Pro

vidence has given us a Stand against the immi. * nent Deftrudion which such iniquity and Folly had placed before our Eyes, and Men in great

Employ: Employments can now be safe without depending upon France.

I have mentioned Dunkirk till Iam fick, and there are not Words to represent the infamous Behaviour in a Ministry, to cover so great and pernicious an Impolure upon their Country, as the Improvemeot of that Port under the Pretence of the Demolition of it.

You have the Honour and Happiness to have eminently opposed all the Incursions which there guilty Men made upon the Greatness of the Crown and the Welfare of the Subject, by prostituting them both to their own selfish De. signs, and destroying, as far as in them lay, the good Name of all Men of Virtue and Service.

They have indeed reaped this Good, that there can be nothing said of themselves, the word Servants that ever Sovereign employed, but what they had caused to be laid to the Charge of those who were their Predecessors; Persons whose Abilities had raised their Country to such a Grandeur, that nothing but the unnatural Industry of her own Ministers could Jower to the helpless Condition to which they. had reduced it.

These Evils could not have been supported, had not the Demagogues, by the Abuse of Power, deafned inany in the Legislature against Attention to the true loterest of themselves and their Country; while an inconsiderable Creature who had the Good-will of no Man, could. manage Aversions skilfully enough to be fuf. fered to destroy all, for fear of an Alteration, of Affairs that might be grateful to an oppofice: Party,


Were the following Instance of the harsh and odious Disposition in Gentlement to fit determined, before hearing, the Concern only of me and mine, it would not be worth troub. ling the World with so many Words on the Occasion; but neither what I now write, or what you much better spoke, is a Case of so Jittle Consequence; and when you undertook it, you knew you were pleading for the Rights and Liberties of the Commons of England; and I will take upon me to say, that there never was a greater Insult on the Constitution than this, except one pra&tised by the same Person without the least Deference to the Order of things, the common Sense of Mankind, the Honour of the Crown, or the Property of the Subje&.

It needs not be said what this greater Impu. dence was; nor who had fo little Grace as to be guilty of it: It was he who was born in our Days for the Chastisement and Dishonour of them, a Tool whose Insignificancy makes Sorrow, occasioned by him, ihe Subje&t of Laughter, takes all Dignity from Distress, and renders Calamity ridiculous.

As to my own Part under the fantastical Ty. ranny of the Demagogue's Administration, could what you said in the House be communicated to the Publick, I mould have no need of this Defence; but since I have not here the Aflittance of your Eloquence, I beg the Advantage of your Name and Character: For [. know it will be an Argument with every honest Man that my Cause was good, that you so zealously espoused it; for that admirable Talent of speaking of which you are Master, has

never been prostituted to serve dishoneft Pur: poses; and you have too candid a Spirit not to esteem it a Praise, rather than Disparagement of your Eloquence, that the Cause for which you have at any Time pleaded needed no Art but from the Ipiquity of its Opposers.

The happy Ability of explaining the most difficult Parts of Business to Men wholly unacquainted with Negociation, has been as useful to the Publick as honourable to your Self. As you have dete&ted the Artful, so you have helped the ignorant of your very Adversaries, according to their Intention to abuse or serve their Country,

It has been said, that the greatest Art is to hide Art; but you have a much better Instrument towards Perswalion, the having nothing to conceal; for Truth is as certainly the greatest Eloquence, as Honesty is the best Policy. Let those who speak or act against their Conscience, obtain their little Purposes and Applauses; be it ever your Commendation to de. spise Artifice and practise Uprightness. A long Course of suffering for your Zeal in an honest Cause, has gained you the Chara. der of an open honest Englit Gentleman, with a Capacity which takes off the Imputation of Weakness from Simplicity of Manners, and adds the Dignity of Knowledge to the Beauty of Innocence. · As' I never entered into Political Debates with ambitious Views, but have brought my Defires within the Necessaries and decent Con, veniencies of Life, I am the more jealously te nacious of the litele I expect of the World, which is only to accept of my Service to the


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