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ing the bill which contained these provi the bill for the relief of the catholics did not sions, and which was framed, as it would go so far as the measure of lords Grenville seem, in uiter ignorance of the existing and Grey. The writer says, “It has heen laws, crude and undigested! And can we the purport of all previous measures, we forbear smiling, at finding Mr. Sheridan's believe, to confer on the catholics the same pleasantry so exactly verified, when he right to enter the naval and military sersaid, that • bis injudicious friends had vice of the country as other subjects enjoy. built up a wall to knocktheir heads aguirse ?' This bill only allows the crown to admit

“ We recommend the Morning Chronicle them.' We need scarcely state to to read over the acts of parliament which readers, that this is merely carping at our affect this question, and enquire a little statement of the fact. The bill of the after the facts of the case, before it renews ininistry of 1806, weut to remove the obits eulogies of the bill of 1806."

stacle in the way of the catholics entering While this contention was going the naval and military service, and this bill

of 1817 does the same. Both measures forward between the Chronicle and

to place persons of all sects ou the Courier, the editor of the Times, a same fuoting of eligibility to serve, leaving Canning and Wellesley journal, at them still subject to the existing penalties tempted to set the combatants right after they shall have entered, a before,

with respect to oaths and the sacrament, by inserting the subjoined remarks

but from wbicb all orders of the cour in bis paper of the ilth July : munity are annually relieved by the ia

“ An act which alters the law of the deinuity bill." land is a most essential and disputed poiat, Now, with all due regard to the with respect to Roman catholics, has pass transcendent qualities of protestant ed through both houses of parliament, and received the royal assent, entirely without intellect and wisdom, a grosser atobservation. This act allows the execu- tempt at delusion, a more wilful

pertive government to admit Roman catholies

version of words, or a greater disfreely into the navy and army, as officers, play of stupid ignorance, than is here premacy and abjuration, which oaths, it exhibited, was never before, I beappears, practically never were tendered, lieve, submitted to the consideration shvogh that matter was overlooked in the of the enlightened people of Engvarious struggles which have taken place land. The Chronicle says, the bill for their repeal. We confess that the manper in which this act has been carried

completely does away and removes pleases us as much as the act itself. Our the most obnoxious incapacities that brother journalists state, that the aet concedes all that lord Grenville and lord Grey tholic fellow-subjects.” By it “ the

stood in the way of our Roman ca. contended for in their efforts upon catbolic question : this is an error. It has great obstacle to the entry of Romaa been the purport of all previous measures, catholics into the


and we believe, to confer on the catholics the same right to enter tbe naval and military rank in the service is completely and

to their advancement to the highest service of the country as other subjects enjoy. This will only allows the crown to wisely withdrawn." How Mr. Peradmit them. We are not surprized that ry will substantiate this assertion I the bill passed tbe house of peers without

am at a loss to guess, as the great 'observation or opposition from tbe bishops. We think it wise, temperate, and conciliat- obstacle” which opposes the entry ing. But we cannot help admiring the of catholics into the army and

navy rhange of circuástances which time has as the preceding pages clearly shew, produced. We now, without any dread, is the operation of the acts of the lics into its naval and military service. The 25th and 30th of Charles II. which possession of this power by the crown was is by no means “completely and the great source of apprebension in the wisely withdrawn,” but only SUSreign of James II. Catholic ncipa- PENDED at the will of ministers, tion is, we suppose, now conceded as to the oaval and military service.”

who can enforce it or not at their To these observations the Chroni- pleasure. And this measure, the whig cle made the following reply on the editor, who is constantly inveigh14th :

ing at the overgrown power of the "It is said io a paper of Friday, that crown, applauds as an act of "wig

army and

dom and liberality," and congratu-ther the provisions of certain acts lates his constitutional readers upon which have not yet been repealed, this increase of ministerial influence. " are still in force," because the With the same disregard to truth, practice of enforcing them has been does the Courier assert, in replying long disused, and therefore, to reto the Chronicle, that “one of the move these doubts, it is made lawful chief arguments which the advocates for ministers to grant commissions in of catholic emancipation have press the army and navy to individuals, ed upon us, (exclusion from mili. contrary to the stipulations of the tary and paval commissions by law) existing laws, but it is declared was founded either in delusion or that these laws are all in full force fraud,” because the army has been against those who shall accept such in practice open to catholics, since commissions, unless they comply the partial toleration granted to with the provisions of the said acts their religion by the English act of after their appointments. Thus, this 1791, and that of Ireland in 1793; | liberal concession, which has imfor the complaint of the catholics in parted so much gladness to the their petitions is not against the par-Courier, conveyed so much pleasure tial sufferance of granting commis- to' the Times, and rejoiced the sions to a few of their body in the " constitutional” readers of the army or navy, but against the sta- | Morning Chronicle, and which the tute laws, which exclude them as a Globe says "ought to be accepted disaffected and distrustful class, as no inconsiderable boon" by the nope of which it is asserted by the catholics, turns out to be no concesCourier has been repealed ; but, sion at all to that body, but the it assures its readers, one in particu. grant of an indulgence to the minislar, that of George I. is revived and ters of the crown to dispense, on declared. If this be the case, the their part, with the law. The MornTimes must be incorrect in its sup- ing Chronicle says,

