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had not time to procure all the ingredients that were necessary. For which reason they went the first day of the week, and bought more.”

Our Author rather thinks, that all the spices which they wanted, were bought at once, and in the evening, after the Sabbath was ended, as St. Mark says. Nor need St. Luke, he tells us, be otherwise understood. He is to be understood, says he, in this manner.—And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments. Nevertheless, they rested the Sabbathday, according to the commandment. And deferred preparing them till that was over.'

Our Author, under this head, makes several other remarks, some of which seem, to us, to be of no considerable importa ance; for example, the following.Dr. Macknight says the spices were prepared by pounding, mixing, and melting them into an ointment. Our Author tells us, that there was no occafion for this. These women, he says, were not inhabitants of Jerusalem, but had come up thither with our Lord, as attendants upon him, at the time of the Passover. He cannot conceive, therefore, how they should be furnished with pestles and mortars, and other velfels, for pounding, mixing, and melting spices. He rather thinks, they bought spices already mixed into an ointment, prepared and fitted for the use intended by them. In countries where embalming was in use, he tells us, and where they buried soon after men had expired, and especially in great cities, and near them, such as Jerusalem, there must have been shops or ware-houses, of Apothecaries, or Embalmers, or Confectioners; where spices of all sorts proper for funeral rites, and also bandages and rollers, might be had, and upon the shortest notice, for all sorts of persons, according to their several circumstances.- -Such remarks, are surely, of no

great value !

The last and most important article of our Author's enquiry is, The journey of the women from Galilee to the sepulchre, and the appearances of our Lord to them, and to others, after his resurrection. There are undoubtedly, he says, some real, or seeming, difficulties in this part of the Evangelical History, which have been of late increased and multiplied by Annotators, and other Writers, and not at all diminished by Dr. Macknight.

• This being the case, says he, I have found myself to be under a disability to unfold it by my own skill only. I have, therefore, upon this occasion, had recourse to a learned and judicious friend; who, I before knew, had some uncommon ob


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servations upon this subject. The answer with which he has
favoured me, is to this purpose.

« I never could bring my mind to think, that Christ appeared
first to Mary Magdalene feparately, but that his first appearance
was to the watch: who, I think, saw the angel, and the rolling
away of the stone, as well as felt the chiruor péyov, attending
the presence and action of the angel, for fear of whom the
keepers did shake, and became wori vexpos, as dead men. Some
of whom, as the fame Evangelift says, tovės tñs x8swdías, came
into the city, and shewed unto the chief Priests all the things
that were done. The appearance to Mary Magdalene, I think,
was in common to her and to the other women, who went all
together to the sepulchre, and once only, not twice, as is ge-
nerally supposed, and saw our Saviour, and were coming back
to the city, with the account of what they had seen and heard
to the Apostles, at the same time, that some of the watch came
to relate all that was done, to the chief Priests. And they did
make their report to the Apostles, before the two went from the
reft of the company to Emmaus. No notice is, indeed, men-
tioned by the two in discourse with Christ, of the women's hay-
ing related their interview with Jesus, because it should seem
none of the company believed a word of what the women said.
Mark xvi. 11. Luke xxiv, 11. And none of the Evangelists
pretend to give an exact detail of all circumstances.”

“ This, I apprehend, to be the truth, or nearly so, And it will be the key to this history. And I now intend to digeft the several particulars of it, in their proper order, as well as I can, If I should at all differ from my friend, it will be in such points only, as are not very material. And still I must acknowlege myself indebted to him for a clear insight into this history.'

After premising a few observations, our Author goes on to relate the several parts of this history, and to digest them in their proper order. He concludes his Letter in the following manner :

I have now performed all that I intended. For I never proposed to go any farther, than the appearances of our Lord to the Disciples, and others, on the day of his resurrection.

Shall I now recollect, and sum up, what has been said un, der this fifth and last article of our enquiry ?

• Early on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, and other women, who had come up with our Lord to Jerusalem from Gali. lee, and had often attended upon him, went up to the fepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared. As they were going, they faid among themselves, Who shell roll us away the ftone from


