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slowly after his companions. Short and seen him lashed unmercifully while pulltrembling were his steps, as the breath ing at the loaded cart; spurred unmerciburst forth in straight lines of steam from fully while gallopping at his utmost his distended nostrils, and the smoke speed; goaded unmercifully while bendrose up from his panting sides. I marked ing beneath an unreasonable load; banged the stiffness of the hind legs, his fore unmercifully on the ribs with an iron legs were bent forwards at the knees, windlass while straining his strength at and his swollen veins started out, branch- the coal-boat on the canal; and once I ing in all directions along his neck, saw him unmercifully urged forward in a shoulders, and head, like the fibres on mail-coach, till he dropped down dead on the under side of a currant leaf. I saw, the road. If ye have horses, be merci. too, the dark patches on his sides, where ful; and if not, urge those to be merciful the traces had chafed them, and the who have. Ungrateful indeed shall we foam-flakes that were spattered about the be to the horse, if we reward him with bridle and harness. It was sad to see unkindness; and still more ungrateful to how that creature's strength was ex his Almighty Maker, if we show not hausted, and his mettle and high bearing mercy to His creatures, who has mani. brought down. He staggered on to the fested so much mercy to ourselves. stable ; but I knew that at the dawn of the coming day he would again be roused to SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. his labour. My heart ached as I gazed Tue Rev. John A. Clark, writing after him, and I could not help hoping from Malta, says-On our way to the that the poor brute had no power to Marina, several things met my eye, that wander back in his memory to the free seemed to furnish fresh illustration to and frolicsome days of his colthood. various passages of Scripture.

The narrow road, leading through On a windy day I passed by the cot- fields and vineyards, along which we tage at the end of the common. Old passed, often had, on either side of it, Dinger was standing in the lane, by the a stone wall. The animals on which we crazy and creaking gate that was swing- rode seemed perpetually inclined, whening to and fro on its rusty hinges. His ever they encountered a slough, or any top-knot and fetlocks were in sad dis strange appearance, to rush up against order, his mane tossed and scattered the sides of one of these walls; and it about on his neck, and his tail was driven was only by using the greatest precaubetween his legs. How the aged animal tion that we prevented our feet, several could sleep in the blustering wind I can. times, from being crushed. This pronot tell, but asleep he was, or at least pensity in our donkeys, strikingly reseemed to be so. There he stood, droop- minded me of Balaam's adventure in ing his head, and resting his hind foot on going to the king of Moab, the tip of his shoe. His eye, for he had gel of the Lord stood in a path of the but one, was half shut, and his lower lip vineyards, a wall being on this side, and hung down as if it hardly belonged to his a wall on that side. And when the ass mouth. I looked on the raw shoulders, saw the angel of the Lord, she thrust herthe swelled heels, and sticking-out bones self unto the wall, and crushed Balaam's of the poor brute with pity, and only foot against the wall," Num.xxii. 24, 25. comforted myself with the thought, that In our younger days, we have often as his infirmities increased his sense of wondered at that Divine prohibition, in feeling would be deadened, and that, at the Mosaic law, “ Thou shalt not plough the worst, his days of weariness and with an ox and an ass together,” Deut. misery would now be but few.

xxii. 10. We had never seen an instance But enough, and perhaps more than of this, and it seemed so unnatural, that enough, unless I could acquit myself we could hardly conceive that the perverse better. Should the eye of a certain mind of man would be moved with a wish friend of mine, extravagantly fond of to yoke up these animals together, to carry horses, see these meagre observations, I on his agricultural operations. But in shall get curry-combed a little for the our ride through this island, we saw, poverty of my language on so rich a sub- perhaps in twenty instances, an ox and ject of remark; but we are often feeble an ass, and often a cow and an ass, when we wish to be powerful. For the yoked together before the plough. last time, I say, I love the horse, and feel Another Scripture illustration, by indignant at his ill treatment. I have which we were particularly struck, was

66 The an



derived from the flocks of sheep and awoke, I said, “ There is nothing betgoats that fed together, in the same ter than that I go and visit this man." field, or on the same common. The So I set my face toward Damascus, and goats were of a finer breed than I had travelled till I arrived there: and when before seen, and the sheep had long I was arrived, I asked for his dwelling, coarse hairy wool; so that, in casting and they told it me. So I knocked at your eyes over the field, you could the door, and one came and opened it; hardly say, at the first glance, which and I said to him, “What is thy name ?” goats, and which were sheep. The shep. And he told me, " Ali Bin Mawakkaf." herd, I perceived, at evening brought Then said I, "Come, I have something the flock home, and separated them into to say to thee." When he had sat some two parts; putting the sheep by them- time, I asked him, “What is thy trade ?" selves, and the goats by themselves. He said, “I am a mender of old The words of the Saviour

never clothes."

