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might hope to exercise themselves. Our Author's reasoning, on -this head, is equivocal and inconclusive. : The bill moved by Sir John Philipps was, according to his own stating, to regu

late the practice of Secretaries of State issuing warrants’ genes -rally, not in cases of libels only: now, it is no justification of the Minority to say, that because they held the general warrant for apprehending and seizing the Authors, Printers and Publishers of a feditious Libel, together with their papers, to be illegal,' therefore they could not vote for a bill to regulate the practice in other general cases.

Admitting, however, that they held the issuing of warrants from Secretaries of State to be illegal in all cases, the motion of Sir John Philipps, as stated by our Author, did not preclude them from supporting that opinion. The bill being to regulate the practice only, it was still open for them to contest the right: and they are inexcuseable for neglecting fo fair an opportunity. We all know upon what an unfettled foundation personal liberty stands, in this and many other respects. The common law has been variously expounded, and nothing can admit of greater latitude in construction than the clause in Magna Charta, which says, that no man shall be imprisoned, &c. but by judgment of his Peers, or the law of the land. Under these general words, the law of the land, INFORMATIONS are justified, and many other practices are vindicated, which call for redress. Magna Charta is a fine found for patriots to rattle in the ears of the vulgar, but, as it stands, it is in reality what Oliver Cromwell contemptuously called it. It would have been a talk worthy of seal patriots, instead of leaving illegal warránts uncensured in any cases, to have settled by legislative authority, whether such wara rants are wholly illegal, if not, to have afcertained in what cafes, : and in what manner they are to ifiue. Our Author argues weakly, in supposing that a jury would attend to the particulas circumstances of a cafe justified by neceflity. For the warrants are either legal or illegal; if illegal, no circumstances can influence the verdict of a jury on their oaths, farther than in mitigation of damages. In short, it is essential to liberty that so important a point should not be left open to be determined by dubious construction, or contradictory authorities. If fuch warrants are in any cases legal, let those cafes be ascertained : if they are totally illegal, let them be fo declared : and this declaration will prejudice no right at common law, for it is no uncommon thing to have such right confirmed by the sanction of a Statute.

The Writer in the next place justifies the house for: proceeding by way of motion: for which he produces several precepearing, in th


dents; and having thus gone through the several charges against the Minority, he concludes in the following {pirited itrain.

Let those then learn, if there be any yet fenfible to the feelings, and open to the call of national liberty, that it apo

course of the proceedings against Wilkes, that a subject had been taken into custody by a general warrant of apprehension, issued by Lord Halifax, his papers seized, and his person kept in closest custody, upon the charge of a seditious libel

, the public instantly took the alarm, and the illegality of such warrants, and such custody, in such an offence, became universally the topic of discourse, and ground of apprehension and

complaint. When therefore the proceedings against Mr. Wilkes were finished, when the honour of the crown and the dignity of parliament, traduced and injured by the licentious paper complained of, were both vindicated and satisfied, and not till after the expullion; two gentlemen of diftinguished worth, talents and consequence in their country, stepped forth ; expressed their opinion of the illegality of the proceedings of Lord Halifax, and took that method, which to them seemed the best, of bringing the great question, which had so much interested the minds of all ranks of men, and upon which, they alleged, they thought the effence of private and personal liberty depended, to an amicable debate and candid discusion, for the satisfaction of this age, and, as they trusted, for the security of future times. iiThe house adopted the idea : the administration acquiesced; a day wa named ; the ministry called for various papers, and volumes of Records; and when the hour of debate came on, Sir William Meredith moved the following question, “_That a ge.. neral warrant for apprehending and seizing the Authors, Printers, and Publishers of a seditious Libel, together with their Papers, is not warranted by law.

