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vicars apostolic were adorned with gentleman for the purity and permaa red hat. Knowing, as we well nency of his faith, when he circudo, the injury which the cause of culates a supposed pledge on the truth and justice is perpetually ex. part of the regent, that he would periencing by the method adopted never concede emancipation without by the leaders of the board, of a power was granted to him to con.:
the information they trol and extinguish the catholic redeem necessary to give to their ligion, as a mean of inducing catho, creatures by private circulațs, and lics to offer this or a similar power being perfectly confident that the to obtain a few worldly emoluments respectable editor would not pledge or privileges ? Surely this act is himself on the subject without suffi. enough to convince the most har. cient grounds, we therefore cannot dy of the necessity of withdrawing refuse admitting the verity of the every degree of confidence from this assertion, and add our warning ambitious and intriguing character. voice against the deceitful tricks of Another report is in circulation in this most wily agent. The object of Ireland, that the catholic prelates this circular can have no other ead of Ireland have determined to prothan that of inducing those who cure, if they can, the immediate es. wish to obtain emancipation either tablishment of domestic nomination. to concede the veto, or content The Most Rev. Drs. Murray and themselves with remaining in their Everard, it is stated in the Irish paprésent degraded state ; which lat- pers, are to attend in London during ter situation the titled members of the discussion of the catholic claims our body do not seem to relish, this session, to watch the progress though the vast majority of the peo- of the emancipation bill, and sugple are determined to forego their gest to our real friends those 'mea. civic rights, rather than surrender sures which alone can tend to conthe free exercise of their religion.- ciliate Ireland. To enable the reader, however, to The meeting on the 14th produced judge of the degree of accuracy to an uninteresting discussion opon the which the contents of this circular necessity of adopting some means is entitled, we think it right to state, to procure if possible, an unani. that we have heard it asserted as the mous effort of the whole catholic general conversation in the higher body to obtain a redress of their circles of our opponents, that the grievances. A committee was apillustrious personage alluded to in pointed to arrange the propositions the said conversation, gave it as to be submitted to an aggregate his opinion, that the catholics were meeting convened for the 25th inin possession of all the privileges stant, but which we understand has which could safely be conceded to since been deferred for a few days, them, and that to grant them more in order to enable the committee to would be to violate the principles extend their efforts to ensure success which placed his family on the in their laudable views. throne of these realms. -Now if this In the house of commons, on the statement is correct, does not the 24th inst. Mr. Shaw wished to enconduct of Mr. Butler, supposing quire whether the notice given by him to have issued such a circular, an honourable and learned gentledeserve the highest mark of censure, man, (Mr. Brougham) relative to an for practising deception even on his intended "motion by an honourable friends ? But what are we to say of baronet, (Sir H. Parnell) referred to the attachment entertained by this the general catholic question or not? If it did, it would be impossible for us, that the jesuits are making rapid many members from the sister coun- progress in that country, since their try to attend, as they would be en- restoration. The collegiate church gaged in the assizes.
and establishments of St. Isidore, in Mr. Brougham replied, that it did Madrid, has been given up to them, not. The motion, of which he had and the chapter to whom it had forgiver notice in the name of his ho- merly been appropriated, and who nourable friend, would be for the had under its care one of best semiappointment of a select committee | naries in Spain, was turned out for to take into consideration the state their reception. King Ferdinand, of the penal laws affecting the catho- as an encouragement, allows each lics of the united kingdom, and to noviciate of the Loyola order a daily report thereon.
His honourable stipend of one dollar, by which means friend would not agitate the general thirty noviciates are already among question, by moving the considera- the inmates of St. Isidore, and their tion of the catholic petition, which numbers were expected to iứcrease.". had been placed in his hands, until We congratulate the friends of rea period at which it would be quite ligion and social order on the proconvenient for all the members from gress which this illustrious order is the sister island to attend.
making in Spain, as we feel con
vinced that the labours of the disciThe following paragraph, copied ples of Loyola will contribute more from a late Morning Chronicle, to establish the happiness of manwhilst it shews the malignant spirit kind, than all the blustering orations of the infidel writers of the present of our demagogues, who are conage, most afford the highest consola- stantly railing against the rekindling tion to the sincere believers in chris- of the fires of the inquisition, before tianity, in beholding the zeal and a single spark has been lighted, or the fervour of the French clergy, to cau- hair of a heretic scorched; and.action their flocks against the danger- cusing the jesuits of numberless and dus principles inculcated in the works atrocious crimes, without advancing of the anti-christian philosophers of a solitary authenticated fact in supthat country:
port of their charge. We have no " Initiatory to the observance of hesitation in again repeating, that the Lent, the clergy of Paris have, by venerable fathers of the order of Igtheir mandate, caused a remonstrance natius deserve to be ranked among against the writings of Voltaire and the best benefactors of mankind, and Rosseau to be read in all the we refer to their labours in Para. churches of the capital, in conse- guay, as detailed by Muratori, in quence of two editions of the works testimony of our assertion. of those authors having been announced for publication, one calcu- Rumours having been put in cire. lated for the pockets of the poor, culation, intimating that the official and the other destined for the libra- approbations of the Rev. Mr. Ganries of the affluent."