Then I told him what I had came home to my mind with greater dreamed: upon which he asked me my force, than after witnessing this arrange- name: and when he heard it, he uttered ment: Before him shall be gathered all a cry, and fell down at my feet. nations ; and he shall separate them one asked him, “What hast thou done, that from another, as a shepherd divideth thou shouldst find such acceptance ?" his sheep from the goats: and he shall He replied, “ I had long been desirous set the sheep on his right hand, but the of making the pilgrimage, but had not goats on the left,” Matt. xxv. 32, 33. the means of doing so. At last I saved

three hundred dirhems from my earn

ings; and this year I meant to have perThe following story alludes to the formed the journey. One day a woman, pilgrimage to Mecca, which takes place who was in my house, wished for someevery year, on certain days. The im- thing to eat from the house of our mense number mentioned as joining in neighbour, and begged I would go and it, may be explained by the fact, that it ask for it: so I went, and asked for some is considered an indispensable duty of food. The woman came out to me, and every Moslem, at least once in his life, said, “For six days and nights my if he has the health and pecuniary means children have tasted nothing. To-day necessary for it.

The neglect of it, we found a dead ass, and I cut off part without a sufficient excuse, is sometimes of the flesh, and I have cooked it for my pleaded against a witness in a Moham-children ; and this shall not be withheld medan court, as a reason why his evi- from you.' When I heard this, my heart dence should not be accepted.

was struck with grief, and I said to my. Abdallah says—One year I went on self, ‘My pilgrimage is yet in my house;' pilgrimage, and after my pilgrimage was and immediately I gave these three hunended, I had gone into my private apart- dred dirhems to this poor woman, and ment to sleep awhile. And while I was said to her, ‘Buy food for thy children :' sleeping, I saw two angels descend from and when she had cooked it, I took part heaven ; and one said to the other, of it to my neighbour.” When Abdal“How many thousand pilgrims came lah heard this, he said, " The angel was this

year to the pilgrimage ?" "right in his report, and just in his judg. plied, “ Eight hundred thousand.” Then ment.” the other asked, “ And was the pilgrim A purer light falls on us than on Ali age of any of these accepted ?" He Bin Mawakkaf; we enjoy that of Divine said, “No! not of one. When I revelation, which declares, that salvation heard this, says Abdallah, I was much is “not of works, but of grace.”. Yet we troubled, and said to myself, Have so do not always estimate acts aright. The many come from the remotest parts of poor widow, who cast her two mites into the world, with so much labour and the treasury, is said by our Lord, to trouble; through deep seas and by distant have given more than the rich men, notroads, and through deserts; and have withstanding their costly gifts. God they all lost their labour ? Then said looketh at the heart. To a deed which the second angel, “ There is one, named excites public attention, and calls forth Ali Bin Mawakkaf, in Damascus, who loud applause, he may have no respect; has not come on the pilgrimage at all, yet while, on one performed in secret, and he has been accepted, and all his sins when known calling forth no tribute, have been forgiven him.” When I l he may look with peculiar favour.

He re


INVENTION OF THE RUSSIANS. sentence of death was passed upon them; The Russians have an extraordinary “Dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou talent for imitation ; but this, in my return," Gen. iii. 19. Truly, indeed, is opinion, is nothing more than the effect of it said in Holy Writ, “ The wages of siu natural abilities, circumstanced as they is death,” Rom. vi. 23. have been. When the civilized world And ever since those earlier days, have was laid open to them, and the acquisi- feebleness and strength, age and youth, tion of the French, German, and Eng- gone down to the grave: we hear not lish languages introduced the Russian only, but see, the humiliation of mortal students into the temple of arts and “One dieth in his full strength, sciences of the eighteenth century, they being wholly at ease and quiet. Another soon found they had every thing to learn: dieth in the bitterness of his soul,” Job they beheld models placed before them xxi. 23, 25. And thus will it be with in every department of knowledge; the goodliest and greatest, the mightiest models, which they must first be content and the meanest, until death shall be to imitate, before they could think of swallowed up in victory. “ They shall improving upon them. It is the general lie down alike in the dust, and the worms rule, that the scholar imitates, and the shall cover them,” Job xxi. 26. master invents; and this is applicable to Under this general sentence of death, the exercise of talent in nations as well the committal of the lifeless body to the as individuals.

