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elevation, and the flock, while on the ordained by the Almighty, in the organizwing, maintain a loud cackling, in which ation and progressive developement of the voices of the two sexes may be easily living beings. The bernacle can never distinguished. The rate at which they become other than it is; still, however, traverse the realms of air, is from forty it undergoes in its progress to completo fifty miles an hour; and this velocity tion a remarkable metamorphosis, as enables them, with ease, to reach a has been lately demonstrated by a naturroosting place, far distant from the alist of high attainments. Bernacles, as grounds which they frequent for the purpose of obtaining food : these are generally extensive open lands, sown with wheat, beans, peas, clover, etc., and they often commit extensive depredations. It has been observed, that the various flocks have each their particular haunts, to which they return, on each ensuing season. Mr. Selby states, that he has himself ascertained this to be the case in Northumberland and the northern parts of Scotland, where the same
tho birds have been known to frequent certain localities for a continued series of years.
After feeding, as the evening draws on, the wild geese leave the open grounds, and wing their way to extensive morasses, or to the sea shore, there to rest for the night, often on the water ; sometimes, however, they select a ridge, or bar of sand above the water, and at some distance from the main land, where they cannot be approached unawares. Early in the morning they betake themselves to their feeding grounds ; and in stormy weather fly much lower than usual, so as to be within range of gunshot. In the spring, the flocks take their departure for the wilds within the arctic circle, where they breed and rear their young. we ordinarily see them, are fixed to
In days not very far removed, a rocks, stones, large shells, or blocks of species of wild goose, or rather two wood, by means of a fleshy peduncle, species, the bernacle goose, (Anser ber- or wormlike stem; but in the earliest nicla, Flem.,) and the brent goose, (An- periods of their existence, after excluser brenta,) were regarded as originating sion from the egg, they are free, and enfrom the bernacle, a marine cirrhopo- dowed with locomotive organs, enabling dous animal, of which a brief notice will them to move about in the water. In this be found in the Weekly Visitor for No- stage, the young bernacle appears as a small vember 26, 1833, and which is repre- translucent animal, about the tenth of an sented in the annexed figure. How this inch in length; and when resting at the ridiculous notion arose, it is impossible bottom of a basin of sea water, it bears to say, but it prevailed over Europe ; considerable resemblance to a very miand in 1636, Gerarde, a man of observ- nute mussel. The shell, covering the ation, published, in his “ • Herbal," a body, appears to consist of two valves, long account of the wonderful trans- united by a hinge along the upper part; formation of this curious animal (the within these valves, the limbs, when the Lepas anatifera, Linn. Pentalasmis animal is at rest, are withdrawn ; but vitrea, Leach) into a winged and fea- when moving about, they are protruded; thered water-fowl; with a personal at they consist of a large and strong antetestation as to its correctness, a proof of rior pair, with a sucking disc and hooks, the ignorance of the age, with regard to and serve the purpose of attaching the the philosophy of nature, and to the laws animal to stones or rocks : behind these
On the chaf'd ocean side."
