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“ We'll name it John, and know with pleasure

You'll stand"- -Five guineas more, confound it! I wish they'd call'd it Nebuchadnezzar,

Or thrown it in the Thames, and drown'd it.

What have we next ? A civil Dun,

“ John Brown would take it as a favour"Another, and a surlier one,

“ I can't put up with sich behaviour.'' “ Bill so long standing," quite tired out,"

“ Must sit down to insist on payment”“ Call’d ten times !”-here's a fuss about

A few coats, waistcoats, and small raiment! For once I'll send an answer, and in

-form Mr Snip he needn't“ call” so, But, when his bills as “ tired of standing"

As he is, beg 'twill“ sit down" also. This from my rich old uncle, Ned,

Thanking me for my annual present, And saying he last Tuesday wed

His cook-maid Nelly-vastly pleasant ! An ill-spelt note from Tom at School,

Begging I'll let him learn the fiddle Another from that precious fool

Miss Pyefinch, with a stupid riddle. “ If you was in the puddle," how

I should rejoice that sight to see ! “ And you were out on't, tell me now

What that same puddle then would be ?" “D'ye give it up?" Indeed I do!

Confound these antiquated minxes,
I won't playBilly Black,to a “ Blue,

Or Edipus to such old Sphinxes.
A note sent up from Kent, to show me,

Left with my bailiff, Peter King,
“ I'll burn them b--y stacks down, blow me!
Yours, most sincerely,

Captain Swing."

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Four begging letters with petitions,

One from my sister Jane, to pray
I'll “ execute a few commissions"
In Bond Street, “ when I go

that way,"

And“ buy at Pearsal's, in the city,

Twelve skeins of silk for netting purses, Colour no matter-80 it's

pretty; Two hundred pens two hundred curses ! From Mistress Jones : My little Billy

Goes up his schooling to begin, Will you just step to Piccadilly,

And meet him when the coach comes in !

“ And then, perhaps, you will as well see

The poor dear fellow safe to school, At Dr Smith's, in Little Chelsea ?”

Heaven send he flog the little fool!

From Lady Snooks : “ Dear sir, you know,

You promised me last week a Rebus,
Or something smart and apropos

For my new Album ?” Aid me, Phæbus !
My hint is followed by my second ;

Yet should my first my second see,
A dire mishap it would be reckon'd,

And sadly shock'd my first would be! “Were I but what my Whole implies,

And pass'd by chance across your portal, You'd cry, ' Can I believe my eyes ?

I never saw so queer a mortal!' “ For then my head would not be on,

My arms their shoulders must abandon, My very body would be gone,

I should not have a leg to stand on!” Come, that's dispatch'd—what follows ?-stay

“Reform demanded by the nation ! Vote for Tagrag and Bobtail !”-aye,

By Jove, a blessed Reformation!!

Jack, clap the saddle upon Rose,

Or no--the filly-she's the fleeter; The devil take the rain-Here goes

I'm off-a plumper for Sir Peter !

HOMER'S HYMNS.

I.

THE POEM OF PAN.

Sing me a song about Pan,

Cloven-foot Capricorn, son
And darling of Hermes; who frisking it ran

O'er woody cragg'd Pisa, in fun,
And frolic, and laughter, with skipping nymphs after

Him shouting out-Pan-Pan.
Pan, merry musical Pan,

Piping o'er mountainous top,
Rough-headed, shaggy, and rusty like tan,
Dancing where'er

the goats crop,
The precipice round, as his hoofs strike the ground,
With their musical clop-clõp.
Pan is the lord of the hills,

With their summits all cover'd with snow;
Pan is lord of the brooks, of the rivers, and rills,

That murmur in thickets below;
There he saunters along, and listens their song,

And bends his shaggd ears as they flow.