ground becomes a matter of importance, New inventions in the arts, and useful Where the inhabitants of the world are discoveries in the sciences, generally few, the burial of the dead is attended proceed from nations that have cultivated with little difficulty. The wilderness both through many succeeding ages, and and solitary place of the savage, and the where the body of the people have been retired villages of civilized life, are difeducated, by which the door is opened to ferently situated, in this respect, to the the exercise of talent in all classes. It populous town and crowded city. In the is painful to be obliged to state, however, latter, sad spectacles are often seen, and that where remarkable instances of ta- fearful consequences frequently follow, lent, for imitation, have appeared among the unhealthy accumulation of the rethe lower classes of the Russians, the mains of the dead. For these evils the individuals have generally, sooner or establishment of cemeteries, somewhat later, fallen into drunkenness, and have remote from the busy haunts of men, lived and died in misery: probably, their appears to be the simplest, if not the total want of moral cultivation, and of only cure. freedom, have driven some of them to It would be a formidable affair to go this ; for the faculty of imitation does back to ancient Memphis, and describe not confer upon its possessor culture, all the changes onward, from its fareither moral or religious, nor does it famed resting-place of the dead, to that secure him from seeking gratification in of Naples, and the white marble cemetery the lowest vices. Few instances can be of Pisa, adorned with paintings and anshown in which mere genius has raised tique sarcophagi. All that I purpose to a Russian peasant to honour and opu- accomplish is, to give a brief sketch of lence: but how frequently is this the the cemeteries of modern London. There case in other countries, where the people may now be enumerated six of these ; are free!-Pinkerton.

but, as part of them are as yet but im perfectly formed, it would be time thrown

away to dwell upon them. The cemeTHE PERAMBULATOR.

teries which are at the present time the

least known are one at Peckham, another, Sin and sorrow may be called twins, a private one, to the east of London, and for they both appear to have entered the a third at Stoke Newington. This latter world together; and if they are not always one is regarded by many with much seen walking side by side, the latter is interest, from the circumstance of its continually found to be treading on the being formed in Abney Park, where heels of the former. No sooner did our Dr. Watts so often strolled, while residfirst parents sin, than they hid them- ing, for thirty-six years, in the hospitable selves, through fear, from the presence mansion of 'sir Thomas Abney and his of the Lord. No sooner did they for- excellent family. feit Paradise by transgression, than the


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The General Cemetery at Kensal the impatient panting of a steam carriage Green, on the Harrow-road, is a mile hurrying along the adjoining railroad; and and a half from Paddington. I have now the loud whistle, or rather the wild just passed through its archway entrance. war-whoop-like scream that gives notice The forty-six acres now lying before me of its arrival, is sounding shrill in my form, for the most part, a gentle slope ; ears. Noisy, active life, and silent, the south part, bounded by the canal, motionless death, are dividing my attenbeing lower than the north. The ground tion. is unequally divided, and the eastern, or There is hardly a passage in Holy lesser division, of four or five acres, is not Scripture more frequently misunderstood consecrated. There are two chapels, and misquoted than that in the fourth one in each division; that in the western, chapter of the epistle of Peter, “Charity with its colonnades and catacombs, is on shall cover the multitude of sins.” Ina larger scale than the other.

stead of charity being set forth as the The lofty surrounding wall, occasion- love and mercy that would willingly ally lightened and diversified with iron cover the faults of others, it is usually railing, has an imposing effect, and the represented as a quality which will cover trees, shrubs, and flowers, look fresh ; over, and atone for, the sins of its posbut this unconsecrated part of the ceme

The pyramidic monument betery, where I now am, has not, at present side me is another instance of this mismany memorials of the dead. In a few conception. It tells the reader that he years there will be a change in this whose dust lies beneath it was “renowned respect, and the centre space, now un for his charity, which did not cover a diversified with a single tomb, will multitude of sins, but only heightened doubtless be studded over with the many virtues.” A misconception on the sculptured records of death's achieve- part of another should make us doubly ments. One of the most striking objects circumspect ourselves, lest we should fall now before me is an elderberry bush in into yet greater errors. “Open thou mine full flower, standing like the guardian of eyes, that I may behold wondrous things the grave over which it is planted. out of thy law. Give me understanding,

Here and there a name that looks and I shall keep thy law," Psa. cxix. strange to an English eye arrests my 18, 34. attention. "Elie Raffin,” from Switzer The sun is shining, the clouds are land. Josephine Lach Szyrma," a sailing along the skies, and a profusion dutiful daughter of Poland, with“ Charles of trees of various kinds, with shrubs and Raqueiller,” and “Stanislas Michael Al- Aowers, ornamenting the sides of the bert Ratajski," the children of Polish re cemetery, as well as the different parts fugees. Thus it is that the inhabitants of where the monuments abound, by turns one country find a resting place for their attract my eye. Within a few feet of mouldering remains in another. Already the spot where I am standing, moulders in this extended cemetery the remains the dust of one of the companions of my of mortal men from the four quarters earlier days. I saw him committed to of the earth repose. They “slumber the tomb. He was my junior, yet here side by side, and the whirlwind cannot am I musing over his grave. Lord, wake them.'

