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Another zealous, friendly, and sensible Defence of General Conway, against the Author of the Address ; whom the present Writer charges, not only with having depreciated the fair character of an Officer, by the most pitiful insinuations, and palpable misrepresentations of his conduct, but also with having endeavoured to propagate the most arbitrary principles, the most abject and slavish tenets : in defiance of the sacred Liber. ties of this free country, and to the eternal scandal of the Administration under whose banner he is enlisted.
In respect to the grand question concerning Mr. Conway's dismission, he has stated it in such a manner, as seems to set the conduct and cha, racter of that Gentleman in a moft unexceptionable light. His censure falls very heavy on the Ministry; but in regard to an higher authority, he palliates the matter by some general reflections on the hard lot of Princes, who are excluded from the general commerce of mankind, and who commonly hear, and fee, and know, and take their impref. fions of men and things, through the false medium of the most depraved and interelted opinions. From hence, he adds, ' are the most excellent dispositions of Monarchs often totally prevented, their favours squandered upon the most worthless minions of minions, and their in. dignation turned against their most faithful and affectionate subjects.'
In considering how far the army have reason to look upon themselves as concerned in this dismislion, he takes notice, that General Conway is already the fourth Officer disinissed for parliamentary behaviour, since the beginning of the last session: the Earl of Shelborne, Colonel Barré, both Officers of distinction; General Acourt, after thirty years unexceprionable service ; and General Conway at the end of twenty-seven. And when he comes to consider what injury the public may be said to have received by Mr. Conway's dismission, he mentions the affair of the bill presented to the House by the Duke of Marlborough in 1733, for securing the Constitution, by preventing Officers of the land forces, &c. from being deprived of their Commissions, otherwise than by a Courtmartial. The bill was rejected, and a Proteft, formed in the strongest terms; and from this Proteft our Author has given some extracts, peculiarly applicable to the present occasion. He concludes with this alarming reflection : It is ridiculous to talk of Liberties and Constitutionif the Parliament ever becomes enslaved or corrupted, so as to be subservient to the will of a M-, it is no longer a Parliament, it is no more the representative of the people, than the M- -r himself is, by whose orders they act: it is he that makes laws, it is he that raises taxes ; our liberties and properties are his, and at his role disposal ; nor is Eng. land a whit freer in effect than France or Muscovy.'
MISCELLANEOUş. Art. 8. A Survey of the Wisdom of God in the Creation : Or, a Compendium of Natural Philosophy.
2 Vols. Fuller.
The Author's Preface to this work, will give our Readers a competent view of his defign: it is as follows.
• 1. I have long desired to fee such a Compendium of Natural Phi. losophy, as was, 1. Not too diffuse, not expressed in many words, but comprised in so moderate a compass, as not to require any large expence,
either of time or money: 2. Not maimed or imperfect, but containing the heads of whatever (after all our discoveries) is known with any de gree of certainty, either with regard to the earth or heavens. And this I wanted to see; 3. in the plainest dress, fimply and nakedly expressed, in the most clear, easy, and intelligible manner, that the nature of the things would allow : particularly free from all the jargon of Mathema'tics, which is mere heathen Greek 'to common Readers. At the same time I wished to see this short, full, plain account of the visible Crea tion, directed to its right end; not barely to entertain an idle, barren curiosity, but to display the invisibie things of God, his power, wisdom and goodness.
• 2. But I cannot find such a treatise as this in any modern, any more than ancient language. And I am certain, that there is none such in the English tongue. What comes nearest to it of any thing I have seen, is Mr. Ray's Wisdom of God in the Creation, Derham's Physico and Aftro-theology, Niewentyt’s Religious Philosopher, Mather's Christian Philosopher, and Nature Delineated. But none of these, fingle, answers the design. And who will be at the pains to extract the substance of them all, and to add the latter discoveries, of which they had little knowlege, and, therefore, could take but little notice? This is a De. fideratum Aill; and one that a lover of mankind would rejoice to see even tolerably supplied.
3. I am thoroughly sensible, there are many who have far more ability, as well as leisure, for such a work than me. But as none of them undertakes it, I have myself made some little attempt in the enfuing volumes. Herein following Derham's plan, I divide the work into "Text and Notes. The text is in great measure translated from the Latin work of John Francis Buddæus, the late celebrated Professor of PhiJofophy in the university of Jena, in Germany. But I have found occafion to retrench, enlarge, or alter every chapter, and almost every section. So that it is now, I believe, not only pure, containing nothing false or uncertain, but as full as any tract can be expected to be, which is comprised in so narrow a compass; and likewise plain, clear, and intelligible, to one of a tolerable understanding. The notes contain the fum of what is most valuable in the above-mentioned Writers: to which are added, the choicest discoveries both of our own, and of the foreign Societies; chiefly extracted from that great treasury of learning, Mr. Chambers's Dictionary. These likewise, I trust, are as plain and clear as the nature of the things spoken will allow : altho' some of them, I know, will not be understood, by an unlearned or inattentive Reader.
