Page images

the year 1633, he published a short his wit, in a very subtile piece, en. treatise, intituled, Charity Mistaken. titled : The Religion of Protestants The substance whereof was, to prove a Safe Way, &c. It appeared first anthat Christ had left but one church no 1636, and was soundly answerin one communion; that out of this ed by father Knott in a work stiled church and communion there was no Infidelity Unmasked, in 4to, anno. regular way of being saved ; and that 1652, and to make use of Mr. Wood's in consequence of this, catholics es- words, the historian of Oxford, “no teeming theirs to be that true and only body that I yet know of vindicated church, were obliged, if they talked Chillingworth against him.” 'The coherently, to say there was no sal- truth is, his method was so new and vation out of their church. And extraordinary, that no one of his from thence he inferred, that it was party could follow his steps, withmistaken charity to allow salvation out danger of infidelity, and betraypromiscuously to persons of any ing the cause of the church of Engcommunion. However, this asser

land into the hands of sectaries tion was not to be taken so univer- of all denominations. Chillingworth sally as not to admit of some reserves was afterwards attacked by several for God's extraordinary mercies in writers of the roman communion, calling some persons to repentance ; particularly by Cressy, White, as also for unavoidable ignorance, or Lacy, Floyd, Worsley, Wood- . aby other excusable incapacity, that head and Sergeant; who, as a ceraby one out of the church might lie tain person observes, have driven under. And therefore it was not al. him almost out of the territories lowed to censure any particular per.

of christianity.

If the reader is "800, only conditionally, if he either curious to know more particulars neglected a good life, or voluntarily concerning Mr. Chillingworth, he opposed the church, when the arti. was born in the city of Oxford, cles of religion were sufficiently pro- in October 1602, and admitted á posed to him. Now this fair repre: student in Trinity college in June sentation of the case seemed to put 1618; where he afterwards became catholics and protestants upon the follow and master of arts about the same foot as to charity. For it does year 1628. After some time he benot appear, that protestants will al- came acquainted with Mr. Fisher, a Jow the church in communion with learned jesuit, and was brought over Rome to be a saving church, unless to the catholic church. The jesuits the restrictions above-mentioned be recommended him to one of their admitted; yet the controversy. was colleges abroad, where it is said, he taken up by Dr. Christopher Potter, entered into the poticeship, but provost of Queen's college in Oxford, left them again in the year 1631. who the same year, 1633, published The reasons for his deserting them an answer to Knott, intituled, Want are variously reported. He himself of Charity justly charged against pretends it was a dislike he took all such Romanists, 8€. To this to the catholic doctrine : this being father Knott makes a reply anno the most rational motive he could 1634, and stiles his bookMercy allege. But others, and those proand Truth, or Churity maintained testants, assure us, that being of a by Catholics, 8c. Afterwards Mr. proud imperious temper, he thought Chillingworth, a great master of the his parts were not sufficiently conreasoning faculty, undertook the sidered, and he could not submit to cause in favour of doctor Potter: those abject employments, which noand gave the world a specimen of l vices are put to during their proba. tion ship, in order to try their hu- 1 them in a small treatise he published, mility. While Mr. Chilling worih intitled A Direction to N. N. being was a catholic, he published the mo- an admonition to Mr. Chilling worth tives of his conversion, which may to attend to his own arguments. be abridged under the following But he, never thinking he should be heads :

attacked that way, had neglected 1. That protestants, before Lather, to give the world that satisfaction, were no were to be found making a till at last he perfixed an apswer to visible profession of their faith. his own motives, by way of adik

2. That Luther joining himself to tion to his book : The Religion no visible church, Christ must of of Protestants a Safe Way. &c.— necessity have failed in his promises When this work was ready for the of assisting his church.

press, doctor Laud, suspecting the 3. That if human credit be of any author's prineiples, ordered it should importance, the doctrine of the ca- first be revised by doctor Prideaux, tholic church has been confirmed by who very much disliked it: the perunquestionable miracles.

formance appearing to favour Soci4. That most of the protestant nianism, or any other heterodox tenets were long since condemned system. And indeed the author's by the church in heretics of former | Mr. Chillingworth chiefly consulted, ages.

made him still more suspected of 5. That the prophecies foretelling being no friend to the church of Engthe conversion of nations, were ful- land. Mr. Daille's works and Mr. filled only by catholics.

