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a Foreign Mission. This caused me to feel still more uneasy, and the President observed it. "Well," he remarked, "your application is made out in proper form "; and, folding it up, he wrote

“ do you - do you ," and as I began to stam.
mer, the assemblage again smiled.

“Do I what? ” inquired the President.
"Well," I replied, nervously, “ do you think

[graphic]

THE PAGE HAS AN ADVENTURE, AS AN OFFICE-SEEKER.

there's any-any- any chance for me ? ” And the way I brought

out that word was appalling! The emphasis must have weighed as much as the whole of Webster's Dictionary.

Then they all began to laugh; but the President checked them.

“Yes," said he, slowly and reflectively, yet I thought I saw his eyes twinkle as he

said it, “ you stand a chance. There are upon its back exactly twenty-four words, not only about ten thousand applicants ahead of you." including the date and the signature, “U. S. I was stupefied ! I looked the President full in Grant."

the face to see if he were not in fun. But he was Of course, I did not know what he had written, as calm as the midday sky. I grasped my hat, and I thought his writing on the paper was a bad exclaimed, “Good-morning!” and rose from the omen. It looked as if the paper was to be pigeon- chair. The room seemed to swim around me. holed. I had expected him to read the applica- The senator who sat in the adjoining chair must tion, and then say: “You shall be appointed”; have noticed my pallor, for he caught me by the arm and I was therefore confused by his action. I and whispered: “It's all right! You 'll get it!” resolved to know my fate at once.

Without looking at any of the others, I rushed “Well, Mr. President,” I exclaimed, I should straight for the door. As I shut it behind me, I like to ask you —"; and then I broke down heard a sound of general laughter. under my excitement.

Shortly afterward, the Senate adjourned sine die, “What is it?” he asked.

and with the close of that session my career in the “I should like to ask you,” I timidly resumed, legislative councils of my country came to an end.

(To be continued.)

66

FROM BACH TO WAGNER.
(A Series of Brief Papers concerning the Great Musicians.)

BY AGATHA TUNIS.

IX.- CHOPIN.

child, he appreciated how original he was in his

bent, and instead of obliging him to imitate him, CHOPIN, alone of all the musicians, has been and become a second Elsner, he allowed him to immortalized through his pianoforte music. If all give free play to his fancy, and so helped to make the works that have ever been written for the piano of him a Chopin. Frederic was full of high spirits, were to be swept away, his compositions would of and often amused himself by playing little practical themselves inspire one through all the drudgery jokes, sometimes being joined by his sister Emily. that is necessary to master the instrument.

This sister gave as rare promise of being great in Nicholas Chopin, the father of the composer, literature as Frederic in music, but, unfortunately, was born and educated in France, but when quite she died when only a young girl. a young man he became deeply interested in the Chopin had a talent for seizing the ludicrous and history of Poland, and determined to visit the coun- placing it on paper; and his power of caricaturing try. Arriving there, he mastered the language, on the piano was much like Schumann's. It is said and sympathized so deeply in the political strug- that once, when his father's pupils were becoming gles of the unhappy people, that he twice fought very boisterous, Chopin entered the room and in the Polish ranks,- once during the Revolution seated himself at the piano. He imitated a band headed by Kosciusko, and once when Poland was of robbers breaking into a house, their escape, and besieged by Prussia. He made three different at- retreat to the woods; as the music grew fainter the tempts to return to France, but was prevented pupils became drowsier and drowsier until they each time by illness, and finally decided to spend were all fast asleep. the rest of his life in Poland. While acting as Elsner, his instructor, now urged that his pupil tutor to the son of a Polish countess, he met at her should be sent to Berlin, where he might hear fine house a delicate, lovable woman named Fräulein pianoforte performers; and as Professor Jarochi, a Justina Krzyzanowska, whom he married ; and friend of his father's, was about to attend a philosoon after accepted a position as professor of French sophical congress there, the parents intrusted at one of the Warsaw academies. Nicholas Cho- Frederic to his care. There he heard Mendelspin was a refined, lovable man of large sympa- sohn and also listened to some of Handel's music, thies, and his home was always the resort of the which made a profound impression upon him. finest people in that city. There it was Chopin's He wrote home mirthful letters of his experiences good fortune to grow up in a refined and cultivated there. Though music was all in all to him, he had atmosphere, under the care of a tender, judicious eyes for everything there was to see, and was so father and a loving, sensitive mother.