make me to know mine end, and the In the consecrated part of the ceme measure of my days, what it is, that I tery, the burial service is performed may know how frail I am," Psa. xxxix. 4. according to the rites of the church of The living love to honour their deEngland, but in the other part some parted friends, by marking their death. other service is substituted. The line stones with such information as they of demarcation between the consecrated consider creditable to their memory. I and unconsecrated parts of the cemetery have noticed the following records of this is marked by a ditch and gate; this line kind in my walk among the tombs and I have passed, and am now taking a sur catacombs :-“An eminent printer." vey of the vast area to the west. The “Chief engineer to his highness Mobirds are singing, the branches of the hammed Ali Paeha.” “ Head master of trees are bending to and fro, the leaves Reading school.” “Some time principal are rustling, and the breeze is gently store-keeper of the ordnance. breathing around. Hark! what a sudden respectable merchant.”

"A faithful and boisterous in-break there is amid the and confidential servant." " Inspector comparative quietude of the place. It is general of hospitals." A gallant and



distinguished soldier." “Physician to his master was an unreasonable man, who king George iv." Bishop of St. Da- cared nothing about the double trouble vid's." ** Author of the History of of his journeyman, for he never paid Sumatra.” Secretary of the Admi- him for it. Oh the world! the world! ralty.” These, and numberless other with masters and servants, self-interest inscriptions appear, in which respect and is as lynx-eyed in a burial-ground as at affection for the dead is mingled with the Stock Exchange. some degree of living vanity. Who is There are many fine monuments in there among us that is quite content to the cemetery, but few of them will yie be nobody and unknown?

with the costly specimens in St. Paul's Here is a massive granite pedestal and Westminster Abbey. There are, without an inscription ! What shall I also, some fair inscriptions, but hardly write thereon ? · Here lieth the dust any of a very striking kind; yet is the of an heir of immortality !” or, “He place full of interest, and the longer I went down to the grave an unrepentant finger among the tombs, the higher does sinner ?” What a solemn consideration the place rise in my estimation. it is, that “ The grave can neither with The colonnade of Grecian architecture hold the righteous from happiness, nor on the north side is sure to attract the protect the wicked from unutterable eye, and draw the feet of the visitor to

the place, either before or after he has From the colossal pillars of the portico examined the chapel. There are cataof the chapel, the view of the cemetery combs in which two thousand coffins may is a sweet one, and quite in character. rest undisturbed; and the number of There is no affected sentimentality; no monuments already erected is considerlittlenesses nor gewgaws to catch the able. The north side of the cemetery is eye. No child's play of making gardens, much more thickly peopled with the as in many parts of “Père la Chaise.” dead than any other part, probably on All is vast, sober, chaste, fieldlike, and account of its elevated situation. beautiful; rather sweet than romantic, Death is indeed no respecter of perand the prospect to the south is exten sons; the infant and the aged are sleepsive.

ing beneath my feet. There is the last A fluted pillar of pure marble, having house of Morrison, the hygeist, the celethe semblance of being suddenly broken, brated vender of pills; and yonder is the is meant to be symbolical of the sudden high-erected monument of John Saint death of a young lady, aged 25, who was John Long, no less famous than the called away from the world without a former personage for the peculiarity of moment's warning. “Her sun went his medical practice. down while it was yet day.” “Reader ! when thou hearest that a fellow-mortal And this is Norwood! Green fields, has been suddenly plunged into eternity, grassy slopes, woods, and handsome think of the mercy that has spared thee. mansions rise in the distance; and here

A painter, engaged in bronzing the is the goodly cemetery of forty acres, iron palisades of a monument, has con which has drawn me from the busy city, ceded, though somewhat unwillingly, whose cathedral is visible from the place. that the gates of Hyde Park, near Apsley I have stepped into the entrance-lodge, House, are bronzed “pretty well."" He and turned over the ample leaves of the has just given me his card, that in case I great parchment book, whose pages, should want any thing in his way, he formed into squares, correspond, on a may have the pleasure of serving me in miniature scale, with the forty acres of a superior manner.

burial ground immediately around me. In another part of the grounds, ob- Every tree within my view seems to serving a young man at work, coating flourish but the cypress. From this spot over the sculptured letters on a marble I can count five cypress trees, absolutely tomb with size, before painting them withered from their natural green colour black, I remarked to him, “Why that to a ruddy brown. must be double trouble.” “Yes, it is, The monuments of the dead are at sir," said he with a black look, “but my present few; and the cemetery presents master here the sudden appear- that retired, grassy, leafy, flowery apance of his master prevented him from pearance, which, canopied by the clear finishing the sentence; otherwise, he blue sky, and breathed on by the balmy would no doubt have informed me, that air, is truly delightful. Unconsciously I

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