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we find enough to fill up all the time we can spare Many of the streets are very narrow, and have from the galleries and the antiquities. There no sidewalks, and when we are walking in these, are hundreds of shops, and the windows are full we have to look out for ourselves, for there is of many things which are peculiar to Rome, no one else who will do it. Carriages and wagons such as beautiful gold-work of intricate and delicate come rattling along expecting every one to get out patterns; many-colored Roman silken scarfs and of their way, and sometimes we must slip into blankets; great ox-horns beautifully polished and door-ways, or squeeze ourselves flat up against walls mounted with silver; coral, made into every in order not to be run over. Paving stones and
imaginable ornament; mosaics, and cameos; brill- people all appear the same to a Roman driver; if iant water-color drawings of the Roman school; they don't get out of the way he will go over them. and no end of small bronzes and sculptures and Sometimes when I have been in one of the litother works of art. Among the things exhibited tle open Roman carriages, it has almost taken are the soft-colored Roman pearls; and, looking my breath away to see the driver dash into the through some of the shop windows, we can see midst of a crowd of people ; I certainly expected women at work making these pearls, for they are that somebody would be knocked down, but I manufactured by human beings, and not by oysters. never saw any one injured, or even touched. Each pearl is made on the end of a piece of wire Practice makes excellent dodgers of Roman footlike a knitting-needle. Hundreds of these needles, travelers. The fact that it is against the law to with pearls on the ends, some little things, and get in the way of a vehicle helps to make them some the size they are going to be, may be seen careful. In many parts of Europe, persons who sticking in cushions, while women and girls are at are knocked down or run over by vehicles are work dipping other wires into the soft composition fined or imprisoned. out of which the pearls are made, molding and The royal palace is in Rome, and the King, forming them into the proper shape. Everywhere, Princes, and many of the other nobles live in too, may be seen men, boys, and women with bas- or near the city; and we may often see their handkets of tortoise-shell ornaments, of fruits, and flow- some equipages in the streets and in the parks. ers, and nearly every imaginable thing to sell; and Every fine day the little Prince of whom you have foreign visitors have sometimes a great deal of read in one of the numbers of St. NICHOLAS, may trouble to escape from these energetic street be seen in a carriage with his tutor. The little merchants.
fellow might almost as well ride bare-headed, so frequently does he take off his hat to the people. ble floors of its corridors, and some of its mosaic Very often we shall meet his mother, the beautiful pavement still remaining. In these corridors we Queen Margharita, who is a gracious and pleasant shall see, scratched on the marble slabs of the lady, and bows to the people as if she knew them floor, squares and circles on which the Roman boys all. King Humbert, too, is constantly to be met on and men used to play games while idling outside fine afternoons. He is very fond of doing his own the halls of justice. Near one of the temples is a driving, and as he has over two hundred horses in broad platform from which orators addressed the his stables, he can always have a pair to suit him. people. Here Marc Antony stood when he proIt is harder for a king to drive than for any other nounced the oration over the body of the murdered person to do so. He must hold the reins and Cæsar; and if we examine the place, we shall find guide the horses, he must also hold the whip, and that, near the edge of the low platform of stone, he must always have a hand free with which to some of the great slabs are much worn.
This was take off his hat, which he does on an average three the best position for the speakers, and it must have times a minute. If ever I ride behind a fractious required the sandals of generations of orators to so pair of horses, I don't wish a king to drive them. rub down and wear away the stones. It is prob
The modern Romans, even the common people, able that it was on this very spot Marc Antony have a proud and dignified air. They seem to stood, and if any of the boys think that to take his have preserved something of the spirit of their place would inspire them with eloquence, they ancestors. The men are very fond of long cloaks, have but to stand there and try. Near by is the a corner of which they throw over the left shoulder triumphal arch of Titus, which he erected when he as the old Romans did their togas. It is quite amus- returned victorious from Jerusalem; and among the ing to see a letter-carrier delivering the mail, with his other sculptures on it we can still see, very clear cloak thrown around him in this martial way. As and plain, the great seven-branched golden candlefor people who are truly martial, there are plenty stick which he carried away from Solomon's of them to be seen in Rome. Soldiers are every- Temple. where; handsomely dressed officers among the A few steps from this brings us to the entrance people on the sidewalks; private soldiers singly, or of the palaces of the Cæsars. These are the retwo or three together, hurrying hither and thither mains of the palaces built by the Roman emperors, on all sorts of errands; and very often, a regiment, with a band, marching along at a quick rate, as if something were about to happen, every man with his rifle and his knapsack, and a whole cock's tail of feathers in his hat.
