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Tah Gah-Jute, or Logan, and Captain Michael Cresap. A

Discourse by Branız Mayer; Delivered in Baltimore, before the Maryland Historical Society, on its Sixth Auniversary, 9th of May, 1851.

We are really much obliged to Mr M. for taking us along with him so pleasantly, in his excursion into the wild border region of our Western country in “olden time,” and feel duly grateful to him, of course, for his incidental contribution to the history of our State, His accounts of the Cresaps, father and son, are new to us, and reasonably interesting, and the story of his hero, Tah-Gah-Jute, or Logan, is still more so, and takes a strong hold of our attention. We do not know, indeed, that we ought to thank our author for destroying, or at least somewhat impairing, the sort of romantic illusion which used to hang about this celebrated chief, im our youthful imagination, of whom Mr. Jefferson so warmly wrote, “I will vindicate, as far as my suffrage may go, the truth of a chief whose talents and misfortunes have attached to him the respect and commiseration of the world.” We are, however, the humble servants of History, and shall follow her steps wherever she leads.

In this spirit, we hardly need say that, upon the evidence now submitted, we think it very clear that the charge made by Logan, in his famous speech, against Capt. Cresap, of having murdered his whole family in cold blood, is manifestly a falsehood, or a mistake ; for the letter of General George Clarke, more particularly, shows distinctly that Capt. C. was absent at the time, and could not have had


hand in the deed. It is equally clear, too, we think, that Mr. Jefferson did not invent the charge for Logan, or put it into his speech, but that he merely took it up as he found it in the copy, and that he can only be blamed in fact, if at all, for giving it rather more credit and currency than it deserved—though the whole evidence, as Mr. M. has pro ved, was not betore him at the time.

We may add that the versions of Logan's speech which Mr. M. has favored us with in his appendix, are curious and amusing. It is quite clear, we think, from all the copies he has collected, and the evidence he has submitted, ihat Mr. J. did not fabricate the speech, or any part of it; though he may have touched it up a little, and inserted two or three slight verbal alterations, which only serve to show the delicacy of his taste.*

* It should be noted here, however, that Mr. J. himself ascribes these improvements to Lord Dunmore. His words are: “I copied, verbatim, the narrative I had taken down in 1774, and the speech as it had been given us in a better translation by Lord Duninore.”-See Appendix to the Notes on Virginia : No. IV. p. 240, in our edition.




[The following lines which were written many years ago by the Hon. St. George Tucker, of Williamsburg. afterwards a Judge of the Court of Appeals, &c., and which we copy from the Poetical Album by Alaric A. Watts, have found their way into several collections of fugitive poetry, and very fairly deserve a resting place in our pages.]

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Days of my youth, ye have glided away;
Hairs of my youth, ye are frosted and gray;
Eyes of my youth, your keen sight is no more;
Cheeks of my youth, ye are furrowed all o’er;
Strength of my youth, all your vigour is gone;
Thoughts of my youth, your gay visions are flown.

Days of my youth, I wish not your recall;
Hairs of my youth, I'm content ye should fall;
Eyes of my youth, you much evil have seen;
Cheeks of my yonth, bathed in tears have you been;
Thoughts of my youth, ye have led me astray;
Strength of my youth, why lament your decay.

Days of my age, ye will shortly be past;
Pains of my age, yet awhile ye can last;
Joys of my age, in true wisdom delight;
Eyes of my age, be religion your light;
Thoughts of my age, dread ye not the cold sod;
Hopes of my age, be ye fixed on your God.

Various Intelligence.


In compliance with a resolution of the House of Delegates, the Secretary of the Commonwealth recently communicated to that body a statistical table of the Agricultural productions, &c., in Virginia, compiled and arranged from the census returns, from which we have prepared the annexed tabular statement:

ACRES OF LAND IN FARMS. DIVISIONS. Improved. Unimp. Cash Value of Farms. Trans. Alleghany, 1,965,040 6,954,536 49,527.721 Valley,

1,580,359 2,187,689 51,079,875 Piedmont,

4,347,757 4,045,099 72,230,951 Tide-Water, 2,467,079 2,604,882 43,5633,058

Totals, 10,360,135 15,792,206 216,401,695

Horses. Asses and Milch Working Other

Mules. Cows. Oxen. Cattle.
Trans. Alleghany, 92.442 1,968 112.850 14,550 248,987
57,933 869

