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Sameness deadens curiosity, and satiates spiration alone that the assurance of enjoyment. We are so constituted, as immortality springs. That book of unto require constant changes for stimu- erring truth informs us, that after our lating the mind, and giving relish to mortal winter, there comes a spring of our exercises; and in each season of unfading beauty and eternal joy, where the year we find employments suitable no cold chills, and no heat scorches; to our faculties, and calculated to afford where there is bloom without decay, and them agreeable aud useful occupation. a sky without a cloud. Even in winter, cold and comfortless as But let it never be forgotten, that the it appears, how much do we find to prospect which lies before us is not all make us both happier and better. The bright and smiling, The same book family circle, collected in the long even- of truth which reveals to us our immorings round the cheerful winter fire, feel tal nature, informs us also, that, in the those affections warmed which soften unseen world to which we are travelling, the heart without enfeebling it, and those there is a state of misery as well as a domestic endearments increased by ex- state of blessedness; that we are now, ercise, without which life is scarcely step by step, approaching the one or desirable ; while the soul, enlightened the other of these states ; and that each and enlarged, is better prepared to re- successive year, as it passes over our ceive impressions of religion, to love heads, instead of leading us upward to Him who first loved us : and, rising to the unchanging glories which belong more exalted views, to aspire after the to the children of God, may be only society of the just made perfect, in the conducting us downward, on that road world of spirits.
which “ leadeth to destruction.” The paternal care of the Supreme This is inexpressibly dreadful ! And Being, thus strongly impressed on the when we think of our own character mind, by contemplating the traces of and qualifications, we shall find nothing his beneficence, which are every where calculated to allay our terrors. conspicuous in the seasons as they re- the children of a fallen parent--ourvolve, are calculated to reassure the selves fallen and guilty. If, from the mind, in looking forward to that great elevated spot on which we now stand, change, of the approach of which we at the commencement of a new stage are forcibly reminded by the passing of our journey, we look back on the away of another year, of the short and scenes through which we have passed, uncertain period allotted us on earth. and reflect on the transactions in which We, too, have our spring, our summer, we have been engaged, what shall we our autumn, and our winter. Will discover that can recommend us to Him another spring dawn on the winter of “who is of purer eyes than to be
To the encouraging an- hold evil ?" If, again, we look forward, swer which revelation gives to this im- what a scene of turmoil and disorder, portant question, is added our experience temptation and danger, do we descry in of the operations of the God of the sea- a world lying in wickedness! When we sons. Under his administration, nothing think of the weakness of our own hearts, perishes, though every thing changes. and of the enemies we have to encounter The flowers die but to live again. In --so numerous and so formidable-we the animal world, many species sleep cannot fail to be appalled, and to exout the winter, to awake again in a new perience the same kind of misgiving
Nature itself expires and re- which led an apostle to exclaim, “ Who vives ; even while she lies prostrate and is sufficient for these things ?” rigid, an almighty hand preserves the But when, in the exercise of faith, germs of future life, that she may once we turn to the gospel, a more blessed more start from the grave, and run a view opens to us; for it is full of the new round of beauty, animation, and most encouraging promises to those who enjoyment. Is there not hope, then, will accept of them. It tells us of "the for the human soul ? Shall not the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long same paternal goodness watch over it suffering and slow to anger, and abundant in its seeming extinction, and cause it in goodness and truth," Exod. xxxiv. 6; to survive the winter of death? Yes, and, in proof of this character, it reminds there is hope here, but there is no as- us of the impartial manner in which the
It is from the word of in- | Creator employs inanimate nature for
the grave ?
