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amongst the test, one of them should all manner of employment in their native be of the same nature as that which country, and necessitated either w live in
ignorance and contempt at home, or (14 NOW constitutes the main remedy pro- their great discomfort, and impoverishment posed by our reformers for the pre- of the land) to seeke education and fora sent evils we are enduring, that is to
tune abroad ; -mnisfurtunes made incident to say, a reform in their porliament, (their numbers, qualitie and loyaltie consi
the said catholiques of Ireland ONLY, which they say was corrupted by dered) of all the nations of Christendome.** the liberty-loving ancestors of our The second article states, that modern patriots. How the complaints by this incapacity, which, in respect of these vilified petitioners were re of their religion, was imposed upon dressed bistory has recorded; but the said catholics, men of mean confirst let me state a few of the abuses dition and quality, for the most part which the Irish confederates prayed were in that kingdom employed in Hue sovereign to have removed, as places of greatest honour and trust, enumerated in a renonstrance ad- who, being to begin a fortune, built dressed to him, bearing dale the 171h it on the ruins of the catholic nuof March, 1642, and signed boy lord tives ;” and the third details the outviscount Gormanstown, sir Lucas ragés, pillages, peculations, breaches Dillon, kniybt, sir Robert Talbott, of faith, and other gross violenees bart and John Walsh, esq. in their practised against them by the minisbehalf. In this docuinent, after in- ters of the king to urge them into forming his majesty, that bis dutiful rebellion, a summary of which have and loyat subjects, the catholics of been before related.' The substance Ireland, were necessitated to take of the 12th, 13th, and 14th, with arms for preservativn of their reli- the conclusion, bear so near an anagion, the maintenance of his majes-logy to the abuses complained of by ty's rights and prerogatives, the na- the modern reformers, that I here intural and just defence of their lives sert them in full: and estates, and the liberties of their « 12. That whereas this your majestie's Country, and complaining of the mis- kingdome of Ireland in all successions of representations practised by their ages since the reigne of king Henry the
second, sometimes king of England and cbemies to poison the royal ear lord of Iseland, had parliaments of their against them, they solermly protestowne, coinposed of lords and cominons in that they have been maliciously tra
the same manner and forme qualified with duced therein, and that they never
equall liberties, powers, priviledges and
immunities with the parliament of Eng. entertained any rebellious thought and, and onely depend of the king and against his majesty, his croron, or
crowne of England and Ireland: And for dignity. The petitioners then pro- thentique president can be fonnd, that, any
all that tyme no prevalent record or au, ceed to lay before the king the list of statute made in England could or did bind their grievances, under fourteen ge- this kingdome before the sanse were here neral heads, the first of which is as
established by parliament ; yet upon untrue follows:
suggestions and informations given of your
subjects of Ireland, anacıof parliament, coImprimis, The Catholiques of this tituled, An act for the speedie and effectúak kingdome, whome no reward could invite, reduccing the rebelsin his majestie's kingdonte no persecution inforce to forsake that reli- of Sreland to their due obedience to his man sion professed by them and their ancestors, jesty and crowne of England; and another fur thirteen hundred years, or thereabouts, act, intituled, An act for adding unto and 63are since the second yeare of the reigne of playneing the said former act, was proqueene Blizabeth, made incapable of pla- cured to be enacted in the said parliament cer of bonour or trust, in church or com- of England in the eigbteenth yeare of your monwealth, their nobles become contemp, majestie's raigne, by which acts and other tible, their gentry debarred from learning in proclamations your majestie's subjects, universities, or public schools within this unsunimoncil, unheard, were declared rekitigdom; their younger brotbers put byl bells, and toco-millions and halfe of acres
arrablo, meadren, and profitable pasture came into Dublim voluntarily, and that within this kingdome sold to undertakers could not be justly suspected of any crime, for certain suinmes of monie ; and the edi- if Irishmen ur Catholiques, by the like fices, loghs, woodes, and bogges, wastes direction were pjllaged in Dublin, robbed. aodother their appurtenances, were thereby and pillaged abroad, and brought to their mentioned to be granted and passed gratis. tryall for their lives. The cittyes of Dube Which acts the said catholiques doe con- lin and Corke, and the ancient corporate ceave to have been forced upon your ma- townes of Drogheda, Yeoghal and King jestie; and although void and unjust in sale, who voluntarily received garrison themselves to all purposes, yett containe in your majestie's name, and the adjaceats matters of evili consequence and extreame countryes who relieved them, were 2018 prejudice to your majestie, and totally used, and now lice in worse condilion than destrnctive to this nation.
