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course" to be exempted from certain residence to a more fashionable part of duties of the humbler order, which it was the town, before he thought of taking not to be supposed a professed cook home a wife; and “of course" he would would demean herself to undertake. sport at least a phaeton, to drive her out Mrs. Rogers permitted her to run down for air and amusement. her string of self-commendations and ex- My uncle replied that he was not tensive requirements; and then told her aware that either of these things fol. that she did not consider the place at all lowed as matters of course. Mortimer's likely to suit her ; " for," said she, present residence was airy, commodious, “though my master is both rich and and genteel, as well as conveniently situliberal, every thing in the house is con- ated in reference to his professional enducted with regard to economy. Master gagements. Ellen, he believed, was well would think it a sin to waste, and so do contented in the prospect of taking up I too; or to let a cook take as her her abode there; and it was not worth perquisite, and sell for a shilling that while, for the mere sake of a fashionable which, if properly managed, would af- name, to remove to a less convenient ford five shillings' worth of comfort to house at perhaps a double rent. And as the poor. This is practised in many to a carriage of any kind, he commended great houses ; but not in ours. Be- the young people for their prudent desides, all the servants are expected to termination at least to begin without. conform to the rules of a quiet, orderly, It would be easy, he said, if circumand pious family; and these rules would stances should require the accommonot at all agree with the liberty to which dation, and justify the expense, at any you have been accustomed.” Thinking, time to take it up ; but it would not Í suppose, that the situation, despite of be so gratifying to find that prudence all its disadvantages, was too good to be required that such an indulgence, having relinquished without a farther effort been possessed, should be relinquished. she turned round and agreed to all that Ellen's active habits would secure to her Mrs. Rogers stated, and said that “of a due portion of air and exercise ; and course” she should comply with the the frequent absence of her husband on wishes of her employer; and “of his professional duties, would leave her course" the gentleman had a right, if at liberty at least twice in the year to he pleased, to give away all the surplus spend a few weeks with her relatives provisions to the poor, provided the in the country. It was not often that cook was considered accordingly in her my uncle reasoned thus with the captain. wages. However, Mrs. Rogers was not I rather think he did so, not so much to be won upon, and the applicant was with a view to the captain himself, as to dismissed without an engagement.
convey to the minds of some young peo“Of course, and of course, and of ple present, an idea of his own prefercourse," said Mrs. Rogers, as the door ence of prudence and moderation, to closed after the applicant, “it is plain vain and costly display. enough that in offering herself to take a On a subsequent occasion, when Mrs. service, she thinks only of getting a Mortimer was visiting at my uncle's, a good opportunity to enrich herself; but short time before the birth of her first while it is my place to hire the servants, child, a lady in the neighbourhood called I will take the best care in my power on her to recommend to her as wet that no such fawning mercenaries shall nurse, a person who had been her own be admitted into this house."
favourit ewaiting maid.
66 A clever creaI went on with my casts ; and in due ture !” exclaimed the lady, “I never knew time turned them out much to my own her equal for taste in dress, and so cheersatisfaction, and the admiration of kind ful and obliging ! she always kept me in Mrs. Rogers ; and amidst my own little a good humour with myself and my ap, engagements, the conversation at which pearance. I am not half so well suited I had been present passed from my now. But, my dear, of course' you recollection.
will require a wet nurse ; and let me It was not long afterwards, when my advise you by all means to secure poor cousin Ellen's marriage was talked of, Finch: she will exactly suit you.' that the captain, who was always fond “ Thank you, ma'am,” replied my of obtruding his opinion and laying it cousin ; “ but I cannot look upon it as down as law, said to my uncle that of a matter of course that I should recourse" Mortimer would change his quire a wet nurse at all. I hope I shall be permitted to enjoy the privilege of it is light”-“I have purchased a horse ; nursing my little one myself; but should of course it is mine.' that pleasure be denied me, I know not “As Mrs. Harrington used it,” said how I could commit my child to the my cousin Ellen, “it seemed to express care of one who, for the sake of gain, an unmeaning compliance with custom had abandoned her own. Besides, as or fashion. People in a certain line of the attention of Finch has always been life usually do so; therefore, be the confined to the affairs of dress and per- thing right or wrong, agreeable or dissonal decoration, I should imagine agreeable, wise or foolish, as a matter of that in the concerns of the nursery, she course we must do it. would be found as inexperienced as my- “Yes," observed my uncle, “the laws self.”
