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the Agreement between the Works of the Roman Poets, and the Remains of the ancient Artists, published under the title of POLYMETIS.
• The principal design of the Author in this Enquiry was, to compare the descriptions and expressions in the Latin Poets, relating to the Roman Deities, with the allegorical representations of the same, by the Painters and Sculptors in their pictures, ftatues, relievos, medals, and gems, in order to illustrate them mutually from one another.
• As the Author has confined himself to the Roman Poets only, and as there is a great deal of difference in the authority of a Poet near the fecond Punic war, and one of the Augustan age, he was obliged, (in order to settle the degree of credit due to each Poet) to premise an account of the rise, progress, and decay of poetry and the polite arts among the Romans, wherein he gives the characters of all the Poets, and their works, from Ennius down to Juvenal.
• He hath also subjoined a dissertation upon the uses of such enquiries in general, and of his own in particular. In this dissertation he has made judicious remarks upon our Commentators and school education ; and given a true idea of the allegories of the antients, and of their whole scheme of machinery. The want of this idea is thewn to be the cause of all the mistakes and defects of the modern Poets and Artists in allegorical subjects. Many instances of these defects are produced from Ripa's Iconology-from Horace's Emblems by Venius from the works of Rubens, particularly from his celebrated ceiling in the banquet-house at Whitehall, and his pictures in the Luxembourg gallery at Paris—from Spenser's Fairy Queen--and from Dryden's tranflation of Virgil.-Even the divine Raphael himself is not without his faults, in the allegorical parts of his works.
• The following sheets are a full, tho' concise, abridgment of this valuable treasure of classical learning; in the drawing up of which it is fo managed, that the text may be perused without interruption by the Readers of both sexes, as it contains chiefly the history of the polite arts among the Romans, and the descriptions of the figures, characters, dress, and attributes of their allegorical Deities ; whilst the critical remarks, and other less diverting, though not less inftructive, particulars, are thrown into the notes, together with the references to the passages alluded to in the course of the work. These passages could not be inserted at length, confiftently with the Abridger's defign of reducing the whole within the compass of a small pocket-volume. They are, therefore, left to be turned to by the young Students, who, by comparing them with what is said in the text, will receive more light towards the understanding of the Classics, than by reading over all the Commentators, who generally, by their preposterous notes, rather mislead than inform.
• In short, by studying this Compendium, the Reader may learn the rise, growth, and fall of the police arts among the Romansthe just characters of the Latin Poets, and their works—the figures and other appearances of their Deities-he may gain a true notion of the allegories of the antients, and of their machinery, or the interpofition of the Gods-consequently he may acquire a true taste of the beauties of poetry, painting, and sculpture, and be enabled to judge of the propriety and impropriety of the modern allegories, and the excellencies and des fects of our Authors, Translators, and Artists."
Art. 33. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the late Reverend
Mr. John Jackson, Master of Wigston's Hospital in Leicester, &c. With a particular Account of his Works, and some original Letters which passed between him and Dr. Clarke, Mr. Whiston, and other considerable Writers of that Time. To which is added, an Appendix, containing a large Addition to his Scripture Chronology, from the Author's own Manuscript; also an Account of his MSS. relating to a Greek New Testament, &r. 8vo. 35. 6d.
• In the latter part of Mr. Jackson's life, (says the Editor of these Memoirs, in a short preface to them) I had the happiness of being intimately acquainted with him, during which time i frequently preffed him to furnish me with materials for the present undertaking; but it was with the utmost difficulty that I prevailed on him to comply with my request. After repeated refufals, the summer before his death, I obtained from him the account which is the foundation of the following narrative; but his memory was then so far impaired, that I could not get from him such satisfactory information in regard to many transactions as I wished for, and which an earlier compliance with my request, would have enabled him to have given. Our Author upon examining his library, having furnished me with a compleat catalogue of all the books and pamphlets he had published, I shall, in the following account give a list of them ranged in a chronological order.
• I shall add some reasons that induced Mr. Jackson to publish his pieces, with a few observations on their importance, and the reception they met with. These reasons will chiefly be taken from his Memoirs of the life and writings of Dr. Waterland, or from the letters which passed betwixt him and Dr. Clarke ; for the same purpose I shall likewise refer to his opinion of subscriptions to articles of faith, and an account of the losses he thereby sustained, as recited in the life of Dr. Samuel Clarke, by Mr. Whiston, who was well acquainted with both those very eminent and worihy Divines.'
