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4. GILLESPIÇK, or ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL of Lochow, fourished in the end of the reign of K. William and beginning of K. Alexander II. and is particularly mentioned in the Itatutes of that last prince, anna 1214.


6. Sir GillesPICK, or ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, Knight, and Lord of Lochow, made a considerable figure, about the year 1266.

7. Sir Colin More CAMPBELL, Dominus de Lechow, was a renowned and warlike chieftain. He had the honour of knight, hood conferred upon him by K. Alexander III. anno 1 280; and from him, the chief or head of the family of Argyle is called Macallan-More in the Highlands to this day.—He was one of the great barons of Scotland fummoned to Berwick on the part of K. Robert Bruce, in the competition for the crown betwixt him and Baliol, anno 1292.

8. Sir Neil CAMPBELL, Baron of Lochow, was a man of singular merit, and a true patriot; and though he submitted to Baliol's government for some time, yet no sooner did the heroic King Robert Bruce begin to assert his title to the crown, than he joined him most heartily and fincerely, and never after deserted his interest, but did him many great and signal services when he was in the utmost distress, and affifted at his coronation at Scoon, anno 1306.'-K. Robert, on account of his great and faithful services, made him a grant of lands, in a charter under the great feal, anno 1315; and bestowed upon him, in marriage, his lifter, Lady Mary Bruce, by whom he had,

9. Şir COLIN CAMPBELL of Lochow, who, in the minority of K. David Bruce, raised four hundred men, upon his own charges, and therewith retook the castle of Dunoon, then in possession of the English, for which the king rewarded him with the heritable government thereof, and a yearly penfion.

10. Sir ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, Baron of Lochow, adhered to the interest of K. David Bruce, from whom he obtained grants and charters of a great many lands, which the family ftill possess.

11. Sir Colin CAMPBELL, Dominus de Lochow, a man of great courage and resolution, was employed by K. Robert II. in restraining the incurfions of the Highlanders ; and reducing them, had thereupon a grant of sundry lands, still in the family's possession.

12. Sir DUNCAN CAMPBELL, Baron of Lochow, a man of great parts and abilities, arrived to high advancements in honour and estate. He was the first of the family who was designed by the title of Argyle, and having great interest with Murdoch



Duke of Albany, was very instrumental with that Prince in bringing about the releale and restoration of K. James I.-He got a charter from K. Robert III. of the lands and barony of Menstrie, anno 1393. ---And K. James II. raised him to the dignity of a lord of parliament, by the title of Lord Campbell, 1445.

13. ARCHIBALD, fon and apparent heir of Lord Duncan, died before his father.

14. Colin, Lord Campbell, succeeded his grandfather; and, being a man of eminent parts and great accomplifhments, was in high favour with K. James II. who created him Earl of Argyle, anno 1457

15. ARCHIBALD, second Earl of Argyle, a man of great abi. lities and prudence, commanded the van-guard of the army at the fatal field of Flowdon, where he behaved with remarkable valour and intrepidity. He there lost his life with his royal master and the flower of the nobility of Scotland, 9 Sept. 1513.

16. COLIN, third Earl of Argyle, behaved with great prudence, candour, and integrity, in all the high offices of Itate which he enjoyed.

17. ARCHIBALD, fourth Earl of Argyle, was one of the noble Scotch peers, that strenuously opposed the match betwixt Mary Queen of Scotland, and K. Édward VI. of England; believing, that an union betwixt the kingdoms must necessarily ensue, which could not but be derogatory to the honour of his country: upon which a war breaking out with England, he greatly distinguished himself by his valour and conduct, both at the battle of Pinkie in 1547, and at the siege of Haddington in 1548. He was the first of his quality who embraced the protestant religion, and contributed all in his power to bring about a reformation.

18. ARCHIBALD, fifth Earl of Argyle, was a man of singular accomplishments, and a great promoter of the reformation of religion.

18. (This number is repeated.] Colin, sixth Earl of Argyle, was half-brother to the last.

19. ARCHIBALD, seventh Earl, being a brave officer, was commander of the forces fent against the Earls of Huntly and Errol, at the battle of Glenlivet, anno 1594, where the King's troops were defeated, though the Earl behaved with great courage and conduct.

20. ARCHIBALD, eighth Earl, was a man of great learning and fingular endowments. He was one of the privy-council to Sept. 1764.


K. Charles

K. Charles I. who, in respect of his own merit, as well as the remarkable loyalty of his ancestors, was pleased to create him Marquis of Argyle, in 1641.

When K. Charles's troubles began, he joined the parliament of Scotland, and was a zealous asserter of the prcsbyterian church-government; but after the murder of the King, he contributed much to the reception and coronation of K. Charles II. and had the honour to put the crown on the King's head at Scoon, Jan. 1650. But having afterwards joined and sided with Oliver Cromwell, (a common fault in those times ;) he was soon after the restoration convicted of high treason, condemned by the parliament, and beheaded at Edinburgh, 27 May 1661, and his estate and honours forfeited to the crown. He was a confummate ftatesman, and one of the ablest politicians of his time.'-Witness his great dexterity in changing fides, so as best to fuit his own interest! which our Author calls a common fault in those times: neither, indeed, has it been altogether uncommon, even, in later times than those he speaks of.

21. ARCHIBALD, Lord Lorn, eldest son of the Marquis, adhered firmly to the King's intereft, during all the time of the usurpation, persisting in his loyalty, till K. Charles II. was restored, anno 1660.-His Majesty being perfectly satisfied of this Lord's good behaviour, was pleased to restore him to his father's estate, and the honours and precedency of the ancient Earls of Argyle: the onerous cause in the patent (which is dated in 1663) being for his eminent loyalty and zeal for the restoration, &c. He was the ninth Earl of Argyle.