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the door of the fepulchre? For it was very great. But, when they came nigh to the sepulchre, they perceived, that the pone was rolled away. That obstacle, therefore, to their performing the intended office of respect, in embalming the body, of which they had been apprehenfive, was removed. Which, afforded them for the present a good deal of satisfaction. But when they had entered in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus. This filled them with the utmost surprize and concern. Whereupon, with the consent and approbation of all the rest of the women, Mary Magdalene, and some others of them, ran down immediately, in all hafte, to the Apostles at Jerusalem, telling them, that they had been at the fepulchre, that they found the stone rolled away from the door of it: they therefore entered in, but found not the body of Jesus: They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, said they, and we know not where they have laid him. Peter and John therefore ran to the sepulchre, entered into it, and found every thing exactly agreeing to the report of the women. The body of Jesus was gone, but the cloths, with which he had been covered, remained, every part of them, and Jying in great order. So that they could not but wonder greatly at what had happened. But, as it was not safe or prudent for them to stay there, they soon went away again to their own horne, But Mary Magdalene, and the other women who had come back to the fepulchre from the Apostles staid behind. And soon after those Disciples were gone away, there appeared to them two angels, and one of them said to them, “ Fear not. Ye seek Jesus, who was crucified. He is not here. He is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay, And go quickly, and tell his Disciples, that he is risen from the dead. And they departed quickly from the sepulchre, with fear, and great joy, and did run to bring the Disciples word. As they were going to tell his Disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saya ing, AH hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him. Then said Jesus unto them: Be not afraid, Go tell my brethren, that they go into Galilee. And there shall they see me. Now when they were going, behold some of the watch came into the city, and thewed unto the chief Priests all the things that were done.” So in Matt. xxviii. 5-11, or as in John xx, 18. Mary Magdalene came, and told the Disciplesą that fe had seen the Lord, and that be bad spoken these things unta her. When she, and the rest of the women, now came down to the Apostles, it might be about seven or eight, at the latest about eight or nine, in the forenoon. Nor did the women, nor any of the Disciples, go up to the sepulchre any more after this, These just mentioned, are all the journies to the fepulchre which are recorded by the Evangelists. Some while after the return of those women, and after they had reported their testimony to the

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Apostles, two of their company went to the village called Emmaus; where Jesus appeared to them also, and was known to them, about three of the clock in the afternoon, or sooner. And about the same time the Lord appeared also to Peter, though we cannot exactly say the place. Jesus having clearly made known himself to the two at Emmaus, as they were fitting down to table, he afterwards withdrew, when it was about three afternoon. They then rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them. They arrived there about five afternoon, or fooner. Immediately after which Jefus also came, and food in the midft, and graciously manifested himself to them, giving them full assurance, that it was he himself.

• According to different computations, Jesus shewed himself to his Disciples and followers, four or five times on the day in which he rose from the dead. First to Mary Magdalene, and the women with her, at the sepulchre: next to the two who went to Emmaus, then to Peter, and at length to the eleven at Jerusalem, who were assembled together, about five of the clock in the afternoon. If we compute the appearance to Mary Magdalene, to be distinct from that to the women, there are frve appearances, otherwise, four only.

· Thus I have digested the history of our Saviour's refur. rection, and his first appearances to the disciples. I please myfelf with the persuasion, that I have done it in a plainer manner, than it has been done of late by some others. These thoughts therefore are now referred to your consideration. And I remain, with true esteem,


Your friend and well-wisher. E. F.*


Memoirs of ***

****, commonly known by the Name of GEORGE PsalmáNAZAR ; a reputed Native of Formosa. Written by himself in order to be published after his Death. Containing an Account of his Education, Travels, Adventures, Conne&tions, Literary Productions, and pretended Conversion from Heathenism to Christianity; which last proved the Occasion of his being brought over into this Kingdom, and passing for a Proselyte, and a Member of the Church of England. 8vo. 45.' fewed. R. Davis, &c. REDULITY and Impofture seem to have been coeval with mankind, and they will, doubtlefs continue insepa


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rable companions to the end of time. What age, what country has not produced Knaves to invent,--and Fools to believe!

But of all the Deceivers by whom the world hath been cheated, there never, surely, was a more consummate master of his art, than George Psalmanazar ! Other Imposters owed much of their success to the ignorance of the age they lived in, or of the people they had to deal with ; but this man carried on a fyftem of artifice and falfhood for half a century together, undetected to the last; and this in an enlighten'd age, among a fenfible and discerning people, -imposing even on the learned themselves : so that it may be truly said, not only the multitude were duped, but the KNOWING ONES were taken in.-But we shall wave all farther preliminary reflections, and proceed to gratify our Reader's curiosity, in laying before him fome of the most remarkable circumstances which distinguished the life of that very extraordinary person, to whom the public is obliged for the famous pretended History of Formosa ; and for a confiderable part of the UNIVERSAL HISTORY.

Previous, however, to the extracts we shall make from the Anecdotes with which this work abounds, we shall give a transcript of the penitent Author's last Will and Teftament, as that is the best introduction of the Narrative, and will abundantly serve to authenticate the particulars which follow: The last Will and Testament of me a poor firful and worthless creaturi,

commonly known by the ajjumed name of George Psalmanazar. • Thy ever blessed and unerring Will, Oh most gracious, though offended God! be done by me and all the world, whether for life or death.

Into thy all-merciful hands I commit my soul, as unto a most gracious father, who, though justly provoked by my paft vain and wicked life, but more especially so during the youthful (allies of a rash and unthinking part of it, has yet been graciously pleased, by thy undeserved grace and mercy, to preserve me from the reigning errors and heresies, and the more deplorable apostacy and infidelity of the present age, and enabled me to take a constant and fedfast hold on the only author of our salvation, thy ever adorable and divine Son Jesus Christ, our powerful and meritorious Redeemer, from whose alone, and allpowerful intercefsion and merits (and not from any the least inherent righteousness of my own, which I heartily abhor as filthy rags in thy all purer eyes) I hope and beg for pardon and reconciliation, and for a happy resurrection unto that blessed immortality to which we are redeemed by his most precious and inestimable blood. I likewise bless and adore thy infinite good7


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