the Israelites did in Egypt; so that it will seemeing in aime att rebells, only, and at be made appeare, that more murders, the disposition of a certain quantitie of breaches of publique faith, and quartert. land; but in effect and substance, all the mare destruction and desolation, more cru lands in the kingdomne, by the words of the eltie, not fitt to be named, were committed said Acts, may be distributed, in whose pos. in Ireland, by the direction and advise of session soever they were, without respect the said lords justices and theire partie of to age, condition, or qualitie ; and all the said councill in less than eighteena your majestie's tenure:, and the greatest months, than can be parallelled to houe been part of your majestie's standing revenue in done by any christian people. this kingdom taken away; and by the said " 14. The said lords justices and their ad. aets, if they were of force, all power of par- berents have, against the fundamental lare døning and of granting those lands is taken of the lande, procured the sitting of hath from your majestie ; a president that no howses of parliament for several sessiona, age can instance the like. Against this act (nyne parts of ten of the naturall and genuthe said catholiques do protest, as an act ine members thereof being absent, io standagaiart the fundamentall luwes of this king-ing not with their safety to comeunder their dome, and as an act destructive to your ma- power)and made upp a considerable pomber festie's rights and prerogatives, by collour in the bowse of commons of clerks, souldiers, w bereof, most of the forces sent hither to serveing men, and others, nut legally, or not infest this kingdor by sea and land, dise chosen at all, or returned, and having mo vowed any wulhoritia from your majestie, manner of estate within the kingdom ; in but doe depend upon the parliament of whick sitting sundry orders were conceived; England.
and dismisses obteyned of persons before im "13. All strangers and such as were not peached of treason in fall parliament, aad inhabitants of the citty of Dublin, being passed or might have passed some actsagainst commanded by the said lords justices, in law and to prejuuice your majestie and this and since the said month of November 1641, wkole natiun. And dureing these troubles, to depart the said citty, were no sooner terms were kepe, and your majestie's court departed, than they were by the direc- of cheefe place, and uther courts sat at tions of the said lords justices pillaged Dublin to no other end or purpose, but by abroad, and their goods seized uppon and false and illegalt judgments, outlawries and confiscated in Dublin; and they desireing other capitall proceedings to attaint many to returne under the protection and safetie thowsands of your majestie's most faithfull of the state, before their appearance in subjects of this kingdome, they being never action, were denied the saine; and di- summoned, nor haveing notice of those vers other persons of rank and qualitie, proceedings ; and sheriff's made of abscure by the said lords justices imployed in meane persons, by the like practice, appublique service, and others keeping close pointed of purpose ; and poor artificers, within their doores, without annoying any common soldiers and menial servants, reman, or siding then with any of the said
turned jurors, to pass upon the lives and catholiques in arms, and others in severall estates of those who came in upon proparts of the kingdom liveing under, and tectivn and publique faith. haveing the protection and safetie of the “ Therefore the said catholiques, in the state, were sooner pillaged, their howses behalfe of themselves and of the whole burnt, themselves, their tenants and kingdome of Ireland, doe prolest and de. servants killed and destroyed, than any clare against the said proceedings in the Asother, by direction of the said lords jus- ture of parliaments, and in the other counts tices. And by the like direction when any aforesaid, and every of them, as being commander in cheefe of the army, pro- heynous crimes against law, destructive to mised, or gave quarter or protection, the parliaments and your majestie's prerogatives same was in all cases violated: and many and authoritie, and the rights and just persons of qualitie, who obtained the same, liberties of your most faithful subjects. were ruiued before others; others that “ Forasuyucb, dread soveraigne, as the
speedy applycation of apt remedyes unto the complaints of our modern reformthese grievances and heavie pressures, will Here we have a formal repre. tend to che settlement and improvement of your majestie's revenue, the prevention of sentation to a protestant king of the further effusion of blood, the preservation abuses and peculations committed of this kingdoine from desolation, and the on a catholic nation by protestant content and satisfaction of your said sub-statesmen. Here we have an official jects, who in manifestation of their duty and zeale to your majestie's service, will statement that a protestant parliabe most willing and ready to imploy ten ment unjustly, and contrary to the thousand men under the conduct of well ex- faith and law of nations, presumed perienced commanders in defence of your to invade the legislative rights of an royal rights and prerogatives. They therefore most humbly beseech your majestie, independent people. Here we have that you will vouchsafe gratious answers to a solemn charge laid before the sothese their humble and just complarnts, vereign against his protestant minisand for the establishment of your people in a lasting peace and securitie, the said ca.