are six pairs of oar-like limbs, which act | into it; or by picking lichens and mosses in concert, and giving a succession of from the trees, or sides of the rocks. forcible strokes, propel the animal for- of the feathered race, a few hardy wards, while swimming, in a series of species still remain in their native wilds, darting or leaping movements. The tail | acquiring, in accordance with the dimiis bent under the body; it is short, consist- nution of the temperature, a denser ing of two joints, and terminates in four plumage, white as the dreary expanse bristle-like appendages; these are also around them. Among these may be instruments which aid in progression. noticed the ptarmigan, a tenant of the Singular as it may seem, the animal has hills and mountain sides, where it now eyes on peduncles, like those of a lob-associates in families, which burrow unster, organs which it is soon to lose, der the snow, in search of food, such as while its limbs become transformed into the leaves of alpine plants, and berries; cirrhi, or fibrils. At what precise date and also for the sake of warmth and the transformation takes place, is not well security. But where are the countless ascertained; those kept by one indivi- hosts of aquatic birds, whose incessant dual, after remaining for a few days in clang resounded among the vast morsea water, threw off their exuviæ, as an asses, now icebound and desolate ; or insect throws off its chrysalis envelope, mingled with the noise of the sea, now became adherent to the bottom of the becoming fixed, solid and motionless ? vessel, and were changed into young They have all passed to the south, and bernacles ; the beautiful five-valved shell left their summer haunts for more temwas soon distinctly formed; the eyes perate latitudes; to return again, (didisappeared; cirrhi assumed the place of rected by unerring Wisdom, when the limbs ; and thus an animal, originally proper time comes round,) and revisit capable of seeing and swimming about, their retreats ; their became fixed to one spot, blind, and the possessor of other instincts, the partaker
Of weedy lake, or marge of river wide; of another state of existence. Wonderful Or where the rocking billows rise and sink as is this transformation, it is not more so than that of a voracious caterpillar, with But how do the tenants of the sea, the hard horny jaws, and a stomach and di- ocean-born animals, the whales, the porgestive apparatus, fitted for the reception poíses, and narwals pass the colder of great quantities of crude vegetable months, tenanting, as they do, the waters aliment, wingless, and crawling on short of the arctic circle ? Out in the deep, legs, into a beautiful butterfly, sipping, where the open sea bears icebergs floatwith its long proboscis, the honey of the ing on its surface, they revel in the enflowers, among which it fits, on richly joyment of abundance. The huge whale, tinted wings, no longer capable of re- his body enveloped in a dense layer of ceiving the coarse nutriment on which it oily fat, acting both as a protector of the originally fed.
vital organs against the effects of cold, Could we visit the polar regions in and also, against the pressure to which May or June, and again at this season they would be subject, when he dives of the year, how striking would be the fathoms deep below the surface, braves difference perceived, as to the animal the utmost severity of the cold; and enpopulation of those wild and dreary gulfs myriads of the minute tenants of
Now they are all lonely, all the waters, fitted, like himself, to sustain deserted, save by such as are capable of the same low temperature, and with enduring the rigours of the wintry season, which the arctic ocean is replete. Of clad in furry garments to defend them these, one of the most remarkable, is a from the severity of the cold. The white little mollusc, called the clio borealis. bear, the wolf, the arctic fox, the glut- This little animal, not more than an ton, the ermine, and the alpine hare, inch in length, belongs to the pteropotogether with the reindeer, and a few dous (wing-limbed) section of the molmore, wander over the plains and hills, lusca ; it is abundant in the arctic seas, on which the snows have already fallen; and sometimes is found near our island. the carnivorous animals eager for food, In the high latitudes it dwells in shoals, and prowling in quest of prey; the others so countless, so extensive, that the surgleaning a scanty subsistence from veget-face of the water, for a vast distance, ables, now only to be obtained by scratch- seems alive with them, as they sport and ing away the snow, and by burrowing gambol, heedless of their destroyer, who,
while he passes through their ranks, struments. The mouth of the clio is opens his enormous jaws and takes in found to be furnished with a tongue countless numbers at
snap. On covered with sharp horny spines; and such tiny beings is the colossal whale its jaws are provided with pointed horny sustained.