53,925 1,623 129.074 Piedmont,


7,551 90,518 37,678 186,298 Tide-Water, 38,530 11,095 60,326 35,662 104,798

Totals, 272,393 21,483 317,619 89,513 669,137

Sheep. Swine. Value of Live Slock. Trans. Alleghany, 639.469 535,815

9,860,324 Valley, 189,212 244,856

6,696,850 Piedmont,

333,373 601,349 10,687,546 Tide-Water, 148,450 447,823


Totals, 1,310,504 1,829,843 33.656,659

Bushels of Wheat. Rye. Indian Corn. Oats. Trans. Allegh'y, 1,289,245 168,551 9,485,398 3,443,541 Valley,

3,771,555 165,765 4,182,234 1,352,616 Piedmont,

4,316,753 105,375 11,695,752 3,659,411 Tide-Water,

1,835,063 19,239 9,890,935 1,723,581



458,930 35,254,319 10,179,149

Pounds of Tobacco. Wool. Butter. Cheese. Trans. Alleghany, 240,717 1,290.472 4.157,356 190,629 Valley,

622.246 520,705 2,292,286 93,459 Piedmont,

54,286,345 721.199 3,143.091 110,791 Tide- Water

1,603,919 327,389 1,496,616 41,413

Totals, 59,803,227 2,860,765 11,089,379 436,292

Value of Home made Value of Animals

Trans. Alleghany, 792.809

1,676,699 Valley, 233,465

1,272,363 Piedmont, 784,437

2,632,903 Tide-Water, 345,600





As a matter of curiosity, we append a statement showing which counties contain the largest and smallest number of acres of land in farms, and in which the like extremes of live stock are held, and grain and other articles produced, &c.


Unimproved. Fauquier, 247,297 Pocahontas,

466,159 Wyoming, 5,930 Alexandria,

6,021 CASH VALUE OF FARMS. Loudoun, 8,349,371 Wyoming,

115,979 LIVE CATTLE. Horses.

* Asses and Mules. Augusta, 7,445 Caroline,

839 Warwick, 222 Raleigh,

1 Milch Cows.

Working Oxen. Augusta. 6,496 Halifax,

2,282 Alexandria, 370 Morgan,

2 Other Cattle.

Sheep. Fauquier, 18,598 Fauquier,

20,741 Alexandria, 217 Alexandria,

17 Swine.

Value of Live Stock. Southampton, 49,816 Loudoun,

937,592 Alexandria, 896 Wyoming,

40,954 AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIONS, &C. Bushels of Wheat,

Bushels of Rye. Rockingham, 608.350 Pittsylvania,

31,036 Ņorfolk county,

393 Various counties produce none.

Indian Corn.

Oats. Albemarle, 798,354 Accomac,

449,449 Matthews, 4,940 Richmoud county,

4.877 Tobacco, (lbs.)

Wool, (lbs.) Halifax, 6,485,752 Boone,

125,572 Various counties produce none. Alexandria, Butter.

Cheese. Loudoun, 422,21 Fauquier,

89,819 Warwick,

10,150 Value of Home Made

Value of Animals Manufactures.

Slaughtered. Halifax, 104,946 Albemarle,

159,315 Berkeley, 512 York,

2,000 * Braxton, Brooke and several other Western counties do not contain any of these animals.-From the Richmond Whig of May 18.


We regret to record that this eminent statesman—so long and so honorably associated in all our minds with the history and progress of our country-died at Washingtou, on Tuesday, the 291ă ult., in the 76th year of his age.

The leading points in Mr. C.'s life are well known, but must be briefly noted here. He was born in the county of Hanover, in this. State, on the 12th of April, 1777. In 1791, when he was only fourteen years of age, be was brought to this city and taken into a store (of a Mr. Denny) to discharge the usual duties of a boy behind the counter. He did not, however, continue long in this business, but was soon transferred to become a writer in the office of the clerk of the High Court of Chancery, Peter Tinsley, Esq., who had the forming of many youths for the service of the courtsat that time. Here he fell under the notice and won the favor of the celebrated Chancellor Wythe, to whom he acted occasionally as an amanuensis and profited much by his instructions. By his advice, too, he commenced the study of the law under the direction of the Attorney General, Mr. Brooke, a brother of the late Judge Brooke, afterwards Governor of the State, and, in 1797, was admitted to practice, by the Court of Appeals. fle did not, however, begin business here, but shortly afterwards emigrated to Kentucky, and established himself in his profession, in Lexington, being then handly of age. Here, we are told, “his success at the bar was instant, brilliant and enduring.” Here, too, he soon found his way into public life. Iu 1803, he was elected to the Kentucky Legislature, and in 1806 to the Senate of the United States for the unexpired term, one:

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