dolphy's works, copies of which A preceding number of the same were inserted in The Orthodox Jourdiurnal print contained the follow- nal for last August, had been ing information, which the editor surreptitiously obtained, and were : deemed of such importance as to unauthenticated, we deem it a duty, make it the leading article of foreign as friends to truth, to give publicity intelligence :
to the following Confirmation and « Private letters from Spain inform Attestation of the said Approbations,
by order of the Master of the Sacred | as to deterthem from declaring the truth Apostolical Pulace, at Rome : on this subject as they are required,
lest, therefore, the truth should be supIN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN.
pressed, or called in question, I have Tu all and every one who shall see
subscribed these Letters, written by the these Letters, I most solemnly certify
order of the Most Rev. Father, the Masand attest, that I, the undersigned Peni.
ter of the Sacred Palace, and have seal. tentiary of the Holy Vatican Church for the English Tongue, together with the Office, certifying solemnly to all, that
ed them with the usual Seal of my Rev. father Joseph O'Fidan, doctor of the two Works of the said Rev. Peter divinity, and prior of the consent of Gándolphy have by right, as well as by St. Clement, of the order of St. Domi: merit, obtained a PULL APPROBATION nick, was, some months back, deputed FROM THE APOSTOLIC SERI by the Most Rev. Father, the Master
Given at Rome, from the College of of the Sacredi Apostolical Palace, to the
the Penitentiaries at St. Peter's, Revision and Approbation of the two
Nov. 13, 1816. Works in the English language, one
(Signed) entitled “A Defence of the Ancient
PETER DAMIANI, Conventual of the Oro Faith," the other “ An Exposition of der of St. Francis, Master of Saored Liturgy," by the Rev. Peter Gandolphy, Theology, and Apostolical Peniten of London, and a missionary aposto. tiary of his Holinsss, Pope Pius VII. fic; which works having been most di
at the Vatican Church for the English ligently examined, as was proper, by
Tongue. myself and my Associate, we together
-(Attested by) presented our Approbations to the said THOMAS TOMAGGIAN, Archbishop of Master of the Sacred Apostolical Palace,
Dyrachium, and Penitentiary
Apostolic. and HE, with his own hand, immedi
MARC ZEIDLER, Conventual of the Order
af St. Francis, Master of Sacred Theoately subscribed his Imprimatur; which
logy, and Provincial Penitentiary spose is so true and certain, that it can only
tolic in the Vatican Church. be called in question by him, who BERNARD CHARBRIER, Doctor of Din would deny the light of the sun at me- vinity, and Penitentiaiy Apostolic in ridian day.
the Vatican Church. Moreover, as anonymous objections against the said Works were afterwards DIED. On the 18th inst. at Ug-i handed to us, -objections weak in them- brooke park, the honourable Robert selves, but full of cavilling,-1, the un. Clifford, third son of Hugh Lord Clifdersigned, in order to defend the honour ford, and brother to the present Lord; and authority of the said Most Rev. Clifford, baron of Chudleigh, in the Father, the Master of the Sacred Palace, county of Devon. On the 13th instant, and vindicate my own judgment on the the Rev. Mr. Longuet, of Pangbourn, said Works, immediately drew up the near Reading, in Berksbire, a catholic Answer, and presented it to the Master priest, and eacher of the French lanof the Sacred Palace, who, pronouncing guage in that neighbourhood. On the the adversary confuted by the evidence above day, Mr. L. paid a visit to the fa-, I produced, again confirmed his former mily of Thomas Morton, esq. who reImprimatur, giving notice of the same sides about six miles from Reading, and by letters to his Eminence Cardinal quitted Mr. Morton's house between Litta, Prefect of the Holy Congregation eight and nine o'clock. He had not of Propaganda, to whoin the under. proceeded many miles before he was atsigned also presented the same answer; iacked by some villains, who barba and, in a lengthened discourse with me, rously murdered him, apparently with his eminence acknowledged the unjust some sharp instrumenti for when he persecution of the said Author, and pro- was found on the following morningi, mised to use all his endeavours to bring his head was nearly 'severed from his the adversaries to a reconciliation with body, and he was dreadfully mangled, him.
cut, and stabbed, in various parts of the But, since the adversaries of the said body. His body was opened, and in Author (through their agent in this city) bis heart were no less than five stabs, have contrived, by their artifices, to gain søpposed to have been inflicted by a over or frighten several into silence, so l bayonet.
· W. E. Andrews, Printer, Garlick Hill, Thames Street.
CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS LIBERTY NOT are as loud in condemning the resist OBTAINED BY THE REFORMATION. ance of the Irish to the long-endured
spoliations of merciless governors, as RELIGIOUS TOLERATION
the effect of the sanguinary princiCHARLES THE FIİST. ples inculcated by the doctrines of N resuming my remarks on the popery. To expose the ignorance of
effects produced by the Refor- our all-knowing patriots, and to tear mation, so called, in favour, or ra- aside the veil which our protestant ther, I should say, disfavour, of ci- writers have drawn over the occurvil and religious liberty, I enter on rences of those days, is the task I a reign big with the most eventful have imposed on myself, and I have circumstances recorded in the annals the confident presumption to think of our country, all of which have that little difficulty is required to been more or less falsified and mis- accomplish the design ; for true is represented by the popular histori- the remark of the learned Lord Boans of the day, according as it suited lingbroke, in his Letters on the Use the taste of the party they espoused, of History, “that a small gleam of or were dictated by the prejudices light, borrowed from foreign anecwhich clouded their bigotted or fac dotes, serves often to discover a whole tious minds. Thus the true causes system of falsehood; and that even which led to the three great rebel- they, who corrupt history, frequently lions which happened in this reign betray themselves by their ignorance are little known to the public, even or inadvertency; that when histories in this age of enlightened philanthro- and historical monuments abound, py and improved philosophism; on even those that are false serve to the the contrary, we find the present de discovery of truth: for that, inspired claimers against the popish tyranny by different passions, and contrived of the Bourbons and the iniquisition, for opposite purposes, they contraextolling the seditious and traitor- dict, and contradicting, they conous conduct of the turbulent parlia. vict one another.” How applicable mentarians of the seventeenth cen- is this observation to the labours of tury, as the very essence of true protestant authors and politicians ! patriotism, springing from the love to the present times of unexampled of national freedom, although the suffering and discontent, we find the whole of their public proceedings popular leaders and writers constanta exbibit them as the base panders of ly referring to the deeds of their antheir ungovernable passions, and the cestors, and praising their determined cold-blooded persecators of their in- resistance to ecclesiastical and polinocent neighbours; while the bigots | tical tyranny, particularly in the
Onthod. JOUR. Vol. V.
expulsion of the Stuarts, for their bi- and to demonstrate that the cry now gotry, intolerance, and despotism; raised against the restoration of the and to this spirit of their ancestors Bourbons and the pope, the jesuits they falsely consider themselves in and the inquisition, springs from the debted for perfect liberty of consci- same source as the bigotted remonence-for the Habeas Corpus act - strances against tlie growth of popery for the freedom of the press - for the with which the patriotic forefathers of trial by jury, &c. &c. · Such, at our patriotic reformers were constantleast, is the substance of a set of re- ly assailing the throne, and inflaming solutions passed by the grave citi- the miuds of the populace, at the pezens of Aldersgate ward, London, riod we are treating of, namely, a in January last, which may be taken deep rooted batred to the catholic as a pretty fair sample of the general faith, which eventually led to the sentiments of the people of England subversion of the establishment both at this day.--I have shewn, in my in church and state. former essays, that to the bevign and When Charles ascended the throne equitable rule of a catholic sove- in 1625, he had just completed his reign, and not to the spirit of the twenty-fourth year, and was pospeople, we owe the origin of the trial sessed of many excellent qualificaby jury. I have shewn that the spi- tions, with few faults. But no mon. rit of a catholic people, headed and arch has been more censured by directed by a cardinal, obtained a 're all parties than the unfortunate storation of those religious and civil Charles, the calamities of whose rights, which the tyranny of irreli- reigo must be attributed more to the gious and unprincipled monarchs want of able counsellors, and the unhad wrested from them; I have settled and agitated state of his subshewn that persecution for consci-jects, than to any tyrannical dispoence sake was unknown in the time sition on his part. I am not soliciof our catholic ancestors; I have tous of becoming the panegyrist of shewn that this most odious and un- the Stuarts, por the defender of their just system commenced with the pre- proceedings, but I am desirous of tended reformation; and I shall now placing the cause which gave rise to proceed to shew that the struggles of the bloody scenes which occurred in the parliament leaders, during the this reiga in particular in its proper sway of the Stuarts, so far from be light, especially as our own times ing in favour of perfect liberty of most strikingly resemble the early conscience, marked by the transactions of those unhappy days. most malignant spirit of intolerance When Charles assumed the sceptre, and oppression towards those who he found the nation engaged in an differed from them in points of doc. expensive war, which the parliament trine, and instead of being the bold had compelled his father to wage in and disinterested defenders of the ge- favour of the protestant interest on nuine principles of the British con- the continent, with an exhausted stitution, they set themselves up for treasury, a factious and imbecile mi. spiritual inquisitors, and quarrelled nistry, and a people under the most with their sovereigns for not being fearful alarms and suspicions of aras cruelly inclined to the shedding of bitrary power and popery. Under innocent blood, as themselves. In these disadvantages did Charles acshort, my intention is, to exhibit the cede to the crown of these realms, and ancestors of our blustering dema- they were undoubtedly no very light gogues in their true colours, particų- odes, It was the fate of this mon. Jarly as friends to religious liberty, l arch too to be unfortunate even from