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guides, the judges, the tutelar guar. , the contrary, their objections were dians of what was most dear and sa- deemed substantial, some of the excred. Yes; they have presumed 10 pressions, so much insisted upati, determine what night be protested were treated with ridicule and con. against and ahjured, what might be tempt, as downright nonsense; and renounced or adopted, consistently one of the prelates of the church of with catholic faith: and when their England, not surpassed by any on ecclesiastical superiours have pro- the bench for learning or eloquence nounced in opposition to their senti- maintained, that the oath, which the ments or wishes, they have ridiculed catholic committee had represented their decisions and defied their cen. as indispensably requisite to satisfy

the scruples of some and the prejuIt is truly unaccountable, that, hav. dices of others, was so objectionable ing it in their power to procure hap- to a protestant mind, that He himpiness and joy for all, men should self would refuse to subscribe to it! risk the loss of what their own ambi- Thus were we demonstratively contion covets, raiher than share the vinced that all the disagreement that blessing with their fellows. During subsisted at that tim, all the pamphthe never-to-be-forgotten persistency lets that appeared on one side or the of tre committee, in 1790, and 1791, other, the blue books, the buff books, when the title of Dissenting Catholics the protests, the appeals, &c, all was disapproved by the vicars apos- owed their birth to a spirit of oppctolic, when rerrain expressions in sition which was unwilling to obtain the proposed oath were objected to relief from the legislature, without by them, what anwillingness to yield violence done to the consciences of either to the decisions of superiours, persoos distinguished for virture and or the wishes of the body at large! learuing. At that time the bishops Sometimes it was declared that our were supported by the most eminent friends in parliament were inflexible for their abilities; the Milners, tha in requiring that the expressious in Plowdens, the Donnellans, the Gafquestion should be retained ; at fys, the Pillings; those among the other times, that a noble lord, oui seculars who were considered as the whose support much depended, most celebrated for theological and whose displeasure was to be suo science, and amongst the regulars, premely deprecated, was lost to our those who had presided in the schools cause for ever, if alteration in the of theology, stood forward to save the phrase or mauper should be attemplo catholics of England from degrada. ed. We were told that by depart-tion and schism. But how were the ing from the words of the famous bishops treated ? They were scoffed protestation, we should forfeit all at as men of contracted minds, as claim to consistency, sincerity, and contending for minutiæ, which the honour; that our character would liberal and enlightened despised. be lost for ever : and yet, when the Our late bishop of the London disvicars apostolic, with their conscien-trict was called a harmless but untimus adherents, had succeeded in skilful man, without learning or laying before the legislature their abilities, a goodnatured, condescenddifficulties and objections, no noble , ing ....priest, while a private mislord withdrew his support, no friends sionary at York; who would have in either house were inflexible, no passed quietly through life, had he rereproach for insincerity, duplicity, or mained in the ranks, but by yielding inconsisteney, was urged against the to the fascinating brilliance of cros bishops and their friends; but, on siers and tiaras, had consented, if not

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sought, to be a leader, and had fallen , uneasiness in the begioning of his into contempt. Yes, I well remem- episcopacy. le discovered in then ber, when, at a meeting of the catho no change of sentiment, though they lics, either the depositing of the fa- adopted a difference of manner. He nous protestation in the Museum, or whom they had treated as a man of the bestowing thanks to the venerable weak understanding, but, as they re: vicars apostolic was the subject,or the inarked, was too frequently the case, gentlemen of the committee had as a man of bigotted attachment to thought proper to tickle our yaoity, trifles, became gradually more sensi. by making us judges or umpires be- ble and discerning in their minds, as tween a priest suspended and his he became less adverse to their opi. ecclesiastical superiour; I well re. nions, less guarded against their ar. member the disgraceful manner in tifices; and the same tongue which which the bishops were treated, and in 1791 represented him as infected a youth of not more than seventeen with all the weaknesses of anility, was suffered to vent upon his seniors some time before his death allowed and superioars all that scurrility and him to be a person, though not of irreligion could devise, and school much talent, yet, of competent uu. boy impertinence could utter. Was derstanding, and now that he is safe suffered and applauded. The cold and cannot shift about, scruples not hearted egotist felt a

