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J'cthro's counsel CHAP. XIX. to Moses.

11 Now I know that the Lord »i be able to endure, and ail this people Covenant of Sinai. EXODUS. 'Ten comnumdvuMA

greater than aJI gods.: for in the thingl wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

12 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, look a buint-otleriiig and sacrifices lor God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moees' father-in law, before God.

13 7T And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning until the evening.

ii And when Moses' father-in-law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this tiling that thou doestl to the people? why sittest thou thyself (done, and all the people stand by thee

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shall also go to their place in peace. 24 So Moses hearkened to U\r. voice of his father-in-law, and did all that he had said.

'2f> And Moses chose able men out of ?J1 Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of lilties, and rulers of tens.

26 And they judged the people atall seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small niattor they judged themselves.

27 ff And Moses let his father-in-law depart; and he went hie way into bis own land.


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lio with thee: Be thou for the people I to God-ward, that thou mayest bring ihe causes unto God:

20 And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt show them the way wherein they must walk, and Uie work that they must do.

21 Moreover, thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fe;rr| God, men of truth, hating covelousr.ess; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers| of tens:

22 And let them judge the people at all seasons: anditshallbe, thai every great matter they shall bring unto ihee; but every small matter they Bhall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with Ihee.

23 If thou 6lmlt do this tiling, and God command thee so, then thou sbalij

hen the chilIsrael were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

2 For they were departed from Kephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wil

ness; and there Israel encamped before the mount

3 TT And Moses went up unto God, and the Lord called unto hiin out ol the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;

have seen what I did unto the uuis, and hmo 1 bare you on 1 wings, and brought you unto myself.

6 Now therefore if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then, ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people; for all the earth is mine:

6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation. 1 hese are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

7 IT And Moses caine, and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these worda which the Lord commanded him.

3 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Moses relumed the words of the people unto the Lord.

9 And the Lord said unto Moses.Lo, 1 come unto thee in a thick cloud,that the people may hear when 1 speali with tnec, and believe thee for ever.

And Moses told the words of the peo-icome near to the Loud, sanctify pie unto the Loud. f • .

10 IT And the Louu said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let Lheni wash their clothes,

11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the Loud will come down in the sight of all thepeopk upon mount Sinai.

12 And thou shalt setbounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heet to yourselves, that yc go not up into! the mount, or touch the bordi whosoever louche! h the mount ehuli be surely put to death:

13 There shall not a hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shut through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: wueu the trumpet uoundeth long, they shall come up to the inounU

14 IT And-Mosea went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and Uiey washed their clothes.

15 And he said

;lves, lest the Loud break, foiui upon hem.

23 Ana Moses said unto tha Loan, The people cannot come up Ul» mount Sinai; for thou chargedst uo, daying, Set bounds about the mount, a-ud 6anc

ify it.

24 And the Loud said uMo him, iway, gel thee down, and uiou shalt :oine up, thou, and Aaron with thee, but let not the priests and the people break through, to come up unto the Lord, lest he break forth upon them.

25 So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them.

^NO God spake all these words,

2 1 am the Lord thy God. which iave brought thee out of the land of Sffvpt, out of the house of bondage. G" IT Thou shalt have no oilier gods before me.

4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any ;raven image, or any likeness oj' uny /img-that is in heaven above, or that s in the earth beneath, or lhat is in

he people, B<

ready against the third day: comenot at your wives.

16 And it came to pass on the third day, in the morning, that there were thunders, and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon Uie mount, and the of the trumpet exceeding loud ; so that I all the people that was in the camp trembled.

17 And Moses brought forth the people outof the cainpto meet with God;| and they stood at the nether part of tin

18 And mount Sinai was altogethei on a smoke, because the Lord de ecended upon it in fire; and the smokt thereof ascended as the smoke of a ....vV.

furnace, and the whole mount quaked 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and dv gr«atly. all thy work:

19 And when the voice of the trum- 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath pet sounded long, and waxed louder. ,of the Loud thy God : in ic ihoii shall

6 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor SJrve them: for 1 ihr Loud thy Godawi a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hale me;

(jAnd showing mercy unto thousand* of them that love nie, and keep my commandments.

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lour, will not hold him guililess lhat lake his name in vain.

8 Remember the sabbath-day, to keep t holy.

and louder, Moses spake, and God a gwered him by a voice.

20 And the Lord came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the. Loud called Moses up to thelopof the mount; and Moses went up.

21 Aud theLouD said unto Moses,Go down, charge the people, lest they Ureak through unto the Loud to gaze, and many of them perish.

1i And let the priests also which

not do any work,thou, nortliy sou.nor thy daughter, tb\ man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gales:

11 Jb'or in six days the Loud made heaven and earth, the sea, and all .time in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Loud blessed the sabbath-dav, and hallowed it.

12 TT Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be king upon

idolatry forbidden. CHAP, the land which the Lokd thy God gireth thee.

J-3 Thou shalt not kill.

14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.

15 Tbou shalt notsteaL

16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor hitman-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.