4. Meantime I must apprize the Reader, that I have sometimes a little digresied, by reciting both uncommon appearances of Nature, and uncommon instances of art: and yet this is not properly a digreftion from the main design I have in view. For surely in these appearances also, the wisdom of God is displayed; even that manifold wisdom which is able to answer the same ends by so various means. And those surprizing instances of art, do likewise reflect glory upon him, whose spirit in man giveth that wisdom, whose inspiration teacheth underItanding
5. It will be easily observed, that I endeavour throughout, not to account for things, but only to describe them. I undertake barely to fet down what appears in Nature, not the cause of those appearances.
The facts lie within the reach of our senses and understanding, the causes are more remore. That things are fo, we know with certainty ; but why they are so, we know not. In many cases we cannot know; and the more we enquire, the more, we are perplexed and entangled. God hath so done his works, that we may admire and adore; but we cannot Search them out to perfection.
*. 6. And does not this open to us another prospect ? Altho’ one we do not care to dwell upon. Does not the fame furvey of the Creation, which shews us the wisdom of God, shew the astonishing ignorance and hort-sightedness of man?. For when we have finished our survey, what do we know? How inconceivably little? Is not every thinking man constrained to cry out, and is this all? Do all the boated disco.
veries of so enlightened an age, amount to no more than this? Vain man would be wise! would know all things ! But with how little fuccess does he attempt it? How small a part do we know even of the things that encompass us on every side: I mean, as to the very fail; for as to the reasons of almost every thing which we fee, hear, or feel, after all our researches and disquisitions, they are hid in impenetrable darkness.
7. I trust, therefore, the following tract may, in some degree, answer both these important purposes. It may be a means, on the one hand, of humbling the pride of man, by fhewing that he is surrounded on every side, with things which he can no more account for, than for immenfity or eternity; and it may serve, on the other, to display the amazing power, wisdom, and goodness of the great Creator, to warm our hearts, and to fill our mouths with wonder, love and praise !'
Such is the account Mr. Welley gives of his design, and the manner in which he has executed it. The design is certainly useful; and in
regard to the merit of the work, we fall only say, that sạch Readers -as can be contented, with a superficial knowlege of įhe several subjects that are created of, may find their account in reading it.
A. Compendium of Natural Philosophy, drawn up on Mr. Wesley's plan, by a fociety of Gentlemen, well versed in the several parts of it, and, a view of the discoveries , in each branch, given by such as had applied themselves particularly to the Itudy of it; such a work would be extremely useful, sand, might be comprized within a moderate compass. But where one person engages in such a design, tho' his abilities may be very considerable, the execution must be attended with many imperfections.
R: Art. 9. Proceedings of a General Court-Martial, - beld at the
Judge-Advocate's Ofice, in the Horje-Guards, April 14, Sc. 1764. For the Trial of a Charge preferred by Colin Campbell, Esq; agairst-the Hondurable · Major General Monckton. Svo.
is. Robion. General Monckton was charged, upon the complaint of Colin Campbell, Elg; heretofore Major Commandant of the rooth regiment of foot, with many wrongs and deliberate acts of oppression towards the faid Colin Campbell,. when under his command in the island of Martinique, in the year 1762, particularly by several marks of affront and indignity, both to the person of the said Colin Campbell and to the
corps corps then under his command; and also whilft a trial* of the faid Com lin Campbell was depending before a general Court-martial, by discou. taging his friends, intimidating his witnesses, and depriving him of the lawful means of defence, as well as by suppressing the proceedings of the faid general Court-marcial from the Earl of Albemarle, L'eutenant-Geheral of his Majesty's forces, (who is alleged, by the faid Colin Campbell, to have had at that time cognizance of the sentences of Courtsmartial held in the said island of Martinique) under a pretence of the faid proceedings being transmitted to Great Britain, when in truth they were Aill in his own custody: and furthermore, by a cruel confinement of the faid Colin Campbell, who was then ill, in a noisome and unhealthy prison, even though it was at that time known to the said Major Genesal Monckton, that the sentence against the said Colin Campbell was not capital.'
