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And many a golden vale and mead
Pursuing swift, with amorous fpeed;
Fair Hippocrene, mellifluous fount !
Cyllenus, and the tuneful mount;
O dear to Poely! Ye scenes belov’d,

Where Innocence and Joy united rov'd!
But ah!-how chang'd !-thine iron hand compell’d

The Muses thence, and every rapture quell'd. This ingenious little poem has now spoken fufficiently for its felf, and therefore we shall dismiss it with a Plaudite!


A Sermon preached at the Assizes holden at Durham, August 19

1764. By Robert Lowth, D. D. Prebendary of Durham, and Chaplain in ordinary to his Majesty. 4to. 6d. Millar.

HE literary reputation of Dr. Lowth will be a sufficient talogue of Sermons, and the plain manly eloquence, and solid sense of the Discourse itself will render the following extracts from it very acceptable to our Readers. The happiness we derive from our religious establishment,

, a . • In the first place, let us refcet on the greatest and most im portant of all blessings which God hath bestowed upon us, our most holy religion; that pure and uncorrupted form of Christianity, which by his good providence hath been eftablithed among us, and through so many dangers preserved to us. We enjoy in its full light the compleat revelation of God's will tó mankind, delivered by Jesus Christ; true and genuine Chriftianity, reformed from the gross errors of popery ; reduced to the original standard of the Gospel ; in doctrine regulated altogether by the holy Scriptures; in order and worship as nearly as may be, conformed to the model of the apoftolical and primitive times. The Church of England profefleth to found all her doctrines upon the holy Scriptures alone ; “ so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought requisite or neceffary to falvation.” And her Ministers act this principle: they do not affect a dominion over the faith of the Laity; they do not pretend to lord it over God's heritage; to dictate doctrines, to which the people are bound to give an implicit aflent, or precepts to which they are to yield a blind submision, they send you “ to the law, and to the testimony;" they exhort you to search the holy Scriptures, which lie opán before you; to make a diligent and

impartial impartial enquiry into the truth of what they themselves deliver; to see with your own eyes, and to judge with your own understandings. And as our religious Establishment is founded on the right of private judgment, so it freely allows to others that liberty, which it hath vindicated to itself: it disclaims all coercive methods, neither forcing others into subjection, nor retaining its own Members by violence; it gives all reasonable indulgence to weak and scrupulous consciences, and treats with charity and forbearance those who think themselves obliged to diffent from it. In matters of order and decency, in the form and manner of worship, our Church hath most judiciously and happily attained the due mean between Superftition and Enthufialm; not subject to ordinances, nor yet wholly disdaining the use of them ; not indulging, on the one hand, a vain ostentation of pompous ceremonies, or attributing imaginary efficacy to empty shews and mere outside performances; nor, on the other, rejecting such order as the decency and folemnity of religious worship require, or leaving devotion to the dangerous guidance of wild fancy and infamed imagination. Her public offices are conceived in the true spirit of fincere, rational, well-instructed piety: delivered in language intelligible, fimple, unaffected, yet in the highest degree solemn and powerful ; by an expreslive plainness informing the underftanding; by a well-judged variety awakening the attention ;, by, a fervent {train of devotion warming the heart, and engaging the affections.'

The excellence of our civil Constitution, and the peculiar felicity we enjoy, or might enjoy, from the distin& powers of Government, mutually restraining and restrained, are described with perspicuity and precision.

• Our civil Government is happily placed between the two extremes of despotic power and popular licentiousness: it is wisely composed of such a due mixture of the several simple forms of Government, those of one, of a few, and of many, as to retain as far as possible the advantages, and to exclude the inconveniences, peculiar to each; and the parts are so nicely combined and adjusted, that the several powers co-operate and move on together in concert and agreement, mutually tempering, limiting, and reftraining, yet at the same time aiding, supporting, and strengthening each other.

· The harmony of the whole arises from the mutual connection, and the mutual opposition, of the several constituent parts. The three different orders which compose the system, including every part of the community, and poffeffing the unlimited authority of the whole, are connected together by a power of ordaining, belonging jointly to them all; they are opposed to one another by a power of hindering, belonging feparately to each :

by by the former they are enabled to provide for the good of the community in general; by the latter, they are disabled from encroaching on each others rights, or oppressing any part. The Sovereign power is the main spring of the machine; it is not only the first mover, but the principal regulator of the whole movement: and the restraining principle is so disposed, as to direct and moderate, without obstructing the motion. Every one of the three Powers is a moderating Power, placed between two others, and ready to exert its force on either hand; to aid or refift, to incite or repress, as the exigence may demand. Thus the aristocratical Power is as it were the isthmus between the regal and popular Powers, keeping each within its due bounds, nor suffering either to overflow its shores. Each of the others in its turn hach a like influence in tempering the Powers on each side of it*: nor is the influence of the collective body of the people wholly excluded by devolving its rights on the Representative; for it not only creates the representative body, but holds it when created in continual restraint by the freedom and the frequency of a new choice. Such are the fundamental principles, such the general plan of our system of Government; a fyftem, beautiful and admirable in theory, beyond all the ideal forms that political wisdom hath ever conceived ; useful and salutary in practice, beyond all the real examples that civil history can furnih.