The title of this performance, with the above extract from the preface to it, will, probably, fatisfy the generality of our Readers. The work itself, from the nature of it, cannot admit of a regular abstract ; and if it could, such an abstract would afford very little entertainment or instruction. The Bangorian and Trinitarian controversies, &c. in which Mr. Jackson made fo considerable a figure, are almost totally forgotten; and of the numberless pieces that were published on occasion of those controversies, by far the greatest part is buried, and deservedly too, in oblivion, and the few that survive, are but little read. — There is scarce any species of writing, indeed, so unprofitable to the public as polemic divinity; the principal, nay almost the only thing to be learned from it is, that Divines, tho they profess themselves advocates for a religion which recommends and enforces meekness, moderation, mutual forbearance, candour, and humility, in the strongest manner, have been remarkable for pride, rancour, malignity, and hery zeal.
In regard to Mr. Jackson, such of our Readers as are unacquainted with his character will, by perusing the Memoirs now before us, plainly perceive, that he was a man of uncommon learning, a friend to free
dom of enquiry, and well acquainted with the sacred writings in their original languages.
Ru Art. 34. The Life and Character of the late Lord Chancellor Jef
ferys. 8vo. Is. 6d. Pottinger. We are sorry hear the name of this infamous Magistrate so often mentioned of late. Whence can this arise ? Is there any person, now living, whose character and conduct bear the least resemblance to such a tyrant? We hope not. Yet why are these old materials relating to the life of this arbitrary and insolent Chancellor now raked together? The Editor, in his preface, expressly disclaims the idea of any parallel. On the contrary, he takes the liberty of observing, that thc umiable cha. racter of Lord M. d, forms a perfect contrast to that of the wicked Jefferys. We hope the Prefacer does not deal in that fly rhetorical figure called Irony! And yet he appears not to be quite so fimple as the republican Inn keeper at the Royal-oak, who having offended his tory customers, by writing under his fign, The'owl in the ivy-buh; to make it up with them, had the inscription altered to, " This is not the owl in the ivy-buih.”
Jest-Book. Art. 35. The present State of Navigation on the Thames considered; and certain Regulations proposed. By a Commissioner. 4to.
Rivington. Complains, that the price of water-carriage on the Thames is grown so high, and the inconveniences of the present navigation are become fo great, that the inhabitants on the banks of this great river, are often obliged to forego the natural advantages of their fituation, and to have recourse to land-carriage. The public-spirited Author enquires into, and points out, the causes of this grievance, and then suggeits the molt probable means of procuring an effectual remedy. This feems to be a matter of considerable moment to the public; and we are inclined to think it is here discussed by a very competent Judge of the subject. Art. 36. A new Treatise ripon real Quadrille, translated into Enge
lish from the original French of Mons. Martin, Master of a licensed Gaming-house in Paris. A Work very useful for Perfons who travel, and entirely different from all other Treatises that have hitherto appeared upon this Game. With an Explanation of the different Methods of playing it, viz. of simple Quadrille, with Sans Prendre, with Mediator and Favourite, with all the Honours and Concours, and by Auction. To which is subjoined, Tridelle with four and three Suits, all Methods yet quite unknown in England. Small 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. sewed. Burnet.
The learned Author of this important treatise sets forth, as his motive for offering it to the public, that. Quadrille, as it is played in England, is so little known in foreign countries, that an Englisman who goes abroad, is entirely ignorant of this game, excepe it be the value of the cards, their rank and order, and he cannot play it in any other country, so much has it been changed and augmented; from being tedious and
languid, it has been rendered lively and amusing, by the additions and improvements it has received. Those who sit down only for amuse. ment, will receive as much pleasure as those who play for profit and advantage.