$ It is said, and universally believed, that in the debate neither the Minister himself, nor the Attorney General defended the legality of the warrant. The M. of G. and many others who voted for adjourning the debate, exprefly declared their des teftation of the practice, and their sense of the necessity of preventing à measure so dangerous to liberty; and the whole defence of that day consisted in arguing upon the impropriety of deciding in parliament a question then depending in a court of judicature. They, who maintained the propriety and necessity of the motion, endeavoured to shew the fallacy of this reasoning, and dwelt upon the importance of the question, the violence of the proceeding, the power of parliament exercised in fimilar cases, and the reproach of leaving the liberty of the subject, in a case of Juch notoriety, suspended by a court of law, upon the p:etence; of bills of exceptions, which, when examined, would be found to turn upon other points, and where the decision, in this matter of universal interest, might be long kept in suspence, at the will even of the very party accused. Upon a motion being made for adjourning the debate for four months, the numbers were found to be 234 for the question and 220 against it; by which this great constitutional question, perhaps the most important that ever animated the spirit of a free people, has been put, as it is now phrased, into a due course of trial at law; in consequence of which candid reference every method has been taken, to delay the fuit, and to avoid decision. Some seem to think it not impoffible, that the cause may be thus put off till the next feffion, in which cate I am free to declare, I think the Minority of 220 will deserve every calunny,' which they have hitherto undeservedly borne, if they do not make this great question the very first meafure of the year; hopeless, as the public would then be, of any redress or decision, from the candor of the minister, or from the course of law.'

In this we heartily agree with the writer; and we will add, that every sincere friend to freedom without doors should concur in exposing the cruelty and hardship of such arbitrary seizures, which would even disgrace a Turkish vizier. Whatever may the event of a trial at law, our patriot should procure a legislative condemnation of such proceedings, and secure the subject from the probability of such grievous opprefsion for the future, by the fanétion of a foleinn act.




For AUGUST, 1764.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 1. An Attempt to restore the supreme IVorship of God the Fa

ther Almighty. Written for the Use of poor Christians. By

George Williams, a Livery Servant. Svo. 6d, Becket. А

T a time when gross ignorance of the truths of religion, on the

one hand, and fanaticisin on the other, have spread so far among the lower clafles of people in this country, it is a pleasure to see a person in to low a station as that of a domestic fervant, using the liberty where. ' with God hath mad: kim free, and enquiring with a manly and becom. ing freedom, into the fundamental doctrines of Christianity.--He tells us, that he has considered the Athanafian doctrine of the Trinity above twenty years, and has read the most distinguished Defenders upon it. Believe me, says hic, tliey have not one text of Scriptare; not an ar.


gument but has been overthrown; not an objection but has been anfwered over and over again.'

He seems, indeed, to be well acquainted with the controversy, to have read some of the best Writers on cach side of the question, and, what is of Itill greater importance, to have carefully studied his Bible, and to have taken his notions from thence. And indeed we cannot help saying, on this occasion, that the Athanasian doctrine appears to us, to bave To little foundation in Scripture, that' we think it impossible for a fincere and candid Enquirer, of plain, common sense, and unacquainted with modern Creeds and systems, to find it in the New Testament. It is well known, and we can appeal to the testimony of one of the greateft Divines of the present age, for the truth of what we are going to mention, that when Job the African was in this country, and was asked, after reading the New Testament, whether he found any such doctrine in it or not, he expressly declared he did not, and was astonished that those who took their notions from Scripture, should entertain such an opinion.

The manner in which our intelligent Footman proceeds, is this.He produces a few plain texts out of the New Testament, and refers to a great many more, in order to prove that God, the Father Almighty, is the only true God; after which he lays before his Readers fome par. {ages from the writings of Dr. Waterland, Dr. Bennet, Dr. M.Donnel, and other Defenders of the Arbanasian scheme; he then points out some of the evils which, he thinks, flow from the Athanafian creed and doctrine ; and, like a man of candour, gives us those texts which seem to differ from the doctrine he contends for, with a few pertinent obfer. vations upon them.