the good of his creatures, “ making his most elevated, the most celebrated, and sun to rise on the evil and on the good, by far the most conspicuous building in and sending rain on the just and on the London, is a fit place to be visited by a unjust;" it reminds . us, also, of the perambulator, as the grandest church in parental affection with which his own the world, with the exception of St. exuberant bounty has inspired the ani- | Peter's at Rome. It is an object of genemal creation, and, taking an example ral interest, and is entitled to every confrom the inferior tribes, it beautifully sideration. In whatever part of the medeclares, that “as an eagle stirreth up tropolis a stranger may be, he cannot her nest, fluttereth over her young, long promenade the street without catchspreadeth abroad her wings, taketh them, ing a glimpse of this stupendous pile, beareth them on her wings,” so he which lifts its giant head and shoulders watches over his rational offspring, de- far above the buildings that surround it
. lighting to lead, instruct, and bless them. St. Paul's Cathedral stands in the Rising still higher, it reminds us of the wards of Castle Baynard and Farringtenderness he has infused into the mind don, and in the parishes of St. Gregory of earthly parents, and says, “ If ye then and St. Faith. I am now looking up at being evil, know how to give good gifts the huge fabric, that somewhat oppresses unto your children, how much more me by its gigantic dimensions. The eleshall your Father which is in heaven gant iron balustrade that surrounds it, give good things to those who ask him." weighs, I am told, at the least, two huna Nay, it represents the Eternal as conde- dred tons, and cost eleven thousand scending to compare his regard for his pounds. people, with that of a fond mother for The statue of Queen Anne, in the the infant smiling upon her knee, “ Can area, surrounded with the allegorical a woman forget her sucking child, that she figures of Great Britain and Ireland, should not have compassion on the son France and America; the double rows of her womb ? yea, they may forget; yet of black marble steps; the noble portico will I not forget thee,” Isa. xlix. 15. It of twelve Corinthian columns, and eight does much more ; it opens to our view of the composite order above them; the the wonders of redeeming love, presenting triangular pediment, with a representato our view the Son of the Eternal hum- tion of St. Paul's conversion; the statue bling himself for our sakes, to assume of St. Paul on the centre, with St. Peter, the form of a servant, becoming å man St. James, and the four Evangelists at of sorrows, submitting to ignominy, tor- the sides, are all well worthy of attenture, and death; and then it crowns all, tion. by making this unanswerable appeal, I remember to have heard an anecdote “He that spared not his own Son, but about the motto “Resurgam,"on the south delivered him up for us all, how shall front. It is said, that when Sir Christohe not with him also freely give us all pher Wren was undecided about the things ?”
Such is the unspeakable en- motto he should choose, he had occasion couragement which the Christian derives for something to put under a stone that from the gospel of his Divine Master. was about to be placed in a certain posiAnd shall we not “work out our own tion, when a workman brought him a salvation, seeing it is God who worketh piece of an old broken gravestone, on in us both to will and to do of his good which was graven the word Resurgam. pleasure ?” Phil. ii. 13. In this mighty This word was instantly adopted as the task, we cannot indeed avoid being affect- required motto. Whether this story is ed with “fear and trembling," when we true or not, à more appropriate motto reflect on what we have at stake; but we could scarcely have been found. have also every thing to hope, for He I have often gazed on the weatherwho is for us, is greater than all that can bleached stonework of St. Paul's, espèbe against us; and the value of the prize cially on the south side, without being which is set before us is inestimable.- able to determine the rule, or natural Duncan's Winter.
laws, by which such an effect has been produced. Many of the pillars and
prominent parts of the building are, here
and there, almost as white as if covered ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL. with whitewash; while the adjoining St. Paul's, the most gigantic, the stonework is much more like ebony than
ivory. The winds, the rains, and the wonder. What a pigmy I am, compared climate appear to have been fickle in to this stupendous structure, which is their attacks on this venerable edifice; itself but a speck in creation ! they are not invariably the most promi- pressive vastness of the church is innent parts, nor seemingly those most ex- creased by its absence of ornament. Not posed that are thus bleached; nor are that the columns, the arches, and the they the most secluded that are dingy vaulting of the cupola are altogether and dirty. The general effect, how- without decoration ; but the grotesque ever, of the discoloration is highly and elaborate carvings that frequently imposing. It is said, that “mansions enrich Gothic edifices are looked for in may be built, but not oak trees;” and, vain. The magnificence of St. Paul's is certain it is, that if another St. Paul's rather felt in its influential whole, than could be erected, equal in other respects, seen in the costliness of its undivided it must, of necessity, be inferior in that parts. time-worn and venerable appearance, Those who have seen the scaffolding which the present truly magnificent edi- erected here on the first Thursday in June, fice possesses.
occupied by seven thousand children, I have entered the church by the have gazed on a spectacle that they are northern door; it is the hour of prayer; not likely to forget. the minister, the choristers, and the con- Here are the works of the Bacons, gregation are assembled, and as I sit on Chantrey, Flaxman, Westmacott, and one of the benches in the vast area of the Rossi; Baily, Tollemache, Hopper, church, the shrill and harmonious chaunts and Gahagan. Here are the monuments of youthful voices is rising round me, of Nelson, Howe, St. Vincent, Heath-. and the deep diapason of the solemn or- field, Collingwood, and Duncan ; Abergan, like thunder modulated and render- crombie, Cornwallis, and Sir John ed musical, is impetuously bursting Moore; Sir Joshua Reynolds, Barry, from the choir, pouring irresistibly along Opie, West, and Sir Thomas Lawrence; through the elevated arches, and long Doctor Johnson, Sir William Jones, drawn aisles, and filling, with awful Howard the philanthropist, and the melody, the mighty dome above my architect of the place, Sir Christopher head.
