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+ wish'd for its Destruction upon no other View, 6 but to assume to themselves alore all the

Commerce of the Austrian Low-Countries

and of all Germany, being apprehensive that rother Nations might fhare those Two Brani.ches of Trade with them, in case the Har

bour of that Town were preserv'd, because it s is the only Harbour on the Coast from Oftend · Westward by which Commodițies from fo

reign Countries may be brought into those • Provinces, which they design to surround, as s it were with a Wall of Brass, in order to se• cure to themselves all the Trade thereof by

the Scheld, the Lys, and the Rhine. And as ! it highly concerns Great Britain not to be er. <cluded from those Two Branches of Trade,

so it very much concerns Great Britain to pre• serve the Harbour of Dunkirk, by which means

alone Great Britain can maintain its Com' merce in the said Provinces. . Secondly, Supposing that your Mijesty's Sub

jects might, in spite of the Designs of the Dutch, o carry on their Trade in the Austrian Nether "lands, by the Harbours of Ostendand Newport,

yet they will not be able to hold it long in Com• petition with the Hollanders, both by reason of

the Conveniency and less Expence which the

latter will find in carrying on their Commerce s by the Scheld and the Lys, and the round about s way the other will be oblig'd to go. Wherecas by preserving the Harbour of Dunkirk, the

English would have that way Conveniencies ali molt equal to those the Dutch have ; éspeci. cally it your Majesty would, as you calily inay, s'obrain from the King a free Passage Custom

free for all Commodities from England, from

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9. Dunkirk to the Austrian Low-Countries, by 'the Way of Life and Douay.

Thirdly, If according to your Majesty's Re - Solution the Harbour of Dunkirk be fill'd up,

your Majesty's Subje&is willthereby be excluded ( not only from the Trade of the Austrian Nethet

• Jands, but also from that of French Flanders, ... Hainault, Artois, and Part of Picardy, becaale " they will have no other Harbour on all that . Coast, to import their Commodities into those · Four Provinces, that of Calais being unser- 6 viceable to that Commerce.

· Fourthly, If the Demolition of the Harbour of 6 Dunkirk should not discourage your Majesty's ? Subjects from the Trade of French Flanders, Hainault, Artois, and part of Picardy, and they • should endeavour to supply it by the Harbours

of Oftend and Newport; they will however undergo infinite Inconveniencies to carry on e that Trade, and thereby render their Commo:

dities unmarketable, by reason of the Ex- 6 pence of Carriage that will be treble, and by

the treble Customs and Duties they must pay, 6 viz. to the House of Austria upon their En: - trance into those Harbours, to the Dutch in

< their Passage to Furnes, Ipres, Menin, and osther Towns in their Poffefsion, and to the

King at their Entrance into his Dominions : · Whereas by entring those four Provinces by

the way of Dunkirk the Expence for Carriage I will be small, by reason of the Conveniency

of Canals, and they shall only pay the fingle :. Duty of Importation to the King...

- Fifthly, By the Treaty of Commerce con. • cluded between your Majesty, and his moft 6. Christian Majesty, the Tariff of 1671 has been

pres • preserved in the conquered Countries. This • Tariff is far more favourable than that of ! 1664, which is to be observed in all the other • Harbours on the Western Coast of France, 6 and consequently the Commerce of your • Majesty's Subje&ts is very much concerned in " the Preservation of the Harbour of Dunkirk, ' fince that Harbour will make enjoy the Be

nefit of that Tariff for all the Commodities ' they shall import there for the Consumption ' of the Provinces of Flanders, Artois, and Hainault; whereas if the same Merchandizes,

be imported by other Harbours, they must pay the Duties according to the Tariff of .


Sixthly, To confirm to your Majesty how advantageous the Harbour of Dunkirk is to • the Trade of your Majesty's Subjects, the • Sieur Tugghe has the Honour to present to • your Majesty a List of Two hundred and Eigh

teen English Ships, which from the 15tb of 6 August 1712. to the };th of May, 1713. have ' come into' that Harbour, and unloaded

their Cargoes there to the Value of above "Two Millions of French Livres; praying at

the same tinie your Majesty to observe first, " That France being, during those Nine Months, ' in War with Holland, these Commodities ' could not be carried into the Austrian Pro.

vinces poffefs'd by the Dutch, and must have

been vented and consumed only in the French • Provinces of Flanders, Hainault, and Artois, 6. and that in Time of Peace the said Consump. 'tion, and consequently the Trade of England • there, will very much encrease. Secondly, That as the Dunkirkers could not furnish in C 3


• Return or Exchange for the Commodities • imported there, during those Nine Months, " either any Manufactures or Commodities of

their own Growth, because they have none, o they were obliged to pay the whole Value of I she same in Money, and must ever pay for them in same manner, which is a molt considerable Advantage in all sorts of Traffick. ,

Seventhly, As it is not impofsible that in • process of time, there may happen some · Rupture between Great Britain and Hil. .. land, so Great Britain in such a Conjun. caure, which God avert, will find it felfen. stirely deprived of the Trade io French Flan. ders, Hainault, Artuis, and Part of Picardy, « fince at such a cime it will not be in the Power i of your Majesty's Subjects to carry on the said • Trade by the Harbours of Ostendor Newport, i not even under all the inconveniencies and · Expences so which those Two Harbours do.

naturally subject thein, because their Commodities could not from those Two Harbours: « be carried into the French Provinces, but by: • going through Places possess'd by the Dutch, I who in all likelihood would not give them

free Parrige. Thus in such a Conjuncture, 6 at least the Preservation of the Harbour of Dunkirk would be necessary for the Trade of • your Majesty's Subje&ts. 's Eightbly,'The Freedom of the Port and

Town of Dunkirk, in case your Majesty will 1 vouchsafe to alter the revere Resolution you

have taken against its Molę and Dykes, will " enable your Majesty's Subjects to carry on. • their Commerce with more Conveniency than . any other Nation in the Austrian Provinces,


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of Flanders, Hainault and Brabant; in the French Provinces of Flanders, Hainault, Ar..

tois and Picardy; and even in Germany by the, • Staples and Store houses they may erect there, • and which will facilitate their answering the

Demands of Commodities from all those re' fpe&ive Countries pun&ually, and at proper. 6 Times and Seasons.

Ninthly, Supposing that the Opposition 16 which the Eighth and Ninth Articles of the

• Treaty of Commerce concluded by your Ma* jesty with France, has met with in the House, ' of Cominons of your Parliament, Tould take

place, and destroy the Arguments above al-. ' ledg'd in favour of the British Trade by the • Way of Dunkirk, into the French Provinces;

yet the Reasons relating to the said Com. 'merce by the Way of Dunkirk, into the A4' ftrian Low Countries and into Germany, by. ' means of a free Passage, without paying any • Custom or Duties, would still sublift, and may ' suffice to let your Majesty see, that the Pre'servation of that Harbour, with its bare Mole

and Dikes, despoil'd of all manner of Forci' fications, will not only be most beneficial

and advantageous, but even absolutely necef. sary to the Trade of Great Britain.

"Tentbly, All such as have any tolerable Skill ein Navigation know that Ships that are at

Sea, can never have under the Wind 100, " many Places of Retreat, either to shelter, • themselves against Storms when they happen

to fall into them, or to repair their Losses and ' refit after they have sustained ill Weather. The • Harbour of Dunkirk is one of those desirable. Retreats for Ships that fail to, or come from

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