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of fense of Hearing in Fish; wherein he endeavours to prove, against the opinion of some naturalists, that most fish can hear very well. Ray, Willis, Nollet, and others, pretend that filh, particularly carp, have no auditory nerves, and mult, of course, be totally deaf. Professor Camper is of a different opinion, having directed the heads of several fish, and particularly codfith ; when by carefully anatomizing them he hath discovered the auditory nerves, and the several parts of the organs of hearing. Of these he gives a defcription, illustrated with proper figures of the natural size.
We have, in this volume also, a curious memoir on the propagation of the Kin-su or Gold. fish from China, by Mr. Balter ; who describes it, as growing much larger and coming to greater perfection in Holland and England than in the Eaft-Indies. He observes, after Linnæus, that this fish is of the carp-kind; but that it is much better for the table than the common carp; recommending the propagation of them in our fish-ponds in genera', with a view of profit, as they have hitherto been bred in some few particular ones, by way of ornament. Art. 21. Dissertation sur la Nature, les Especes, et le Degres de
Evidence, &c. 4to. Berlin. 1764. A Dissertation on the Nature, Modes, and Degrees of Evidence;
with other Pieces on the Subject. The Royal Academy of Sciences at Berlin having proposed, as one of their Prize questions, “ Whether Metaphysical and Moral Truths were susceptible of the same degree of certitude as Mathematical Truths ; and in case they were not, what kind and degree of evidence might be afligned them ?" The differtation before us was honoured with the prize: the pieces subjoined are those of other competitors. This very interesting question, however, will admit of a farther solution. Art. 22. Nouvelle Organe, ou Pensées sur le maniere de rechercher la Verité, de la Characteriser, &c. Leipzig. 1764.
. A New Key to the Sciences; or Reflections on the Manner of
investigating the Truth, and distinguishing it from Errour and simple Probability,
The opyázor of Aristotle, being grown somewhat rusty by age and dilufe, the celebrated Lord Verulam took the trouble to adopt it for his own, and furbish it up anew. The Author of this little tract, whose name is Lambert, seems to think Bacon's organum, at present, in much the same situation as he found that of Aristotle. He therefore has endeavoured to oblige the world with a new one. His tract is divided into four parts. The first creating of the rules that constitute the art of Thinking: the second, of the truth considered in itself: the third of the method of discovering the characters of truth : the fourth of the means of distinguishing the appearances of things from their reality. It is on the whole an ingenious and sensible performance. Art. 23. Dis Corps Politiques, et de leurs Gouvernemens. 2 Tom. 12110. Lyons. 1764,
An Essay on the Constitution and Administration of Bodies
Politick. It is surprising, that among such vast numbers of foreign productions on every subject and science, we almost always find something justly deserving of commendation. If there is nothing new in the matter, there is generally some improvement in the manner.
But it is notorious, that men of letters on the continent are greatly superior to most of the English in the art of composition; which is shamefully neglected at present, in this country, Art. 24. Considerations sur le Gouvernment ancien et present de la
France. Par Mr. le Marquis d'Argenson. Amsterdam.
8vo. 1764. Reflections on the ancient and modern Government of France.
Imported by Becket and de Hondt. This is the work, of which Mr. Rousseau makes such frequent mere tion in the notes to his treatise on the Social Compact ; and of avkicha manuscript copies have been long in the hands of some few particulars. We have not room, if the work were capable of an abstract, to obligę our readers so far; we cannot dismiss it, however, without taking notice of one reflection, which interests our own country. Lycurgus, fays the Marquis d'Argenson, by his legislative wisdom, laid the foundation of the Lacedemonian government, which was compounded of Royalty, Aristocracy and Democracy. Philosophical politicians have reprefented this compound as the most perfect of all governments; and the English nation make their boaft that it fubfifts at prefent amongst them in its highest perfe&tion. But it is morally impostible to prevent one of these three species of adminiltration, from gaining the advantage sooner or later of the other two.
Art. 25. Lettres de Cecile a Julie, ou les Combats de la Nature. Letters from Cecilia to Julia, or the Trials of Nature. 12mo.
1764. Imported by Becket and de Hondt. The Editor of these letters acquaints us they are written by a lady ; that the history contained in them is not a romance, but a Collection of Facts and Episodes ;-which have noihing remarkable in them but their want of probability. - This circumstance, however, may not render them the least pleafing to the moft numerous class of readers ; for, being extremely passionate and excessively improbable, they are the better calculated, as Mr. Bayes says, to eleva:e and surprize! Art. 26. Histoire Anglaise de Milord Feld, arrivé a Fontainebleau. The History of My Lord Feld, an Englih Nobleman, arrived
at Fontainebleau. J2mo. 1764. The Author of this history tells us, he hath compiled it from original memoirs ; that he is an Englishman, and that he and my Lord Duke de But'er were fellow collegians together at Okford. For our parts, we find nothing like English in the book but the terms, my Loriand my Lady; and they are gallicised into the barbarisms Milord and Miledi. “ Out upon these new tuners of accents ! ” Art. 27. Dissertations sur Elie et Enoch, &c. Par M. Boulanger. Dissertations upon Enoch and Elias, upon Elop the Fabulist,
and à Mathematical Treatise on Happiness. Mr. Boulanger, author of the Enquiry into the origin of Oriental Despotism, and of a Manuscript of which he has talked much, entitled, The Eternity of the World, hath bere obliged the world with three curious dissertations more de fa fucon. Those readers, who are fond of the extraordinary, the problematical and the wonderful, will find some entertainment in the perusal of these little tracts.
Art. 28. Memoires de Mathematique et de Physique, &c. Physical and Mathematical Memoirs, occasionally presented, by
the Learned and Ingenious, to the Royal Academy of Sciences. Paris. 1764.