Hales's treatise of schism, constantly 6. That mady eminent protestant lay before him. These supplied divines acknowledge, that the con him with arguments. Mr. Daille's troverted articles of the catholic potions are well known. As for Mr. church were maintained by the fa. Kales, he was a person of singular thers of the first six ages.

parts; but no less singular ia his no7. That the first pretended re- tions," which (says Mr. Echard) formers could not make good either caused him at first to broach some an ordinary or an extraordinary call. heterodox opinions, of which he

8. That Luther was induced to cured himself, though the venon oppose the mass by the devil's per. still remains in the world.” How. suasion, as he himself owned. ever, Mr. Chillingworth's works

9. That the protestants supported were generally applauded: it not themselves onstantly by calum. ng proper to call one to a strict nies, misrepresentations, falsifying account, who appeared so zealous aocieat writers, penal laws and other in attacking the catholic church. In buman and unwarrantable methods. recompence whereof he was made

10. That refusing to submit to chancellor of Sarum, in 1638; though church authority was rendering the there was some demur concerning controversy endless, and opening a his promotion : it being a long time, gap to all sorts of errors and ab- before he could be prevailed with to surdities that human wit was capa- subscribe to the thirty-nine articles; ble of introducing.

it being inconsistent with his notions, Afterwards, upon Chillingworth's to confine himself to creeds and relapse, father Knott, who had forms of doctrine.

So that some know him abroad, took the liberty question very much whether he subto put him in mind of the aforesaid scribed with an unfeigned assent, as motives, which still stood against the law requires. The general chahim, and made a recapitulatiou of racter, given of Mr. Chillingworth,


is this : Mr. Hobbs says he often drove To feeble indigence his zeal could bring, kis enemies before him: but then The pitying shelter of an angel's wing;

But fell his aspect on imperious pride, he gaye terrible wounds to his Wealth”: lofty mien, or rapine's lawless friends. Cressy allows he was nim

stride. ble in pulling down, but knew not His thund'ring mépace made the bardest how to build. Knott compares him


And printed terror on their souls of steel. to the crow, that went out of Noah's His hand was raised -and vice was seized ark; but could not find the

way back with dread, again. Yet, notwithstanding his And darkness whelmed the sinper's 'tremlatitude as to religious notions, he He conquered habit, nature he subdued, was fixed in loyalty towards bis And bid by him, remorse's sting pursued, prioce. For being taken prisoner Pride instant left his high and pompous by the rebels in Arundel castle, And rapine fell before his sacred feet, he died about a month after, at

E'en pleasure dared to burst her dearest Chichester, in January, 1643. O.S.

chain, Doctor Cheynel, the parson of Pet. And foes forgave, and rivals loved again : worth, performing the funeral cere.

And new-born crowds 'with one long loud

acclaim, mony, made this remarkable reflec. Repeated blessings with their preacher's tion : he threw his works into the grave after him; declaring that they Jan. 15th, 1817 RHCTORICUS. were infectious, and so ought to rot with the author.





Sume superbium
From a discourse in French verst by M. Quæsitam meritis Hor.
Marmontel, read by him to the French
Academy, on the 29th of Febuary, 1776.

Adieu sweet seat of ev'ry virtumus mind,

These humble lines I gratefully bestow, I've seen : great Clermont* saw ; but

In pleasing numbers may my genius find strove in vain ;

Words that can frame a just idea of you.
For Clermont's self must yield before

Sacred to religion's holy cause;
For learning famed thro' Britain's sister

isles, 'Twas not the tender and ingenious style, To exhort youth to quit its infant toys; That seems the soul's attention to beguile ; And teach their hearts to aim tli ethe. 'Twas not the language purified and clear,

rial skies. So sweetly spoken in a monarch's ear : But 'twas a man who fapped by favour's Thy rules, dear tutors, for the jofant breeze,

mind Content with moving, little cared to please.

