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Enjoying the deserved and unbound- | nations of his protestant and dissenting ed confidence of the catholic, the pro- | neighbours, still the extreme poverty of testant and the dissenter eqnally felt it his parishioners, the frequeni calls on his due, and cheerfully yielded him the people of Ireland for the building their love and respect.

of chapels throughout the island, yieldEducated in ihe college of May- ed him but too much reason to despair nooth, where his conciliatory disposi- of ever collecting at home sufficient to tion and pious demeanour edified and meet the expences incurred. won him the spontaneous regard and To obviare all difficulties, he resolve esteem of every individual, he left it ed on visiting England to solicit subwith the regret and the best wishes of scriptions for the completion of his all.

wishes--the exonerating his chapel The venerable bishop of his diocese from debt. (Dr. Derry), seeing, with mingled emo- The apostolic zeal, evidently burning, tions of pain and sorrow, that, through within his generous soul—the suavity of a variety of untoward circumstances, his manners, the wobending, uncom. religion had, for some time, been on promising love of his country, stole althe decline in the parish of Moira- most imperceptibly on the English peoaware of the necessity of active exer- ple, won for him their highest esteem, tions, and that the most consum male an esteem ultimately matured into the prudence was requisite for the retaining warmest friendship; he succeeded bie. and bringing back the unhappy people yond his most sanguine wishes. Long, to the practice and observance of their long will he live in the minds of those moral and religions duties, selected the Englishmen who had the felicity to lamented deceased as the person most know him. likely to succeed in the arduous task. Returning to his native shores in

Happy, thrice happy and judicious September last, with the sums he had choice, reflecting at once infinire honour collected, he found their amount more on that dignified prelate, and unfading, then sufficient to extricate the chapel

from all debt. The priest, the father and the friend, Flusbed with success, and grateful in he could not but win the affections of return to his God, after spending a few his flock. fHis urbanity, his heart-melt days with his esteemed and highly reing exhortations-his catechistical inspected family and numerous friends in structions, conveyed in language adapt the town of Newry, he repaired to ed to their humlle capacities, failed not Moira, where, till a few days previous in their desired effect. He saw inebrie. to his early dissolution, resuming his ty and feuds disappear-vice, in its vari-labours, he devoted his time and his ed shapes, for ever banished-the reign talents to the discharge of his various of sin put down, and his flock greally and important duties-comforting the increased; so much so, that a considera- afflicted, relieving the needy, and en. bly larger chapel had become absolutely couraging the wavering--the husband necessary.

to the widow, the father to the orphan Regardless of the entreaties of his -- his memory, like his virtues, 'will friends, who deemed it impracticable-- never fade. not to be daunted, his motto that of the Summoued to attend a meeting of the renowned St. Ignatius_-“Ad majorem clergy of the diocese of Newry, he was Dei gloriam,” he, under appearances there attacked by a malignant fever, the least auspicious, commenced the and in a few days, in the prime of life, building of the superb chapel of Moira, to the inexpressible grief of his disconwhich he just lived to complete; an

solate family and afflicted friends, he edifice which will remain at once a

breathed his last. proud monument of his zeal, piety and

For God saw it was good..“ Raptus refined taste.

et, ne malitia mutaret intellectum ejus, It needed the exertions of a faithful ant ve fictio deciperet avimam illius." and indefatigable son of St. Patrick to -Wisdom, 4 chap 11 verse. undertake it; it required the assistance of heaven to accomplish it.

Printed by W. E. Andrews, Garlick-hill, Notwithstanding ihe very liberal do

Bow.lase, London.

ORTHODOX JOURNAL,

AND

Catholic Monthly Intelligencer;

For OCTOBER, 1817.

Vol. Y.

No. 53. s

PAPAL INTOLERANCE, versus PRO-," dogmas, and decrees. I have TESTANT LIBERALITY, "never been disposed, sir, to lag so

“ much stress on this part of the AS

Sihe printed speech attributed question as appears necessary to

to Mr. John Leslie Foster, on some gentlemen. I was willing one point of which I treated in my to suppose that education and the last, may be considered the official "superior reason of the age in which manifesto of the Bible-mongers we live, must have had their tacit against catholic emancipation, and "influence on the Roman see and as the greatest pains are taken by the that, although a decent sense of most' zealous opponents of that mea: "consistency might with bold its šure, to give circulation to this com- " pontiffs from formally retracting pound of perversion and prejudice; "those principles which the pride, it is my intention to enter at length "' or 'the power, or the ignorance of upon the statements contained in an Innocent and a Gregory had this pamphlet, and endeavour, asífar imposed upon the world, we might as my abilities will permit me, to re- * well compound for their becoming nove the impressions which are in " matters of silent omission upon tended to be made on the public • their part, and of generous 00 mind, by the propagation of the sen- ** livion upon ours; but when I adb. timents said to be delivered before svert to some recent events, I am the wisdom of the nation by the " almost forced to doubt whether I learned senator. But, as this task “ have not been rather too liberal in will require more space than a single “ giving them this credit. I see number will allow, I shall appropri- the order of Jesuits' restored'; ate this chiefly to the charge brought after all the experience of their against us, of the intolerance of our “ incompatibility with the various principles, evinced in the opposition « governments of Europe, after havgiven by Rome to the free circula. *ing been expelled even from Rustion of the scriptores, and in the un-sia, and after baving been convictqualified approbation "bestowed by “ed by the antipathy of the human her officers upon the polémical la race, (if I may use the expression) bours of the Rev. Mr. Gandolphy. I see the present pope of opinion Before, however, I'enter on these is that the circumstances of Europe two points, I shall slightly touch on " căll for the revival of their order. a few minor ones, contained in the 1 see them accordingly sent forth, following paragraph:

Wand journeying after the transal“We have heard' much,' says the pine doctrine so congenialito their speech, bi of the tenets of the ca- spirit, I see them following its coni tholic church its councils, its dacting light, and departing to ORTHOD. JOUR. VOL. y.

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66 visit Ireland, the house over which l obscured senses? Did the Hampa « its star has stood."

dens, and the Pyms, and the Crom. Whatever degree of influence the wells of the 18th century evince speech may impute" to the pride, the same sense of loyalty to the virtuthe power or the ignorance of an ous but unfortunate Charles, which Innocent or a Gregory” in impos- the catholic clergy and barons of ing on the world, it falls infinitely the thirteenth manifested to the short of that fatal influence which irreligious and tyrannical John

the treachery, and the answer must be given in the nethe impiety of a Luther, a Calvin, gative. The fact is, those popes a Kaox, or a Cranner, practised on who assumed the deposing authorian ignorant and inflamed multitude ty fulminated their decrees against at the dawn of the pretended refor- the wind, as their dictatorial como mation. If Innocent and Gregory mapds vanished in the air; while, in the days of papal darkness assum- on the other hand, the reforming ed the power of deposiog sovereigas, gentlemen I have just mentioned and of transferring their kingdoms, openly preached and practised sedi. it was but the empty appropriation of Lion and rebellion against the civil an unauthorized right, to which no power, wheu opposed to their docone in fact did submit, except the trines, in consequence of which tudespotic but mean-spirited John; mults ensued, the people rose in and this visgracefułact of an Eng- arms, and sovereigns were actually lish monarch, which gained him ibe deposed from their thrones. Several contempt of his catholic subjects, instances have occurred of this na. was instigated more with a view of turejo our own country to substan. preserving his crown, through the tiate the fact, namely, Mary queen supposed influence of Innocent, io of Scotland, and Charles and James; opposition to the claims of his peo- of England ; and at this day an ple, than uf maintaining the just orangeman's oath of allegiance is rights of the nation, by governing only conditional. But let us retura it under the golden rules of justice froin this digression to the main and mercy. But did the barons at. drift of the paragraph before us. tempt to depose John after Innocent Who can help admiring the selfhad excommunicated him, and laid presuming, liberality which the the kingdom under an interdict?-speaker professes to entertain with No.They felt themselves aggriev- regard to the tenets of the catholic ed by the oppressive exactions of church, arising from the hopes he John, and they insisted upon a re-entertained that "education and the dress of grievances; the monarch superior reason of the age in which hesitated; but they persisted in we live" would have had some in. their demands, and at length en- fluence in softening down the unforced them. No sooner, however, bending rigidity which she had had they obtained their desires, no hitherto maintained in her doctrines, sooner was the great charter of their and the expectations de cherished liberties signed, than every symp- of our compounding some of the diftom of dissatisfaction subsided, and ferences between us, by “a silent the monarch was left in possession of omission" on our part, and his throne, and all the high preroga- nerous oblivion" on theirs. Oh, tives attached to it. But was such yes; if they could but once get us the conduct of our arch-reformers, to retract our principles, or, for the when protestantism had enlightened sake of preserving their minds, and beamed a ray of of consistency," if they could but scriptural light upon their bedre persuade our guardians to go to

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sleep, and let them worry the flock, ing the head of the catholic church we should then shew a spirit of con. to the capital of the christian world, ciliation which would entitle us to a some of his immediate acts created "generous" return on their side to doubts in the generous" hearts of forget all the injuries they have in- the liberal-rninded Mr. Foster and flicted upon us.

