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CATHOLIC BIOGRAPHY. was afterwards sent to the univere
sity of Salamanca, where, 'in a few CHRISTOPHER DAVENPORT was years, he not only arrived at a con. koown by several names, viz. Fran- summate knowledge in school divi, ciscas á St. Clara, Francis Coventry nity, but, by a constant application and Francis Hunt. He was origi- to the scriptures and the ancient fanally descended from the Daven-thers, obtained the character of be. ports of Henbury, in Cheshire, ing one of the ablest divines of his though born in Coventry, and was . ai fifth son of John Davenport, alder now completed, and provided with man of that city, who had another a sutficient number of juniors to son, named John Davenport, a noted form their schools : upon which fapresbyterian parson, and author of ther Davenport was ordered back to several books; who, refusing to Doway, and was made the first proconform to the established church, fessor of divinity in that new commu. went beyond sea, and died at los nity. His parts and extraordinary ton, in New England, (America) erudition gained him an universal March 13, 1669, O. S. Christo- esteem in the university, which he pher, having learnt his rudiments at maintained with advantage during home, was sent to Merton college, the several years he was a professor, Oxford, in the beginning of 1613, and was distinguished by several hobeing then about sixteen years of nourable employments in his order. age. There he happened to be much | After he had taken a great deal of taken with the conversation of a pains in establishing the reputation learned catholic priest, who some- of his convent, as to learning, he was times frequented the university; and called over into England upon the by that means became a catholic, and mission. A person of his parts and left Oxford, after he had studied qualifications could not avoid being there about two years. The latter taken notice of by those that were end of 1615, he went over to Doway; curious; especially when he was where he remaiued a while in con- made chaplain to Mary queen of sultation what state of life he should England, the consort of our first engage in. It happened about this Charles. As he was, from his si. time, that several English friars, of tuation, obliged sometimes to appear the order of St. Francis, were en- at court, the comeliness of his perdeavouring to form themselves into son, the agreableness of his convera provincial body, having hitherto sation, together with the reputation performed their noviceship in differ- of his learning, brought him acent kingdoms and provinces, accordo quainted with several of the chief ing as they found conveniences. nobility. King Charles I. had a parMr. Davenport, being resolved to ticular respect for him, understandbecome one of that order, entered ing that he was a divine of a reconinto his noviceship among the Flem. ciling temper, and more disposed to ings at Ipres, Oct. 7, 1617; which make up breaches than to widen being completed, he returned to them. Archbishop Laud admitted Doway, where the English Franciso him sometimes to his conversation cans had erected a small convent, upon the same account; for which and father Davenport was incorpo- both the king and the archbishop rated amongst them Oct. 18, 1618. were severely censured by the ma He had now leisure to apply him lignant party, upon the breaking out self to his studies, which he did of the civil war. À notion had ex. with remarkable advantage: Hel;sted among some people, that king
ORTHOD. JOUR. VOL. V.
Charles, in imitation of his father, like the way which the church of had a design to unite the two Rome went concerning episcopacy ; churches ; and for that purpose was and, howsoever, I would never give willing to try how far moderate men way that any such book, from the of both parties would venture to pen of any Romanist, should be condescend. - Father Davenport printed here," &c. During the civil seemed to have something like this war, father Davenport divided his in his head, when he published a time between his studies and the af. book, entitled, Deus, Natura, Gra- fairs of his order, of which he was tia ; with an appendix, containing several times provincial, and at all an exposition of the thirty-nine arti- times consulted, with great defercles in the most favourable sense.- ence to his opinion. He lived someThis performance' was far from times in England, and at other times pleasing either party. Several ca- in Flanders, as business required ; tholics exclaimed against it, and found and now and then visited Oxford, for means to have it put into the Index the convenience of books, and was expurgatorius by the inquisition of entertained with great civility by Spain, and would have had it con- Mr. Thomas Barlow, the librarian, demned at Rome, had not the king After the restoration of Charles II. and archbishop Land pressed Pan- he was appointed one of queen Cazani, the pope's agent in London, to tharine's chaplains, and resided in put a stop to the prosecution. This Somerset-house, where he died, May presumed intimacy between the arch-31, 1680, and was buried in the bishop and father Davenport was church belonging to the Savoycharged upon his grace in one of the His works are universally esteemed; articles exhibited against him by his a catalogue of which may be seen in enemies, nothing being more com- Dodd's Church History, vol. iii. p. mon, than for well-meaning people 104, from whose pen the above me. to have their labours misrepresented, moirs of this eminent scholar and diand to create themselves enemies on vine are taken. both sides, by endeavouring a recon. ciliation. However, the archbishop For the Orthodox Journal. endeavoured to clear himself in the ánswer to the seventh article of his MR. EDITOR, impeachment, wherein he says, “I Allow me Sir, through the medium never saw the Franciscan in my life, of your Orthodox Journal, to solicit to the utmost of my memory, above from your readers an answer to the four times, or five at the most. He following questions : was first brought to me by doctor Query-Cau a person professing Lindsel : I did fear he would never the cathūlic religion, consistently with i expound them, (the 39 articles) so catholic principles, give his vote or as the church of England might have interest for any man to be a member cause to thank him for it. He ne of the imperial parliament. ver came to me after till he was al- Query-Can a person professing most ready to print another book, the catholic religion, consistently with to prove that episcopacy was autho- catholic prin iples, be the cause, dirised in the church by divine right, rectly or indirectly, of any man hold. and this was after these unhappy stirs ing any office under government, which began. His desire was to have this requires that he do qualify himself book prioted here. But at his se- for such an office, by taking the oath, veral addresses to me for this, I still commonly called the declaration agave him this answer; that I did not gainst popery.