" The measure position that catholic emancipation, is in effect practically the same as as to naval and military service, is that of the bill of 1806 ... This bill now conceded. From the most dis- is to settle doubts that existed on the passionate view I have been able to interpretation of ancient lawstake on the subject, the system of and so was the bill of 1806. This delusion is not in this instance on bill is to open both services equally the part of the real advocates of ca- to the catholics, and to protect tholic emancipation, but on the side them against the intolerance of any of the pretended friends to that mea- man who might, by administering the sure, who laud and extol an act, as oaths and requiring the declarations, wise, liberal, and conciliatory, which prevent them from entering into the concedes nothing that could not military or naval service and so have been obtained before, under the was the measure against which the indemnity bill; which removes not whole flock of time-servers, &c. one obnoxious or penal law that now joined in full cry." In replying to disgraces our statute book; or esta- these observations, the Courier is blishes a single right in favour of the rather severe upon the whig oracle ; mancipated. For what are the gra- but in exposing the ignorance (and cious terms of this most wise, most grosser want of knowledge nerer temperate, and most conciliatory was exhibited in a public writer,) of law? According to the copy pub- his antagonist, the tory champion lished in the Courier, it states, that betrays a shameful spirit of perverdoubts have been entertained whe- sion, The bill of 1806, which the

latter calls crude and undigested, demnity. If the minister finds a cawas a measure of real liberality, not tholic ready to become a subservient framed in utter ignorance of the law, instrument to his corrupt views, he but grounded on the true principles can now reward him with a military of constitutional freedom and reli- commission ; but if an independent gious toleration. It's purport was gentleman of the same religion, to remove the disgrace, the foul dis- whose political opinions are in op grace, which must attach to our position to the administration, makes statute book, whilst the laws enact- application for an appointment for ed undertheiniquitous circumstances himself or his son in the army or I have detailed in the preceding navy, it is still in the power of the pages remain unrepealed ; and to minister to refuse his request, unless secure by law, pot by sufferance, the provisions of the disqualifying equal rights to the catholic in com- laws have been complied with, bemon with his fellow-subjects to com- cause the power vested in the crown missions in the army and navy; and is optional. Yet, the Chronicle, in it farther secured, by law, the free its zeal to vindicate its patrons, ig. enjoyment of his religion to every norantly asserts, that the effects of individual in the service, of what- act of 1817 is practically the same soever persuasion he might be. The with the bill of 1806, and that one intention of lords Grenville and of the provisions of the former is to Grey was to obtain from the consti- protect the catholic from the into. tuted authorities of the nation, that | lerance of religious prejudice or state liberty of conscience to all classes of favouritism! To offer any further dissenters from the established comment on this exhibition of party church, which James II. attempted blindness and protestant sagacity, to establish by the sole authority of would be to insult the understandhis prerogative. This manly and ings of my readers; but I cannot undisguised conduct, however, gave conclude without calling the attenalarm to the selfish and overbearing tion of my catholic countrymen to the feelings of bigotry, and the same disadvantages which may possibly senseless but malignant cry

of " accrue to their religion, by this diso popery,” which banished James from ingenuous attempt to deceive the his throne, drove the two patri- public on the subject of our claims, otic statesmen from their stations.- in the enactment of future regulaSince this time the catholics have tions for us. annually presented a statement of grievances to the senate, and solicit- DANGERS TO ed a restoration of their civic rights ; FROM THE PASSING THIS LAW. but each time their prayer has been The rapturous joy expressed by rejected. To weaken the force of the hirelings of the English press, on these renewed complaints, as well as the foregoing act of legislation, apto forward another object, which I pears to have spread its delusive inshall notice hereafter, the act of fuence over a portion of the catho1817 has been passed, by which the lics of Ireland, as the papers from power assumed by James of employ- that country inform us, that an aging catholics in the army and navy gregate meeting was lately held at has been conceded to the crown, but Ennis, in the county of Clare, at the former are still liable to the pains which a resolution was adopted, exand penalties incurred by transgress-pressing their cordial gratitude to ing ihe law, from which they must the legislature for this act, by means be yearly absolved by a bill of in- of which, they said, the catholics of OR TROD. JOUR. Vol. V.