than to describe him as a man of uncom. usual gratification, and looked, and mon penetration, and of such intuiLeared, and looked again; while (too tive perception, that in immediately well I recollect it) Geddes, staud. discerning difficulty and the mean's ing aloft, above the heads of those in of meeting or avoiding it, we shall the parterre, beheld the sight with not meet his like again. glowing eye-balls, with ears delight- Ah! how easily are opinions subed heard the disrespectful sounds, scribed to by some persons to serve "griond horribly a ghastly smile," a certain purpose! But why should and seemed to feel a sort of soothing some persons be e so mentally cons indemnification for episcopal cor- structed, that to arriye at their pro rection, which he had erst so well posed end by rectilineal progress dedeserved. Yet, amidst insult and lights them not? We are now solireproach, the bishops preserved a citing redress from the grievance of Christian patience, a dignified for laws enacted agaiust us in times of bearance; and it has been a subject suspicion, jealousy, and resentment. of astonishment to many who wit. The resentment and jealousy of fors nessed the humility and fortitude of mer times had been laid to rest, conDr. D. that in a discourse professed fidence and friendship had uniter! to have been delivered on the occa. catholic with protestant, and a compion of his death, wherein many of pact of social harmony would have his actions are recorded, no mention been made between the parties, had is made of his meritorious conduct, not jealousy been awakened and rekis firmness tempered with discretion, sentment roused by those of our own by which he was signalized during household. Verily do I believe, these times of difficulty and danger. sir, that had the catholics of Ireland It is to be loped he never repented been permitted to pursue the course of what constituted the principal ho- in which they were moving, without nour of his life Yet certainly, as interruption or interference, Ireland life proceeded, the truly good man would have obtained the object of its was less upon his guard, with respect petition, and the same advantages to

those who had given him so much would have been conceded to the

catholics of this country. But from those who are ready to give up as our own body in this country started much of that religion as can be reup a few, who were anxious to be paid by present emolument, without considered and applauded as the actually acknowledging that they liberators of their fellow catholics; renounce their faith, or without pass. to effect their purpose with greater ing in the eyes of the world for celerity, threw concessions into the renegados. It is the purpose there, bargain ; relapsed into their original fore of this letter, to entreat and conpractices and habits; and now hope, jure those who are so disposed, to as the highest bidders, to be the have compassion on the truly atgreater gainers. But in their ear- tached to their faith, to disregard a nestness to gain their ends, they have few paltry distinctions which, after thrown into the scale that which ap. all, they may possibly never attain peared to them to be of less consi- to, and to seek genuine honour, deration, of trifling value ; but which which may be enjoyed with a safe others, who love their religion, and conscience. If they are not to be prefer not gain to godliness, consi.moved by these considerations, it is der as of inestimable value. They to be hoped that catholics, who are have assumed to themselves the right grateful to the Almighty for the faith of determining what is admissible he has gratuitously called them to, and what is not, and with far less will exert themselves, ere it be too justice than the committee claim to late, and publicly and solemnly ex. themselves the undue prerogative of press their determination rather to managing our affairs, and making forego the advantages which the what sorrenders they please, to ac- world can give, than that peace quire, in return, what they may which the world cannot give , rather deem advantage, but what is not to be deprived of every earthly ho. sought by those who have never con- nour, than the honour, the security, stituted them their representatives or and the integrity of their religion. agents. The consequence is likely I am, sir, your's,

T. L. A. M. to be, if they succeed, that we shall have more temporal advantages than our predecessors; but to gain these For the Orthodox Journal. we must pay down that which is better than gold or precious stones ; INTERESTING ANECDOTES. and wbatever we may obtain as to civil emancipation, liberty of con- Though many of the following science will receive no enlargement. anecdotes do not belong to any part

This will be the natural conse- of the history of the French revoluquence of division amongst our- tion, yet the perusal of them cannot selves, fomented by the industry of but be agreeable to the readers of our pretended friends, but who are, the Orthodox Journal. These inin reality, our enemies. If those, teresting stories are extracted from who call themselves catholics, do the same excellent work as the prein their hearts wish well to the reli- ceding ones, L'Ami des Meres. The gion they profess, they will exa- pious author, in warning youth mine whether, in their endeavours to against the dangers and seductions obtain certain advantages for the of the world, cites the noble examprofessors of the catholic religion, ples of many eminent persons, who they are likely to contribute to the have entirely renounced the world, purity and stability of that religion, and trampled its pleasures under or merely to obtain advantages for their feet, in order to render their ORTHOD. JOUR. VOL. V.

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own salvation the more secure.- thought of walking a mile to serve Though these examples are not proe God? Well might I blusls, kere. I posed for our imitation, they are to make any account of these little truly deserving of our admiration, difficulties that oppose me in the serand may serve on many points to ena- vice of my God, after baving deble us to form a more correct judg- spised those which I met with in the ment of the world, and its fascinating service of my king.” — “Your obcbarms.