Thee then l'll seek, retired apart,
From world and business free; To the Editor of the Orthodox When noise invade., I'll shut my beart, Journal
And keep it all for thee.
An early pilgrim, thus I'll come, SIR - It is a subject of general re- With Magdalen, to find, gret thnt the hynins in catholic pray- In sighs, and tears, my Saviour's tomb, er books are given in languaye and
And there refresh my mind. verse so very unworthy of their sub
My tears upon his grave shall flow, jects. New editions are every day My sighs the garden fill ; published of the Vesper book-and Then at his feet myself I'll throw, the Garden of the Soul, has been late
And there I'll seek his will. ly stereotyped - yet both retain the
Jesus in thy blessed steps I'll tread, doggrel, which disgraced the preced- And haunt thee through thy ways: ing editions of those works; I am I'll mourn, and never cease to plead
Till I am restared to grace. ibe inore surprized at it, as the editor of it is a gentleman very capab
Great Conqueror of Death! thy fire both for discerning and correcting the Does such sweet flames excite, numerous imperfections of which I That first it raises the desire, speak.-What adds also to the asto
Thea fillo it with delight. bishment is, that there are extant in
Thy quickening présence shines so clear old prayer books, hymas in a style Through every sense and way, very superior. I enclose two one
That souls, who once have seen thee near, the hymn of St. Bernard; the other
See all things else decay. the hymn for vespers for the feast of Come then, dear Lord, possess my heart, many martyrs. They are taken from And chace the shades of night ; a copy of the primer or office of the Come pierce it with thy flaming dart,
And ever shining light. B. V. Mary, pruted in the year 1717.
Yours, M. Then I'll for ever Jesus sing, Jan. 20th 1817.
And with the blessed rejoice.
Then all the vaulted towers shall ring, HYMN OF ST. BERNARD.
And echoing hearts and voices sing,
And still repcat REJOICE.
With sweetness fills my breast;
HYMN AT VESPERS FOR MANY
Sanctoru:n Mentis, &c.
When bleeding heroes fill the tuneful cboir Sole hope, when we our sias repeat,
The combat and the crown our song inspire, So bownieous of thy grace !
On speaking deeds the willing numbers If thus thou art good, while we laipent, Ob! what when face to face ?
Aod bays unbid, amidst the laurels growi
Jeslis !--that name inspires my mind
With springs of life and light; More thau i ask in thee I find,
And lavish in delight.
Armed from above, they nobly fought for
bliss ; Despised this world, as they are, despised
by this: They saw the blossom and the fruit look
No eloquence nor art can reach
The joys of those above:
What they in Jesus prove.
With heaven in view, fierce tyrants they Shower down thy peaceful blessings in our engage,
days, And stand unmoved beneath their impious That without rensing we may sing thy rage.
praise. Keen steel and racks their tender bowels
rend, Yet both to/unrelenting courage bend.
LINES ON THE DEATH OF THE REV.
B. M MAHON, D.D. OF DUBLIN. Like slaughtered sheep, they, victims fall safe to the haven of eternal rest,
to death No whispering murmur taints their parting
Through stormy oceans has he steerd breath;
sa his way; No soft complaint escapes their generous Where nothing can his heavenly joy moheart,
lest,-But conscious minds conceal the secret
Where nought is seen-save everlasting smart.
day! នរក ។ What tongue can now the glorious crowns His saint-like virtues and his well-stor’d declare,
mind, Which you for martyrs, bounteous Lord,
Through life's career, on pinions raised
him high ; prepare ? Wreathes of bright sanguine gems their of pure devotion, and of manners mild, brows entwine,
His name brought reverence far and nigh. Where drops of blood, congealed to rabiea, Not for themselves the toiling artists build, shine. Jehow in
Not for himself contrives the studious Thee, sovereigo Godhead, humbly we im
To distant views, by mystic force compell’d, To cleanse our guilt, our innocence restore,
All give the present to the future age.