18 H And all the people saw the thundering3, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw if, they removed, and stood afar off.

19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.

20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

"21 And the people stood afar off; and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

22 7T And the Lord said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that 1 have talked wiih you from heaven.

23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

24 IT Au altar of earti thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt-offerings, and thy peace-offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where 1 record my name 1 will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.


NOW these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them. 2 If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve; and in the seventh he shall go cjjjt free for nothing. :rif he came in by himself, he shall go out bv himself; if he were married,

XXL Sundry laws.

then bis wife shall go out with hiit»

4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have borne him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shah" go out by himself.

5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wile, and my children; I will not go out free:

6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the doorpost: and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl; and he shall serve him for ever.

7 IT And if a maD sell his daughter to be a maid-servant, 6he shall notgo out as the men-servants do.

8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall be let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after die manner of daughters.

10 If he take him another wife; her fo.odv.her raiment, and her duty of tuarriage, shall he not diminish.

'Jl And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

1211 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

13 And if a man lie not in wait, bul God deliver him into his hand; then 1 will appoint th^e a place whither he shall flee.

14 But if a man oome presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from my altar, that he may die.

16 IT And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

161T And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

17 IT And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

18 IT And if men sjtrive together, and one smite another with sr stone, or with his list, and he die not, butkeepeth. Aw bed:

19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall be that smote him be quit: onlv he shall pay JorWa

Divers laws EXODUS, loss of his time, and shall cause hh to be thoroughly healed.

20 IT And if a man smite his servant, j or his maid, wiiii a rod, and he die under his hand; lie shall be surely punished.

21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished:! for he Ut his money.

22 ft If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart Jrom Iter, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will Jay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.

23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life,

24 Eye for eye, looth for tooth, hand for hand, foot Jorfoot,

25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

26 IT And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.

27 And if he smite out his man-servant's tooth, or his maid-servant'sI tooth; he shall let him go free for his| tooth's sake.

28 IT If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die; then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of Die ox sliall be quit.

29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he .jath not kept him in, but that be hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner alsol shall be put to death.

30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shaU give for the ransom of his life whatsoever ie laid uponl him.

31 Whether he have gored a son, or| have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto hiin.

32 If the ox shall push a man-servant, or maid-servant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

331T And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not| cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

34 The owner of the pit shall make

it good, and give money unto the owner of them: and the dead least shall be his,

35 IT And if one man's ox hurl an other's that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of if; and the dead ox also they shall divide.

36 Or if it be known that the ox bafli used to push in rime past, and his owner hath not ki pt lum in; he shaJi surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.


IF a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep and kid it, or sell it, he shall re store live oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shalt no blood be shed for him.

3 If the sun be risen upon him, t/iere shall be blood shed for him; J'or he. should make full restitution: if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

5 T[ If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall lie make restitution.

6 IT If fire break out, and catch in thorns so that the slacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he. that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

7 TT If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found let him pay double.

S If the tlver be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods.

9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, wliich another challenged to he his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he sJiall pay double unto his neighbour.

10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an as?, or an ox, or a sheep, o/

moral and CHAP.:

eny beasts, to keep; and it die, :>r be I hurt,or driven away, no man seeing it.-j

H Then shall an oath of the Lord be ^between tbem both, that be hath not put his hand unto hi3 neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall mate restitution unto the owner thereof.

13 If it be torn In pieces; then lei nim bring it for witness, and\\z shall not make good that which was torn. \ 14 IT And if a man borrow aught of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

16 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be , a hired thing, it came for his hire.

16 TT And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

18 TT Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.

19 TT Whosoever lietli with a beast shaU surely be put to death.

20 IT He that saeriheeth ui god, save unto the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

21 IT Thou shale neither vex a stra gcr, nor oppress him: for ye we. strangers in the land of Egypt

22 IT Ye shall not afflict^any widow, or fatherless child.

23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry:

24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

25 IT If thou lend money to any of\ my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as a usurer, neither | shalt thou lay upon him usury

26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goetb down:

27 Fortlxatwhis covenngonly ; it 1 his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear: for I am gracious.

28 T Thou shall not revile the gods, nor curse the rulor .if thy people.

XIII. Ceremonial Laios.

29 IT Thou shalt not delay to offer I he first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the first-bora of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.

30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days

ihall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.

31 it And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that

torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.


rl-IOUshalt not raise a false reports put not thy hand with the wickd to be an unrighteous witness.

2 TT Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in

cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:

3 Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause.

4 TT If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astra.v, thou shalt surely brinsr it back to him again.

5 If thou see the ass of him that lateth thee lying under his burden, md wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.

6 IT Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause.

7 Keep tbee far from a false matter; uid the innocent and righteous slay hou not: for I will not justify the .vicked.

8 And thou shalt take no gift: for the jift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.

9 TT Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers io the land of Egypt

10 IT And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruit thereof:

the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard

12 TT Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid and the stranger may be refreshed.

13 TT And in all things that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name ofother

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