of custom are very arbitrary, and leave The visitor rallied my cousin on her little room for free agency in the exerantiquated prejudices, and the prepos- cise of our own judgment or inclinations. terous infringement on the laws of rank 'Of course' we must live, and dress, and which she meditated in her absurd in- spend, as other people in our line of life tention to devote herself to her offspring. do, or we are branded as transgressors Ellen politely rebutted the banter ; but against the laws of fashion ; and must she was not to be moved from her pur- expect, if we maintain our own prepose. She became a devoted mother, and ferences, to be banished from the circle never have I seen a more lovely group to which we should otherwise of right of children, than those who rewarded belong. I believe the happiness of her maternal care; and it is well, that many families is sacrificed to a mean since the time to which I refer, many compliance with the expectations of others mothers, even of higher ranks, do not who have no right to form any expectthink it a matter “of course” to commit ations about them." their children to “ wet nurses.
“Yes,” said Mr. Mortimer, “I often It was in reference to this conver- hear persons sigh for a retreat from the sation, the substance of which was re- turmoil and gaiety of fashionable life, lated by my cousin, that my uncle and and the enjoyment of domestic repose, others expressed their just reprehension who are withheld from it solely because of the senseless phrase “of course. they cannot brave the considerations,
" Whenever,” said Mr. Mortimer, But how will it appear?' •What will “a person makes use of the phrase in people say ?' 'Is it not expected, as a conversation, it always puts me upon my matter of course, that we should meet in guard; I directly imagine that he is the circles of fashionable society, howproposing something very foolish, or ever uncongenial with our taste and inlaying claim to something very unreason-clination ?' able. The very phrase seems designed to “I do not know any thing,” said my put an end to all investigation.
uncle, “ that has a more direct tendency “ Yes," said my uncle, “it almost al- to hoodwink the mind as to the distinction ways implies a consciousness that the pro- between right and wrong, than a blind position so flippantly assumed will not subjection to the arbitrary laws of fabear investigation ; and that the only shion. Many people satisfy themselves way to attain the end, is by taking for that of course they must have this, granted what may be true and just, or and of course they must do that, what may be quite the reverse. I have which they have in fact no right whatoften been amused to see persons, who ever to have or do, and which they cannot are in the habit of saying things are of have or do without sin. Oh it would be course,' thrown into utter perplexity by a fearful list if we could see the names the simple question, ‘But is it so $ of all who are led into sin and ruin, or, ‘But why is it so ?' Taking a mat- simply for want of daring to think and ter of course is an easy way of cutting act for themselves. They begin by off all such troublesome inquiries." some little concession, which they admit
Frank asked what really was the to be wrong, or in gentler terms, not meaning of the phrase. My uncle re- quite right: but they must do as other plied that he supposed it to mean, some- people do, and they go on till conscience thing following, as the natural or neces- becomes so blinded and hardened, that sary consequence, of an incontrovertible it can no longer discern between good truth, or å well-established claim: for and evil. It is a dangerous thing once example, "The sun has risen; of course to admit the hackneyed claim, of course you will do so and so,' in a matter on which want of a clear understanding between we have any hesitancy. The moment the parties at first, which it is made that hesitancy is felt, nothing should in- a matter of false delicacy to forbear to duce us to take the step suggested as a press for, or rather to affect to despise. matter of course. The very assumption Those, who are most ready to say Of should lead us to exercise double caution course ; it is all right;'! It is unnecessary in scrutinizing whatever is proposed, and to look into it, are by no means the in adopting it
, if at all, not as a matter least apt to detect and complain of inof course, but a matter of conviction." jury. The way to walk safely, peace
“The phrase,” observed Mr. Morti- fully, and honourably, is to take nothing mer, “is often employed by selfish peo- for granted; but to know well the ple to enforce their arbitrary and unjust ground on which we tread, and then requirements, and to take advantage of to step forward with decision and vithe simplicity of those with whom they gour.” have to do, by making it appear that
5. But is there no sense,