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these realms were permitted to attain, therein informs the London vicar, without any violation of conscience, that "as soon as the legislature of the highest stations in the army and Great Britain shall promulgate in due navy; and they moreover cheerfully and authentic form its aforesaid act hail this unexpected concession as an of emancipation, conformable to the earnest of that better, more sentiments of his holiness, as above lightened, and more conciliatory expressed, (namely, in every respect spirit, by which their civil rights favourable to the catholics) his holimay, with as much facility, be re- ness will, on his part, likewise send stored, and the dissensions which a timely brief to all the catholic bihave so long degraded and weaken- shops and faithful of Great Britain, ed their country be for ever abolish- in which he will publish to the unied. Could I see the measure in the verse his sense of gratitude towards same light as my catholic brethren of the clemency and generosity of the Clare, I should hail the event with most powerful British government, every degree of exultation, and join will exhort the catholics, especially with sincerity in the satisfaction it after this newly received favour, to has imparted to them. But I must adhere, with a still' more fervent frankly declare, that my powers of loyalty, to their august king, and perception do not enable me to dis- finally, in a solemn form, permit cover any approaches in it towards them to observe what I have hitherto a more liberal feeling in favour of stated, with regard to the oath and our emancipation. On the contra- the election of bishops." Here then ry, the bireling of the Courier im- we have a clue to unravel the disgust. pudently asserts, that, as the grieving praises bestowed upon this allance respecting military service is important production. It is well now put on a footing which ought to known that this country has been be satisfactory to all parties, those long considered the seat of intolerwho oppose our claims will be the ance by the powers on the continent, better able and the more firmly re- for its proscriptive laws agaiost the solved to make their stand in resist religious principles of its catholic ing our endeavours to obtain what subjects. This was undoubtedly they are pleased to call political experienced by lord Castlereagh, power. This does not look like a during his attendance at the congress conciliatory spirit, nor display a fa- of Vienna. To remove this blot, vourable disposition towards a and at the same time to obtain the speedy abolition of the dissensions nomination of catholic bishops by which unfortunately distract the sis- the crown, is, in all probability, the ter island. But, when I weigh the double object of this pretended act import given to this act, the manner of emancipation. By the deportain which it was passed through the tion from Rome of the vigilant and two houses, the high encomiums be- incorrupt representative of the Irish - stowed upon it by all parties as soon catholic Jaity, under circumstances as it received the royal assent, and disgraceful even to the government add to this the embassy of sir J. C. of a despotic king, but much more Hippisley to Rome, I must confess, so to the ministers of a sovereign pamy apprehensions are, that it was triarch and bishop, the field is left enacted not with a view to conces- clear to the intrigues of our treachersion but for some great motive of a ous friends and concealed enemies. sinister nature, We must not for- | The first advantage taken of the baget the language of the Genoa letter | nishment of father Hayes, whose of cardinal Litta. His excellency activity had' hitherto frustrated all their dangerous plans to subvert the ed by sir J. C. Hippisley, in the late , purity of episcopal appointments, speech imputed to him; aided, therehas been to nominate the prelates fore, by the baronet's abilities, the for the colonies of the British em- treachery of the servile leaders of pire, which is to be followed up, the self-named board of British caaccording to the last letter of Mr. tholics, and the corrupt perfidy of H. inserted in the epitome, by the Consalvi, there can be no doubt but appointment of three coadjutors for Ompteda, Park, and the whole herd England. Who the choice of minis- of intriguers now at Rome, will use ters will fall on time must discover; their efforts to persuade the holy but there is little doubt if some lati- father that the act thus "promultudinarian priests can be found, gated in due and authentic form," whose mornings are spent in preach-is 6 conformable to the sentiments ing political sermons, worded so as of his holiness,” and “ in every to confirm the protestant hearer in respect favourable to the catholics," error, rather than awaken him to as the hirelings of the press here truth, for fear his feelings should be would fain persuade us. Under this hurt, and the preacher be deemed impression, no one being near to unilliberal; and whose evenings are deceive him, the pope may be inducdevoted not to comforting the sick ed to issue the untimely brief, ex. or instructing the ignorant, but to horting us to be grateful for favours the convivial pleasures of the rich not conferred, and permitting the man's table, singing songs, even on Irish prelates to accede to the veto. the Sunday, to the amusement of the This brief, should it eyer be pubhost and his guests, and, alas! to lished, will as certainly be opposed the great scandal of the protestant by the Irish clergy, as the rescript servants who are in attendance.--If, of Quarantotti was rejected by them; I say, such characters are to be met and this will be represented by the with, simple must he be who do not hirelings of the press as little short anticipate their appointment to the of sedition and rebellion, though episcopal office, should the selection the motives which would impel the be at the will of the British minis. catholic clergy to adopt this line of try. Ought we not, then, to use conduct would spring from a just our utmost endeavours to prevent sense of loyalty to God and the Brithis frightful evil from falling on us tish constitution, as the luminous and our posterity? The object of and irrefragable letter of Dr. Tuohy, vetoism thus attained, at least so far in the succeeding pages, so convincas regards Great Britain and her ingly expounds. Hence the docu. colonies, for, thanks to the Divine ment would serve a two-fold pur. Founder of our religion, the hierar- pose against the catholics; the tes. chy of Ireland is fenced and guard. timony of the head of the church ed with canonical privileges, which would be sent to foreign states, in require the consent of the prelates, proof of a more liberal system being before any change in the discipline adopted towards the catholic in. of their respective dioceses can take habitants of the united kingdom, place; the next thing to be accom- and it would be likewise adduced in plished is the promised brief of his justification of any future measures holiness to the catholics of this king- which it may be deemed proper to dom, a circumstance which need not bring forward, in order to enforce the surprize us should it really come to submission of the Irish to vetoism, pass. We have seen the admirable or a direct nomination to catholic powers of misrepresentation possess. I prelacies. In addition, therefore,

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