How this charge was supported by the Complainant, in the course of the trial, will fully appear from the judgment expressed by the Court, on this occasion :
• The Court is of opinion, that the charge and complaint of Colin Campbell, Esq; againit Major General Robert Monckton, is altogether unsupported by evidence, and in some points expressly contradicted by the Complainant's own Witnesses: and doth therefore most honourably acquit the said Major General Monckton of the same and every part thereof. And the Court is farther of opinion, that the said charge and complaint is groundless, malicious, and icandalous in the highest degree, and tending not only to injure the said Major General Moncton in his character, but to hart the service in general, as it must greatly affect every Officer, who may have the honour of commanding a body of his Majesty's troops, 'when he refiects that his character and reputation are liable to be thus publicly attacked by a person who has been dismissed his Majesty's service with ignominy.
• It is likewise the opinion of this Court, that the Complainant Colin Campbell, Esq; has, by many falsities, imposed upon his Majesty's Secretary at War, in order to obtain a Court martial.'
* See Review, Vol. XXVIII. page 495. Art. 10. A Treatise on Hemp. In two Parts. Containing, 1. Its "Hijlory, with the Preparations and Uses made of it by the Antio · ents. 2. The Methods of cultivating, dressing, manufacturing it, as improved by the Experience of modern Times. Translated from the French of M. Marcandier, Magistrate of Bourges, 8vo. Is. 6d. Becket.
This sensible treatise contains several particulars to gratify ihe curiofity of the learned Reader, and many remarks and observations that may be useful to che Merchant and the Manufacturer.
R NOV ELS. Art. 11. Cleanthes and Semanthe. A dramatic History. By the
Author of Leonora. 12mo. 2 Vols. 6s. Davies. As this is the production of a female pen, and the Author hath profeffedly taken leave of the public, we shall not trouble our Readers with
any critical reflections on this performance; which we should otherwise have judged so far above the common run of novels, as to merit some animadversions, by which the Writer might have profited in any future work.
K-n-k Art. 12. Oriental Anecdotes ; or the History of Haroun Alrachid.
12mo. 2 Vols. 6s. Nicol. Haroun Alrachid, to whom these anecdotes are said to relate, lived about the time of Charlemagne, who governed in the West, whilft Alrachid and the Empress Irene gave laws to the East. The Writer hath not, indeed, introduced the enchantments and genii of the Arabian Tales, but hath made no scruple of adopting relations equally absurd and unnatural. There is some degree of originality, however, in this production, which distinguishes it from the vulgar tralh of modern eaft. ern romances. It appears to have been written originally in French, by a Lady, whole own history is something fingular. Madam de Faugue's de la Cepedes, we are told, was born at Avignon, where in her early years, she was forced, by a cruel parent, into a convent: but on the death of this unnatural relation, she had the courage to appeal to the Court of Rome again it the violence which had been done her, and obtained so authentic a sentence in her favour, that her vows were annulla ed, and The procured her liberty, with a due share of fortune from her Coneirs. She is said to have become soon afterwards acquainted with the young Chevalier, by whom she had a son lately dead. On her com. ing over to England, in order to avoid fome disagreeable circumstances attending her situation in France, she entered into very intimate connections with Mr. Celesia, late Minister from Genoa, of whose subfequent marriage with an English Lady, she complained, as an ad of injustice to her. Of her literary character, we are told, that the King of Prullia him felf, in the midit of all the occupations of a war, in which he was making head fingly against an union of the greatest powers in Europe, vouchsafed to express, by letter to her, his sense of her merit; that she astonished the Beaux esprits on her first appearance in Paris ; and that M. Fontenelle, and many other great Judges, adınired her genius.'
On the supposition, however, that these respectable foffrages were not merely complimentary, Madam Cepedes mult certainly have appeared to greater advantage in her conversation and other writings, than The does in the history of Haroun Alrachid.
K-n-k SER M. ON S. ;. 1. THE Divine Glories displayed in Babes and Sucklings,—at Haberdashers Hall, June 10:h, on the death of Nathanial Gibbons, who departed this life in the eleventh year of his age. By Thomas Gibbons, A.M. Buckland, &c.
2. The Operations of the Holy Głot confidered, before the Archbishop of York, at his primary visitation, held at New-Malton, June 25, 1764. By Richard Couyers, M. A. Rector of Kirby-Misperton, Vicar of Helmsley, and Chaplain to the Bishop of London. . Dilly.
3. The Usefulne}s and Aluse of Philosophy in Matters of Religion, -at the vifitation of the Bishop of Gloceiter, at Stroud Water, May 30, 1764. By John White, D. D. late Fellow of All-Souls, Oxford Rivington,