As I have said before, the Italian government is busily carrying on the work of excavating the ruins of ancient Rome, and among the most interesting of these are the remains of the old Roman Forum, where the most important of the public buildings and temples stood, and where assemblies of the people were held. We shall wander for hours about this great open space, which is not far from the and they cover a large extent of ground. Of some Colosseum ; we shall see the triumphal arch of of them, all the upper parts are gone, nothing reSeptimius Severus ; the remains of temples with maining but portions of walls and marble floors some of their beautiful sculptured pillars still stand- and fragments of sculptured columns; while of ing, tall and strong; the narrow streets, with their others there are still many archways, corridors, pavements of wide flag-stones, in which are the and apartments. On the grounds is a small house deep ruts worn by the old Roman wheels. These with some of the rooms nearly perfect, in which stones are marked in some places with circles, on are to be seen the paintings on the walls and the which are indicated the points of the compass. On leaden pipes by which the water was brought in. one side of the Forum is the lower part of the Everywhere there are remains of beautiful marbles Basilica Julia, a great public building erected by and sculptures. At one end of the grounds is a Julius Cæsar, with its long lines of steps, the mar- pædagogium, or school-house. Here are several
rooms, on the walls of which can be seen carica- stone; and there are some beautiful marble pillars tures and inscriptions made by the Roman boys. and porticoes still standing. They are scratched with a steel stylus, which We all have heard the statement that Rome was they used for writing. Some of the pictures are not built in a day, and we shall find out for ourquite good; and a number of the names of the selves that it takes a great many days to see it, scholars are to be seen.
even if we only glance at things which we should We shall wander a long time over these palatial like to examine and enjoy for hours. But we shall grounds, and in one place we shall see a small try to use profitably all the time we have to spend stone altar with an inscription on it stating that it here, in this old city, great in ancient times, great was erected to the Unknown God.
in the Dark and Middle Ages, and great now. All about this part of Rome are ruins of other We shall visit very many churches, each different immense and costly buildings erected by the Roman from the others, and each containing some interemperors. A moderate walk will bring us to the esting painting, or possessing some architectural remains of the lower part of the celebrated Golden beauties which make it famous. Among these House of Nero, where we may wander through are the Pantheon, a circular church, formerly a many great vaulted corridors and rooms. The pagan temple, still perfect, and lighted by the Emperor Nero, as we all know, was as wicked a same great round opening in the roof, through man as ever lived, and did all the injury to his fel- which the rain came in the days of Julius Cæsar low-beings that it was possible for him to do; but just as it does now. Here Raphael, Victor EmanI used to think, and I suppose everybody agreed uel, and other celebrated men are buried. We with me, that the time had long since passed when must also see the church of St. John Lateran, with he could cause injury to any one. Yet, when I was an extensive building attached which for a thouvisiting these ruins, which in places are very damp sand years was the palace of the popes, but is now and wet, I caught quite a bad cold, and, for about an interesting museum ; and Santa Maria Maga week, I was very severe on Nero. Who could giore, with its beautiful chapels; and the Borghese imagine that anything he had done would have villa, and its beautiful gardens, filled with works of injured a peaceful American of the nineteenth art; and we must not fail to visit the magnificent century! But the influence of the wicked is far- new church of St. Paul's, outside the walls, the finest reaching.