Wren. If, clothed and clogged with the infir- The flags, in both dome and nave, are mity of human nature, such soul-trans- motionless; but they have waved amid porting sounds, and rapturous emotions the stormy fight. Many a death-grapare permitted us, what will be the music ple took place before the French, and of heaven! and what the unimaginable Dutch, and Spanish standard-bearers transports of glorified spirits !
were despoiled of them. While the visionary and devotee con- Observe that family group: they are sider these sublime choruses as of them from the country; the father takes the selves constituting devotion ; and while lead, with a boy of five years old, dressed some condemn them as inconsistent with in his new buttoned clothes; the mother the simplicity of Christian worship; holds by the hand her little daughter. enough for me if I feel that they give a The father has told them already, before passing fervour to my faith, and carry they quitted home, of the wonders of my affections onward to that eternal the place, and they regard his words as world, that is represented to us as re- the voice of an oracle. He has been sounding with hallelujahs. So long as here before, and he shows them one music is content to be the handmaid of monument after another, with an emodevotion, she is well worthy of regard; tion very like that of pride; for how but when she sets up herself to be wor- could they manage to see all without shipped, down with her, down with her, him? what would they know of the even to the ground !
place without his descriptions ? He is The service is now ended, and the the master of the ceremonies; the family congregation are thronging the space head and guide ; the London directory; between the choir and the northern door, the every thing to them in their visit to while here and there small parties are this wonderful city. seen walking from one monument to The finely-wrought and imposing another.
figures of Nelson, with the lion beneath I look up at the capacious dome with him; Sir John Moore wounded and dying; and Sir Ralph Abercrombie | the demolition of this church that Ethelfalling from his horse into the arms of a bert undertook its re-erection. Highland soldier, by turns attract the Two or three times it was destroyed attention and secure the admiration of by fire, and more than once the spire the several visitors of the place. The was struck by lightning. Among the soldier and the sailor here gain ad- names of those who were, at, different ditional enthusiasm. They see the hom- periods, the most zealous in its reparaage that is paid to the hero, and forget tion, may be mentioned, William de Belthe wounds and death-grapples, the cries meis, Osbert de Camera, Maurice, Beland groans, the widows' sighs and or- mois, and Roger Niger, Bishops of Lonphans' tears that go up to make a vic- don. To these must be added, Henry tory!
Lacy, Earl of Lincoln ; Ralph Baldock, Look at the awe-struck little urchins, Bishop of London, and Queen Elizathat are gazing with timid air on the beth ; the latter gave out of her own monument of Howard. Their attention purse a thousand marks of gold, and has already been directed to the diminu- added, also, to her gift a thousand loads tive figures in bas-relief, representing of timber. the stern jailor with his key, and the From the year 1631 to 1643 more poor famished prisoner being supplied than a hundred thousand pounds were rewith food by the philanthropist. At an- ceived to repair St. Paul's, and the work other time their little hearts will feel was begun by Sir Inigo Jones. The sensible of compassion ; but now, while chapels and altars of St. Paul's; before they lift up their eyes to the cold mar- the Reformation, were very numerous, ble, the gigantic and motionless figure and the rites of the Romish religion were of Howard, they are rather frozen with celebrated with great pomp and pageantry, awe than melted with pity.
With rich treasures, and two hundred The colossal figure of Doctor John- officiating priests, it abounded in what son, on the opposite monument, repre- was alluring and imposing to the eye: sents the intellectual gladiator, the statues of the Virgin Mary, with huge mighty lexicographer, in a standing at- tapers burning before them continually: titude. Unlike the graven bust, in the caskets decorated with jewels, and filled. title page of his dictionary, he stands with relics; as well as rich censers, erect, habited as a Roman, with a majes- cruets and chalices, and basins of gold tic mien, fixing the regard, and com
and silver. manding the admiration of the spell- At one period beggars asked alms in bound visitor. The man of letters comes the church, fashionable people made it a here, a pilgrim to the shrine of talent, lounging place, and porters, with their and pays a willing homage to departed packs, used it as a common thoroughfare. intellect.
Little respect was paid to the costly And these, then, are the most endur- structure of St. Paul's during the civil ing records of this world's admiration ! wars that broke out; for then the work What a tale of humiliation is told by the of desolation spread wide within its disfigured effigy. The mutilated mar- walls; the pavement of marble was torn ble, and the time-worn monument of the up, the stalls were pulled down, while hero!
sawpits were dug in some parts, and “These mouldering records make me feel ashamed horses stabled in others of the sacred That fame and glory have so little power
edifice. To hand their greatness down to future times."