ters, of corrupting and abusing the tholiques doe most humbly pray, that your constitution of parliament, for the majestie may be further gratiou:ly pleased purpose of pursuing, under the semto call a free parliament in this kingdome, blance of law, a system of rapine in sucli convenient tyme as your majestie and intolerance. And how were in your high wisdome shall think fiti, and the urgencie of the present affayres of the the complaints of the catholics of said kingdome doth require; and that the Ireland received ? With tender said parliament he held in an indifferent commiseration on the part of the place, summored by, and continued be: fore, some person or persons of honour and generous strugglers in the noble fortune, of approved faith to your ma
cause of civil and religious liberty; jestie, and acceptable to your people here, and the most furious revenge on that and to be timeli placed by your majestie of the despotic and tyrant Charles ? in this goverpirent, which is most peces. sary for the advancement of your service, Ah, reader, if you think thus, you and present condition of the kingdome: in are most egregiously deceived.which parliament the said catholiques doe humbly pray these or other their grievances the justness of the complaints of his
No; the sovereign was sensible of may be redressed, and that in the aid par. liament, a statute inade in this kingdome Irish subjects; he had full confiin the tenth yeare of king Heory the se. dence in their loyalty and fidelity, venth, commonly called Poyning's act, and and he ordered that their grievances all acts explayuing or enlarging the same, be by a particular act suspended during that should be enquired into and reparliament, as it hath beene allready done in dressed But, mark; the cold. the eleveenth yeare of queen Elizabeth, upon blooded avarice of his corrupt
and occasions of far less moment than now doe bigotted ministers, induced them to offer themse ves ; and that your majestie, with the advice of the said parliament, will
betray the best interests of their be pleased to take a course for the further master, and, by the most perfidious repealing, or further continuance of the treachery, not only contravened the said statutes, as may best conduce to the king's commands, but, by a refineadvancement of your service here, and peace of this your realme; and that no
ment in the vice of hypocrisy, conmatter, whereof complaint is made in this trived to execute the orders of his remonstrance, may debar catholiques, or determined enemies-- the leaders of give interruplicn to their free votes, and the protestant parliament of Engsitting in the said parliament, as in duty bound they will ever pray for your majes- land; who, according to Rapin, tie's long and prosperous raigne over them." hearing that the rebels had presented
to the lords justices a letter in the PROTESTANT METHOD OF REDRESSING nature of a remonstrance, wherein THESE GRIEVANCES.
they demanded the free exercise of Here, reader, we bave a cata- their religion, and a repeal of all logue of real national grievances, of laws to the contrary, made a great much more insufferable extent than noise about it. “ They knew (says the historian) the lord Costelough, not withstanding Rapin asserts, that with the lord. Taaff were on their every shadow of grievance in Engway to England, with propositions land was removed by the peaceable to be offered to the king concerning disposition of the monarch, and means for procuring the peace of Charles found it necessary to appeal Ireland. So fearing, or pretending to the loyal part of his people for to fear, the king would grant liberty the protection of his person and of conscience to the Irish papists, the crown. --'l his call from their prince commons desired a conference with in his adversity, was answered by the lords. After which it was solemn- the catholics with a zeal and deve ly declared by both houses, That they tion unparalleled in history. Almost would never consent to any tolera- every catholic in England capable of tion of the Popish religion in Ire- bearing arms tlocked to the standard land, or any other his majesty's do of their injured monarch, and Ireminions." What an admirable spe- land, although her complaints were çimen of the liberal and tolerant unredres,ed, contributed both mera spirit which pervaded the ancestors and money to swell the ranks of the of our modern reformers and biblical royal army. The aid afforded by enthusiasts in their noble struggles the Irish, and their bravery in the for the cause of civil and religious field, operated so much against the liberty! Flow consistent and how cause of the puritan rebels, that the equitable are the clamours of our de- English parliament on the 24th of magogues and bigots at the supposed October 1041, published the bloody intolerance of the pope and the je- ordinance, " That no quarter should suits ! Following up the spirit of be given to any Irishman, or pupist the above resolution, seven catholic born in Ireland, that should be taken priests having been condemned, for in hostility against the parliament, conscience only, in the first week of either upon the sea, or in England December, 1641, the king sent to or