Who thro' this vale is destined for to À sacred orator who scorned to wear

stray. The flow’rs an empty eloquence can rear : You teach him virtue and instruction The tropes his rhetoric supplied were cries,

kiod, His only figures tears and deep drawo His conscience chides him does he not sighs.

obey. But strokes of fire with random's pencil spread,

Yes, may you flourish in Britannia's land, Tinged all his pictures with a glowing May all your precepts vail your infant

red : À father's sool to misory opened wide, And Nature's God support you by his A heart that broke when mourning by her hand, side.

Till you with him, in Heavenly comforts

share * Massillon.

April 11th, 1817.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

care ;

THE CONVERT TO THE CATHOLIC | No pleasing verdure o'er the hills is shed, FAITH.

The furrow'd glebe no dusky mantie

wears, “ How vast is the meray of the Lord.” Bat blust'ring Boreas lifts his icy head, Ecc. xvii. 28.

And lulls the earth in sorrow and in tears.


Frox darksome mazes, devoid of ev'ry ray, Ah! hapless parents, ah ! for ever" dear! Thut shines resplendent thro’ the passing Ah! why so early quit my youthful days? day,

'Tis gratitude protects this falling tear, Led by the hand of Sion's bounteous king And lengthens out these poor and humTo realms of light, these grateful lays I

ble lays. sing. Wherc dead to every sense of true content Say, did you sigh for the blcst realms above, I coy'd my passions and pursued their bent. Where heav'nly peace, and concord ever And deaf to all religion's sacred ways,

reign. Pursued a course of dire abandoned days, Say, did your kinder Parent ask your love, But, now, alas! how chang'd from that sad In the sweet mansions of his blest dohour

main. When Hell's wide jaws had sought me to devour.

Or did black sorrow with his haggard mien, But, oh! when rushing to Destruction's steep Dare to insult your blest and happy A voice sweet sounding bade me pray

hours, and weep."

With poison'd shafts, so thrilling and so Thanks! to that eternal power divine

keen, Which rais'dime, prostrate round Destruc- Which steep'd in the gulf of Ach’ron he tion's shrine;

skow'rs. Thanks be to Him, the ruler of the skies, Who ne'er disdains the contrite suppliant's A cause more pleasing Muse to me suggest; sighs;

Let smiling hope my gloomy fancy cheer, Who made me now a member of that school Tell me they're gone to dwell in peace Where Christ the master gives the sacred

and rest,

In tranquil slumbers undisturb'd by fear. Where martyrs, virgins and apostles learn'd To tread the pomps of this deluded world. Ah! dearest parents, oft in silent prayer, Yes, when the last and dreadful blast shall, My humble vons I paid t'avert the rod; sound

Ab! cease not now a parent's tender care, The dubious meeting on this sinful ground. But shield me from the vengeance of my When Heaven's bright legions shall in dire

God. array Sit awful tests to that tremendous day; May heav'nly spirits welcome you on high, And its high concave shall in glory shine From the dull mansions of this vale beWith heav'nly spirits most splendidly divine; low, If then the sacred rules of this true way Leave me to breathe one last, one tender Which Christ has promised ne'er shall err sigh, astray,

Then joyful hail you from this scene of Has been the study of my contrite breast, My portion is with Sion's king to rest. March 11, 1817.

ENTREUS. In tuneful numbers join the heav'nly choir,

And the great God who rolls the thunder ELEGY, WRITTEN IN WINTER.


