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"firl, West about 13 Leagues, and then North

or North and by Eaft about 30 Leagues more,

except they run the Hazard of going within o the land of Ubant which is not practised, " and therefore may be supposed Impra&icable.

' In the last Place, our Charge in defending Tour selves from such Annoyance as we foro merly had from Dunkirk, will decrease in Pro. • portion to the removal of the Danger.

Such is the Importance of the Demolition I of Dunkirk, with regard to the Trade of Enga « land only;, and in the present Conjun&ure, I " think, we ought to have something more than 6 the Mercy of his Moft Chriftian Majesty, to · • render the forbeariog such Demolition less HaIzardous to our Religion and Liberty,

All that is of Consequence to us is, that Duxo.. kirk Mould be no longer a Receptacle for Ships, and the Demolition of it as a Garrison is of much less Consideration, if not wholly insignia ficant to us.

Our Treaty of Peace provided for this, and demanded it to be done in the first Place, and his moft Christian Majesty cunsented it should be fo. Mr. Steele, with his Name to what he said, spoke of it as an English Subject, and your Eminence was highly offended with him for doing so; you urged that it was in the Queen's Hands, and therefore it was undutiful to raise any Jealoulies about it. This I thought had some. Force in it, and I had Reason to be con-, firmed in it, when you made Mr. Tuggbe in his. Letter to R. S. say the Harbour is destroyed.

But now, Sir, I am quite of another Mind and find that the Man had too much Reason for his Apprehensions; for let me tell you, Sir, I

have certain Intelligence that it now is not in the Queen's Hands, and that, if we take no's Notice of the French Proceedings, it will be be-' fore the Winter as good, if not a better Har -bour than it was before they began to make an Appearance of demolishing it. I have been so curious as to settlea Correspondence in that Place, and I have had from thence the enclosed Map of that place and Neighbourhood, as well as of the New Projected Entrance to its Harbour for the future. For, may it please your Eminence, there is nothing inore intended, nor is there any Disposition made for any thing more than forming a New way for Ships to come into it. And his most Christian Majesty has only put himself to a little present Cost and Charges, out of respect to the English Nation, to carry on a seeming Demolition, and improve his Harbour.

If your Eininence has leisure to cart your Eye on the Map, you will observe the most Frank and undissembled Fraud, that ever was put upon any People, by any but those who are Guilty of this. If you please to mark a Semi-circle in Scratchwork (which is the Character that re. presents Demolition) you will see at the End of that Semi-circle the Scratchwork continued to the Sea, which was the way by which Ships formerly came into Dunkirk; when you have done that, please to observe the Explanation of the Map, and you will easily perceive, that proper Channels are cut to make the same inland Rivers, which fell into that Harbour, servicea. ble to that which is now forming, and this is

The Map to be inserted between Page 88 and 89.


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all we are like to have for our Satisfaction in this Particular.

If your Eminence had been let into the Se. cret of this Design, I am confident your Eminence would not have said what you have, against those who were suspicious on this Occa. fion; for according to all the Rules of Honour and Justice, this is a most insufferable Violation, and pays no more Respect to our Under standing than it does to our Power; but the less we have exerted either of them, out of Confidence in our intended Ally, the more intolera. ble is his Ofence against us.

If this plan makes Dunkirk the Receptacle of as large Ships, as it could receive before the Demolition, consequently Dunkirk is the same

Terror to England, which it was before. • This it is with Respect to us, in Case we and, the French should ever become Enemies. +

Dunkirk as it remains a Port, is our Rival in Time of Peace, by preserving the Stuff Manu. fa&tures at Lille, Valenciennes and Doway. The light Stuffs from those Towns are put on Board Ship at Dunkirk, and carry'd to the Weft. Indies, without which their Trade would be Lost, as effeétually as the Traffick of Antwerp and Southampton is Transported to other places.

Thus we have hinted how this Fraud may affe& us in Peace and War ; let us think a little what use may be made of it, in case of a sudden Resolution in the French King, to start out of one into t'other; or, in plain English, to break the Peace without Declaration of War, and surprize us at once. This very business (if there were no Examples of this kind in History) gives room for such a Suspicion. There


are now thirty Battallions at Work in that Place, and these are to be reinforced to forty.

The Proclamation of the other Day, giving a Price for the Pretender, represents that her Majesty's Instances for removing that Gentleman, who once already has invaded us, have been ineffe&ual. These Battalions may lierea.. dy to receive him, and I know to better Reason, that the French King is pleased to pay for his Board at Bar le Duc.

I beg your Eminence's leave to say this is a dreadful Circumstance to which we lie era posed:

I profess sincerely to your Eminence, this is a very ungrateful Subject to me, and if I did not think this Remonftrance absolutely Neces: sary, I would not talk of a thing which can. not but reflect some Dimonour upon our selves, in being thus shamefully Deluded, or rather Infulted.

I do not remember to have read apy where any thing like this Artifice (which is as pitiful as can be imagined), except in a little Treatise in French, called, The History of False Promises fince the Peace of the Pyrenees. The Author tells us, that the French in a Treaty with Spain, obtained an Article, that whatsoever should be found within the Dominions of either State, at the time of the Ratification, thall belong to the respective Sovereign. The French Pillaged a Wood, and carried the Timber cut of the bordering Territories of Spain into those of France, in order to profit, as they did, by this Arti; cle.

- This was a kind of Petty-Larceny in Policicks, but there is nothing too mean for Ambio ton.

When Extent of Territory and Abfolute Command are made the Obje&s of a Prince's Desire, Perfidiousness and a Degeneracy from every thing that is truly Good and Great, will be looked upon as things not to be imputed; but this is no more Greatness or Power, than Dropsie and Impostumation is Vigour and Strength

Truth and Honefty are the Foundation of solid Greatness, and that which would be an ill thing in a Private Man, is much more fo in a Nation or a Prince. Here are two Merchants, one lives at Blackwall, the other at Deptford; he at Blackwall, for valuable Considerations, Covenants with himn of. Deptfurd to destroy the Dock which brings in Ships to his own Door, and enables him to underfell him that Dwells over-against him. Deptford signs an Article, the Principal intention of which is, that Blackwall fall hereafter be upon an equal Foot with Deptford, in that point of lading and unlading Goods, ' After these Articles are ligned, the Man of Deptford finds a Creek between Greenwich and Deptford, by which he can bring home his Goods, as well and as Cheaply as before, and that he can, with halfthe Cash he had from Blackwall, disappoint the. Bargain he had lately made with it.

I appeal to your Eminence, whether he would not be a Cheat and a Knave for attempting it, and whether the Man who had paid him his Mody, not to take any Advantage of his Situa

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