servation is just," said James II. ; An officer, who had much dis- "and it is truly matter for astotinguished bimself in the service of nishment that men should do so much his king, feeling his heart sensibly for an earthly king, and so little for touched with the grace of God, re- the King of Heaven, from whom we solved upon an entire separation receive so many blessings, and on from the world and his former ac- whom depends our happiness or miquaintance, Having chosen his sery, both temporal and eternal.” place of retirement at a short dis- « But," said lord Dunbarton, tance from La Trappe, in the heart of "how do you spend your time in this the forest in which thạt, monastery solitude ? Does not time hang heawas situated, he lived in the exercise vy upon you ?"-"My thoughts," of perpetual penance, holdiug no replied the hermit, "are constantly intercourse with any other person employed upon eternity, that infithan the abbot, bis spiritual guide nite daration, compared with which and director. The unfortunate mo- the longest life is but a moment. To narch, James II. happening to vi- think of this eternity and prepare for sit La Trappe, heard of this holy it is our great affair; and when the solitary, and wished to see him, mind is properly employed about it, He was accordingly conducted to time can never hang heavy." After the herinitage, and the holy peni. the king had asked hin some questent, not at all embarrassed at the tions respecting his former way of visit of a prince and his retique, an life," Well,” said lord Dunbarton, swered the questions that were put to you have, however, renounced all him in the happiest and most simple these past scenes, and have come 10 manner. The king wished to know spend your days in this desert.”'"I at what hour in the morning he al- confess," answered the holy solitary, tended mass at the monastery; the “ with candour, that I entertain a penitent replied," At half past three contempt for .worldly pomp, riches, o'clock." “ But,” said lord Dun- and grandeur: and how can a chrisbarton,“ how can you accomplish tian eutertain any other sentiment on this journey in the winter, when the these points, when even pagans have mornings are so dark, or in rainy or acknowledged that the grandeur of snowy weather, when you cannot the world is nothing but an illusion, distinguish a path or even a track amere cheat of fortune ?through the forest ?"-“Ah," replied “ This is indeed true," said the the hermit, “ it would indeed be a king; "riches and worldly grandeur subject of shame to me, to be de- are of far less value than they are terred by these trifling difficulties, supposed to be. They never yet after having surmounted so many far bare satisfied the desires of any one greater ones in the service of my king person, and can never render us and country. Then I was frequently happy. Your present state is far obliged to be upon the march dur. more happy than that of the great ing the whole of the night; and ones of the world ; and death will should I now feel disheartened at the one day make it clear, that you have not mistaken your ain in embracing ly great, whose ambition is never sa. it.” The king then paused; but, tisfied, or capable of being satisfied, perceiving that the company continu- though in the full enjoyment of riches, ed silent, resumed his discourse. honours, and pleasures, I began to “There is,” said he, “this differ- comprehend that happiness consists ence between you and 'the great ones not in worldly possessions, but in in. of the world, that in 'all appearance nocence of manners, in keeping our you will die the death of the just, desires always within the bounds of while they are far from having any moderation, in voluntary self-denials, security that such happiness will be in humble subinission to the will of their lot." The monarch, whose God, and in a love and esteem for misfortunes had completely unde- the state of life in which he has ceived him as to the vanity of worldly placed 'us.” grandeur, kept his eyes for some time fixed upon the holy solitary, as

CATHOLIC BIOGRAPHY. if he envied his happy condition. From Dodd's CHURCH HISTORY. At last he said, “Adieu, sir;" and, EDWARD KNOTT, whose true embracing him with much kinduess name was Matthew Wilson, but, in and 'emotion, recominmended him- some of his works, takes the name self and his family to his prayess.

of Nicolas Smith, was born at PegsThe venerable abbot of La Trappe, worth, in Northumberland ; and goDe Rancé, who was himself one of ing abroad, became a jesuit, and the most illustrious examples of a considerable man of his order. He sincere conversion from the path of was, for some time, prefect of stasinful pleasure, tells us that the work dies in the English college at Rome, of bis conversion was not a little afterwards vice-provincial, and in aided by the following simple occur the year 1643, chosen provincial. -

“ One day,” says be, "Towards the latter end of his time, fell in with a shepherd, who was he resided for the most part in Lonwatching his flock that were feeding don, where he died January 4, 1655, upon an extensive plain. He was and was buried in St. Pancras's seated under a thick spreadiny tree, church. Father Knott was a person to shelter himself from a violent generally 'esteemed for learning, esstorin of rain. As I perceived in pecially what regarded controversy. him an air that appeared to me ex- He entertained Dr. Potter and Mr. traordinary in one of his occupation, Chillioyworth, two noted protestant I asked him if he felt a pleasure in divines, chiefly concerning the secofollowing his employment ? He re-rity of salvation in the protestant plied, that he enjoyed in his way of communion; where matters life a profound peace and tranquillity handled with great skill on both of mind ; that he derived much sides. The rise and progress of the consolation from the guardianship of contest was from what father Knott his simple and innocent Hock; that bad observed in conversation among his days scarcely appeared more the vulgar sort of people, who than so many minutes ; that he found charged catholics with uncharitableso much confort in his situation as ness for denying salvation to all that to prefer it to anyotlier in the world; died out of the communion of their and that he was sure that kings were church. Father Knott took some pains not so contented or so happy as him- to explain this matter, and render it self. I admired his simplicity," con sa clear, that protestants might easily tinúes De Rancé ; " and, comparing see what ground there was for tho this humble shepherd with the world. I accusation. In order to this, about

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