EVERAL curious and interest lose, if they mean to vindicate the
ing reports have been in circu- honour and authority of their sees.lation this month, the 'correctness of If they should submit to this Eng. which we have not been able to as- lish usurpation, the warm heart of certain ; nevertheless, we consider the Irish people will forsake them it right to gotice them, and leave the for ever. But we respectfully beg reader to form his own conclusions. their pardon. We know they will They are connected with the late do their duty. Let them, we enpaltry attempt to divide the Irish ca- treat, do it promptly." tholics, and were first announced in Whether the head of the truly veThe Dublin Chronicle of the 7th nerable vicar apostolic of the Northinst. this patriotic and independent ern district is to be graced with a print communicated to its readers red hat we know not; but should the following piece of intelligence : such be the case, or should a cardi.
“ The English vetoists have pro- nal's hat be destined for any catholic cured a cardinal's hat for Dr. Gib. prelate's head in this kingdom, we son. He will be the first cardinal feel convinced a more imprudent resident in England since the days deed could not be transacted on the of cardinal Pole. His jurisdiction part of the vetoists, as it would prois to extend over Ireland, if submit-bably awaken the dormant fears of red to; and the catholic prelates of the liberal part of our separated Ireland have not one moment to brethren as to papal influence, and
inflame all the furious passions of the catholic editor.-A red hat conveys bigots at the progress of our cause. about as much power and jurisdiction We are inclined to consider the re- in the catholic church, as a bluo port as premature.-The venerable ribband does under the British conhierarchy of the sister kingdom, stitution; both are titles of honohowever, will feel themselves infi- rary distinction, not of control and nitely obliged to the honest and management. - Should the English worthy editor, for his iuformation, vetoists therefore have su'ceeded in but we cannot help smiling at the procuring a red hat for any one of groundless fears expressed by him, the vicars apostolic on this side the at the supposed usurpation of an water, let pot our Irish brethren English vicar apostolic over the be either alarmed for the safety of Irish church; and did imagine that their church, or offended at the prehe had studied the history of his ference shewn to this country in the church to better advantage, than to grant of an empty decoration; rasuppose that a cardinal's hat would ther let them unite to meet the real impart any authority over the ca- dangers which threaten the existence ponical rights of the brightest por of their religion, and leave all idle tion of the catholic church.-Feel- and groundless apprehensions to ing the highest veneration for the haunt the illiberal and the bigote spotless purity of the present illus- The next article we have to notice trious prelacy of catholic Ireland, is from the same paper, and is as and devoted to the maintainance of follows:-" The great manager of their spiritual independence, we are the entire plot (the conspiracy in as little desirous of having them Eccles-street) is Mr. Charles Butler, placed under English usurpation, as who amongst other intelligence, has any native of that unfortunate and widely circulated a pretended conoppressed country. But it is not the versation between the prince regent dominion of a vicar apostolic that we and the bishop of Exeter, in which fear; it is the influence and power the regent is said to have pledged of lay authority and intrigue that we himself never to concede catholic dread, and it is against this evil that emancipation, except upon the terms all our endeavours should be con. of such a veto as would enable him stitutionally exerted. To talk of to control and extinguish that reliextending the jurisdiction of the gion. We can pledge our credit to bishop of Acanthos over the Irish our readers that letters to the above, church, after the venerable prelates or somewhat similar effect, from that have solemnly resolved to resist the eternal mischief - maker, Charles court of Rome itself on the mea- Butler, are in active circulations sure of a veto, by pledging them- amongst the vetoists.' selves, in the face of their flocks, at Whether the information here.conall times and under all circumstances veyed is well-founded or not, we to oppose in every canonical and con- are unprepared to say, not having stitutional way, any interference seen, or met with any individual directly or indirectly, on the part who has seen, a copy of the circuof the ministers of the crown, in the lar; still the editor is deserving of appointment of catholic bishops for our warm thanks for the caution he Ireland, betrays a want of confi. has given to his countrymen to be dence in the integrity of the guar. ware of the crooked policy of this dians of the church, and a want of gentlemen, whose intrigues with our knowledge in the constitution of pretended friends are that church, rather unbecoming a dreaded thąp if the heads of all our