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Such was Archibald in a public sphere ; nor was he less dirtinguished in private life. His eminent learning, and strong natural talents, contributed to make him pass his hours of recess from business agreeably to himself, and for the instruction and good of others. He was qualified for every subject of conversation, with the greatest philosopher, or the meanest and moft ingenious mechanic. For the amusement of the closet, he collected the most valuable private library in Great Britain t, where he unbent his mind from the cares of ministerial affairs, and added to the immense stock of knowledge he had already acquired.

• The noble and magnificent palace which he has built at Inverara, will stand a lasting monument of the regard he had for his family, who before had no house suitable to their dignity.

« This great man enjoyed all the faculties of his mind found and entire till his death, which happened very suddenly, on the 15th of April 1761, in the 79th year of his age. —

-Having no issue, his estate and honcurs I devolved upon his cousin and heir-male, General John Campbell, (now Duke of Argyle) eldest son and heir of the Hon. John Campbell of Mammore, to whom we now return.'

22. JOHN CAMPBELL of Mammore, second son of Archibald ninth Earl of Argyle, and brother-german of the first Duke, died anno 1729, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

23. (Thus the two laf are numbered in the book.] John CampBELL of Mammore, who went early into the army, in 1761 became the fourth Duke of Argyle, now commands the Royal Scots-grey Dragoons, and is one of the Sixteen Peers in parliament.

From the foregoing account of the noble family of Argyle, which we have selected as one of the most complete, our readers will perceive that Mr. Douglas is not entirely free from errors; which are, doubtless, very difficult to be wholly avoided in a work of this nature. To prevent mistakes, however, as much as poffible, he says he put in the power of every peer to correct the

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a little too far? the Highlanders are certainly excellent soldiers ; but
great conquests were made, in the late war, where no Highlanders at all
were present.

+ We are afraid our Author hath here expressed himself with too
much latitude. Nevertheless, it is allowed that his Grace's collection
was a very noble one.

| This is not ftri&ily true, as to all his honours ; for those of Earl and Viscount ay, and Lord Oronfay, Dunoos and Arrois, became extin& at his death.

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history

history of his own family, by sending him a manuscript copy thereof some time before publication. A very good method ! but how to reconcile this afiertion, with the account of the family of Visc. Irvine, we know not. For in the account of that family he has inserted, (as the fixth Lord Viscount Irvine) Col. Charles Ingram, the father of the present Viscount, but who never was himself a peer; and has quite overlooked George, the last Lord Viscount Irvine, who was a prebendary of Westminster, and succeeded to the title upon the death of Henry, the preceding Lord. He has also forgot to insert the arms of this family, either in his book, or the plates. In the latter the arms of Lord Falkland are likewise omitted.

But as we are told, in the Preface, that a second volume is intended, to give an account of the Gentry (or what he there calls the BARONAGE) of Scotland; we may hope, when that is published, to see the above, and all other, omissions and errors, supplied and rectified. He has, indeed, inserted two sheets of Addenda et Corrigenda, at the end of the present volume, but none of the flips pointed out by us are there noticed.

Upon the whole, however, we may safely recommend the work before us, as the most complete view of the Scotch Peerage, at present extant; and though it may not be quite so free from faults as might be wished, and indeed expected, in a book of so large a price, yet the lovers of antiquity, and family-history, will have little or no reason to regret the money laid out in the purchase of so valuable a treasure as is here exhibited, of that kind of learning.

P.

A Treatise of the Colica Pictonum ; or the Dry Belly-ach. By

Ralph Schonberg, M. D. of Bath, Fellow of the Society of Antiquarians. Svo. 2s. 6 d. sewed. Johnston. .

F

ROM this title-page it would of course be supposed, that

the Gentleman whose name is inscribed on it, and subjoined to the Dedication of the Treatise, was certainly the author of it. But a very short preface informs us, it was wrote originally in Latin by the learned Dr. Tronchin of Geneva; the translator adding, he has taken the liberty to make some few additions ; and used his beft endeavours to give the translation the air of an original, to make it as acceptable as he could to his readers; '-and doubtless as reputable as he could to himself. This conduct however may prove less satisfactory to fome curious medical readers, who might be desirous of distinguishing, when the Author, and when his Translator only, speaks; and particularly whether it be the former or latter who has been honoured with Dr. Senac's correspondence, mentioned p. 94, 95. Indeed whenever any case is related, as occurring at Bath, we may naturally presume it to come from Dr. Schomberg.

when

But in whatever manner these medical gentlemen may be blended in this performance, it seems to us the result of some experience, but of much more reading and compilation. It is sufficiently methodical, and even phylically formal ; 152 pages (including at least half as many authors, and full as many citations) being distributed into 31 chapters; the 8th, concerning the remote causes of this most nervous cholic, containing less than twenty lines, exclusive of its title. Among the eight remote causes of this disease, of which some are as probable, as others seem uncertain and apocryphal, the fifth, viz. an obstructed perspiration, appears the least probable to us. For not. withstanding Dr. Huxham's Devonshire Cholic, and the Cholic of Poictou, as described by Riverius, were both attended with a very obstinate constipation of the bowels, accompanied with the most excruciating pain, which may be termed the Pathognomonic symptom of this disease; yet as the most violent degree or species of this nervous cholic seems to be more endemic far within the Tropics, where excessive heat and perspiration conduce to some of their disorders ; we should have thought this excess of perspiration more likely to have acted as a concurring cause of this disease, than to suppose it possible, that a want of perspiration, which is so very apt to excite a purging, should prove even a remote cause of a very opposite one. In fact, what cause was so likely to produce that want of the inteltinal mucus, which one or other of our Authors observed in the dissection of a person dying of this cholic, p. 96, as that exceslive revulsion of the ferous humours from the centre, and that excessive profusion of it through the pores, which chiefly happens in these climates ; though in some measure necessary to aba:e the extraordinary heat the inhabitants imbibe there?