teeth, set in a fleshy base, and so arThe clio borealis, (see the annexed ranged as to be capable of seizing prey, figure,) is, in fact, a sort of marine slug, and dragging it into the mouth. Cuvier
regarded the oars of this animal not only as organs of locomotion, but as a respiratory apparatus : the correctness of this view is denied by Eschricht, and we are therefore in ignorance as to the laboratory in which the circulating fluid un. dergoes its necessary aëration. Much more, in the economy and structure of this mollusc, remains to be cleared up. But we must return from this digression, which will readily be pardoned; for in the slight sketch we have given of the clio bo
realis, no one can fail to behold the power with a pair of winglike fins or oars, at- of the Creator, who, in the minutest, as tached one to each side of the neck, by in the hugest of living beings, displays means of which the animal rows itself infinite wisdom, and overwhelms us with merrily along, and plays amidst the wonder and admiration. foaming waves, rising or descending at At this season, the hedgehog retires to pleasure. These oars are made up of hybernate; the squirrel, the little field muscular fibres, which pass through the mouse, (Mus sylvaticus,) and others, neck from one expanded appendage to hoard up grain, nuts, and acorns, for the other; so that the organ is, in fact, winter use; and the mole drives its galsingle, and may be compared, as pro- leries deeper from the surface. The few fessor Jones has well remarked, to the predatory mammalia, which now inhabit double-paddled oar, with which the our island, become bolder, as the means Greenlander propels and steers his kajac of their subsistence diminishes. The through the seas, which the clio itself fox prowls at night around the barns of navigates. The head
the clio is en- the farmer; and the weasel, the stoat, veloped in a mantle which can be re- and the polecat enter the henroost, intent tracted at pleasure, so as to expose the upon their feathered victims. mouth, surrounded by three conical ap- Amidst the fading foliage of October, pendages on each side, like fleshy ten- how beautiful is the contrast displayed tacula, which are instruments of prehen- by our hardy evergreens ! Of these let sion : examined by means of a micro- the holly take the first rank. There it scope, each of these appendages is seen stands, with its polished glossy leaves, to be regularly and numerously covered and its ripening berries, prepared by a with red points, which, when examined wise and bountiful Providence, as the by a lens of great power, are found to be food of so many of the feathered raee, distinct transparent cylinders, sheathing which now find refuge in our latitudes. about twenty minute suckers, capable The ivy, too, now clothing with its luxof being protruded, and acting as organs uriant festoons the naked tree, or the for seizing and retaining prey. It has crumbling wall, gives shelter to them been calculated, that the total number during the chilly night; and affords a of these prehensile suckers, upon the retreat from the rain and storm. The head of a single clio, amounts to three birds of the air are not left uncared for hundred and sixty thousand, constituting by Him, who in all his ways and all his an apparatus, for prehension, as profes- works is wisdom and perfection. The sor Jones observes, perhaps unparalleled instinct which leads some animals now to in the creation. Besides these oval ap- retire to their repose for the winter; pendages, the clio can protrude from its others to hoard up magazines of food; head, even when the mantle is closed, which leads some to leave our shores, and two slender horns or feelers, in order to others to visit us ; and which teaches all ascertain the presence of food ; and thus where to find food and shelter,-proinformed, it prepares its prehensile in- claims the goodness and mercy of God, whose knowledge is omniscience, and be- to his requirements, so he made another fore whom not a sparrow falls unnoticed effort to save me from disgrace and to the ground.
M. disappointment. “I know, Samuel,"
he said, “exactly how you feel, and "IT'S OF NO USE TO TRY."
I will tell you what I should do. I “Come, Samuel,” said my cousin should first wash my hands and face, Frank, when I was quite a little boy, to refresh myself from past fatigue, and
can you say your lesson ? Uncle has then give my undivided attention, for ordered the carriage, and we are to start a few minutes, to the book. Come, in twenty minutes."
