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his deputy as the commonest workmen he employed; for, if they did not obey his orders, he was to commit them, or any of them, “ without bail or mainprize,” for an indefinite period, either to enforce compliance, or to punish them for being refractory in the execution of his commands.

Connected with this duty was a power conveyed to Tylney, at his discretion, to reform, or entirely suppress, any of the "playing places” the actors were in the habit of employing for their public exhibitions. Nothing therefore can be more unqualified than the authority given to the Master of the Revels, or his deputy, in all matters relating to the drama and stage in the middle of the reign of Elizabeth. The Patent itself is in these terms, the only difference being that I' have printed it in words at length, avoiding legal abbreviations, and that I have divided into separate paragraphs, according to the subjects treated, what in the original is in one unbroken mass.

THOMAS EDLYNE TOMLINS. Islington, 9th April, 1847.



“We lett you witt, that We have authorized licensed and commaunded, and by these presentes do authorise licence and commaunde our Welbeloved Edmunde Tylney Esquire, Maister of our Revells, aswell to take and retaine for us and in our Name at all tymes from hensforth, and in all places within this our Realme of England, as well within Francheses and Liberties as without, at competent Wages, aswell all suche and as many Painters, Imbroderers, Taylors, Cappers, Haberdashers,

Joyners, Carvers, Glasiers, Armorers, Basketmakers, Skinners, Sadlers, Waggen Makers, Plaisterers, Fethermakers, as all other Propertie makers and conninge Artificers and Laborers whatsoever, as our said Servant or his assigne, bearers hereof, shall thinke necessarie and requisite for the speedie workinge and fynisheinge of any exploite, workmanshippe, or peece of service that shall at any tyme hereafter belonge to our saide office of the Revells, as also to take at price reasonable, in all places within our said Realme of England, as well within Francheses and Liberties as without, any kinde or kindes of Stuffe, Ware, or Marchandise, Woode, or Coale, or other Fewell, Tymber, Wainscott, Boarde, Lathe, Nailes, Bricke, Tile, Leade, Iron, Wier, and all other necessaries for our said workes of the said office of our Revells, as he the said Edmunde or his assigne shall thinke behoofefull and expedient from tyme to tyme for our said service in the said office of the Revells. Together with all carriages for the same, both by Land and by Water, as the case shall require.

“And furthermore, we have by these presents authorised and commaunded the said Edmunde Tylney, that in case any person or persons, whatsoever they be, will obstinately disobey and refuse from hensforth to accomplishe and obey our commaundement and pleasure in that behalfe, or withdrawe themselves from any of our said Workes, upon warninge to them or any of them giuen by the saide Edmunde Tylney, or by his sufficient Deputie in that behalfe to be named, appointed for their diligent attendance and workmanship upon the said workes or devises, as to their naturall dutie and alleigeance apperteineth, that then it shalbe lawfull unto the same Edmund Tilney, or his Deputie for the tyme beinge, to attache the partie or parties so offendinge, and him or them to commyt to warde, there to remaine, without baile or maineprise, untill suche tyme as the saide Edmunde, or his Deputie, shall thinke the tyme of his or their imprisonment to be punishement sufficient for his or their saide offence in that behalfe ; and that done, to enlarge him or them, so beinge imprisoned, at their full Libertie, without any Losse, Penaltie, Forfaiture, or other damage in that behalfe to be susteined or borne by the saide Edmunde Tilney, or his said Deputie.

“And also, if any person or persons, beinge taken into our said workes of the said office of our Revells, beinge arrested, comminge or goinge to or from our saide Workes of our said office of our Revells, at the sute of any person or persons, then the said Edmunde Tilney, by vertue and authoritie hereof, to enlarge him or them, as by our speciall protection, duringe the tyme of our said workes.

“ And also, if any person or persons, beinge reteyned in our said workes of our said office of Revells, have taken any manner of taske worke, beinge bounde to finishe the same by a certen day, shall not runne into any manner of forfeiture or penaltie for breakinge of his day, so that he or they, ymmediatly after the fynishinge of our said workes, indevor him or themselves to fynishe the saide taske worke.

