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less valuable materials, as of enameld work; allo of roses, myrtle and olive leaves. Vid. Seld. ubi fupra.

Thine eyes are "sparkling,” &c. “ nowthy veil is removed.] Or, Thy veil being removed; (literally without thy veil.) The Jewish maidens, before marriage, were under fuch ftrait confinement, and so rarely suffered to appear in public, that the very name for a virgin in Hebrew is troby hidden. This reserve rendered the veil a very essential part of their dress t; and which, even when they were first presented to their husbands, they carefully drew over their faces, as we learn from the example of Rebecca, Gen. xxiv. 5. On what day of the marriage ceremony it was publicly laid afide, does not appear.

. But among the Greeks it was thrown off on the third day, for then the Bride, for the first time, appeared in public company without her veil, and received presents from her husband on that occasion, which were thence called avaxadurimpia. See Potter. II. 294, &c. Now, if we suppose the same customs prevailed in Palestine, then the subject of this day's Eclogue will relate to the ceremony of taking off the veil: then we hall account for the splendid gaiety of the Bridegroom's dress on lo joyful an occafion; and his compliments on her beauty will have a peculiar spirit and propriety. Now on the Bride's appearing for the first time in the public eyes of men, and that too in the presence of the person, with whom she was entering into the most endearing connections, it might well be expected that consciousness of beauty, tenderness, and exquisite sensibility, mixing with virgin bashfulness, should improve the native luftre of her eyes, and convey to them all that brightness and sparkling, for which those of the eastern doves are remarkable. B.

Thy bair is-as-goats, which come up peck, &c.] Bochart refers the comparison to the hair of the eastern goats, which is of the most delicate filky softness, and is expressly observed by an ancient Naturalist, to bear a great resemblance to the fine eurls of a woman's hair. Vid. Hierozoic. t. i. l. 3. c. 15.Le Clerc obferves farther, that the hair of the goats in Palertine is generally of a black colour, or of a very dark brown, such as that of a lovely brunette may be supposed to be.

Which come up peek, fcil. to Jerusalem, which being the capital, it was usual to speak of ascending to it from any part of Judea, as we say, “Go up to London.” See Plal. cxxii, 4. -10 is a word that occurs no where else, and it is difficult to ascertain its meaning. The Rabbins interpret it poliuntur,

+ See Selden's Uxor Hebraica, 1. ii. c. 15.


comuntur, decoræ fiunt ac fi pectine pecterenter : Bochart from the Gr. and Vulg. ascendunt : we have chosen to express both senses in the translation.-P. Houbigant's version is Qua pendent, for which he assigns this reason, tum, ut id congruat cum monte Galaad, velut in eo carmine Virgiliano, “ Dumosa pendere procul de rupe”-tum vero ut retineatur fimilitudo Capillorum, qui de capite pendent.

Thy teeth are as a flock, &c.] These images are intended to denote that the Bride's teeth were-even-white-exactly paired or matched and the whole set entire and unbroken.

We have followed Le Clerc in rendering noxro fimply twins; and how, (not barren) but (orba] deprived scil. of its fellow, as in Jeremiah xviii. 21. In defence of this version we sefer the Reader to the judicious Note of that Commentator.

A brede of scarlet.] Or, as it might be rendered, thread, lace, fillet, ribband, &c.

As the flower of the pomegranate, &c.1. We have here followed Caftellus, cho' the more received interpretation is, As a fe&tion of the pomegranate. In either sense, the words feem to be Spoken in praise of the Bride's modesty. The Bridegroom's meaning is, “ chat on the removal of her veil, her cheeks glows6 ed as red with blushes, as the bosom, or flower of the pome

If we confider the great reserve in which the eaft*ern Ladies were educated, we shall not wonder, that on their appearing among men for the first time, the blood should mount into the face in brisker floods than ordinary.

B. Thy neck is like the tower of David built upon an eminence, &c.] As if he had said “ Thy neck is taper and tall, gracefully ** rising from thy shoulders, and splendidly hung with jewels. This tower of David was probably remarkable for the elegance and nice proportion of its ftru&ure. Among the various interpretations given to the words 7797759, we have chosen to follow that of P. Houbigant, as it seems beft to express the Jituation of the neck, finely rising from the shoulders.

Two young roes, &c.] The original conveys a ftill more delicate image, being literally Two twin fauns of the roe.

The 23 or Roe is an animal of a reddish colour, that abounds in Judea, and is of such exquifite beauty, tbat it has thence its name. The word y fignifies loveliness. See Bocharti Hierozoic. p. 1. 1. 3. c. 25. .. While the faunts of the roe are browsing among, or between the white lilies, only the little round convexity of their red backs is seen: and to this the comparison seems peculiarly



to refer.-In Syria the lilies grow common in the fields. Matt. vi. 28. Vide Hierozoic. t. 1. l. 3. c. 24.

« This mountain of myrrhe, &c.] Myrrhe and frankincenfe were among the most valued perfumes of the East: the Brides groom therefore concludes his compliments on the Bride's perIon, by comparing her to an entire heap of those precious efsences.

We shall here take our leave of this performance, with ob. ferving, that the learned and ingenious Author * proposes, if the present attempt meets with approbation, to penetrate through the veil in some future undertaking, and enquire what sublime truths are concealed under the literal expreflions of this poem.

* Since writing this article, we have been informed, that the present publication is the work of a Reverend Gentleman in Northamptonfaire, Author of some late applauded performances relating to the Chinese.


