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-the Diseases at Surinam, &c.
As to the manner in which the eggs fo situated are fecun-
It is currently supposed at Surinam, that the Pipa, when burnt to alhes, is a mortal poison: our Author, however, hath undeceived the inhabitants in this particular. To this end, he took three of these animals, and putting them alive into a receiver, hermetically sealed, calcined them. Then, pulverising the calcination, he gave it in various doses to several kinds of animals ; none of which betrayed any of those symptoms, usually imputed to this powder.
M m 2
Infrullian Pastorale de Monseigneur L'Eveque du Puy, sur la pré
tendue philosophie des Incredules Modernes. A Pastoral Instruction from the Bishop du Puy, concerning the
pretended philosophy of Modern scepticks. 12mo. Amsterdam, 1765.
E should have permitted this pastoral instruction, of the
good Bishop of Puy, to have passed unnoticed, among the number of unaffeding remonftrances which are occasionally made to the public even on the most important subjects, did we not find it already taken too much notice of in those countries, where it is likely to do more harm than good t. Rank as the growth of infidelity is confessed to be in the present age, there are few Protestant governments, we presume, that would chuse to eradicate the doubts of Pyrrhonism in order to implant the errours of Popery. The labourers in the vineyard of infidelity are in general too idle, too contemptible, and too ill paid, to reap any great harvest from the straggling weeds that are found to shoot up, even in the best foil. The dignitaries and emirfaries of the Church of Rome are, on the other hand, too well rewarded, too ingenious, and too alliduous, not to embrace every opportunity of enlarging their sphere of credit and action; and thus to indemnify themselves by gaining that ground in one country which they lose in another. Hence it is that we are surprised to find that many advocates for the cause of Christianity, have fo little regard for Protestantism as to recommend this work as a falutary antidote against incredulity. Have we no Protestant Writers on these subjects? Or are their arguments less powerful and convincing than those of our insinuating Bishop? There is surely no need to import those Popish giants Infallibility and Superftition, to quell the puny dwarf of Scepticism, that labours in vain amongit us. Infidelity gains proportionably much greater ground in the Roman Catholic countries than in the Protestant; and hence the Bifhop of Puy had but acted consistent with his function in addreffing this paftoral charge to his diocefans. It appears to us however, not to have been written folely for their use, bcing artfully calculated as well to remove the objections which Protestants have made to the authority and discipline of the Church of Rome, as those which pretended philosophers or modern Free-thinkers have made to Christianity, Insidious designs of this nature are the
A new Edition of it being just publithed in Holland, whence it bath been imported into England, and recon.mended by some incorfiderate Proteftant divines,
more to be avoided, as in general we perceive their effcets before we are sensible of the danger : thus, a man may be easily stabbed to the vitals by a supposed friend, who might encounter safely, by keeping at a distance, a known enemy. The alarm, which hath lately been raised, on the progress of Popery in these kingdoms, is by no means so deltitute of foundation as some people would have it thought ; and we are sorry to say that we conceive it, in some measure owing to that unguarded and indiscreet zeal with which the Protestants have recommended the Writings of the Romish Clergy and others of that religion, against those supposed Infidels. It is well known that the Clergy of the Church of Rome make no scruple of fiding with any party to make converts, or indeed to attain any point they have a mind to carry. The readiness, however, which they have ever shewn to forsake and even oppress those, by whose assistance they have crept into power, should be a fufficient warning to Protestants, always to fufpect their most plausible offers of service, especially when they are not wanted. We do not pretend to say that it is necessary for Protestants to entertain, now, so terrible an idea of Papists, as they very justly did foon after the time of the reformation ; as we believe the present professors of the Popish Religion (except perhaps those in the interior parts of France, Spain, and Portugal) are much less persecuting, and more humanized, than their forefathers. But to what hath this been owing? To the loss of temporal power in their superiors, and that general diffusion of good-sense and benevolence, which hath spread itself, with the improvement of commerce and the sciences, over the face of Europe. It does not hence follow, however, that the tenets of their religion are become less erroneous, or even less dangerous with regard to civil policy, if they were encouraged to kindle the same zeal. Hence, though it may be no longer necessary to excite in Protestants a deteftation of those enormities of which the Roman Catholics are no longer guilty, we cannot be too much on our guard against those fallacious representations which their Priests are labouring to spread abroad, of the candour, humanity and truly Christian spirit of their mother Church. It is in their disputes with supposed Infidels that these misrepresentations are artfully introduced ; to which is ever added, by way of supplement, some reflection on the truth of its dogmas or fome argument respecting its authenticity and authority. They well know that a book, written professedly in the defence of the Church of Rome and its doctrines, would stand little chance to be read in a Protestant country; therefore, instead of Efrays on tranfubftantiation, on the immaculate conception, and other absurdities, they amuse us with refutations upon refutations of
Free-thinkers or Esprits-forts as they are called; who, it muf be owned give them many fine opportunities of preaching up Popery under the specious pretence of defending Chriftianity. We have known, ere now, a dissenting party entirely reconciled to their ancient modes of thinking, from judging themselves under a kind of necessity to join with their old antagonists against a third sect of opponents, that started up a-new. And indeed, what can tend more to reconcile Protestants to the er. rours of the Church of Rome *, than the plausible manner in which its clergy unite their friendly labours to ours, against the common enemy to religion in general ? But fatal experience, as we before observed, should teach us Timere Danaos et dona ferentes.
Should we undertake to display the justice or propriety of these reflections, as we might easily do, from the work before us, we should in. Some measure fall into the errour we have censured. We therefore dismiss it, as an insinuating and dangerous performance, better calculated to convert Proteftants to Popery than to make Christians of Infidels.
If any kind of reconciliation between the Reformed Churches and that of Rome should by these means take place, it must be by the conversion of Protestants to Popery; for, however ready we are to pesu fe the works of Popish Writers or adopt their arguments against infidelity, the Roman Catholic Governments take pretty good care that their subjects shall peruse none of ours. We dare say the Romish Clergy would as soon recommend Hobbes or Spinosa as Leland; for, what. ever they may pretend in their fervency of zeal for Christianity in genéral, or with a view to cloak their infidious designs, it is notorious that an Heretic has ever been accounted by them as bad, if not worse than an Infidel.
L'Espion Chinois, &c. The Chinese Spy, or secret envoy from
the court of Pekin, to examine into the present state of Europe. Translated from the Chinese. 6 vol. 8vo * Becket and De Hondt.
MONG all the nominal Asiatics, who have occasion
ally taken upon them the profeflion of fpies in the feveral countries of Europe, we know of none that hath more miftaken his own affumed character, as well as the national characteristics of the people he hath attempted to describe, than the Author of the letters before us. We shall say nothing of the
• Intimated, in the title pagę, to have been printed abroad. Instead of A Cologne, however, the printer should have inserted A Londres.
impropriety of a spy's blabbing his own secrets, and telling all
London. ..<< Since I have been in England, the attention of this speculative nation hath been mightily engaged by three considerable personages; the Cock-lane Ghoitt, the Queen's Afs, and Mr. Wilkes a Member of Parliament.
The Ghost amused the count and city for a long while ; a great number of people of both sexes going to visit and converse with it. It is true it did not express itself very diftinétly but it gave some sounds, which were sufficient for it to make a
: The Queen's Ass had no little to do, on her arrival, to receive the visits of those whom.curiosity led to see her, At the fame time the was allowed a Guard, and sentinels were posted
+ Very intelligibly, rendered by this Writer Le Speare de Cokelir.