" And furthermore, also, we have and doe by these presents authorise and commaunde our said Servant, Edmunde Tilney, Maister of our said Revells, by himselfe or his sufficient Deputie or Deputies, to warne, commaunde, and appointe, in all places within this our Realme of England, as well within Francheses and Liberties as without, all and every plaier or plaiers, with their playmakers, either belonginge to any Noble Man, or otherwise, bearinge the Name or Names of usinge the Facultie of Playmakers, or Plaiers of Comedies, Trajedies, Enterludes, or what other Showes soever, from tyme to tyme, and at all tymes, to appeare before him, with all suche Plaies, Tragedies, Comedies, or Showes as they shall have in readines, or meane to sett forth, and them to presente and recite before our said Servant, or his sufficient Deputie, whom wee ordeyne, appointe, and authorise by these presentes of all suche Showes, Plaies, Plaiers, and Playmakers, together with their playinge places, to order and reforme, auctorise and put downe, as shalbe thought meete or unmeete unto himselfe, or his said Deputie, in that behalfe.

“ And also, likewise, we have by these presentes authorised and commaunded the said Edmunde Tylney, that in case if any of them, whatsoever they bee, will obstinatelie refuse, upon warninge unto them given by the said Edmunde, or his sufficient Deputie, to accomplishe and obey our commaundement in this behalfe, then it shalbe lawful to the saide Edmunde, or his sufficient Deputie, to attache the partie or parties so offendinge, and him or them to commytt to Warde, to remayne, without bayle or mayneprise, untill suche tyme as the same Edmunde Tylney, or his sufficient Deputie, shall thinke the tyme of his or theire ymprisonment to be punishement sufficient for his or their said offence in that behalfe; and that done, to inlarge him or them so beinge imprisoned at their plaine Libertie, without any losse, penaltie, forfeiture, or other Daunger in this behalfe to be susteyned or borne by the said Edmunde Tylney, or his Deputie, any Acte, Statute, Ordinance, or Provision, heretofore had or made, to the contrarie hereof in any wise notwithstanding.

“ Wherefore we will and commaunde you, and every of you, that unto the said Edmunde Tylney, or his sufficient Deputie, bearer hereof, in the due execution of this our authoritie and comaundement ye be aydinge, supportinge, and assistinge from tyme to tyme, as the case shall require, as you and every

you tender our pleasure, and will answer to the contrarie at your uttermost perills. In Witnesse whereof, &c., Witnes our selfe at Westm. the xxiiijth day of December, in the xxiiijth yere of our Raigne.

Per Bre. de Privato Sigillo.


Art. II.-Illustration of " Fortune by Land and Sea," a play

by Heywood and Rowley.


There is a tract in the Bodleian Library, among the books of Bishop Tanner, which materially illustrates Heywood and Rowley's play of “Fortune by Land and Sea,” not long since printed by the Shakespeare Society. I shall therefore send a few extracts from it, in the expectation that they will find a place in the third volume of the “ Papers."

It seems tolerably certain, from what is said by Mr. Field in his Introduction, that the drama was written and acted in the reign of Queen Elizabeth ; but there is a piece of internal evidence upon this point, to which the learned editor has not adverted. It is contained in the last scene of Act iii., where the Pursuivant and the Clown publish the proclamation against two pirates, there named Purser and Clinton, ending with “God save the Queen ;" which, of course, would not have been the case, if the drama had been written in the reign of James I., upon incidents that then occurred.

The illustration derived from the Bodleian Library tends to establish the same point. Only Purser and Clinton are mentioned in the play; and in Scene 2 of Act v. they are led out to execution ; but the tract before me shows that a third offender was executed at the same time, and had been concerned with Purser and Clinton in their piracies: this man was named Arnold, who was not necessary to the purpose of the dramatists, and therefore forms no character in their play. If the tract had been dated, it would have proved the year in which all three suffered at Execution Dock; but it is not a narrative of that event, but stanzas supposed to have been written by each culprit (and subscribed with their names) shortly before they were hanged. It was printed by John Wolfe, and the type and other circumstances show that it must have appeared some years before 1600. I copy the title-page exactly.

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