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my uncle's friend. At that time there the stately mansion, the humble cot, were two great coach proprietors. My just as the scene was impressed on her uncle had a preference for one above the tablet years ago; and with a freshness other; and the day before we were to go, and reality scarcely conceivable by those he sent his servant to ascertain at which who know not my privation. Well

, if inn the coaches stopped, to s.. travelling where I have never been becure our places by one of them, and fore, I hear the prospect admired, then I engage a post chaise to take us there. set imagination to work, and group for All was arranged, as we imagined, ex- myself objects as numerous, and various

, actly according to my uncle's wishes. and harmonious as may be required to The chaise driver, who came to fetch us, form an agreeable picture, with the conwas again questioned, and assured us that templation of which I gratify myself till the places were taken by the coach my some new subject of interest is started. I uncle intended, and would take us to the am not afraid of giving to my imaginado inn at which he wished to put up. We tion a romantic licence. It is impossible took our seats, not doubting that all was for it to conceive of lovelier scenes than right. In the coach were already seated actually do exist; and wherever on the a widow lady and her little boy of five or wide earth they are found, I hold them six years old. My uncle soon became mine to enjoy. sensible of the presence of a child-he

“ With a propriety that none can feel, was exceedingly fond of children: he But, who, with filial confidence inspir'd, patted the head of the little fellow, and Can lift to heaven an unpresumptuous eye, entered into conversation with him :

And, smiling say, ' My Father made them all." they soon became quite sociable together. The sentiment was feelingly respond. My uncle's infirmity had not been ob- ed to by our fellow passenger. A lively served by our fellow passengers, for the conversation was kept up the whole way; lady, addressing herself to him, made and I do not recollect ever to have taken some remark on a beautiful and exten- a more agreeable and profitable stage sive prospect from the top of the hill coach journey. which we were then ascending. “Yes," Whenever there was a break in the replied my uncle, “it is a fine prospect; conversation, or when any fact was but in that respect, as well as others stated, or any remark was made, capable more important, it has long been my of application to the perceptions and feel. privilege to walk by faith, and not by ings of a child, my uncle invariably had sight.' I cannot discern the prospect something kind and suitable to say to you admire." the little boy. The child appeared

fre The lady cast on my uncle a look of deeply interested in what was said, and inquiring sympathy, and appeared dis- fixed his intelligent eyes on my uncle tressed at having given utterance to an with a sweet expression of veneration expression that might have inflicted and gratitude. When we were approach. pain ; but he promptly relieved her em ing the termination of our journey, my barrassment, by adding, in a cheerful uncle taking one of the child's hands tone, “I am not, however, altogether within his own, and tenderly stroking deprived of the power of enjoying his head, charged him to be dutiful and the beauties of creation. Though de- affectionate to his widowed parent, and prived of my sight, other faculties are never to do any thing that could give her mercifully spared to me, which are the pain. • Perhaps,” said he, “you will inlets to much delight. A remark like not be likely to do it while you are conthat you have just made, though it can- stantly with her, enjoying her tender not direct my eyesight to the objects caresses, sharing her pious instructions which you contemplate with so much and maternal care, and consciously repleasure, sets to work either memory or ceiving all your supplies and comforts imagination; and from them I derive at her hands; but by-and-by you will pleasures not less vivid than

yours. be separated from her; you will be When passing through scenery with thrown into other society, and then will which I have long been familiar, memory be your time of danger. When at school

, is put in requisition, and, faithful to hier or in apprenticeship, you will meet with trust, she calls up the wooded hill, the new companions, who may invite you majestic river, the waving corn field, the join them in some pursuit or pleasure, flowery meadow, the flocks and herds to which you have not been accustomed. cropping the pasture, the village spire, Accustom yourself, on such occasions,

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always to pause and inquire, “Would an unfavourable passage up, the vessel my mother approve of this ?' Say to was delayed a day on its return. It was yourself, “I remember when I was a important that my uncle should reach little boy, going in a coach from his destination at the time appointed, to

with an old gentleman, with having some engagement to attend to on silver hair and green spectacles, who the following day: so we were obliged charged me never to do any thing that to make the best of our way inland. might give pain to my tender mother,- One corner of the coach was occupied by he told me that the blessing of God

a young man, very much muffled up, was always seen to rest on such children and apparently in very bad health. The as honour their parents, especially on the fourth seat was afterwards taken by dutiful and affectionate child of a widow- \ a modest-looking, well-behaved young ed mother. Would it grieve my mother