As the same taste cannot prevail for any length of time, it is requisite there should be as much variety in our amusements as in our dress. Quadrille fixes its reign in England ; it occupies the attention of the Nobility, as well as the subordinate class of Gentry. It is therefore to fatisfy both, that I offer this treatise, which is written for those only who are acquainted with Quadrille after the English manner, who know the fort and foible of the game, and for these it will be necessary for me to enter into fuch disquisitions as they are unacquainted with Beginners may have recourse to Mr. Hoyle's principles, I shall only rectify such mittakes as he has fallen into ; add what he has omitted ; ftipulate the payments; being balted; the voles; the different changes the game at Quadrille may undergo; adding to each chapter, hands for and · against; that is to say, the manner in which they should be played, either to win or lose them. It would be impoflible to describe all the various turns which this game is susceptible of, a volume in folio would not be sufficient to compass such a design. I shall therefore only enter into the most material parts, and practice will render perfect such as would make themselves compleat masters.'
There is no doubt but this treatise will meet with all the encouragement which a work of so much consequence to the sons and daughters of Dilipation deserves; and the ingenious Author may, posibly, in time, become as great a man as the great Mr. Hoyle. To render it still the more fashionable, and the more universally acceptable and useful, it is printed in French and English ;--perhaps too, with a particular view of introducing it, as a school-book, into the principal boardingschools, those especially for the education of young LADIES/
The Knave of Diamonds tries his wily arts,
And wins, O shameful chance! the Queen of Hearts.
interesting Subjects. Published by Order of the Milesian Club.
Where the Milesian Club is held, we know not; but imagine, from our Author's style, as well as from several circumítances mentioned in this publication, that it may be in Dublin ; from whence also, we conceive, this colloquial Essay to have been imported. Setting aside the locality, however, of this respectable society, we learn, that at their last festival, celebrated in honour of the Grammar Schools, the several Members were very near going to loggerheads about the propriety of giving boys a classical education. The arguments of the Difputanis on both lides the question, are here fet down at length; the advantage b2ing evidently given to the opponents of Latin and Greek; the study of which languages are represented as injurious to that of our mother. tongue.
K-11-k. Art 38. Considerations Historiques et Politiques sur les Impots des
Egyptiens, des Babyloniens, des Perles, des Grecs, des Romains,
et sur les differentes Situations de la France par rapport aux Finances depuis l'Etablisement des Francs dans le Gaule jusqu'à present; ou Memoires pour servir à l'Histoire Générale des Fic nances. Par M. D'Eon de Beaumont, Chevalier de l'Ordre Royal et Militaire de St. Louis, Capitaine de Dragons, Cenfeur Royal, ancien Aide-de. Camp de M. M. le Maréchal Duc et Comte de Broglio, et Ministre Plenipotentiare de France auprès du Roi de la Grande-Bretagne. 2 Tomes 12mo. 45. Dixwell.
The Chevalier D'Eon, of whose literary and political character we have before had occasion to take notice, hath here traced back the inftitution of national Finances to their remotest antiquity. From the imposts of the Egyptians, the Persians, and the Greeks, of which he gives a flight sketch, he proceeds to those of the Roman empire. He considers next the consequences of the invasion of Gaul by the Francs, and enters into the motive of the imposition of the successive taxes in France, from that period to the present times. The marks of ingenuity and application are no less conspicuous in this history, than those of national and literary vanity; by which the importance of the Writer's subject, and that of his country, are sometimes not a little exaggerated.
K-n-k Art. 39. The Modern Part of an Universal History, from the ear
liest Account of Time. Compiled from original Writers. By the
King George the second, to the twentieth Year of the fame Reign.
The Reader is referred to our account of the first volume of this edi. tion. Review, vol. XXVIII, page 6. Art. 41. An Enquiry into the Question, whether Juries are, or are
not, Judges of Law as well as of Fatt, with a particular Reference to the Case of Libels. 8vo. 6d. Wilkie.
This Writer has the advantage of having every Reader, who has the lealt zeal for liberty, eager to meet persuasion : for the doctrine he endeavours to establish, is what ought to be the law of the land, though we cannot say, that he is very clear in proving that it is to. He has, indeed, produced some authorities to countenance his conclusions, but he has not attempted to obviate the force of contradictory authorities, or even fo much as taken notice of them. In short, it is a very flimsy fuperficial Enquiry, into a question which requires the most accurate discullion. [The SERMONS in our next.]