The Peerage of Scotland, containing an historical and genealogical Ac

count of the Nobility of that Kingdom, from their Origin to the present Generation : collected from the public Records, and ancient Chartularies of this Nation, the Charters, and other Writings of the Nobility, and the Works of our best Hiftorians. Illustrated with Copper-plates. By Robert Douglas, Efq; Folio. il. 155, Millar.


HIS account of the ancient and present state of the Peerage

of Scotland, which now makes no inconsiderable part of that of Great-Britain, (all the privileges whereof are conveyed to them, by the act of union, except that of sitting in the house of peers, where they are represented by a select number of their own body) appears to be drawn up with great accuracy and precision, in the main. And though it abounds with Scotticisms, in almost every page, yet an English reader should the more readily overlook that accidental imperfection, when he reflects, that none but a native of that kingdom, could well be qualified to give us, even, a tolerable view of the Peerage of Scotland; in which the limitations of hereditary honours, and family connections, are so very different from what we experience here in England. In one country, those honours are commonly limitted 10 the heirs-male, in a direct fucceffion; whereas in the other, they are so often extended to the heirs-general, (whether male or female) that it is frequently no easy matter, to determine whether a particular title be, in fact, extinct, or not. Of this, numerous 3

instances plates.

instances occur in the work before us; but none more remarkable than what relates to the title of Lord Rutherfoord, which is, at this time, claimed by two different persons. It seems that, anno 1733, George Durie of Grange, as heir of line, claimed and o affumed the titles of Lord Rutherfoord ; and that year voted at the election of a peer, without any objection; but at the next election, in 1734, Capt. John Rutherfoord having claimed the same honours, protested against him, and he, in his turn, protefted against the faid Captain John, and both voted. At the election in 1738, the two claimants renewed their protests against each other; fo that the right to the titles of Lord Rutherfoord can only be determined by the House of Lords.'- This quotation, though somewhat out of place, is brought in here, as a proof of the above remark, concerning the great difficulty of deducing the Scotch pedigrees down to the right heir.

A proof of the Author's peculiar idiom of language occurs, even, in his very short dedication, (which consists only of a single 'kenthce) where he tells us, that his patron, the Earl of Morton, is eminent for encouraging every undertaking that may tend either for the honour or interest of his country

The necessity of publishing a new peerage of Scotland, and the utility of it, (we are told in the Preface) is acknowledged by all. And this the compiler says he has attempted on a more regular and accurate plan than has hitherto appeared : how far he has succeeded, the world must judge. But if the moft affiduous application for many years ; if a painful enquiry into the public records, and ancient chartularies ; if an unwearied search after every degree of knowledge, necessary for carrying on so arduous a taik; if these have any merit, or deserve the favour of the Public, the Author flatters himself this work, on perusal, will not be found deficient.'

Inaccuracies in point of language, (which, doubtless, sometimes occur,] he hopes the Reader will overlook; as that has not been (he owns) so much attended to, as might have been wilhed.

• The chief and principal point the Author had in view, and the great object of his attention (was,] in a plain and distinct manner, to deduce the history of each family from its origin to the present generation, and to ascertain their genealogy and chronology by undisputed documents.' — And this, we think, he has, in general, accomplished.

The arms of the nobility are tolerably engraved, upon ten folio copper-plates, and prefixed to the work; but we are sorry to be obliged to add, that the method of blazoning the arms in the body of the work, does not always agree with the engravings upon the

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plates. Instances, in proof of this, may be seen under the Earls
of Buchan, Glencairn, and Marchmont. — The arms are said to be
engraved according to the order in which the nobility were
ranked in the roll made up at the Union Parliament : but in giving
the accounts of the different families, their parricular rank is dis
regarded, and the whole thown into alphabetical order.

As a specimen of his manner of deducing the pedigrees of fa-
milies, we shall give an extract from that of the Duke of Ar.
gyle, omitting his authorities ; which are all along referred to, in
the margin of the book.

That the noble and illustrious name of CAMPBELL is of
very great antiquity in Scotland, is acknowledged by all our his-

• Cambden derives their origin from the antient kings of Ar-
gyle, about the sixth century.

• Mr. Martin of Clermont, a learned and judicious antiquary, says, “ It is the opinion of some, that they came originally from France, and affumed their firname about the reign of king Malcolm Canmore."

In the traditional accounts of our bards, it is said, that their predecessors were in poffeffion of the lands of Lochow, in Argyleshire, before the restoration of our monarchy by King Fergus II. anno 404 ; and that the first appellation they used, was O-Dubhin.' The bards have recorded a long series of the barons of Lochow, renowned both for courage and conduct; one of whom (Gillespick O-Dubhin) got their name changed to Campbell, to perpetuate the memory of a noble and heroic action performed by him for the crown of France, in the reign of king Malcolm Canmore.

Prom this Gillespick, therefore, we shall deduce the descent of the illustrious family of Argyle.'-[We shall here only give the names, and number, of some of the first ancestors of the family; referring for their particular relationship to each other, to the work itself.

1. GILLESPICKO-DUBhin, or CAMPBELL, Lord of Lochow, lived in the reign of K. David I. and married Eva, only daughter and heiress of Paul 0-Dubhin.

2. DUNCAN CAMPBELL of Lochow, Aourished in the reign of K. Malcolm IV.

3. COLIN CAMPBELL of Lochow, lived in the reign of K. William the Lion.


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