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constantly: they dispose kings to tyranny, husbands to jealousy, wise men to irresolution and melancholy : they are defects, rot in the heart, but in the brain; for they take place in the stoutest natures : as in the example of Henry the Seventh of England; there was not a more suspicious man nor a more stout : and in such a composition they do small hurt; for commonly they are not admitted but with examination, whether they be likely or no; but in fearful natures they gain ground too fast. There is nothing makes a man suspect much, more than to know little ; and, therefore, men should remedy suspicion by prucuring to know more, and not to keep their suspicions in smother. What would men have ? do they think those they employ and deal with are saints ? do they not think they will have their own ends, and be truer to themselves than to them ? therefore there is no better way to moderate suspicions than to account upon such suspicions as true, and yet to bridle them as false : for so far a man ought to make use of suspicions as to provide, as if that should be true that he suspects, yet it may do him no hurt. Suspicions that the mind of itself gathers are but buzzes; but suspicions that are artificially nourished, and put into men's heads by the tales and whisperings of others, have stings. Certainly, the best mean to clear the way in this same wood of suspicions, is frarkly to communicate them with the party that he suspects; for thereby he shall
be sure to know more of the truth of them than he did before; and withal shall make that party more circumspect, not to give further cause of suspicion ; but this would not be done to men of base natures; for they, if they find themselves once suspected, will never be true. The Italian says, “Sospetto licentia fede;" as if suspicion did give a passport to faith ; but it ought rather to kindle it to discharge itself.
Some in their discourse desire rather comhendation of wit, in being able to hold all arguments, than of judgment, in discerning what is true; as if it were a praise to know what might be said, and not what should be thought. Some have certain common place and themes, wherein they are good, and want variety ; which kind of poverty is, for the most part, tedious, and, when it is once perceived, ridiculous. The honourablest part of talk is to give the occasion; and aguin to moderate and pass to somewhat else, for then a man leads the dance. It is good in discourse, and speech of conversation, to vary and intermingle speech of the present occasion with arguments, tales with reasons, asking of questions with telling of opinions, and jest with earnest: for it is a dull thing to ure, and, as we say now, to jade any thing too iar. As for jest, there be cer
tain things which ought to be privileged from it; namely, religion, matters of state, great persons, any man's present business of importance, and any case that deserveth pity; yet there be some that think their wits have been asleep, except they dart out somewhat that is piquant, and to the quick; that is a vein which should be bridled :
“ Parce puer stimulis, et fortius utere loris.” And, generally, men ought to find the difference between saltness and bitterness. Certainly, he that hath a satirical vein, as he maketh others afraid of his wit, so he had need be afraid of others’ memory.
He that questioneth much shall learn much, and content much; but especially if he apply his questions to the skill of the persons whom he asketh ; for he shall give them occasion to please themselves in speaking, and himself shall continually gather knowledge ; but let his questions not be troublesome, for that is fit for a poser; and let him be sure to leave other med their turns to speak : nay, if there be any that would reign, and take up ail the time, let him find means to take them off, and bring others on : as musicians use to do with those that dance too long galliards. If you dissemble sometimes your knowledge of that you are thought to know, you shall be thought, another time, to know that you know not. Speech of a man's self ought to be seldom, and well chosen. I knew one was wont to say in scorn,
“ He must beeds be a wise man, he speaks so much of himself:” and there is but one case wherein a man may commend himseif with good grace, and that is in commending virtue in another, especially if it be such a virtue whereunto himself pretendeth. Speech of touch towards others should be sparingly used; for discourse ought to be as a field, without coming home to any man.
I knew two noblemen, of the west part of England, whereof the one was given to scoff, but kept ever royal cheer in his house; the other would ask of those that had been at the other's table, “Tell truly, was there never a flout or dry blow given ?” to which the guest would answer, « Such and such a thing passed :” the lord would say, “I thought he would mar a good dinner.»; Discretion of speech is more than eloquence; and to speak agreeably to him with whɔm we deal, is more than to speak in good words, or in good order. A good continued speech, without a good speech of interiocution, shows slowuess; and a good reply, or second speech, without a good settled speech, showeth shallowness anu weakness. As we see in beasts; those that are weakest in the course, are yet nimablest in the turn; as it is betwixt the greyhound and the hare. To use too many circumstances, ere one come to thy latter, is wearisome; to use none at all, is blunt
OF PLANTA TIONS. PLANTATIONS are amongst ancient, primitive and heroical works. When the world was young it begat more children; but now it is old it begets fewer : for I may justly account new piantations to be the children of former kingdoms. I like a plantation in a pure soil ; that is, where people are not displanted to the end to plant in others; for else it is rather an extirpation than a plantation. Planting of countries is like planting of woods; for you must make account to lose almost twenty years' profit, ard expect your recompense in the end : for the principal thing that hath been the destruction of most plantations hath been the base and hasty drawing of profit in the first vearg. It is true, speedy profit is not to be neglected, as far as it may stand with the good of the plantation, but no farther. It is a shameful and unblessed thing to take the scum of people, and wicked, condemned men, to be the people with whom you plant; and not only go, but it spoileth the plantation; for they will ever live like rogues, and not fall to work, but be lazy, and do mischief, and spend victuals, and be quickly weary, and then certify over to their country to the discrcdit of the plantation. The people wherewith you plant ought to be gardeners, plouglımen, labourers, smiths, carpenters, joiners, fishermen, fowlers, with some few apothecaries, surgeons,