As there was nothing particufor me to do what I now feel inclined to lar to draw the attention of my uncle to do ? If so, I must not do it, lest I sin our fellow passengers, for a considerable against God.'” The little fellow was time he addressed his conversation only to evidently impressed by what was said to me. After touching on several topics, he him. He kept an eye of fixed attention was led to make a remark on the beautiful on my uncle while he spoke, and then harmony that universally pervades the cast one of tearful tenderness on his works of God. This roused our invalid mother, that seemed to say, “I will companion, who had hitherto leaned never give her pain.” As a means of back in profound silence, and seemed to fixing on the young mind the impression pay no attention to what was said. The to which it now appeared so pleasingly young woman had appeared to listen with susceptible, my uncle, as soon as some degree of interest. “ But is it reached our destination, having ascer- so ?” asked the young man, with a contained the name and residence of our temptuous sneer, which, together with fellow travellers, purchased a handsome his subsequent remarks, indicated that pocket Bible, and sent it as a present to he had imbibed the poison of infidelity. the little boy, inscribed with his name, and He spoke with appalling flippancy of the these words, “ To be read with earnest constitution of nature, the confusion of prayer to God, that he may thereby be events, the indifference of human conmade wise unto salvation.” That child duct, the improbability and inconsisis now a man; I am acquainted both tencies of Scripture. My uncle was with him and his mother: and I have just the man to answer the rashness of the pleasure to know, that his journey folly with the meekness of wisdom, and from to - has never been for- to meet spurious fallacies with sound gotten; nor has his Bible been neglected, arguments and speech that could not be nor the admonition of his venerable fel condemned. The unhappy young man low traveller been disregarded.

was familiar with Scripture, and said But I must add, that on our arrival in that he had received a religious educa

the coach drove up to the inn to tion, and had been connected with several which my uncle did not wish to go; and bodies of professing Christians ; but he it proved that we had been deceived by had now cast all aside as delusion and the people at -, and had travelled by priestcraft, and referred to the Bible a different coach from what we intended. only to raise some stale quibble against Was this by more accident? or was it not its evidences or its doctrines. The conrather among the trifles connected and versation lasted the whole day; for the regulated to produce desirable and im- young man having once begun it, would portant results ?

not suffer it to drop ; but, as fast as he I will mention one instance more. was driven from one fallacious argument, We were leaving London for the east, with an air of triumph he brought forth and my uncle took a fancy to go by sea, another, which he professed to deem unby way of testing the modern improve- answerable. His impious words were ment in accommodation and speed in frequently interrupted by a hoarse and that mode of travelling, of which he had hollow cough, which intimated the near heard so much. At the appointed time approach of that solemn period which we accordingly presented ourselves, with would, in his experience, put beyond a our luggage, on the wharf, and inquired question the principles of the Christian for the vessel, when, to our great mor- and those of the infidel. To that period tification, we heard that, on account of | my uncle, as we drew near the end of

our journey, adverted, appealing to the Himalayas, literally, “the seats

of conscience of his antagonist, whether he snow;" and a passing sip of the sacred was not the subject of some gloomy ap- streams, or a sail down one or the other prehensions in prospect of death. He of the magnificent rivers which water the spoke of the supports and consolations of plains of India. The elevated ridges the true Christian, of whieh we had just which separate Tartary from Hindostan, witnessed a delightful instance in the and among which the Chinese contend case of a beloved friend, who was sink with Britain for supremacy, are so ining into the grave, under a painful and accessible, from their rugged heights, lingering disease ; yet whose mind was their perpetual snows and piercing colds kept in perfect peace, being stayed upon by night, or scorching noontide rays: God, and realizing all the sweet consola- they are, moreover, so remote from the tions which the gospel reveals. For the more busy haunts of mankind, or the last few minutes of our journey the in- marts of commerce, that they were fidel was silent and thoughtful. What long looked at as gigantic monuments impressions the conversation had pro- of nature's power, rather than tracts duced on his mind, I know not. How which were to be traversed and exever, at parting, he accepted a little plored. Enterprising Englishmen have book which my uncle put into his hands, broken the silence, and invaded the promised to give it an attentive perusal, secrets of those mountain recesses, and and thanked him for his benevolent so- ascended to some of their loftiest relicitude.

gions. They have followed as far as My uncle also presented to the young the track of vegetable life can be traced, female Cecil's “Reasons of Repose, and beyond where any exhibitions of hoping that it might be useful in coun- animal existence, residing and subsistteracting any injurious effects produced ing, could be marked. They have conon her mind by the conversation of the tended with the exhausting, and opsceptic.

pressive atmosphere of the Alpine reWhy was it, that we were compelled, gions, the precipitous, shelving, and inagainst our intention, to take our journey stable rocks, the often fatal and always inland ? Was it a matter of perilous mountains of snow, and the chance ? I think not.