" asked their proposal is too self-evident to need Frank, " in which it is proper to take a question, as if that alone could be things as matters of course ?" right and fair, which a little consider- “Yes," replied my uncle ; “but they ation would detect as altogether one- are too generally overlooked, especisided and unjust. Such crafty persons ally by persons in the habit of using are not unfrequently known to exult the phrase in the unmeaning or imin the success of their schemes, and to proper manner of which we have been laugh at the credulity of those who had speaking. We should habitually expect suffered themselves to be imposed upon the natural consequences of things: thus, by them. I have also known instances, if I squander my property, of course' I in which the phrase has been employed shall be poor; if I indulge in excess, by persons of the same dishonourable cha- of course' I shall be unhealthy; if I racter as a loose kind of assent to a commit sin, of course' I shall suffer for claim which they never intended to dis- it; if I neglect to discharge my duty in charge, an engagement which they had any relation, of course I cannot enjoy no intention to fulfil. I recollect being the comforts arising from that relation; amused and pleased at the shrewd blunt- if I live at variance with my conscience, ness with which an honest countryman of course' I must be a stranger to inward answered a person of the description to satisfaction and peace. If we thus hawhich I have just alluded, of whom he bitually connected in our minds cause was making a purchase. Of course, and consequence, it would have a poweryou will do so and so,' said the wily ful tendency to guard us against temptseller, that is a matter regularly ex- ation, to deter us from the first step pected.' Stop !' replied the rustic, in a forbidden path. It is one grand
none of your matters of course for me; device of Satan in working upon the that is what you have no right to ex- children of men, to dissever, in imaginpect, and what I have no intention to ation, those things which are insepagrant: so it shall not be set down in rably connected in reality; and lead the the agreement.' Some stipulation was sinner, when he hears the curses of proposed by the other party.. 'Oh, of God against sin to 'bless himself in his course, of course,' replied the seller, heart, and to say, I shall have peace
there will be no difficulty on that score. though I walk in the imagination of mine • Then,' rejoined the purchaser, if heart,' Deut. xxix. 19. there is no difficulty about it, we will “ The habitual discharge of every have it set down in the deed. It will known duty ought to be with the Chrismake no odds to you; and for my part, tian a matter of course; a matter which I had much rather have it under your admits no sort of question, or hesitation, hand and seal, than merely understand or evasion. When once the path of it as a matter of course.
duty is clearly ascertained as marked in “Very proper;" observed my uncle, the unerring law of God, it cannot be “ the general exercise of such firmness necessary that we should be perpetuand straightforwardness would not only ally recurring to the question, Ought repel unjust encroachments at the time those directions to be obeyed ? ought of making arrangements, but would tend that path to be pursued ?' Of course' much to prevent quarrels afterwards, they ought; the only question is, How which are perpetually resulting from may we best lay aside every weight,
and most vigorously, efficiently, and are Christians, as a matter of course, patiently run the race set before us ? we may be depended on for the habitual
“ The practical influence of the prin- practice of whatsoever things are true, ciples we have embraced should be a mat- honest, just, pure, lovely, and of good ter of course. If we believe the value of report! It ought to be so; for 'whothe soul and the vanity of the world, soever is born of God, doth not comof course we shall no longer set them in mit sin; for his seed remaineth in him : doubtful competition, Mark viii. 36, 37. and he cannot sin, because he is born of If it is with us a settled point, that we God,'” 1 John iii. 9.
C. cannot serve God and Mammon, Matt. vi. 24 ; of course there will be decision in our practice; we shall not ON THE FORMATION OF A HORTUS seem to be halting between two opinions, 1 Kings xviii. 21; but our steady “ The Magazine of Domestic Econocourse will unhesitatingly proclaim the my,” which is well entitled to the name fixed determination, “I will serve the it bears, has recently offered the followLord,' Josh. xxiv. 15. If we discern ing general observations, resulting from the value and superiority of heaven the experience of last year. As the sea, above earth, of course we shall set our son for operation is now arrived, we copy affections on things above, and not on them for the information and stimulus of things of the earth, Col. iii. 2. If the our young readers. love of Christ be shed abroad in our “A taste for scientific botany induced hearts by the power of the Holy Ghost, us, last summer, to commence collecting the love of Christ will constrain us to English plants, and we applied to one of judge and act upon the principle, that we the most eminent of our native botanists are not our own, but His who died for for instructions as to our proceedings. us, and rose again. O, my friends, if However, experience has been our best such are our principles, what manner of teacher as to the details. Some collecpersons ought we to be! and if those tors dry the plants in the same form in principles do not produce in us their which they have been gathered, by natural and proper results, have we not merely putting them into the papers in reason to question whether indeed we which they are to remain ; and certainly, be Christians ? Christian consistency by this method, the habit of growth is ought to be a matter of course with generally preserved; but the minor peChristian professors. Fashion sets up culiarities are unavoidably lost. a false standard, and we are at li- have seen a fine collection of Alpine berty to disregard it; but religion sets plants thus preserved; but it was not up a fair and just standard, and we are quite satisfactory to us, especially as rebound to conform to it. We have a high garded the small specimens. Our mevocation and a high destination; and we thod is as follows. ought constantly to feel that we cannot “ First, as to the size of the specidegrade ourselves by acting unworthily mens.-Each should have at least two of them. To say that a man is a Chris- open blossoms, and a few buds; the tian ought to be tantamount with say- quantity of foliage must be regulated by ing that he is a man of truth, upright- the habit of the plant ; in some cases, it is ness, fidelity, honour, benevolence, gene- necessary to exhibit the radical leaves, rosity, purity, holy superiority to the and even the root; this should always world, having his conversation in hea- be done in creeping plants, as the buck
