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Swift and Defoe-Intellectual characteristics of the Eighteenth Century-
Enumeration of British Novelists of the last forty-five years-Statistics of
pared as artists-Compared as ethical teachers-Realistic Art and Romantic
ON THE NOVEL AS A FORM OF LITERATURE, AND ON EARLY BRITISH PROSE-FICTION.
If we adopt the common division of Literature, into History, Philosophical Literature, and Poetry or the Literature of Imagination, then the Novel, or ProseFiction, as the name itself indicates, belongs to the department of Poetry. It is poetry inasmuch as it consists of matter of imagination; but it differs from what is ordinarily called Poetry, inasmuch as the vehicle is not verse, but prose. If we wish to define farther the place of the Novel in the general department to which it is thus assigned, we shall do so best by referring to the subdivisions of Poetry itself. There are said to be three kinds of Poetrythe Lyric, the Narrative or Epic, and the Dramatic. This division is usually made with respect to Metrical Poetry; but it holds also with respect to the Prose Literature of Imagination. The prose counterpart to Lyric Poetry or Song is Oratory, or,