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• Horror,and a lasting Monument of your Anger ' and Indignation, against the Inhabitants of a « Town long since overwhelmed with Grief. "So many Thousands, Mighty Sir! reduc'd 10. "Want and Misery, might have pleaded for & your Commiseration: But you were (pardon "the Expreffion) Implacable; their Doom was • gone out, and you would not Alter or Reverse it. i Whither should so many wretched Families beiake themselves ? Could they look up.
on themselves devoted, by so great a Lover 6 and Benefactor to Mankind as Your Mightiness, "to utter Misery and Dispersion ? Far be that 6 Thought from our Hearts. But scarce had " we made a small Settlement of some few Fa• milies at Mardyke, when the melancholy News • teach'd our Ears, of the Umbrage taken a* gainst us at Your Mightiness's Court; contri. s ved by Evil-minded Men, the Enemies of So. * ciety; intending to make you Jealous of us, i as if we were about to Fortifie and Ere&tano• ther Dunkirk there, a Work, alas ! as much B. unequal to our Circumstances, as it is diftant.
from our Intentions; whereby we might once i inore become the deplorable Objects of your & Vengeance.
To prevent this Blow, we now lay our 6. felves at Your Mightiness's Feet ; intreating: " you to satisfie your justice with our present * Misery.
Here, Sir, is what you were pleased to say, of what Mr. Tuggbe says, in your Paper. A Memorial was handed about the Publick Streets, praying that Dunkirk might not be Demolished, thof the Memorialist acknowledged her Majesty
had signified to him by her Secretary of State, the Lord Bulling broke, that the Queen would have it demolished. Mr. Steele, to prevent the Poison which that Piece might disperse among the People, writ a Discourse against it, and exposed the specious Insinuations of Compassion to a devoted People, and the like, and defended" ; the Queen's Resolution with so much Zeal and, Warmth, that he drew upon himself the Anger of all the Courtly Writers, at the head of whom is deservedly placed your Eminence. He is a very unhappy Man, that could not speak against what was rejected at Court; without incurring, the Displeasure of those who pretend to write for it. Supported by so good an Authority as the Queen and her Minister, hethought it a good Action to convince all the World of the Necefsity of Demolishing that Harbour, and that Neceflity is very diftin&tly represented in the 26th Page of the Pamphlet, called, The Importance of Dunkirk considered.
The Port of Londun, says the Author, is 6 allowed to carry Two Parts in Three, or Six
Parts in Nine, of the Foreign Trade of Eng. "land. We may give one Ninth to the Ports:
on the South Coasts of this Illand, which South • Coaft is opposite to the North Coast of France; " the Sea between which is what we call the 6: Channel.
• The East End of this, on our Side, is the * North Foreland, which stands opposite to • Newport in France; the Weft. End, on our 6 Side, is the Land's-End, over-against Ubant, 6 or Brest in France; they allow one Ninth of 6.che Tsade to she East Coast washed by the
• German Ocean; and the other Ninth to the • West Coast, which looks on the Iris Seas.
Dunkirk is from the South Foreland about • 13 Leagues, and the Coast from Dunkirkto the • Foreland, West, North-West, to the Entrance • of the River Thames, is North-Weft about 20 • Leagues; so that any Easterly Wind, which • carries our Ships down the Channel, at the • same time brings those of Dunkirk to meet • and intercept them: The French have very fre
quently this laft War reaped the Advantage of.. ' this Situation, by surpriling many rich Ships, • and taking others as they lay at Anchor in the • Downs; when the French are difpoffelled of • Dunkirk, the dread and danger of their Men • of War, of any considerable Force, will be ' removed as far as Breft, which is a hundred " and twenty Leagues, or three hundred and ' fixty Miles; and that of their Privateers, of
any Consideration, as far as St. Malo's, which • is 78 Leagues, or 234 Miles.
. Breft lies without the Channel, under this ' great Incapacity to hurt us, that the same Wind • which carries our Trade down the Channel • prevents the Ships of Brest from coming into uit.
• The East End of the Channel which is so much exposed to Dunkirk is but 7 Leagues • broad, and gives an Enemy an Opportunity of
seeing our Ships from Side to Side. ..
• The West End of the Channel, for which " the greatest Fears are from Brest, is 28 Leagues • broad, and of course there is at that End a' • greater Chance of escaping the Enemy.
If Ships from Brest are appointed to Way. " lay our Ships in the Channel, they mult take
i the Opportunity of Westerly Winds, to come cinto it; and wait the coming of an Easterly « Wind to carry our Ships down it ; by this s means they must all that time be at Sea, ex
posed to all Dangers for want of a Port in
which to Harbour their Men of War, or re• turn to Brest, which they cannot do with the • Wind that brought them out. .
We must add to this, that if the French from . Breft should be hovering to the Eastward of
Plimouth, they are between two Fires, from o those Ships in the Downs, and those from Pli• mouth ; and our Ships from Portsmouth may
chace them either Way, while they are way• laid at each End of the Channel by the others, « not having the Port of Dunkirk, or any other ! in the Channel, to afford them Shelter. Thus,
fhould they be chased up the Channel by a too s great Force, before they can return to Brest, • they must either run inio the German Ocean,
and wait another Opportunity of coming down ! again, with the Hazard of meeting all our Men 6 of War; or else fail North about Great Bri
• tain, which is at least 550 Leagues more than - they need have failed, with the Port of Dunkirk
to fly to.
This Want of Dunkirk will expose them to . • the same Inconvenience, lo which the Fear of sit often obliged our running Ships from the • South Parts of the World, as well as our East' India Men, during the late War: To this Di. • stress you are to add Wages, Provision, loss of • Time, and the dangerous Navigation of the « North Seas.
. From hence it plainly appears, that by the • Demiolition of Dunkirk, in case of a Rupture
s with France, Six Parts in Nine of our Trade,
from the Port of London, is 330 Miles re(moved from the Hazards of the last War; and
though part of this must be exposed when it passes through the Chopps, or Western Entrance
of the Channel, it must be confidered, that this 6. it was also liable to before, besides the Ter
rors of Dunkirk, and that this is only the · Southern Trade; and all that go to Holland, • Hamborough, and other Northern Countries, 6 will be quite out of Danger. · "The Ninth of our Trade on the East Coast would be still safer.
From these distinct Confiderations, you ob- serve only one Ninth of the Trade on the • Irish Seas and Bristol Channel, and part of 6 the other Ninth in the Coast of the Channel • (to come at which they are in danger from • Portsmouth to Plimouth) is the whole of the .6 British Trade, which after the Demolition of • Dunkirk will lie open to the Alfaults of the • French. The Demolition of Dunkirk will in o a great Measure secure seven Ninths of the
Trade of England, from the Power of France 6 at Sea, the French having no Port in the Chan: Inel but St. Malo's, which can harbour any great • Ships, and that it self can receive none which
exceeds 30 or 40 Guns. Breft lies 3s League's 6 from the Lizard Point, which is the nearest 6. Land of England; their Ships must have an 6-Easterly Wind to come out, and that wilt. 6. serve them no farther than to the Chopps of & the Channel, because it błows dire&tly down. dit.
• The Course to go from Brest to cruise off $the Lizard Point in order to annoy Us, is..