Georce earnestly exhorts his Christian Brethren to have nothing to do with the Athanagan creed, which he calls a damning heresy, an abominable relick of Popery, and which, he fays, is stuffed wisk damnia. tion, blasphemy, contradiction, and absurdity. If his manner of writ. ing, in some few places, borders upon coarseness, the liberal and cancid Reader will consider his education; and such as condemn it, ought to remember, that those Divines who have appeared in defence of the doctrine which is here opposed, have written in a much more illiberal mane ner than George Williams has done, and are much more inexculable.

As we had fome doubt, whether this pamphlet was really the production of a Livery Servant, we made enquiry into the fax, and received the following satisfactory account; viz. That the Author of this commendable attempt, was born on the bank of Milford Haven (his father a common sailor) in the year 1711 ; that all the school education be ever had, was from an old woman, who just taught him to read in the Pfalter; that he has been a servant in one family forty years, (a cire cumstance that reflects great honour on his private character) tho' a place of small profit; that by managing his wages, low as they were, to the belt advantage, he has been enabled to expend about fixty pounds in books and mathematical inftruments, - his leisure hours having been, for about twenty years past, employed in reading, and the study of Philosophy : and that the residence of the family in which he lives, is at Tewkesbury in Gloucekter shire,

this note by a.

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He concludes his piece with some very shrewd and pertinent queries, a few of which we shall lay before our Readers in his own words.

• Whether we, the lower class of Christians, have not as good a right to enquire into the sense of Scripture, and the explication of any doctrine, as the high and learned ?

• What does the Church worship? or, in other words the Church in her first article, Athanafian creed, &c. having made the one supreme God, a composition of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost: Quere, When we pray to God the Father Almighty, through Jesus Chrilt, what docs the Church mean by the words God and Chrifi ?

Whether the use of absurd, and unintelligible terms, be honouring God, and doing service to religion ?

· Whether the Athanasian Creed can possibly be thought a Chriftiati prepisation for the facrament of the Lord's Supper ?

Whether thofe that represent the Deity under the figure of a Tri. angle, be not guilty of the breach of the second commandment ?-As Dr. Bennet, &c. &c. ?

· Where is the Holy Ghost directly called God or Lord in the Bible ? And where is he invocated, or fo much as a fingle petition pur up to him?

Our blefied Saviour has told us, that he came into the world to {peak the truth; and to teach us the will of his Father who is in hea. yen; if so, Query, How came he not to tell us, that the thrée Perfoni are the one God, and to be worshipped as the one God? nor fuffer his Dil ciples to inform us of it? --What! he that laid down his life to save us, and yet suffer us to perish eternally!

• Because the Father, Son, and Holy G!:oft are sometimes mentioned together, as concerned in bringing about the salvation of men'; therefore the Athanasians will have it, that the three persons are the one God. Query. Whether, by the same way of arguing, God may not be proved to be Nine Perfons ? viz Rev. i. 4. Grace be to you and

peace from birt which is, and which was, and which is to come: and from the sevent Sjirits which ore before his throne; and from Isus Christ who is the faithful Witne. --Then, if the Father, Christ, and the feven Spirits 'be equally divine, the worship will run thus : O holy, blessed, and glorious NINITY! Nire Persons and one God, have mercy upon us, &c. - This worship may be proved as plain from the New Testament, as O holy, blefied, and glorious Trinity, three Persons and one God, &c.

Whether it be rot better to put a pop to wbat is called Propagating the Gospel in foreign Parts, hill such time as the Reformers return ia Gospel worship?

? Whether it be not the duty of UNITARIANS to apply to King ånd Parliament, to get the Liturgy altered according to the New Teltament, and if that cannot be obtained, then, whether they have not a sight to set up a church of their own, on Gospel Principles X-Well faid, honest GEORGE!

L A W.
Art. 2. An Enquiry (by way of. Esays) into the Origin of feudal

Tenures, and the Rights of eventual Succeffion to Lands in Primos
gailure only, as the Laws of England now fland. By a Mem.


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