The old church of St. Paul's had one It is said that St. Paul's was first built of the highest spires in the world, it by Ethelbert, king of Kent, A.D. 619. being, with the tower, a height of 534 And that kings Kenred, Athelstan, Ed- feet; but this spire was burned early in gar, Ethelred, and Canute, Edward the the reign of Queen Elizabeth, by the Confessor, and William the Conqueror, carelessness of a plumber; the roof also all contributed largely to its support. was injured so as to cost many thousand
There is, indeed, abundant reason to pounds to repair; but the chapel spire believe that a Christian church occupied never rose again. Below, the high the same site at a very early period, and altar in the east part of the choir, that this, when destroyed by the Dioclesian stood between two columns, and was persecution, was again rebuilt in the time adorned profusely with jewellery, as of Constantine the Great. It was after I well as surrounded with images, beauti
her mind with valuable ideas and wise the study of Egyptian antiquities in maxims for the conduct of life. She particular is deeply indebted, presented loved not the heated room, or the silly to the British Museum the two monutalk, or the contemptible customs, and ments perfectly restored, and constithe heartless feelings of fashionable tuting the most beautiful and noble speworldlings. She loved her husband, cimens of Egyptian art. loved her children, loved nature, and, through the vast galleries of the British above all, loved her God. With an ex- Museum, in which the masterpieces of panding heart, she read of, and observed Greek and Roman sculpture attract our His works, enjoying them with the com- eyes on all sides, and still serve as panion of her life, and teaching them to models to young artists, desirous to find her children, as she walked by the way, out the secrets by which the great masters and when they lay down and rose up. of ancient art have rendered their proHer children rewarded her diligent la- ductions immortal, we are everywhere bour by rising up and calling her blessed; carried away with admiration, particu. her praise is ever ready on the lip of her larly when, on entering the great hall husband. How has old age overtaken of the marbles of the Parthenon, we her on her road? Very plainly dressed, find ourselves at once carried back to very much beloved among a kind circle the age of Pericles, at which epoch the of friends. The young and the aged arts of Greece had reached their peralike esteem and revere her. She de- fection. But these impressions, though lights the child with her instructive tales; augmented by the good taste which has youth listen and weep, and fall in love arranged all the objects, will not prevent with goodness; the wife in the heat and the visitor from stopping with reverenburden of the day hears of her past trials tial awe before the two lions of red and mercies, and learns to hope afresh; granite which guard on each side the the drooping spirits of her aged sister entrance to the grand gallery containare cheered by her words; and they ing the colossal monuments of ancient learn to lean on the same rod and staff Egypt, couched on their pedestals, the which comfort her. Her old age is calm one lying on his right, the other on his and cheerful, far from entertaining gloomy left side, with their heads turned towards apprehensions of death ; so firm is her the spectator ; they seemed more like faith, that she looks forward to it as the petrified animals than the work of a period when her infirmities and trials are sculptor. I do not believe that there all to be laid aside, and the promises of exists in any European museum any her God fulfilled in her behalf. This monument so likely to change the opiaged Christian and the votary of fashion nion of those who see' nothing in Egypfirst described, must both soon die. At tian art but a servile and tasteless imitathe solemn moment of their departure, tion of forms consecrated by religion in whose course of life will stand the test ? the infancy of art and civilization, and Let us choose then this day whom we who ascribe to the influence of the will serve.
Greeks whatever traces of an elevated style are to be found in Egyptian monu
ments. It was this prejudice which led Dr. Rüppell was the first who made M. Rüppell to conclude, while he stood us acquainted with the two lions in red in the midst of the finest remains of the granite, which, at the time of his journey times of the Pharaohs, that these lions in Nubia, were lying among the ruins must have been sculptured under the of the temples at Mount Barkal, near influence of the Greeks. But, if the isle of Meroë. That traveller stated, the royal names inscribed on their that when he saw the lions, one of them breast, seem to approach the age of was broken to pieces, and that the line of Psammetichus, there are still inscriptions hieroglyphics which was on the base of enough on the bases of the two monuthe other, could no longer be deciphered. ments to prove to us that they ascend Lord Prudhoe, who instantly perceived at least to the seventeenth century before the value of these monuments, drew our era, and that we certainly admire them from the ruins in which they lay in them productions of the best epoch buried, and carried them to England. of ancient Egyptian sculpture, monuThere, after having all the fragments ments which have resisted the ravages put together by skilful hands, this zeal- of more than five-and-thirty centuries. ous patron of art and science, to whom '-Leemans.