This is the fourth volume of this miscellaneous collection, and contains thirty-four papers on different subjects of Natural Philosophy, Anatomy, Chemiltry, Geometry, &c. Among those of the first class, is a curious and useful memoir, by M. Romas, on the manner of making electrical experiments on thunder clouds. It is now some years since this gentleman published the very fingular experiments he himself made, by means of a paper kite : from all which it fufficiently appeared, that the more a body was detached from, and elevated above the earth, the more powerfully it attracted the electric fire from the clouds. He observes, however, that experiments of this kind should be made with extreme caution, left the Experimentalist should have reason to repent of his curiosity.
Among the papers on Anatomy, we have a very remarkable account of a child, who was brought to Paris in 1756, so terribly afficted with the dropsy in the brain, that its head was transparent. Ms. Marcorelle, the correspondent who furnishes this article, was at the opening of this head after the death of the child, and gives a particular and circumftantial relation of the diffection and state of the parts.
In the claij of Botany, Mr, Bonnet hath a paper containing some new experiments on the generation of grain ; in which he contraverts, and seems effectualiy to disprove, the notion, sometime since received io Sweden and in Holland, concerning the conversion of wheat into Rye.
*** The multiplicity of Foreign Publications which have lately come to our hands, obliges us to postpone several articles intended for this Appendix, particularly the last Volumes of the Royal Academy of Sciences, and of the Academy of Inscriptions and Belles Lettres at Paris. These articles, therefore, will be fpeedily inserted in the ordinary Course of the Review.
I N D E X.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
BARD, weighed against a lord,
ACTennis principle of not ef. BARCE S baths there, virtues of,
luded to, 409.
sential to matter, 524.
196. Some AGUE, cured by the bark of the Meighan's account of that place willow, 215
contradicted, 200. AIR, disquisition on its nature and BARK, Peruvian, experiments re
properties, 290, 293. The uni- lating to the fermentation of, versal bath, 337
291. ALEPPO, account of the plague BART RAM, Mr. his observations there, 211.
on wasps, 208.
inutility of, 346. Remarkable an important problem in the
BENSON, Dr. his new interpreta-
life, c. 88. 'ARGYLE, earls and dukes of, their BIELE, state of the text of, in the biftory, 175.
ancient MSS. 401. Originally Archibald, third duke written without divisions in of, his character, 180.
to chapter or verse, ib. When ARISTOTLE, encomium on his ge- first divided into sections, 402. nius, sud 560 .
When into chapters and verses, ATTORNEY.General, practice of, 404.. Mr. Wynne's method of
with respect to informations, dividing and pointing, 405. hurtful to the liberty of the BISHOPS, grandeur of their reve. press, 453
nues in former rimes, 217.
BODIES, natural, considered, with
regard to harduets, smoothness,
extension, &c. 6.
in Cornwall, 211.
fiderations on the nature of quainto the end and design of, 82. drupeds, 548.
CHURCHILL, his numbers defici. AMPBELL, Colin, his ground- ent in harmony, 101. Cod.
less complaint againit Ge- demned for injuriously defaming neral Monckton, 158.
his country, 204. His peculiar CANARY islands, account of, 54. independency, 271. His hu
Conquest of by Betancour, 55. mourous picture of himself, 274. Manners and customs of the pre- Harsh picture of him by another fent inhabitants, 63.
hand, 276. Diffected, ib. CAPACITY, legal, for purchases, CHURCHMEN more solicitous about
&c. analysis of, in all its the forms than the effence of rebranches, 191.
ligion, 489. Hold schism to CASTOR-Oil, its medicinal virtues, be worse than infidelity, ib.
353. Particular diseases cured Civita Turchino, subterraneous by it, 354.
apartments discovered there, 269. CATARACT of the Eye, new in- CLAVIARIA Sobolifera, account ftrument for the cure of,
of bad books, 505. Not to inmurdered, ib.
Charles, terfere in the province of the his exploits, 34. His death, 35. civil magistrate, ib. CEPEDE's, Madam de la, her cha. COLCHICUM Autumnale, medicinal racter, 160.
use and effects of, 349. CERINTHUS the heretic, his te
Remarkable cures by, 350, 351. nets opposed by St. John, 53. COLOUR, ideas of, how far attain. Cesares, excellent regulations in
able by blind men, 9. their police, 257
COLUMBUS, panegyric on, 109. CHESTERFIELD, lord, his witty Common Sense, what, 512. Manargument against licensing plays,
kind guided by it in every thing
but religion, 513; and why, 247 CHILDREN, medical caution in re.
ibid. gard to the management of, CONSTITUTION, civil, of Great 234. Story of a sect of fana
Britain, encomium on, 302. tics who piously murdered their CONWAY, general, his dismission, children, 244
how far ot moment to the pub. CHOLIC, of Devonshire, Poiétou, lic, 155; and to the army,
and the American islands, com- 156.
ble with the Dominicans, 219. Christ, reasons for his submit. COURTIERS, remarkable instance ting to the ceremony of baptism,
of their servility, 502. 82. Universal tenour of all his CREDULIT Y philosophically conministry, ib. Great extent of
sidered, 17. The inseparable his knowlege of mankind, &c. companion of impofture, 365. 83. Illustrated in his conversa- CUBSTORF, Mr. `his epittle to tion with Nicodemus, 84. Re. marks on his transfiguration, ib. On his burial, 359.
D. CHURCH of England, candid re
'ALEMAERT, Mons. his re
marks on translation, 26.. forming her liturgy, 87. En. On elocution, 28. On the abuse comium on, 301.
presentation of, by a diflenting D'A