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* with'd for its Destruction upon no other View, • but to assume to themselves alore all the • Commerce of the Austrian Low-Countries ' and of all Germany, being apprehensive that • other Nations might fhare those Two Bran.ches of Trade with them, in case the Har

bour of that Town were preserv’d, because it • is the only Harbour on the Coast from Oftend • Weltward by which Commodities from fo• reign Countries may be brought into those • Provinces, which they defign to surround, as cit were with a Wall of Brass, in order to se

cure to themselves all the Trade thereof by

the Scheld, the Lys, and the Rhine. And as ! it highly concerns Great Britain not to be er. (cluded from those Two Branches of Trade,

so it very much concerns Great Britain to pre• serve the Harbour of Dunkirk, by which means

alone Great Britain can maintain its Commerce in the said Provinc.s.

Secondly, Supposing that your Majesty's Subjects might, in spite of the Deligns of the Dutch, carry on their Trade in the Austrian Nether lands, by the Harbours of Ostendand Newport,

yet they will not be able to hold it long in Com • petition with the Hollanders, both by reason of sihe Conveniency and less Expence which the ļ latter will find in carrying on their Commerce • by the Scheld and the Lys, and the round about

way the other will be oblig'd to go. Where• as by preserving the Harbour of Dunkirk, the - English would have that way Conveniencies al

moll equal to those the Dutch have; especi• ally it your Majesty would, as you ealily inay, s obtain from the King a free Passage Customfree for all Commodities from England, from

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Dunkirk to the Austrian Low-Countries, by 'the Way of Life and Douay.

* Thirdly, If according to your Majesty's Re• solution the Harbour of Dunkirk be fill'd up, your Majesty's Subjects will thereby be excluded

not only from the Trade of the Austrian Nethet "lands, but also from that of French Flanders,

Hainault, Artois, and Part of Picardy, because they will have no other Harbour on all that

Coast, to import their Commodities into those · Four Provinces, that of Calais being unser6 viceable to that Commerce.

Fourtbly, If the Demolition of the Harbour of · Dunkirk Mould not discourage your Majesty's • Subjects from the Trade of French Flanders,

Hainault, Artois, and part of Picardy, and they • should endeavour to supply it by the Harbours

of Oftend and Newport; they will however • undergo infinite Inconveniencies to carry on

that Trade, and thereby render their Commo• dities unmarketable, by reason of the Ex

pence of Carriage that will be treble, and by i the treble Customs and Duties they must pay, 6 viz. to the House of Austria upon their En• trance into those Harbours, to the Dutch in < their Paflage to Furnes, Ipres, Menin, and o

ther Towns in their poffeffion, and to the

King at their Entrance into his Dominions : • Whereas by entring those four Provinces by

the way of Dunkirk the Expence for Carriage I will be finall, by reason of the Conveniency

of Canals, and they shall only pay the fingle
Duty of Importation to the King.
Fifthly, By the Treatỹ of Commerce con.

cluded between your Majesty, and his most m Christian Majesty, the Tariff of 1671 has been


• preserved in the conquered Countries. This

Tariff is far more favourable than that of . 1664, which is to be observed in all the other • Harbours on the Western Coast of France,

and conseguently the Commerce of your Majesty's Subjects is very much concerned in o the Preservation of the Harbour of Dunkirk,

fince that Harbour will make enjoy the Be! nefit of that Tariff for all the Commodities

they shall import there for the Consumption

of the Provinces of Flanders, Artois, and "Hainault; whereas if the fame Merchandizes

be imported by other Harbours, they must pay the Duties according to the Tariff of

• 1664


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Sixthly, To confirm to your Majesty how advantageous the Harbour of Dunkirk is to • the Trade of your Majesty's Subjects, the • Sieur Tuggbe has the Honour to present to

your Majesty a List of Two hundred and Eighteen Erglis Ships, which from the 15tb of August 1712. to the };th of May, 1713. have come into' that Harbour, and unloaded their Cargoes there to the Value of above "Two Millions of French Livres; praying at

the same tine your Majesty to observe first, That France being, during those Nine Months,

in War with Holland, these Commodities • could not be carried into the Austrian Pro. • vinces possess'd by the Dutch, and must have

been vented and consumed only in the French · Provinces of Flanders, Hainault, and Artois,

and that in Time of Peace the said Consump

tion, and consequently the Trade of England • there, will very much encrease. Secondly, . That as the Dunkirkers could not furnith in

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• Return or Exchange for the Commodities • imported there, during those Nine Months,

either any Manufactures or Commodities of • their own Growth, because they have none,

they were obliged to pay the whole Value of the same in Money, and must ever pay for them in same manner, which is a most con4 liderable Advantage in all sorts of Traffick.

Seventhly, as it is not impossible that in • process of time, there may happen some

Rupture between Great Britain and Hol.. land, so Great Britain in such a Conjun&ture, which God avert, will find it felfen.

tirely deprived of the Trade to French Flanders, Hainault, Artuis, and Part of Picardy, « fince at such a time it will not be in the Power • of your Majesty's Subjects to carry on the said

Trade by the Harbours of Ostendor Newport, • not even under all the inconveniencies and · Expences to which those Two Harbours do

naturally subjc&t thein, because their Comi modities could not from those Two Harbours: « be carried into the French Provinces, but by • going through Places poffefs'd by the Dutch,

who in all likelihood would not give them free Parrige. Thus in such a Conjun&ure,

at least the Preservation of the Harbour of Dunkirk would be necessary for the Trade of your Majesty's Subjects.

Eighthly, The Freedom of the Port and • Town of Dunkirk, in case your Majesty will ( vouchsafe to alter the severe Resolution you • have taken against its Mole and Dykes, will • enable your Majesty's Subjects to carry on. • their Commerce with more conveniency than

any other Nation in the Aufirian Provinces,

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of Flanders, Hainault and Brabant; in the French Provinces of Flanders, Hainault, Ar..

tois and Picardy; and even in Germany by the • Staples and Store houses they may ere&t there, • and which will facilitate their answering the. « Demands of Commodities from all those re· fpe&ive Countries punctually, and at proper 6 Times and Seasons.

Nintbly, Supposing that the Opposition « which the Eighth and Ninth Articles of the • Treaty of Commerce concluded by your Ma

jesty with France, has met with in the House, of Cominons of your Parliament, mould take place, and destroy the Arguments above alledg'd in favour of the British Trade by the Way of Dunkirk, into the French Provinces; yet the Reasons relating to the said Com. merce by the Way of Dunkirk, into the Au. strian Low Countries and into Germany, by. means of a free Passage, without paying any • Custom or Duties, would still sublilt, and may

suffice to let your Majesty see, that the Pre

fervation of that Harbour, with its bare Mole i

and Dikes, despoil'd of all manner of Forii' fications, will not only be molt beneficial ' and advautageous, but even absolutely neces. sary to the Trade of Great Britain.

Tentbly, All such as have any tolerable Skill ' in Navigation know that Ships that are at,

Sea, can never have under the Wind too. 'many Places of Retreat, either to shelter, • themselves against Storms when they happen

to fall into them, or to repair their Losses and • refit after they have sustained ill Weather. The • Harbour of Dunkirk is one of those desirable. • Retreats for Ships that fail to, or come from

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