amused at the appearance of some of the German Frederic Chopin was born on March 1, 1809, at philosophers, that he could not resist caricaturing a little village near Warsaw, The child's genius them on paper. With his usual modesty, he had was apparent in his earliest years; when scarcely come to learn, and he was astounded when, at more than a baby, he was so sensitive that he wept Vienna, they actually wished him to play ; after on hearing music; and he began to compose be- great urging, he reluctantly gave two concerts, fore he was old enough to write out the notes. He at both of which he produced a remarkable senwas placed under the tuition of Albert Zwyny, sation. On his journey home, he stopped at Vienna, who was delighted with his little pupil's progress, Prague, Dresden, and other cities, and was ready, and in his ninth year he gave his first concert. on arriving at Warsaw, to settle down to hard, His playing on this occasion created a great sen- steady work, while his compositions and playing sation; the most aristocratic people loved to pet were already gaining him great fame. and humor him, and had it not been for his own In 1830 Chopin again went to music-loving extremely modest disposition and the care taken Vienna, where he met Schumann, who was one by his sensible parents, he would have been com- of the first to hail him as a master; and not only pletely spoiled. He was now handed over to Elsner did Schumann in his journal do all in his power to to be instructed in counterpoint. This accomplished bring Chopin to the attention of the public, but musician and wise man soon saw the genius of his Clara Wieck, afterward Madame Schumann, was little pupil, and what was worth much more to the one of the first to play his compositions.

After a long stay in Vienna, he decided to visit imitate every detail of Liszt's playing, very much to Paris, and thence proceed to London; and although the brilliant artist's amusement. he was destined to make Paris his home, he often Chopin's health had always been delicate, and said he was there on his way to London. When finally an attack of bronchitis forced him to leave he first settled in Paris, public taste was already Paris for the Island of Majorca; here he grew so formed; it had its favorite players, and was slow much better that in 1839 he returned home. He to applaud any new candidate, especially one so failed to take proper care of himself, and again original as Chopin. At first Chopin was a com- grew worse. In spite of this, he visited London, plete failure; his Polish friends attended his con- and although he rarely played in public, he secured certs, but the Parisians held aloof. Wounded unbounded appreciation wherever he was heard. and discouraged, Chopin thought of coming to After his return to Paris, his health grew more America; but his parents were so opposed to the and more feeble, until at last his friends felt he had plan that he lingered in Paris, undecided as to what not long to live. A few days before he died, a Polish was best; at this time, when he felt almost hope- friend sang for him, making all in the room weep. less, success came to him.

“How beautiful !” he said, and fell asleep. He He disliked greatly to be obliged to play at died October 17, 1849. They covered him with concerts, as many fine effects in his playing were flowers, especially the violet, which he best loved, lost in a large hall; but, in the drawing-room, and Mozart's Requiem was sung at his funeral. surrounded by sympathetic listeners, his very soul Chopin had beautiful brown eyes and a rare seemed to creep through his fingers and free itself musical voice. His fine education, his music, and in his music. Such an opportunity came to him his fascinating manner made him a general favorat Baron Rothschild's, at an evening entertain- ite, yet he always remained as modest as a child, ment, and as he played, his listeners were enchant- rarely playing at concerts, and never courting ed, and his future was assured. The aristocracy applause of any kind. Reared in an atmosphere showered attentions upon him, and it became fash- of affection and refinement, he loved flowers and ionable to possess him as a friend, or as a teacher,- music, and seemed born to the beautiful, passing for he earned his living by taking pupils. He through none of the bitter struggles that Mozart shrank from playing at concerts, and, unlike most or Beethoven endured. of the masters, loved to teach. He would only And yet in order that he should feel for others, receive pupils who had ability and were thoroughly it was necessary that he should suffer. Chopin in earnest; but, once their teacher, he had infinite was a Pole, in birth, education, and sympathy; he patience with all their difficulties. He insisted on never forgot that he was one; the sorrows of his every finger being equally trained, and paid more unhappy country were ever before him, and his attention to cultivating a fine, delicate touch than music was born of them. He was the poet of the to force or velocity.