Wales.” The spirit of revolt soon acquaint both houses that the French spread itself amongst the puritans ambassador had solicited him to of Ireland, and lord Inchiquin acchange the sentence into banishment, cepted of the presidency of Munster and he required their advice. A from the parliament. In this profew days after the commons voted vince there were no bounds to his that all of them should be hanged, cruelty, and he caused to be admiin which the lords concurred. The nistered to his followers an oath for king, however, suspended the exe- the extirpation of popery and the cution, on which these merciful extermination of the Irish. senators again petitioned his majesty Such are a few of the prominent to execute the unfortunate victims ; features of the clement disposition of but he refused to comply with their the ancestors of our protestant 18desires. Meanwhile, the commons formers and bible-mongers, to enucaused the Irish deputies (lords merate one half of their murderous Costelough and Taaff) to be com- deeds would all a large volume, and mitted to prison, and their papers I have already swelled this article to seized, in the expectation of finding too great a length. : In concluding, something wbich might prejudice therefore, let me ask the reader Charles; but the deputies found means whether it is possible, with these to escape, and obtained an interview facts before his eyes, for a catholic with their sovereign. ' A few months possessed of the feelings of a man, after this, the puritan leaders broke not to feel iodigrant at the clamourall measures with their sovereign, ous rantings of the demagogue, or the malignant insinuations of the bi- | been more oppressed during his reigni got, at the alleged tyranny and than any other class of subjects cruelty of catholic sovereigns and whatever. Let them remember this, states. Let Mr. Cobbett rave against and decide upon the case according the iphuman doings of ihe Bourbons, to justice and equity. and Mr. Blair storm at the intoler
WM EUSEBIUS ANDREWS. ance of the pope and the jesuits; Somers'.Town, April 25, 1817. still they will not be able to wipe from the page of history the barba- To the Editor of the Orthodox rous and despotic deeds committed
Journal. by their puritan ancestors on the persons and property of the catholics SIR,- Tu perusing your descripin these countries; nor will the ful- tion of the effects prodiiced in Seotsome praise lavished on them as the land by the Reformation, I was senstruggling friends for civil and reli- sibly struck with a quotation from gious liberty, make them appear in the historian Echard, which strongother light, in the eyes of the can- ly implies to the present svate of cadid and unprejudiced man, than as tholic affairs in Ireland and England, the persecutors of conscience, the No English catholie, who considers murderers of their sovereigo, and the attentively the procedure of affairs in subverters of the British constitu- this country, ever since the year tion. On the other hand, not all | 1789, will fail to observe, that with a the calumnies and falsehoods circu- view to weaken us, a division among lated by means of a corrupt press,
our body has been aimed at, and has can ever make the catholics swerve been, to a certain degree, etlected. from the unbending principles of But every intelligent and attentive their holy religion, which teaches observer will perceive, that, if our them to abhor alike the abettors of enemies bave endeavoured for these corruption or sedition. In a few last thirty years to obtain a moral as days the claims of five millions pro- well as civil ascendancy over us, by fessing this faith, to be admitted to our disunion amongst ourselves, there the civil rights of citizens in a free have been amongsi us persons who, state, will undergo discussion in par- either from want of kiwi:g their liament. It will be well, therefore, religion, or for want of attachment to for every member of the senate, who it, or from a vanity that has made sincerely value the constitution of them forget the real blessings of rethe country, to reflect on the near ligion, have been ready to co-operate resemblance the present times bear to with our avowed enenrie:, and to barthose on which I have been descant- ter ihe real honour of religion, when ing. Let them keep in mind this in- steadily adhered to, with all its Hose dubitable fact, that when the pro- blest hopes aud pro-pects
hereafter, testant scriptural and reforming dis- for the sake of present temporal ciples of liberty in the seventeeth emoluinent and distinctioir. These century were engaged in undermin. have been led to separate their own ing the constitution, and insulting advantages from those of the comtheir sovereign with the mockery of munily, while they have professed to justice, the Irish catholics formed forward the interests of all; and, the only body throughout the British because they possess the superiority dominions, who had preserved their which money invariably bestows, faith and attachment to the cause of they have pretended to take tine inthe king and the liberties of their terests of the body into their hauds, country, notwithstanding they had to become their advocates and