Was it not, hostile or suspicious natives of these rather, that an opportunity might be af- inhospitable climes; and they have reforded to a mature and judicious Chris turned in triumph, bearing to us the tian to give a reason of the hope that results of their inquiry, the measurewas in him, either for the conviction of ments of the highest summits, and the the sceptic, or for the establishment of altitudes and bearings of the mountain the young woman, who would otherwise sources of the greatest Asiatic rivers; have been exposed, alone and unpro- they have brought us specimens of the tected, to the insidious attacks of infidel natural productions, and a description sophistry ? For my part, I do not feel of those regions where the last link in conscious of enthusiasm, in professing vegetable life has been passed. The my belief that all these seeming trifles, minerals, lead and iron, gold and copthat interfere with our plans and pur- per, plumbago, antimony and sulphur, poses, are not too minute to enter into have been found. The elevation of the the wise arrangements and subserve the highest peak has been noted as reaching gracious purposes of Him who does all to nearly twenty-seven thousand feet, things well, and that they are among five miles in perpendicular height, above the many subjects on which what He the level of the sea! while the Simla, does we know not now, but we shall now a delightful British station, is about know hereafter ; when the full develope- seven thousand five hundred feet, whence ment of the Divine conduct will issue in is obtained a highly interesting view of perfect satisfaction and praise. C. the snowy range. The principal passes

among these mountains are Lasseha, Hangarang, Gunass, and Majang La, respectively thirteen thousand six hun.

dred and twenty-eight, fourteen thouA survey of the great natural out- sand seven hundred and ten, fifteen lines which bound and distinguish India thousand four hundred and fifty-nine, would be incomplete without a glance and seventeen thousand seven hundred at the peaked summits of the majestic feet above the level of the sea ; what,

mere

ASPECT OF INDIA.-No. II.

then, will be their relative peaks? It roll from mountain to mountain with is presumed that these are the loftiest loud and terrific reverberations. At mountains on the surface of the earth; Samsiri, on the banks of the Shelti, piled in appalling confusion, and scat- fifteen thousand six hundred feet above tered in detached masses, they present the level of the sea, a halting place proon their exalted summits diluvial de- vided for travellers, there is a beauposits and organic remains, which be- tiful landscape, with verdant hills and speak confirmation to the Mosaic tes tranquil rivulets, banks of turf and timony, how “the waters prevailed ex- shrubs, cheered with flocks of pigeons ceedingly upon the earth; and all the and herds of deer. A recent traveller high hills, that were under the whole hea- visited a village fifteen thousand feet ven, were covered” during the flood. On high, and found the finest crops of the northern side, villages are found barley, reared by the aid of irrigation as high as thirteen thousand feet above and solar heat. Men and animals apthe level of the sea : cultivation has peared to live and thrive luxuriantly ; been conducted six hundred feet higher ; bullocks and “shawl" goats seemed there are fine birch trees fourteen thou- finer than at any other place of his obsand, and furze bushes for fuel flourish servation. “On the north-eastern fronseventeen thousand above the ocean tier of Kunawar,” he says,

" close to level. The highest balloon that ever the stone bridge, I attained a height of soared into the regions of space, had more than twenty thousand feet without not ascended much higher than these crossing snow. Notwithstanding this furze bushes, till Guy Lussac, in 1804, elevation, I felt oppressed by the sun's rose to the height of twenty-three thou- rays, though the air in the shade was sand one hundred feet; the aëronauts, freezing. The view from the spot was Messrs. Monck, Mason, Rush, and grand and terrific, beyond the power Green, dared to venture no farther of language. I had anticipated a peep than the peaks of some of these moun- into China itself ; but I only beheld tains in their most adventurous explor- the lofty frontier, all arid, and bare, atory flight among the regions of and desolate; it was a line of naked clouds. Messrs. Green and Rush re- peaks, scarce a stripe of snow appearturned from their ascent, when they ing.” But it is on the cessation of the had measured twenty-five thousand one periodical rains that the scene is most hundred and forty-six feet, not so high striking; the tops only remaining coas the presumed elevation of Dhawala- vered, glare their radiant snow at the Giri. On the 21st of June, a captain powerless sun in calm, desolate grandeur. Webb found extensive fields of barley Greater part of the bare rock is then at an elevation of eleven thousand feet; disclosed, and the vast, dim mass, just and at eleven thousand six hundred and crowned by gelid points, appears like thirty feet above Calcutta, he pitched the curling crest of an enormous wave his tent, on a clear spot, surrounded by rising out of a sea of mist; traces of snow rich forests of oak, pine, and rhodo- extend down the hollows, and accumudendra, with a vegetation which was lations repose far below, while steep rank and luxurious, and as high as the cliffs project their bare sides even to knee; extensive strawberry beds, beau- eighteen thousand feet. The geology tiful currant bushes in flower, and a of these giant mountains seems to mock profusion of buttercups, dandelions, cro- the speculations of all philosophers. cuses, cowslips, and every variety of Dr. Gerard's tour has been recorded European spring wild flowers. In the in the Asiatic Journal, and is full of villages of Kunawar, almost sixteen interest. He had entered the bed of thousand feet high, with a poor and the Chandera Baga, “the river of the rocky soil, apples, pears, raspberries, moon. The traveller was