Where the goats seem to hang in the air,

And the cliffs touch the clouds with their jags,
Sometimes he hurries and leaps here and there,

Skipping o'er wbite-shining crags,
And quick to descry, with his keen searching eye,

Bounds after the swift-footed stags.
Pan drives before him the flocks,

To shades of cool caverns he takes,
And gathers them round him; and under deep rocks

Of the reeds his new instrument makes;
And with out-piping lips he blows into their tips,

And the spirit of melody wakes.
Pan mighty wonders achieves

With his capriciosos, preferr'd
To the honey-tongued nightingale, hid in the leaves
. When her out-pouring 'plaining is heard.
For Pan, sweet musician, with grace and precision,

Pipes far sweeter notes than the bird.
As the swift-footed nymphs round the fountains

Encircle the dark-welling spring,
And mock-loving echo bears off to the mountains

And throws back the music they sing-
Sly Pan he comes peeping, and daintly creeping

Adroitly bounds into the ring.
O'er his back is the skin of the Jynx,

And he leads with a pleasant constraint
The nymphs to a soft meadow perfumed with pinks

That the crocus and hyacinth paint ;
And there he rejoices in all their sweet voices,

Rehearsing their chronicles quaint.
They sang of Olympus the blest,

And the gods in that heavenly hall,
And of Hermes Inventor, much more than the rest,

Who was chosen the herald of all.
How seeking Cyllene, his own fair demesne, he

Drove goats as a goatherd to stall.
Upon Arcady's stream-gushing rocks
Descended, he chanced

to behold
As he went into service, and tended the flocks,

Fair Dryope's tresses of gold;
And the passion excited was duly requited,

For she too was not very cold.

She bore him a wonderful son,

Goat-footed, capricorn rough,
With a strange visage curl'd into laughter and fun,

And indeed it was frightful enough:
For the nurse, in dismay, ran shrieking away,

When she saw the babe bearded and bluff.

But Hermes he dandled the boy,

And thought him the merriest imp,
He feather'd his ankles with infinite joy,

For he was not the godhead to limp;
Then he wrapp'd him up snug in a hare-skin rug,

And away he went up to Olymp.
VOL. XXX. NO, CLXXXII.

Jupiter sat not alone,

But bis time with his deities whild,
When Hermes arrived and sat down at his throne,

Look'd round to their worships and smiled,
Then his hundle untied, and pleasantly cried,

“ Look ye all at my beautiful child !"

*

Raptures affected the gods,

(On earth we should say to a man,)
And Bacchus the most: winks, gestures, and nods

Put in motion the whole divan.
'Twas a * panto-mime to the gods sublime

So they gave him the name of Pan.
Pan, Pan, merry Pan-
Pan, the dispenser of mirth,
With thy horn, and thy hoof, and complexion of tan,

Still deign to visit this earth..
And thy praise shall be long, though short is the song,

That has told of thy wond'rous birth.

* Because he pleased ravi, saith the original. ---AU being no play on the word Pan, I have chosen a word that has, and perhaps somewhat expresses the same idea.

THE RIVER NIGER-TERMINATION IN THE SEA.

LETTER FROM JAMES MACQUEEN, ESQ.

TO THE EDITOR OF BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE.

