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during which year Washington's Letters make no reference to any thing of the kind. Withers moreover says, the return of the party was owing to the orders of Governor Fauquier; but Dinwiddie did not leave until January, 1758; and the French town of Gallipolis which the “Border Ware fare” says was to have been destroyed by the Virginians, did not exist till nearly fifty years later.* If there were two expeditions, in both the troops underwent the same kind of suffering; in both were forced to kill and eat their horses; and in both were unsuccessful.” Thus it would seem that Mr. P. had at least a glimpse of the truth which I have now more fully exposed, and, I trust, fairly established.

LYMAN C. DRAPER. Leverington, (Pa.) August, 18, 1851.

* Neither Taylor nor Withers asserts that the destruction of Gallipolis was one of the objects in view—this is Mr. Perkius's blunder; and Mr. De Hass, whose “ History and Indian Wars of Western Virginia,” has just appeared, and who devotes only eleven lines in his text to this Expedition, adopts, in a note, this blunder of Mr. Perkins, whose account he seems to have followed.

JOHN LEWIS AND HIS DESCENDANTS.

John Lewis of Ireland, an account of whose removal to the Colony of Virginia, was given in the last number of the Virginia Historical Register, was the son of Andrew Lewis and Mary Calhoun, and was born in the year 1678, and died at "Bellefonte," Augusta, February 1st, 1762, aged 84 years. The spot where he was buried, by the side of his wife, Margaret Lynn, and his son Samuel Lewis, is marked by a simple marble slab, with the following inscription :

" Here lie the remains of

JOHN LEWIS
who slew the Irish Lord, settled Augusta
County, located the town of Staunton;

and furnished five sons to fight the
battles of the American Revolution.

He was the son of Andrew Lewis
and Mary Calhoun, and was born in Donegal

County, Ireland, September 1678, and
Died in Virginia, February 1st, 1762.

He was a brave man, a true patriot,
and a firm friend of Liberty throughout

the world.
Mortalitate relicta, vivit immortalitate inductus.

John Lewis was the father of five sons, four of whom were born in Ireland, and the youngest, Charles, after the removal of his family to Virginia. The eldest, Thomas Lewis, owing to a defect of vision, was not an active participant in the Indian wars on the frontier; he was however present and engaged in the battle of Braddock's defeat. He was a man of learning, and for many years a representative from the county of Augusta in the House of Burgesses, voting for the celebrated resolutions of Patrick Henry, in 1765; was afterwards a member of the Convention which formed the Constitution of Virginia, in 1776, and subsequently of that which ratified the constitution of the United States, in 1788.

He married Miss Strother, of Stafford county, Virginia, and had issue thirteen children ; 1st. Mrs. John Stuart, of Greenbrier-2nd. Mrs. Margaret Bowyer, of Port Republic-3d. Mrs. McElheny, of Rockbridge-4th. Mrs. Gilmer, of Georgia—5th. Mrs. French, of Kentucky-6th. Mrs. Yancy, of Rockingham-7th. Mrs. Carthral, of Rockingham, and four sons, John, of the Warm Springs—Thomas and Benjamin, of Rockingham, and Andrew.

The second son, Samuel, died without issue. The third, Andrew, rose to the rank of General, and commanded the Virginians at the battle of Point Pleasant. The fourth son, William Lewis, of the Sweet Springs, was distinguished as an Indian fighter, and was an officer in the revolutionary army.

He married Anne Montgomery, a daughter of Alexander Montgomery, of the State of Delaware, and Miss Thomson, a relation of the popular author of the Seasons; and had issue as follows:

Captain John Lewis, Dr. Thomas, Alexander, Col. William J. Lewis, of Campbell county, and Charles; Mrs. McFarland, Mrs. Elizabeth Trent, of Cumberland county, Virginia, and Mrs. Agatha Towles.

The fifth son, Charles, rose the rank of Colonel, and was killed in the battle with the Indians, at Point Pleasant, in October 1774. Staunton.

J. L. P.

CIVIL LIBERTY.

Civil Liberty is power. The purest of all gems is likewise the hardest. The state which is the most free from abuses, and in which there are the fewest obstructions to the rise of merit, must, other things being equal, enjoy the greatest share of political solidity and vigour.- Canning.

BURNABY'S TRAVELS IN VIRGINIA, IN 1759.

[We begin here our extracts from a small work entitled “Trayels Through the Middle Settlements in North America, in the years 1759 and 1760. With Observations upon the State of the Colonies. By the Rev. Andrew Burnaby, A. M., Vicar of Greenwich. London, Printed for T. Payne, at the Mews-Gate. 1775.In his “ lutroduction” the author says: "The following observations were written upon the several spots to which they refer; and were intended for no other purpose than that of serving as memorandums. They appeared, by the time that I returned to Europe, so very familiar to me, that I scarcely thought them deserving of the perusal of my friends. Some of these, however, were so obliging as to bestow upon them that trouble; and it is by their advice, and the consideration of the present critical situation of affairs, that I now submit them to the judgment of the public. Whatever be their merit, which I fear is but small, one thing I can assure the reader of, I believe they are generally true. They are the fruit of the most impartial inquiries, and best intelligence, that I was able to procure in the different colonies which I visited. If I have been led into any error, or misrepresented any thing, it has been undesignedly," &c. We take only that part of this little work which relates to Virginia, and shall give the whole of that (with some slight omissions perhaps,) in the course of our current volume.]

On Friday the 27th of April 1759, I embarked, in company with several North-American gentlemen, on board the Dispatch, captain Necks, for Virginia ; and the next day we set sail from Spithead, under convoy of his majesty's ship the Lynn, captain Sterling, commander, with thirtythree sail of trading vessels. We came to an anchor in the evening in Yarmouth Road, and the next day sailed with a fresh easterly wind through the Needles.

April 30. We passed by the Lizard, and in the evening discovered a sail, which proved to be an English sloop

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laden with corn. She had been taken by a French privateer, and was making her way for France : there were three Frenchmen and one Englishman on board. The commodore sent some hands to her, with orders to carry her to Penzance.

May 1. Thick, hazy weather with a fair wind. A large ship passed through the fleet about four o'clock in the afternoon: and in the evening another vessel bore down upon the sternmost ships, and spoke with them.

May 2. Fair, pleasant weather. The next day we found by our reckoning that we had made a hundred leagues from the Land's End.

May 4. Strong, violent gales at north-and-by-west. In the evening the Molly, captain Chew, had her main-topmast carried away, and hoisted out a signal of distress.

May 5. From this time to the 14th, nothing remarkable happened :

: the wind was seldom fair; but the weather being moderate, we made frequent visits, and passed our time very agreeably.

May 14. Captain Necks fell ill of a fever, and continued indisposed several days: he began to mend about the 17th,

May 19. In the afternoon, a sudden and violent squall from the north-west obliged us to lye-to under our reefed main-sail : it continued to increase, and blew a storm for about thirty-six hours, when it began to moderate.

May 21. We made sail in the forenoon, with about four ships in company; and the next day in the evening were joined by eighteen more. From that time to the 28th, nothing remarkable happened: we had generally pleasant weather, but adverse winds. We frequently visited ; and were much entertained with seeing grampuses, turtles, bonetas, porpoises, flying and other fish, common in the Atlantic.

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