About the year 1680, the test-act passed, whereby all ranks of people were enjoined to defend the government in church and state, as prefently established, under the pains of treason. [The 021h required by] this act went very ill down with the Earl, who, having a tender and scrupulous conscience, could not comply with it in the terms [enjoined,] but offered to take it with his own explanation.--This being declared treason by the learned of the law, he was sent prisoner to the castle of Edinburgh, foon after cried, found guilty, his estate forfeited, and himself fentenced to luffer death: but he made his escape in the dress of à lady's page, and got over to Holland, where he remained about four years. However, in the beginning of K. James VII.'s reign, he got some officers and soldiers together in Holland, with which he invaded Scotland, (landing) in Argyleshire; [where he raised about two thousand men, mostly of his own clan. He then emitted a manifesto, in defence of his attempt ; but his little army being defeated, and himself taken prisoner, he was again fent to the castle of Edinburgh, and soon thereafter beheaded at the mercat-cross, in consequence of his former lentence, June 30th 1685; it being the opinion of the lawyers, that as he was already dead in law, he could not be tried again for this last act of rebellion,


22. ARCHIBALD, tenth Earl, came over with the Prince of Orange, in 1688; and was owned by the convention of estates to be Earl of Argyle, before his father's forfeiture was rescinded. He was a great promoter of the revclution; and, at lait, for his many eminent services, was created duke of Argyle, and Marquis of Lorne, June 23d 1701.

23. JOHN, second Duke of Argyle, went early (his genius leading him to a military life) into the British service, and bravely distinguished himself through the whole course of Queen Anne's wars; and was, by her, created Baron of Chatham, and Earl of Greenwich, in England.

On the death of Q. Anne, he was one of the Lords Justices till the arrival of K. George I. and was soon thereafter made Commander in Chief of all his Majesty's forces in North-Britain.

In 1715, a rebellion broke out in Scotland, and the Earl of Mar had the address to get together no less than fix or seven thousand Highlanders, who marched from Perth about the 12th of November. The Duke of Argyle marched out from Stirling about the same time to oppose them. They came to an engagement at Sheriffmuir upon the 13th, where the Duke of Argyle's courage and conduct was very remarkable; for though the rebels were far more numerous (and many of the clans fought very gallantly) yet they were forced to retreat to Perth, and the Duke of Argyle returned to Stirling; however, the rebels never came to a head again.'-In the year 1718, he was created Duke of Greenwich ; but the patent was limited to the heirsmale of his body.-In drawing the character of this truly great man, Mr. Douglas justly observes, that~ He was no less conspicuous for his fpirited eloquence in the house of peers, than for his courage and conduct in the field.”—He died in 1743, and having no sons, his English titles expired with him.

24. [But in the book, 23.] ARCHIBALD, third Duke of Argyle, (brother to the last) was educated at the university of Glasgow, and afterwards applied himself to the study of the law at Utrecht; but upon his father's being created a duke, he laid aside the scheme of appearing at the bar, and betook himself to a military life ; and having served fome time under the great Duke of Marlborough, became colonel of the 36th Regiment of foot. • But his genius pointing more strongly to the stateiman than the foldier, he did not continue long in che army, but applied himself chiefly to that study, which made the after part of his liie io thining and conspicuous.' N2


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In 1705, he was treasurer of Scotland, and took his feat in Parliament, where he made so great a figure, that in 1706 he was nominated one of the commissioners for the treaty of union, and got a patent, creating him Earl and Viscount Inay.

In 1714, upon the accession of K. George I. he was nominated Lord Register ; and though he had long before given up all command in the army, yet, upon the breaking out of the rebellion 1715, he again betook himself to arms, in defence of the House of Hanover, and, by his prudent conduct in the West Highlands, prevented General Gordon, at the head of 3000 men, from penetrating into the country, and raising less vies. He afterwards joined his brother at Stirling, and was wounded at the battle of Dumblane.'

As we think that Mr. Douglas shines more in the character he has drawn of this Duke, than in any other part of his book, we shall give an extract from it, in his own words; which will not only do him credit as a writer, but also afford, at the same time, an agreeable entertainment to such of our Readers, as had the honour of being so far acquainted with his late Grace, as to be able to judge of the propriety and justice of the following character.

« He was a man of great natural and acquired endowments, quick, penetrating, and thoroughly versant in the knowlege of mankind; of an accurate and distinct elocution, and a ready judgment. His thorough knowledge of the laws of his country qualified him to shine in the great council of the nation, and in the cabinet of his Sovereign. His great fagacity and uncommon abilities, pointed him out as a proper person for the chief management of all Scotch affairs; and the propriety of the choice will appear from his attention to promote trade and manufactures, to encourage learning and learned men, and forward every improvement for the good of his country.

"After 1745, in order to destroy the seeds of future rebellions, he advised his Majesty to employ the Highlanders in the army; a proposal worthy of the patriot who contrived it, magnanimous in the King who approved it, and most honourable to themselves who executed it; for it must be owned that, to this wise counfel, 'tis in some measure owing, that Cape Breton, Canada, &c. &c. are now under the government of this kingdom, as the courage and intrepidity of these brave and heroic men, wherever they were called, doubtless contributed greatly to the conquests *.

« Such

* Doubtless, they did fo : but quære, whether the writer's zeal for the honour of his countrymen, has noi, in this particular, carried him

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