Sir,-Last autumn you received of the important geographical fact, an article from me containing a re- which, from long and patient enview of Clapperton's last, Lander's quiry, and from good authority, (aufirst, and De Caillé's late travels in thority which has not been, because Africa, together with such farther in- it could not be, contradicted,) I had so formation as I had obtained relative often, and so many years ago, laid to the termination of the great river before the public. Niger in the Atlantic Ocean. This arti- Justice to myself and justice to cle was in types, and was to have ap- the important subject, however, repeared in your September Number, quire of me at this moment to draw, along with a corrected map of the and as shortly as possible, the attencourse and termination of the Niger. tion of the public to the facts conThe length of the article, and the way cerning this case. in which your columns have been Sixteen years ago, I pointed out in occupied with important political a small treatise, published in this discussions, have hitherto prevented city, that the Niger terminated in the the appearance of my communica- Atlantic Ocean in the Bight of Benin tion in your widely circulated publi- and Biafra, and it is exactly eleven cation. I am now, however, better years since I laid before his Majespleased that it should stand over till ty's government, in the several pubthe publication of Lander's new lic departments, a memorial, accomwork, as the whole subject of Afri- panied by a map, upon a very large can geography can then be more scale, pointing out the important fact, satisfactorily brought forward in one and shewing the course of the Niger view, that enterprising traveller ha- and its principal tributary streams ving just arrived in England, with through the interior of Northern Afthe confirmation, from personal re- rica, downwards to the Atlantic search and ocular demonstration, Ocean. This memorial also went into the commercial advantages rative on these points, by me, at this which this country might obtain by moment unnecessary. I think it right, planting a settlement on the island however, to state, that I had, many of Fernando Po, a healthy and com- years ago, received from different manding position as a commercial de individuals, who had traded up the pot, to carry on trade with the in- rivers in the Delta of Benin, to a conterior of Africa, by means of the siderable distance, positive informnavigable stream of the Niger, and it ation, that these rivers communioffered to bring forward a commer- cated with each other by numerous cial company ready to undertake the branches, and that the whole were work. The pernicious influence, how- only branches of one great river, ever, exercised by Sierra Leone, baf. which descended from the northfled the commercial object then had ward; and down which stream, these in view. In the following year, 1821, informants told me, large canoes, I published a small volume, accom- carrying a great quantity of merpanied by a map upon a reduced chandise, and a great number of scale, shewing the course and termi- people, descended from interior counnation of the Niger, with my autho- tries, distant one, two, and even three rities for the same, and also at con- months' journey, and with which nasiderable length pointed out the trade tives they were in the constant habit and commerce which was carried on of carrying on a considerable trade, by the nations of the interior with by bartering European goods for the Moors and Arabs across the Great African productions, while the foDesert, the trade with the Europeans reign slave-traders received almost on the south-western shores of Af- all the slaves they exported from rica, and also the trade and commerce Africa, at the trading stations on the carried on by the nations of the in- mouths of the different rivers in the terior amongst themselves. This Delta, to which stations these slaves volume was published by Mr Blackhad been brought down from distant wood, Edinburgh. In June, 1826, and countries in the interior, and chiefly subsequent to the appearance of Den- by a water conveyance. ham and Clapperton's Travels, I in- It is with considerable satisfaction, serted in your Magazine an article cor- therefore, that I find all the labours recting the geography of the courses and researches, and they were neither of the rivers in Eastern Sudan, about few nor light, which I undertook to which I had felt some doubt and dif- demonstrate the truth, and establish ficulty in the volume alluded to, while the fact, that the long-sought and the travels of our countrymen just great River Niger terminated in the mentioned, enabled me more clearly Atlantic Ocean, has been within these to demonstrate the passage of the Ni- few days confirmed beyond the posger southward to the Atlantic, with sibility of cavil or dispute; and also, only this difference, that the bed of that it runs through that portion of the stream in its southern course, was,

Africa where I had delineated its as I suspected in my first publica- course to be; and no one can hail tion, about a degree and a half more with greater satisfaction than I do, to the westward, than it had there the arrival of the two brothers, been laid down. I had, as I have Landers, with this pleasing intellialready mentioned, prepared last au- gence, nor be more ready to render tumn another article, accompanied them the praise that is due to their by a corrected map, on a reduced enterprise and exertions. scale, with the addition of some ri- It is painful to reflect upon the vers and places which Clapperton's number of valuable lives which have last, and Lander's first journey ena- been lost by clinging to erroneous bled me then to lay down, and the theories, in endeavouring to solve map is now giver with this letter. this great geographical problem, This map will give the reader a cor- which any one, who turned his eye rect idea of the course and termi- to the Delta of Benin, and to the nunation of the river Niger, and se- merous rivers which enter the sea in veral of its tributary streams through that quarter, must have solved in a Northern Central Africa, and, conse- moment. It is humiliating and disquently, render any lengthened nar- tressing in the extreme to a great

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