Catch but a spark of the devouring fire, The clanging bell sounds hollow thro' the Nor cease to kindle till it rise and blaze.

plain, The snow-clad mountains echo with the Have pity on an orphan, left to fight toll,

With the fell tyrants of this gloomy place. The weary ploughman, and the frugalswain, But plunge me in a flood of heavenly light Catch the dull sounds that with the breezes To view my God in glory face to face.

roll. Ab! lovely slumbers, why desert my eyes,

In happy pastures watered by those streams, While now the earth in solemn silence

Purling in graceful majesty along, dwells,

May we unite in strong enraptur'd themes, And glimmering stars, besprinkle o'er the

And heav'nly joy resound in heav'nly skies,

song. Gleam on the cliffs, and pierce the hollow

Feb. 7th, 1817. THOMAS BARLOW, dell,




IN N the absence of authentic intel- | Poland,, respecting what are called Bible ligence from Rome, the London Societies, and have earnestly inquired of us

what you ought to do in this affair. We journals have been favouring us with long since, indeed, wished to comply with the copy of a Pull, asserted to be your request; but an incredible variety of issued from the capital of the chris- weighty concerns have so pressed upon us tian world against!the bible societies.

on every side, that, till this day, we could This document appeared in The

not yield to your solicitation.

We have been truly shocked at this most Morning Chronicle of the 11th inst. crafty device, by which the very foundations and was preceded by the following af religion are undermined; and having, becommunication to the editor of that

cau-e of the great importance of the sub

ject, conferred iv council with our venerpaper:

able brethred, the cardinals of the Holy SIR, -Having observed in a Roman church, we have, with the utmost morning paper of this day (April care and attention, deliberated upon the 10th) a loose trạnslation of an 'im- tifical authority, in order to remedy and

measures proper to be adopted by our ponportant papal document, which will abolish this pestilence as far as possible. In probably be quoted for generations the mean time, we heartily congratulate to come, I send you a more literal you, venerable brother, and we commend version, together with the Latin it

you again and again in the Lord, as it is fit

we should, upon the singular zeal you have self, that you may compare them, displayed under circumstances so dangerous and print the English for the informato

to christianity, in having denouoced to the tion of your readers. I am, &c. &c. apostolic see, this defilement of the faith,


so imminently dangerous to souls.

though we perceive that it is not at all ne“P.S.--I shall immediately pub- cessary to exite him to activity who is maklish both the Latin and English ating haste, since of your own accord you Mr. Hatchard's, with notes and il

have already shown an ardent desire to delustrations."

tect and overthrow the impious machinations

of these innovators ; yet, in conformity with Mr. Scrutator was extremely can- our office, we again and again exhort you, did towards Mr. Perry, to remove

that whatever you can achieve, by power, pro.. every suspicion of Kis integrity, and,

vide for by counsel, or effect by authority, no doubt, was liberal enough to in- you will daily execute with the ulmost car

neslness, placing yourself as a wall for the close a promise or two from the old the house of Israel. lady of Threadneedle-street, as the

With this view we issue the present brief, following article was inserted imme- viz. that we may convey to you a signal diately at the foot of his letter, lent conduct and also may endeavour there.

testimony of our approbation of your excelwhich we copy exactly as it appear in still more and more to exite your pastor ed in the Chronicle of the before- al solicitude and diligence. For the general mentioned day :

good imperiously requires you to combine

all your means and evergies to frustrate the TRANSLATION OF THE BULL

plans, which are prepared by its enemies for AGAINST BIBLE SOCIETIES,

the destruction of our holy religion: wbence

it becomes an episcopal duty, that you first Issued June 29th, 1816, by Pope Pius VII. of all expose the wickedness of this nefarious to the Archbishop of Gnesn, Primate of scheme, as you bave already done so admiré Poland.

ably, to the view of the faithful, and openly

publish the same, according to the rules prePIUS P. P. VII.

scribed by the church, with all the erudis VENERABLE BROTHER,--Health and tion and wisdom which you possess ; namely, apostolic benediction.

" that the Bible printed by heretics is to be In our last letter to you we promised, numbered among other prohibited books, very soon, to return an answer to yours; conformably to the Rules of the Index in which you have appealed to this Holy .( No. 2 and 3); for it is evident from exple. See, ia the name of the other Bishops of l'rience, that the Holy Scriptures, when circu

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »