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thrown by its force into the rocky basin, the bears Some of the South American cat-fishes are also would quickly scrape them out of the pot-hole, so determined to go up stream that they adopt and the poor salmon would be eaten before they quite remarkable methods. As they are incased had time to wonder at this unlooked for reception. in a stiff armor, they can not jump, so they very The Dominion Government finally authorized a deliberately leave the water, and using their side fins, party of hunters to destroy the pot-hole, and thus which are provided with sharp spines, as feet, they break up the bears' fishing ground.
crawl around the falls and enter the water above.
I THINK every one who reads and loves Mr. Some of the Sheriff property in London became Thomas Hughes' celebrated story of “Tom Brown's very valuable, and as soon as there was enough School Days at Rugby” ought to know at least the money to engage more masters, more boys came name of Laurence Sheriff. If it had not been to be taught. But now the same thing happened for Laurence Sheriff, that book probably would here that has occurred in nearly all the great pubnever have been written. He was not a very great lic schools of England: sons of parents who were or famous man. He was a London grocer. But rich enough to pay for their education, were sent before he died, and just about the time when to Rugby, and before long they outnumbered the Shakespeare as a little boy was toddling through free scholars for whom the school was really foundStratford streets, Laurence Sheriff made a will, in ed. It was just about a hundred years ago that which he gave a certain sum of money and part of Rugby affairs were so much bettered. At that time, his lands, that a school might be built in his native boys began to come to the school, not only from town of Rugby. It was to be a free school, he said, the little village that bore the same name, and from only for the children living in that part of the the other towns and villages of Warwickshire, but country, and it was to be ruled by “ an honest, from all parts of England, so that when Doctor discreete, and learned man."
Arnold was made Head-master, Rugby School was And so Rugby School was founded. But for a quite a large institution. long time the school was so badly managed and the Who does not know of Doctor Arnold, “the number of scholars so small that no one could have strong, true man, and wise one too,” of Tom imagined how great it was one day to become. Brown's wonderful story? He was really and
After a while, however, matters began to improve. indeed as “honest, discreete and learned” a
school-master as Laurence Sheriff could have wished pleased both boys and masters to give the name to see, and his life and work were among the chief of pleasure, is really harder on half-holidays during influences that have made Rugby what it now is. the Christmas and spring terms than at any other
Perhaps some of you, when reading about them time. For at once, after “calling-over,” or “C. have fancied that Tom Brown's adventures at O." in the school slang, all, except those who Rugby were as unreal as those of Alice in Won- are declared by physicians to be too delicate, must derland or of Puss in the Country of the Mar- join in the game of foot-ball or else run with the quis of Carabas. But if you were to go to Rugby hares and hounds. It is as much their duty to do you would find, not only the same old battlemented so as it is for them to go to their classes. towers, the same little studies, and the same tall Foot-ball is the great Rugby game, and is played elm-trees shading the play-grounds, but almost all principally during the Christmas term. “A the same old customs, during play and schools Rugby boy," says a late head of the schoolhours, of which Mr. Hughes writes. As in his house, “ looks forward to it in the summer and day, the boys live in eight large “houses,” fifty or regrets it in the spring. He honors good foot-ball sixty boarding in each, and each one being, as I players and despises poor players. He will talk suppose you know without my telling you, “ The foot-ball in season and out of season.” Rugby footbest 'house' in the school, out-and-out!” There are ball is quite different from the Eton and Harrow plenty of Rugby boys who think now just as old game. It is much rougher, though Rugbeians now Brooke thought in his day. It is no wonder this sigh over it, and declare that it is not played half so feeling is so strong. The boys who live in the same viciously as it used to be! It is true that it has “house” have their games together, and always been shorn of some of its terrors since the days of meet one another during the most sociable hours the mighty contests between the Upper Bench, or of the day; that is to say, when they are gathered first twelve of the sixth form, and the rest of the around the breakfast and dinner table, or when they have a little free time at their disposal after “lock-up."
Even without seeing them, you must already feel at home in those cosy little dens, politely called “studies”; and Mr. Hughes' book has made you equally familiar with the dormitories, with their rows of wash-stands and beds, where the boys sleep at night. At half-past six in the morning, those bedrooms are lively enough, and sleepy little boys pull on their clothes, and unwilling fags * hold themselves ready to run on the messages of that great man, the sixth-form boy.
After this comes chapel at seven, followed fifteen minutes later by first lesson, and then by breakfast at a quarter-past eight. Second and third lessons are held between a quarter after nine and half-past one, when the great bell begins to toll for dinner. There are two more lessons after dinner; and in the evening, when tea is over, the boys prepare their lessons, the younger pupils having tutors four evenings in the week, but the elder scholars always studying by themselves in their rooms. On the afternoons of Tuesday, Thursday, and
THE GATEWAY AT RUGBY. Saturday, there are no lessons. Foot-ball or cricket or a long run across country takes their place. school, when the game became a battle, and the There is another half-holiday on every third Mon- head-master had to interfere and stop the match, day. No one knows exactly why this should be, but because it was so little like play. That was it is a very old custom, and one with which the in the brave days of old. Those old ways have boys, at all events, have never found fault. It is been changed. Not very long ago rules were called “middle week.” Work, to which it has made declaring that, “Though it is lawful to * “Fagging” is a special feature of English school-life. The "fag" is a boy in one of the lower classes of the school, who does “menial
service” for another boy in one of the higher classes, or “ forms," as they are called.