How kind, how his biblical friends, and put a damper sweet, how benevolent a disposition on the progress of the compounding does Mr. Foster and his associates system. One of these events, as exhibit in our favour. Indeed some stated by the speech, with its usual: of our body were so overcome by this regard to correctness and truth, is specious bait held out to them, that the restoration of the jesuits, “after they began to make such approaches all the experience of their incomtowards the compounding system, as patibility

with the various governto excite considerable alarm in the ments of Europe-after having been rest for the integrity of their faith, expelled even from Russia-and Not only was a “Catholic Bible So. after having been convicted by the ciety" agreed, upou for a general antipathy of the human race." As circulation of the scriptures, to ease to the incompatibility of the existthe catholic priest froin a part of his ence of the Jesuits with the existlaborious duties, by feeding the ig; ence of the various governments of norant of his flock with the word Europe, it is somewhat strange that of life, but an edition of the testa during the period the order was in ment was actually published for this being, the only states which were purpose, in which many notes were overthrown suffered from protestant suppressed of essential import to the principles, and not by jesuistical incatbolic in his scriptural repast, but trigue ; whereas but a few years not very palatable to the protestant. bad elapsed, after the destruction of Thus an attempt was made to pre- the society, when the catholic coun

“a decent sense of consisten- tries of France, Spain, Portugal, Nacy" without a formal retractation of ples, and even Rome itself, experiprinciples, by conforming to the enced the shock of revolution. 'Rerules of the church, which do not covering, at length, from the dreadpermit the scriptures to be circolat- ful concussion, if we may credit the ed in the vernacular tongue without bull of the pope for resuscitating comment, yet taking care to insert the order, the catholic world dethose only that might be considered manded the re-establishment of this useless to catbolics and perfectly in- illustrious band of vigorous and ex. offensive to protestants. Further- perienced rowers in the bark of more, to obtain the “generous ob. Peter, and the holy see was continu: livion” of our persecutors, every ally pressed with the solicitations of secret engine was resorted to by our archbishops, bishops, and persons of infected members to stifle in its birth the most distinguished rank, to ac any production from the press, cede to a wish so general and so jøst. which had the least tendency to ad. Now, if this be the case, and it vocate the moral and religious prin- stands supported by the fact, that ciples of catholics with the spirit of since the issuing of the bull in 1814, freedom and the sword of truth. the fathers of the order have been These “

beoming matters of silent put in possession of those posts of omission” were thus paving the way duty they so ably and so honourably towards the consummation of the filled previous to their suppression, wishes of the servile catholic and by almost all the catholic sovereigns the generous protestant, when lo! of Europe, and their return has been the circumstances of Europe restor• bailed by the people with illumiga.

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tions, bonfires, and'ringing of bells; ' liberty, yet wish to restrain indes wbat effroatery, must that man posa, pendent states from exercising it? sess, who, in 1817, could charge a If the catholic sovereigns of Europe, body of men, wbich has produced perceiving the error of their predeprofessors in all the sciences, which cessors in calling for a dissolution of has figured in the first ranks of the the jesuit order, thought proper to literary world, and which has been solicit the head of their church to instrumental in founding nations, restore the same, bad they not a and governing them, not by military right so to do, without asking the despotism and political corruption, permission of the apostles of the but by the mild maxims of religion Bible Society of Britain ?And and just laws, with being the anci- if the pope judged it to be of advana" pathy of the hunan race? That tage to the church over which he they are the antipathy of the vicious was called to preside, to grant the and corrupt, of the infidel philoso- wishes of those sovereigns, what pher and the bigotted protestant, I right have the bible-gentry to comam ready to admit; but a candid plain of his conduct, if they are examination of the records of history sincere friends to religious liberty? will also compel us to allow that the They claim a right to distribute the latter, and not the jesuits, are oppos- scriptores “to every nation-and ed to every thing that is fair, libe kindred -and people," and why ral, and wise. Equally incorrect is would they debar the pope from exthe assertion that ihis learned order ercising a similar right in employhas been expelled "even" from ing the jesuits to explain the sense Russia. The fact is, when every of the scripture “iv every natiou state in Europe sacrificed the jesuits -and kindred--and tongue-and to those destroyers of the human people? Does not this charge of race, the French philosophers, they intolerance betray an unworthy received an asylum in the Russian feeling of jealousy and illiberality, dominions, and are protected and ill-suited to that superiority of intelrespected there to this moment.-- lect which the protestant claims over It is true, an ukase was issued a short the catholic? Does it not betray a sime ago, in consequence of some consciousness that this superiority is misrepresentations of their enemies, only assumed, and that those who to banish them from the capital of bring the charge against us are selfthe Russian empire; but, surely convinced of their inability to en Mr. Foster will not contend that to gage with catholics upon equal forbid a man to reside in London is terms, and therefore they are come to exile him from the whole British pelled to shelter theniselves under dominions. But why should this the cloak of intolerance, which they circumstance be brought forward as exhibit with false colours, like the a proof of the intolerance of the jack-daw who decked himself with pope, when it occurred posterior to the peacock’s feathers. The bull of the issuing of the bull?' And why, the pope compelled no one state to in fact, should the restoration of the receive the jesuits without its own jesuits be regarded as an act of in-, consent, implied by the act of its tolerance at all? or why should it' sovereign; how then can it be calle ibe made a ground of objection to ed intolerant? Those sovereigns the restitution of five millions of who have received the venerable British subjects to their just rights ? fathers, and restored them to their Is it not rather an act of intolerance possessions, expressly declare in on the part of those protestants who their official decrees, that they do Profous to respect civil and religious l'so with a view to secure the enjoy

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