piano, and as all poets sing from the heart, so In 1832 Chopin attended the Lower Rhine Fes- he looked into his heart and played. From his tival under the leadership of Mendelssohn, who childhood Chopin must have heard the Polish was delighted with his playing, and greeted him peasants singing their national songs, and dance as one of the greatest of all pianists.

music, and around these he wove his wonderful Chopin's life in Paris was now a pleasant and polonaises, mazurkas, ballads, and all that he wrote. peaceful one. Though universally popular and Who can tell what he might have created had he sought after by all, his chosen friends were Poles; written for an orchestra. He loved the piano. he preferred them as pupils above all others; he Schumann says of Chopin that he imprisoned the constantly assisted them with money, and often spirit of Beethoven in the piano, and that his music shared his lodging with them. He held soirées would inspire a poet to write. What must it have every evening at which, among others, one could been to hear him play his own music, with his meet Liszt, the composer and player, Heine, the marvelous execution, and his touch, tender and poet, and Ary Scheffer, the painter. Liszt admired' delicate. Liszt has said that no one can play Chopin, and the two were long intimate friends; Chopin after Chopin, for no one can feel as he felt; sometimes the spirit of mischief would seize but as long as the pianoforte lasts, we shall long to Chopin, and seating himself at the piano, he would hear his music; he has immortalized the piano.

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THE SMALLEST DOG IN THE WORLD.

By C. J. RUSSELL.

NEARLY two hundred different kinds of dogs! Sir Archibald Maclaine of England, and in honor Think of it! And yet this is not difficult to believe; of his extreme tininess, is now carefully preserved for, we have water dogs, and watch dogs, and under a glass case. sheep dogs, and fighting dogs, and pet dogs, and Tiny was less than four inches long, and could sledge dogs, and carriage dogs; big dogs and little comfortably curl up and take a nap in a common dogs, long-legged and short-legged dogs; dogs for glass tumbler. An ordinary finger-ring was large killing rats, and dogs for killing wild boars; dogs enough for his collar; and when he sat up, a for use, and dogs for ornament.

baby's hand would almost have made a broad and Sometimes the fashion has been

safe resting-place for him. for big dogs; and then what giants

Of course Tiny was of no account against a rat. were suddenly grown! Why, there

Indeed, a hearty, self-respecting mouse would have have been dogs as large as Shet

stood its ground against the little felland ponies! Then slender

low. But if Tiny had not strength, dogs were in demand, and

he did have courage, and behold! dogs like shad

would bark as lustily as his ows, with legs like pipe

little lungs would let him at stems, came into existence.

the biggest rat that ever As for the ugly dog fashion,

lived — when the rat was -well, perhaps you will

dead. not think so, particu

To tell the whole truth, larly if you have an

Tiny was remarkable and ugly dog, but

he was famous, but he was nevertheless

not very happy. He could the pug dog

have had almost anything answers this

he wished to eat, but demand.

ghozent

he had no appetite. A HAYMAN

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Then there is the little dog the toy dog, as it is called. The smallness to which a dog can be reduced is remarkable; and if the size of the very smallest dog had not been officially recorded, no one could be blamed He shivered for doubting the facts concerning the little most of the fellow.

time, even though “Tiny,” a black-and-tan terrier, has the honor he was usually hidden in warm of having been the smallest full-grown dog that wraps. Of course he caught cold casily, and then, ever lived. He belonged to Lieutenant-General oh, dear! bow pitifully he did sneeze !

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