The gout indeed, (the fourth remote cause) as a very nervous disease, and generally accompanied with great costiveness, may not improbably sometimes dispose to this, but it is much less probable that the scurvy (the sixth) should be even a reinote cause, unless so very remote a one, as to be next to none. For as this last distemper is a very humoral one, in which the blood is in a broken and putrid ftate, and the fibrous system greatly relaxed, it is difficult to conceive any affinity between this very nervous spasmodic cholic and the scurvy'; except we should admit the possibility of the former disease happening to a person of a scorbutic habit (no very unfrequent one) to prove an affinity

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between them. If a majority of the Authors, who have wrote on the Dry Belly-ach, are right, in supposing acids, viz. the juice of limes, lemons and oranges, cyder and tart wines, as very conducing causes to it; while a majority, or rather all, who have wrote on the scurvy, are equally right in recommending these very acids, with an acescent diet, as the most effectual cure for it: this must certainly be far from suggesting any relation between these difcases; but must rather induce us to sup. pose them as incompatible with, and as unlikely to produce each other, as two of the most opposite diseases can be. For were they really of a similar genius and tendency, the same medicines, with some variation, must be applicable to both; but Mhould a person attempt to cure the dry belly-ach (if caused by acids) with those very acids ; and the scurvy with the repeated vomits, the drastic purges of aloetic pills, with calomel and jallap, &c. directed by Dr. Huxham in the Devonshire Cholic, (which our Author and his Translator consider as identical and fynonimous with the Dry Belly-ach of Jamaica, &c.) we think we may submit the fatality of such wild practice to their own determination.

But in fact, notwithstanding an evident and strong analogy between the Choiic of Devonshire, of Poictou, and of that of the American Inands, from their concurring in the great pathognomonic symptoms, and in their partially paralytic consequences, we cannot avoid inferring, they may be so mategially different, as juftly to require a different practice in them : whether that material diversity may arise from the great difference of tneir climates; or from fome frequent cause of the American Dry Belly-ach, being still more forcible and violent than that of Devonshire or Poictou. Of this at least we are particularly certain, that Dr. Huxham's repeated vomits, even to à fourth time, in the beginning of the Devonshire cholic, (in which his reputation and experience incline us to think the practice was right) would be imitated by no competent and experienced physician, in his senses, in the Dry Belly-ach, within the Tropics; as such a one would be apprehensive of aggravating the diseale into the Iliac Passion, with a vomiting of the stercoraceous excrements: for as the necessary peristaltic motion of the intestines is either very now and torpid, or wholly effaced, in this excruciating disease, by their spasmodic affection ; we think the violent and frequent exciiation of vomiting, which seems a temporary sufpension, or rather inversion, of that natural protrusive motion, has

very little tendency to restore it. And as this oeconomical motion is certainly quickened in violent purgings and fluxes, it is highly probable, that the great relief which vomits generally afford in these distempers, fo very opposite to this cholic, in a

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great measure results from their lessening that morbid acceleration of it, by exciting its temporary suspension or inversion, which rationally indicates the repetition of gentle vomits.

It is true that strong purging aloetic pills, and sometimes with calomel, have been given in large doses in America, and even repeated, and at last were aslifted with glyfters, before a difcharge by stool (which almost constantly relieved the patient) has been effected. But time and experience subscribed to the preferable method used by Dr. Town and others there, of giving repeated lenients, and of interlacing them with opiates to allay the pain, by abating the spasms of the bowels, till a free parfage was procured. This was not very different from the aperient draught of caffia and manna, and the opening oily glysters prescribed by Drs. Schomberg and Canvane, in the case of Mr. Gordon, p. 47, who was cured by it. We also find, after Dr. Huxham's first drastic purge of pill: cochia and calomel, or of jalap and calomel, in the Devonshire Cholic, he followed it in two or three hours with an infusion of senna, or a solution of manna, sometimes with an addition of oil of almonds.

Whichfoever of our Authors it was, who has quoted Dr. Huxham's description of the Devonshire Cholic, p. 29 of the present treatise, this learned physician is misquoted, in making him far— the patients in it urined plentifully ;' which he never does assert in our copy of that work; though he mentions the fuppreffion of urine, which these gentlemen have quoted, just two Jines before that great plenty of it, which their work ascribes to his patients. Now as we are not able strictly to ascertain the individual donor of this extraordinary and unwarranted excretion, we must return it to both; except we suppose the Englife translation of Dr. Huxham’s treatise to have fallen into Dr.Tronchin's hands, instead of the Latin, which a foreigner might be likelier to mistake than a native. We think at the same time, his translator, who must have read the very reputable physician's works, to whom he dedicates his piece, (and particularly that work of his on the same disease) should have adverted to this misquotation of him, and should have retrenched it.

It seemed not a little surprizing to us, that in so professed and laboured an enumeration of the remote causes of this disease, [those we have objected to being remote enough to be very obscure, if not wholly occult] that it never occurred either to the learned Author or Translator of this treatise, to consider the abuse of rum, or other distilled strong liquors, among the remote causes, at least, of this Dry Belly-ach; as they have certainly asserted much less evident ones. And this is the more remarkable, as they have acknowledged their seeing patients from

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