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deep Animadversions. But to the Matter it self.

On the 12th of March, 1713. a Complaint was made to the House against certain Paragraphs in three Printed Pamphlets, one Entitled, The Englishman, from Saturday, Jan. 16. to Tuesday, Jan. 19. 1713. wherein is a Printed Letter to the Englisman, to which is subscribed the Name Richard Steele; another, Entituled, The Crisis, in the Title Page whereof it is faid, by Richard Steele, Esquire; and the other, Entituled, The Englisman, being the Close of the Paper Co called, in the Title Page whereof it is also said, by Richard Steele, Esquire; as con. taining several Paragraphs tending to Sedition, bighly reflecting upon Her Majesty, and arraigning Her Administration and Government. Upon which the accused Member was ordered to atrend in his Place the next morning. He attended accordingly on Saturday the 13th, and heard the several Paragraphs, in che Printed Paniphlet complained of, read. After which, at the proper Time, he stood up, and read a Paper containing the following Words:

Mr. Speaker, I I Have written and caused to be Printed feve

veral Baoks and Papers with a fincere Zeal and good. Intent to serve my Queen and Country, the present happy Establishment in Church and State, and particularly the Protestant Succession in the House of Hanover. But I submit it to the House, whether, in Justice to the Defence that is due to every Subject of this Kingdom, I ought to admit that either the Contents or Substance of the Papers laid upon your Table are the


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Same I wrote and caused to be Printed, before I have perused and compared thene; especie ally since every one knows it to be Fact, that false Editions of Books, which sell, are Published

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Mr. Speaker, Though I was ordered to attend in my Place before any particular Passages, if I am rightly informed, were read or objected to in the House; get now that I have heard what they are, I trust to the Justice of this House, that I mall bave a reasonable Time to peruse and compare them, and if I find them upon Perusah to be really the fame which I wrote and published, I fall inge. nuously own them, and hope to make such a Dea fence of them as will be satisfactory to the House; for which, I doubt not but you will allow me Sufficient Time.

Since Time for comparing them was all Mr. Steele pretended to, the Monday following was proposed for the Day of his Defence; but that was eafily got over, upon his orging that the next Day was Sunday. After a proper Time to be allowed was debated for some Moments, and that the deliring to collate the Papers was said to be mentioned only as the most obvious Circumftance abfolutely neceffury for the Member's Defence, but that much more must be fupposed as material, as that, for bis Juftification, the House seemed in a very goed Difpofition, which the accused Meinber did not think he abused in defiring till the Saturday following. It was very faintly prefs'd that this was too diftant a Day, till a particu


lar Orator stood up, and endeavoured to warna the House into an Indignation of treating, with so much Gentleness, so high an Offender. It cannot be expe&ted that one can remember every Man's Namne; but the Man I mean was of an enormous Stature and Bulk, and had the Appearance, if I may so speak, of a Dwarf-Giant. His Complection Tawny, his Mein disturbed, and the whole Man some. thing particularly unfamiliar, disingenuous, and shocking to an English Constitution. I fancied, by his exotick Make and Colour, he might be descended from a Moor, and was fome Purchase of our African, or other trading Company, which was manumised. This Man, thought I, was certainly bred in Servis tude, and being now out of it, exerts all that he knows of Greatness in Insolence and Haughtiness. The untam'd Creature stood up to turn off the merciful Inclination which he saw grow towards the Member accused ; and with well-chosen Words and personated Vehemence, laid before the House, That he, forsooth, was glad to see the good Disposition Gentlemen ap-. pear'd to be in, and applauded their Tenderness; but at the same Time he could not but remark, that the Drift of the Writings before them was to make the greater Number of the Gentlemen of England appear Jacobites and Enemies to their Country. I do not pretend to give exa&ly what he said to this unjust and cruel Purpose; but it prevailed very much towards the Effe& he defired, and loosened all that was obtain'd on the side of the Defeadant in the preceding Part of the Debate, inmuch that Mr. Stecle grew in fear he thould


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have no Time at all allotted him; and therefore when the House was going to divide on the Question, Whether he should be allowed till Saturday or not, he stood up and begged till Thursday, in which Request Mr. Pitt of Worcestershire had the Humanity to second him, and the Affair was appointed for that Day with, out a Division.

On Monday following, the s5th of March, believing a great part of the Ill-Will which he had brought apon himself was owing to what he had writ about Dunkirk, he thought it would make for his Defence to have what pass’d relating to the Collusive Demolition appear to the House before his Day came on. Mr. Steele therefore (upon the Suggestion of some Friend's Voice near him to be very humble) had the Folly to pretend to move their Pity, by a Comparison of the powerful Opposition against him from those who were numerously related in the House, and in such Circumstances as to draw all others to them; and representing his own Condition so particularly upallied and unaffifted, that there was not one Man living of his Blood, nor he in Circumstances capable of engaging the Friendship of any Man there but from the Merit of his Cause. I have, said that facetious Person, this to thank my Adverfuries for that their hard Prosecution has opened so good a way to the Breasts of Englishmen as Pity. From this ill judg'd quaint Harangue, which was received with much Coldness, he recovered himself as well as he could, by observing, That he never knew an unhappy Man speak but just enough; and therefore would not wander further, but halten to the Question


which he had prepared and held in his Hand, as of use to his ensuing Defence; which was, That an humble Address be presented to Her Majesty, that she will be pleased to give Directions, that the several Representations of ber Majesty's Ingineer's and Officers who have bad the Care and Inspection of the Demolition of Dunkirk, und all orders and Instructions given thereupon, be laid before this House. It passed in the Negative. And from that Moment Mr. Steele despaired of his Cause. He prepared his Mind as well as he could to meet with his Disgrace; and considered all that was to follow as a Farce, wherein heedless Men were to indulge their Curiosity, Mirth, or Cruelty, without any regard to Justice, or how far what they were doing would affea him or themselves. But Thursday he i Sth is now come; and the Order of the Day for taking into Consideration the Printed Pamphlets complain'd of to the House being read, Mr. Foley the Accuser demanded that the Matter appointed for the Day might be entered upon, referring the Method of Proceeding to the House. Mr. Steele chose to make his Appearance near the Bar of the House; and I will not forget to mention one Circumstance in this Scene that very much sweetened his Afiation, which was, that he had the Honour to stand between Mr. Stanhope and Mr. Walpole, who condescended to take upon them the Parts of his Advocates. The first Question proposed to divert the Company, was, Whether the Member accused owned the Writings or not? Upon which Mr. Steele stood up and said,


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