'I fear God,' said Joseph, with bean, (Menyanthes trifoliata,) and in dignified simplicity; and those to whom some others, as the Campanula rotunhe spoke justly considered it a sufficient difolia, which has received its specific pledge that he would not act unjustly name from the form of its radical leaves. or oppressively to them, Gen. xlii. 18. Coloured blotting paper must be used to ‘Should such a man as I flee?' said dry the plants in, as the acid employed holy Nehemiah, and strengthened him to bleach the white injures the colour of self to face all the opposers of the work the flowers. Take your specimen, and of God, Neh. vi. 11. Oh that as pro- having laid it in its natural form upon fessors of religion, we might all take the blotting paper, proceed to lay out the the same high and honourable standing, parts, beginning at the top of the plant ; and lodge a testimony in the consciences penny pieces, or halfpence, are the most of all who observe us that, because we convenient assistants in this operation, as
they occupy so little room. Lay some of paper to be placed across the lower of the leaves, with the upper side to the part of the stalk. view, some so as to show the under side;
Parnassiæ palustris and the same as to the flowers. Be care
Grass of Parnassus ful not to destroy the character of the
Order 4. Linn. plant when laying it out, by distorting
Nat. Ord. Hypericineæ the stalks ; although neatly placed, the
Where gathered original manner of growth may,
Day of the month. served. Upon the specimens lay two "Thus the habitat and the time of leaves of blotting paper, and upon them the year at which the plant flowers, are a plate of zinc, which should be slightly easily remembered or referred to. warmed. Our plates of zinc are the “ We suppose it is unnecessary to say size of a quarter of a sheet of blotting any thing respecting the manner in paper, and cost threepence each: zinc is which the young collector should ascerpreferable to tin, as being thicker and tain the class and order to which each cheaper. Proceed in this manner with specimen belongs; Hooker's British as many specimens as your sheets of zinc Flora is a necessary and invaluable aswill allow; then, placing a sheet of the sistant; although it may be thought an metal under the pile, load it with weights, expensive book, no other can supply its or apply any other pressure that may be place, except indeed the still more exconvenient; the common screw press, pensive, but infinitely more valuable used for table linen, is very effectual work of Sir J. E. Smith, from which Let the plants remain thus for a fort- Sir W. J. Hooker's is compiled. night or three weeks, at the end of which “It is necessary to dry the blotting time most of them
will be sufficiently paper thoroughly after it has been used, dried and pressed. Bog and water plants both in the air and by the fire ; if the require even a longer time.
least dampness remain in it, the next ** Next, as to the size of the paper specimens for which it is used will beupon which the specimens are to become mouldy. The zinc also should be fastened. The very large paper gives wiped and well dried; and if the same room for splendid specimens ; but unless can be done about once in a week, while they be crowded together it is rather ex- the plants are drying, without disturbing travagant, and upon the whole, we prefer their arrangement, the process will be the foolscap size; it is easy, even with expedited. Of course, the plants must the grasses, so to arrange the specimens be placed upon the paper, on one side as to exhibit each part to advantage. of the leaf only. We have classed our plants according “We assure those of our young readers to the Linnean system, adding the Jus- who are inclined to follow our example sieuan order to the name of each plant; in forming a Hortus Siccus of English we would therefore recommend that the plants, that they will find it an extremely name and number of the Linnean class interesting amusement; and, however be written on the head of each page. limited may be their opportunities of Having carefully taken the plants out of gathering specimens, it is well worth the blotting paper, lay each upon the while to make the attempt. Young perpage where it is to remain; and with a
sons are always prone to form colleclittle gum, fasten the tip of the leaves, tions; and surely flowers are more inthe end of the stalk or roots, and such structive and more interesting than the parts of the flowers as may require it, to baubles which generally fill a young
We strongly recommend lady's cabinet.” gum tragacanth for this operation; it is more expensive than gum acacia, but it is neater, stronger, and less troublesomne to prepare. Care must be taken not to dissolve too much at one time; as, when not occasionally warmed, it becomes A LArge and very hairy caterpillar mouldy ; it should never be boiled, but of South America, has lately been dissolved gradually in an earthen or a exhibited to the Entomological Society glass jar.
of London, by Mr. Yarrell, which has Having gummed the specimens to been observed to possess the power of the paper, it remains to affix the names, communicating a very powerful electric which ought to be done thus, upon a slip | shock,