« The first and moft obvious excellence of our civil Constitution, appears in the due distribution of the legislative Power among the several orders of the Community, and the large share of it into which the people are admitted. The greatest and most important privilege that any people can pollibly enjoy, is to be governed by laws framed by their own advice or consent. Now as the people in their collective body are not, by reason of their multitude, capable of discussing affairs, of consulting and debating in an orderly manner, and of forming well-weighed resolutions; all this can be no otherwise managed than by repre. sentation : and the act of Representatives freely chosen by themfelves, is justly esteemed their own act. If abuses in this part are complained of, let it be considered, from whence the abuse originally springs. There can be no stronger proof of the true libercy of any people, than that they cannot be deprived of any part of their liberty, or of the benefits of it, but by their own fault. Freedom in its very nature is liable to abuse; and national freedom, in which consists civil dignity, is like the free

Here the learned Dr. seems inadvertentiy to have fallen into a confusion of images; for if the position of the aristocratical power be between the regal and the popular, how can either of the last mentioned powers be sohceived to have a power ou cacb fide of it?

will of man, which is the foundation of all moral worth; they are both precious talents committed by Almighty God to our care, and we are accountable for the management of them to our country, to our own conscience, and to God: to bind them up by any necessary reftri int from abuse, would be in effect to annul and to destroy them. It must be allowed then, that the people of this nation do enjoy, as fully as in the nature of things they are capable of enjoying, and as far as they have the will and the virtue to enjoy it, the great advantage of being govern. ed by laws of their own framing, or to which they give their free aflent. And this great privilege alone manifestly includes in it the security of life, of freedom, of property, of every thing that is valuable or dear to man.

• As the legislative power, which requires much counsel and mature deliberation, is very properly placed in the hands of many, and those of different ranks, that the interests of all may be consulted; fo is the executive power, which requires immediate action, with equal propriety committed to one. The administration of Government resides in the Sovereign; who, of all earthly Monarchs, approaches nearest in the nature of his government, to the great Governor of the universe ; who governs by fixt and itated laws; whole power is exercised in aid ing, protecting, relieving; in justice, in mercy, and goodness; but is incapable of being employed in injury and wrong. As the whole Goveroinent is distributed by commiflion to Ministers and Ollicers, and every part is to be executed by them agreeably to known rules, and in fubfervience to the laws; these become responsible for nial-administration, and are accountable to the Representatives of the people, and to the supreme Judicature of the kingdom. Thus is the dignity of the Sovereign consulted, and the welfare of the people most effectually secured. The Prince has the honour of being the Minister of God for good to his people; of ruling subjects, ņoj llaves; of governing by law, not by arbitrary will and caprice: and the people are happy in obcying a legal Monaich, notą tyrant; in security from oppression under the protection of their own laws, i, in a power of doing whatever the laws permit, and of not being compelled to do what the laws do not command; in which the very nature of true and perfect civil Liberty consists.?

The Doctor takes a short view likewise, of the power of Judicature, and expatiates very properly on the excellent manner in which it is conducted: after which he sets before us the comparative happiness we enjoy from these several circumstances; and forgets not to remind us of that obedient gratitude which is due to the Giver of so many good gifts,


A Letter

Letter to the Rev. Dr. Thomas Leland, Fellow of Trinity Colleges Dublin. In which his late Dissertation on the Principles of human Eloquence is criticized; and the Bishop of Gloucester's Idea of the Nature and Character of an inspired Language, as delivered in his Lordship’s Doctrine of Grace, is vindicated from all the Objections of the learned Author of the Dissertation. 8vo. IS. 6d. Wilkie.

HIS Letter-I

Dissertation on the principles of human Eloquence, and Ihall

very readily, I dare lay, be indulged in the liberty I am going to take, of giving you my free thoughts upon it. I shall do it with all the regard that is due from orte Scholar to another ; and even with all the civility which may be required of one, who hath his reasons for addresting you, in this public manner, without a name.'

Upon reading this, we were naturally led to expect a liberal, candid, and polite Letter, such as becomes one Gentleman to write to another ; but we soon found that this Letter-Writer is either entirely ignorant of what is due from one Scholar to another, or never intended to keep his promise. A spirit of infolence breathes through the whole Letter, with an academical pertness, unworthy of a polite Scholar, and, in an anonymous Writer, extremely mean and cowardly.

Whatever advantage this Author, or his admirers, may imagine he has over Dr. Leland in point of argument and critical acumen, he is certainly much inferior to him in good breeding. lii regard to the merit of his defence of the Bisop of Gloucester, we shall only say, that it is specious and plausible, but far from being solid and satisfactory. It would be to no purpose to detain our Readers with a particular account of what he has advanced; such of them as have read the learned Prelate's work, and are Judges of the subject, must have formed their opinion of it long before now.

It is incumbent upon ts, however, to give a specimen of our Author's manner of writing, in order to vindicate the character we have given of it. We ihall, therefore, lay before our Readers the conclusion of this Letter, leaving them to determine whether it is or is not agreeable to the beginning of it.

• I will not deny, says he, that the mere Justice due to a great character, whom I found somewhat freely, not to say injuriously, treated by you, was one motive with me to hazard this address to you. If I add another, it is such as I need not difuwn, and Rev. Oct. 1764.



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