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from the Port of London, is 330 Miles removed from the Hazards of the last War; and tho' part of this must be exposed when it passes through the Chopps, or Western Entrance of the Channel, it must be considered, that this it was also liable to before, besides the Terrors of Dunkirk, and that this is only the Southern Trade; and all that go to Holland, Hamborough, and other Northern Countries, will be quite out of Danger.
The Ninth of our Trade on the East Coast, would be still safer.
From these diftin&t Confiderations, you observe only one Ninth of the Trade on the Irile Seas and Bristol Channel, and part of the other Ninth in the Coast of the Channel (to come at which they are in danger from Portsmouth to Plimouth, is the whole of the British Trade, which after the Demolition of Dunkirk will lie open to the Afaults of the French. The Demolition of Dunkirk will in a great Measure secure seven Ninths of the Trade of England, from the Power of France at Sea, the French having no Port in the Channel but St. Malu's, which can harbour any great Ships, and that it self can receive none which exceeds 30 01 40 Guns. Breft lies 35 Leag: from the Liz rd Point, which is the nearest Land of England; their Ships must have an Efterly Wind to come out, and that will serve them no farther than to the Chopps of the Chan: nel, because it blows dire&tly down it.
The Course, to go from Breft to cruize off the Lizard Point in order to annoy Us, is first, Weft about 13 Leagues, and then Nurth or North and by East about 30 Leagues more, except they run the Hazard of going within
the IDand of Olhant, which is not practised, and therefore may be supposed Impracticable.
In the last Place, our Charge in defending our selves from such Annoyance as we formerly had from Dunkirk will decrease in Proportion to the removal of the Danger.
Such is the Importance of the Demolition of Dunkirk, with regard to the Trade of England only; and in the present Conjuncture, I think we ought to have something more than the Mercy of his most Christian Majesty, to render the for bearing such Demolition less Hazardous to our Religion and Liberty; and yet you see, how criminal a Thing it is to fay, The British Nation EXPECT the Demolition of it.
It is evident that the Letter to the Guardian, fubscribed English Tory, could have no Prospect but to do Honour and Service to Her Majesty and Her Subjects; The Sieur Tugybe himself acknowledges that he has received an Answer from the Queen, by Her Secretary of State, with a Negative to his Petition; upon which here appears a Memorial in Print, expoftulating with Her upon that Subje&t, and laying before Her the Diftreffes of a Crowd of helpless People, whose Misfortunes are to be attributed to Her, if the mall think fit, in behalf of Her own Subjects, to inlift upon the Execution of what is ftipulated by Treaty: The Sieur Tuğghe may inlinuate, that it is unmerciful in the Queen to deny his Request, without being taken Notice of; but I must not defend my Sovereign's Refusal from the Impucation of Cruelty, without being said, to Insult Her Prerogative. My Adversaries are gue, That it is in Her Majesty's Power to forward or delay the Demolition as the pleases; be
that as it will, Do not I do as a faithful Subject, to infift that she does no Cruelty if the pleases to Demolith it?
The Sieur Tuggbe is not contented with this Arrogance, but has so little an Opinion of our English Statesmen, that he pretends to inftru& our Sovereign, and Her Council, in what Polie tical Views they ought to have upon this Occafion : But least his Affertions may prevail upon that numerous part of Mankind, which has a great while taken every Thing upon Content, I hall have the Patience to run through all he gives us as Arguments for our saving Dunkirk, and with the same Tautology ; and when He repeats the same Thing, repeat also what I have said against it. To proceed then like a Man of great Gravity and Business.
In Answer to the SIEU R's First.
Firf, D Orkade in time of War, but canoot
be Unkirk was the Dread of the Dutch the Obje&t of Jealousy of the Dutch with refpe&t to their Irade to Germany and the Austrian Low-Countries, because Newport and Grave. ling (which are capable of receiving as large Ships as ever are used in that Trade by us) can füpply those Countries with the same Ease; of course Dunkirk is not the only Harbour on this Coalt useful to that Trade: As for securing the Scheld, that River was many Years before the two last Wars with France possess’d by the Dutch, who Command the Entrance of it by Fort Lillo, which prevents all Foreign Ships from paffing, up. Nay, so far are they from permitting Foreigners, that none of their own Sea. Thips, above
the Bulk of Schuyts or Billanders, which we call Smacks and Hoys, are ever allowed to go beyond that Fort. Mr. Tugghe supposes Us to a most notorious degree ignorant of common Geography, when he afferts that Dunkirk is the only Port from Ostend Westward, by which Com. modities can be brought into the Provinces of the Austrian Low-Countries and Germany. There runs from Calais a Navigable River to Graveling, the River of Graveling runs to St. Omer; from the East Side of this River run two Canals, one through Bourbourgh to Duno kirk, the other direaly to Winoxberg: There is a Canal from Dunkirk to Furnes, and another from Winoxberg to the same Place; from Furnes the Canal runs to Newport, and from thence to Oftend and Bruges ; from their Canals and Rivers the Countries of French Flanders, Hainaalt, and Picardy, have their Water Carriage; nor is there any Carriage from Dunkirk to the Rbine; Lys, or Scheld, but through the same Streams, except by open Sea: so that Oftend, Newport, Graveling, and Calais, have the same Water Car riage which Dunkirk has to any Inland Country, or any Place in the World. What Trade had we through Dunkirk, before, or during the two last Wars? We can have no Trade through Dunkirk (but to the French Territories) which we had not in the last Wars from other Harbours.
As to the Siear's Second, We always carry'd on our Trade to the Austrian Netherlands through Ostend and Newport, since the Dutch got Poffeffion of the Scheld, the fame Conveniency we Mall have still; nor can the Port of Dunkirk, being left open, be any eale of Charges on our Trade, or give us a nearer Pafrage; neither can
the Demolition in the least obftrud our Trade, because our Commodities will still pass through the fame Inland Waters, which they must if they are sent through Dunkirk. If it is easie for Her Majesty to obtain from the King a free Papage Custom Free for all Commodities from England, through Dunkirk, to the Auftrian Low-Coun. tries, she may with the same ease Obtain the same through his other Ports. It will be good News to hear he makes no difficulty of granting such a Requeft, because by the fame Rule, Her Ma. jesty may obtain an Alteration in favour of Her Subjects in the Treaty of Commerce, which has been disapprov'd by the Parliament.
If we should at any time be prevented senda ing our Trade to the Austrian Low-Countries, any other way than through his Dominions, he will then find us under the Neceflity of carrying it on this way, and demand Toll in a manner suitable to his great Power and Force; and how Thall we deny it him?
If he hould grant us this Passage Custom-free, it may be bought too dear; for if we dismantle the Town, and leave the Ports undemolish'd, it is in his power to take Poffefsion of it again at Pleasure, and in case of another War we shall be as mach annoy'd in our Trade as we were in the two last, and the Town can be easily Re: fortified; he may have a very good View in this: But really I would not have him run the Risque of it, tho' it may prove so much for his Advantage; for weall know the Dutch are a dy People, and if the Town fhould be dismantled, and the Port left open, they may come and get the Poffeflion of it, and fortifie ir again for their own Use, which I know, out of the great Concern he has