now struck apricots, and other fruits abound; and with the change of the climate and the pines, with a circumference of twenty- alteration in the appearance of the infour feet and a height of one hundred habitants. The configuration of the and eighty, flourish in forests even country assumes a new form, and the higher. While the summer heat is so eternal snow gradually recedes to the strong as to melt the snow, and lay summits of the mountains. Even the many of the mountains bare, the winter skies have a deeper and more resplencold is frequently so intense as to split dent blue. Nothing was green but the and detach huge masses of rock, which crops ; the vegetation being scanty and

arid, and the sun's rays powerful. In showy, his conversation frank, and his the former part of their route, they had appearance altogether prepossessing, and been daily shrouded in rain and mist; who, on the whole, seemed a jolly bon vegetation was luxuriant, and the slopes vivant. He had come to prevent any were vested with pine forests. Here, advance by the exploring party ; but however, not a tree was visible but he desired to effect his object without the drooping willow, which was planted. rude interference; yet his anxiety to The soil was destitute of verdure, and remove Dr. G. fairly out of his sight, the air felt dry and elastic.". On the and away from precincts of his capi2nd of September, he reached the last tal, was extreme. The route in return inhabited spot on the course of the was uncomfortable, from their exposure Sooruj-Baga, “the river of the sun," to cold night air in such a savage counat an elevation of eleven thousand feet. try; groups of wild horses passed them The valley was prettily enamelled with as they approached a dell opening upon villages and cultivation. The inhabit- lake Chimorerel, where they encamped, ants, however, appeared poor, greasy, and from which numerous herds of and ragged. He was hospitably greeted shawl goats, sheep, horses, and yaks by a thakoor, or chief of the place. (Tartar bulls) were seen. The dell, "It was now constant sunshine, and save towards the lake, was land-locked the temperature increased with the ele

on every side, and the Chimorerel vation; they were still in the vicinity spread out its blue expanse to the foot of enormous masses of snow. Darcha of precipitous mountains. Their path is the last village in the dell; and the skirted the shore of the lake, the whole sun's rays, reflected from the barren circumference of which is embayed by sides of ihe rock, raise the temperature mountains ; but hillward, on its northto eighty-four degrees in the shade.' eastern shore, the mass of elevated land He traced the Sooruj-Baga to its source rose abruptly from the water's edge, in a lake. “In crossing this lofty ridge, and entered the regions of snow where the wind blew piercingly on one side, their uniform margin was nineteen thouwhile the sun's rays were scorchingly sand feet high. This lake and Mansaardent on the other. The extremely rowur have no efflux ; but the absorb. thin, dry, and cold air checks the vital ing power of the atmosphere is here energy with fearful rapidity. On the so increased by rarefaction, that it sixth day's journey from the inhabited serves to carry off the supplies derived limits, they ascended the Laitchee long from the vicinity. Upon the tableland range, which rose up abruptly, like a of Thibet, the air is so dry that frost vast wall, from the bed of the Chan- is not visible upon the soil or grass, dera-Baga. Along this tract are found though the thermometer_may stand at marine fossil remains. At length, after the zero of the scale. Repeated tours a most toilsome journey over rugged have recently been made among these and sterile mountains and rocky tracts, grand and wonderful monuments of Alfor the first time, he pitched his camp mighty power ; and it is hoped that upon the plateau of Tartary, at an ele- a pathway for commerce with Tartary vation of nearly sixteen thousand feet. and China may yet be opened, so as In front was a black ridge, having the to afford facilities for intercourse, and uniform height of three thousand feet the means of improvement. above his camp, yet there was no snow As descriptive of the present mode on its summit. The soil was almost of travel and discovery, the following without any vegetation, baked, hard, sketch will interest :-" The Tidung, and thirsty The skies were of the at its junction with the Nungalti, when most resplendent indigo tint, and the visited, presented a furious, rapid stream air highly transparent.” Alps on alps of great declivity ; for six or seven seemed to rise before him to inter- miles, the fall being three hundred feet minable heights. His associates fired per mile, and in some places double; at a wild horse which passed them, huge rocks were whirled along with but the report was hardly audible, from frightful velocity ; nothing visible but the rarified atmosphere. A pack of an entire sheet of foam and spray, wild dogs, quite red, was seen stealing thrown up and showered upon the suralong in a gulley. His progress was rounding rocks with loud concussion, arrested by the wuzeer of Ladak, whose and re-echoed from bank to bank with deportment, dress, and manner the noise of the loudest thunder; around,

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