religious edifice of recent times, the vast marble Over the ruins of this Golden House, which floor of which, as smooth and bright as a lake of must have been a magnificent palace, the Emperor glistening ice, is worth coming to see, even if there Titus erected baths, of which we may still see por- were no mosaics, and no cloisters with splendid tions; but these are nothing to the grand remains marbles and columns, and pillars and altars of of the Baths of Caracalla, where we shall spend an alabaster and malachite sent from sovereigns of hour or two. This was an immense and magnifi- Europe and Africa. cent building, capable of accommodating 1600 And very different from all this is what we see in bathers. A great part of its tall walls, are still another quarter of Rome, where the narrow streets standing, and here we can walk through the im- are crowded with men, women, and children, each mense rooms, some still retaining portions of their one with something to sell ; while the fronts of the beautiful mosaic pavements, and we may even go houses are nearly covered with old clothes hung down into the cellars, where are still to be seen the against them, and where there are dingy little furnaces by which the water was heated. There shops crowded with bric-à-brac and all sorts of was probably never in the world so grand and odd things, some of which we shall like to take luxurious a bath-house as this. It had great halls home with us,— but must be careful how we for promenading and recreation, and a race-course; bargain. and in it were found some of the most valuable There is more, more, more, to be seen in Rome statues of antiquity.
and in the beautiful villages near by, but we can Many of us will be surprised to find the greater stay no longer now; so we all shall go to the part of the Roman ruins of brick. This brick-work Fountain of Trevi, each of us take a drink of is of so good a quality that it has lasted almost as water, and each of us throw a small coin into the well as stone. The marble outside of most of these pool, for there is a legend which says that people walls has long since been carried away. Some of who do this when they are leaving Rome will be ihe more important buildings, however, are of sure to come to this wonderful city again.
When I was in Melbourne, Australia, a few years much like balls of cotton about three or four ago, I made myself a Christmas present of a baby- inches in diameter; but projecting from each ball cockatoo. It was one of four which a Chinaman was a beak altogether out of proportion to the was offering for sale. They were about the oddest seeming puff-ball, while two big, staring eyes shone little figures I had ever seen; and as they sat in each tiny head. And there they perched, and perched upon the cross-piece of the upright squeaked and blinked, and blinked and squeaked, stick on which the Chinaman was carrying them with almost clock-like regularity. through the streets, I could not resist the tempta- Now, it is by no means difficult to obtain an old tion to purchase one, never thinking how I was to cockatoo, but so young a specimen as could be get it safely home with me to America.
selected from these little “ Joeys” promised much The young “ Joeys," as the birds are called in the way of education and docility — qualities in in Australia, had evidently been stolen from the which the older birds are invariably lacking. home nest that very morning. They looked very So I plied John Chinaman with questions:
rest, deftly throws the broken food down his throat. The plumes of his graceful crest are fitted into a powerful muscle on the forehead, which forces it
“Will they never end this babble? Why do they keep up such a squeaking? Are they so very hungry?”
To all of which John, with just the ghost of a Chinese smile on his yellow face, replied:
“ Can catchee plentee eat, no can makee muchee sing. How can?”
This meant that it would be easy to keep the birds quiet if they had enough to eat. That would be easy enough, I thought, and forthwith I bought one of the little parrots. But I soon discovered my mistake, and after striving vainly for twenty-four hours to quiet my new pet I gave him into the keeping of a Melbourne bird-fancier until I was ready to sail for home.
And so it came to pass that, about six months later, I arrived in Philadelphia, having as a traveling companion and pet possession a full-fledged great white cockatoo —“Our Joe!”
The cockatoo, as you know, belongs to the parrot family, and receives its name because of its peculiar call, or cry. “Our Joe” is a fine specimen of the species known as the sulphur-crested cockatoo. He stands about fourteen inches in height, and is of a warm white color, with the exception of the crest, the tail feathers, and the under parts of the wings, which are tinted with a delicate lemon yellow. His legs are sturdy, and his strong claws — like those of all climbing birds have two toes in front and two reaching backward; his strong curved beak suggests the tearing propensities that make his tribe the enemy of the Australian farmer — being strong enough to
crect or folds it down, at will. Anger, excitement, curiosity, surprise, or docility, all are expressed by the motions of this curious crest, and of the
bright, black, bead-like eyes. crack a shell-bark, and delicate enough to separate a Before Joe had reached Philadelphia he had canary-seed or split the thinnest visiting-card. His learned many lessons. He knew how to be agreefunny thumb-like tongue, which is seldom at able to his friends, and - I grieve to say it -- how