my good fellow, try once more, and I At that time, we were spending some am sure you will succeed.” Such sound months at my uncle's, and taking daily advice and kind encouragement, I could lessons of a clergyman in the neigh not resist. The refreshing element bourhood. To confess the truth, I had seemed to charm away my fretfulness got into a negligent, dilatory habit, and incapacity for application. I re(Don't let me attempt to throw the sumed my book_with good resolution : blame from myself; but I do think the proceeded upon Frank's well-tried plan, habit was fostered by the example of * first study your rule, and then apply my nurse, Mrs. Harris, *) and I had it to the case in hand;" and so doing, been repeatedly blamed by my tutor I soon mastered my difficulty, and acfor coming to him unprepared with my complished my task. Right glad was lessons and exercises. Frank made se- 1, when the carriage was announced, veral kind and friendly efforts to cor- and uncle inquired, whether Samuel had rect these failings in me, I hope not learned his lesson, to hear Frank reply, altogether without success, though at “ Yes, uncle, he knows it perfectly." the time I felt vexed rather than gra- Thinks I to myself, “It is of use tified by his endeavours. On the oc- to try, and it was only for want of try. casion just referred to, my uncle had ing that I did not succeed before." proposed taking us for a little pleasur- | This little incident taught me a better able excursion; but as we should not lesson than that I learned in the De. return till late in the evening, he de- lectus, and gave me more delightful sired us before we started to prepare feelings than even those awakened by our lessons and exercises for the next taking a day's pleasure with my uncle. morning. As soon as breakfast was Since that time, I have scarcely ever over, Frank sat down to his studies, heard the expression made use of, and and invited me to do the same. I pro- it not unfrequently proceeds from the mised to do so almost directly ; but lips of persons of a certain cast of chaobserved there was time enough yet, racter, but my memory has reverted to and away I went and amused myself, the incident of my childhood. I have, by throwing stones in the lake, and more than once, repeated it to my young teaching the Newfoundland puppy to friends, accompanied by some of my fetch them out.
good uncle's remarks, offered on that, While thus engaged, time passed more or on similar occasions. rapidly than I was aware, and again I “I cannot keep awake all sermon heard Frank's friendly summons, “Come, time! I assure you, dear sir, I cannot ! my good fellow, you had better come in, and it is of no use to try, and do what uncle desired you ; and, young female, when gently admonished then, if any time remains, you can go by my uncle, on the impropriety of her back and play with Cesar.” At length conduct during public worship. I yielded to his persuasions, and placed is it," asked my uncle, "that you keep myself at the table, with my Latin De. awake on other days? I have often lectus before me; but I was hot and heard you at the pianoforte for a much tired, and my mind was still running after longer time than that of public worship; the puppy; so when Frank again in- and you seldom discover indications of vited me to repeat my lesson, and I drowsiness when the afternoon is spent carelessly attempted to do so, I pee- in cheerful conversation or interesting vishly exclaimed, “I can't learn it, reading. " · Well, sir, I really do not Frank ! and it's of no use to try.” know the reason ; but I always am sleepy Frank knew that uncle would be firm during sermon time, and I cannot shake * Visitor, 1839, p. 144.
it off, try how I will.” “My dear
young friend, let me not offend you, | This additional weight overset the whole if I question the sincerity of your ef- concern with a tremendous dash, which forts. I really think, if you went to quickly brought Mrs. Rogers and a the house of God with the full expect- posse more to see what was the matter. ation of hearing truths, the most im- “Oh, you careless, careless girl!” exportant and interesting, and in which claimed Mrs. Rogers, " how could I your own personal and everlasting wel. think of trusting you with the china ?” fare is deeply involved, you would find clucking with her tongue against the
more difficulty in keeping up a roof of her mouth, or groaning forth her wakeful attention,' than you would in unavailing lamentations, as she picked reading a letter from a beloved friend, up piece by piece of the broken china, or in any other pursuit fully congenial and arrested the flowing stream from to your feelings. It is easy to keep the the cream pot, which disfigured a yard attention to that upon which the heart or more of a handsome new carpet. is fixed."
The author of the mischief stood overSimilar remarks my uncle made to whelmed at the destruction she had ocpersons who complained of a bad me- casioned. At length, with sobs that mory, and said they could not help it; rendered her words almost inarticulate, it was of no use for them to try to re- she replied, “ Indeed, ma'am, I was member what they heard in the house not careless, I minded it all the time; of God. “ Can you not,” he would but let me try how I will, I cannot say, “recollect an engagement of plea- help doing mischief; I am sure I am sure? Then your memory is quite ca- fated to it; and it is of no use to try.” pable of retaining recollections of the My uncle not fully entering into Mrs. engagements of duty. Do you forget, as Rogers's distresses and lamentations, soon as you have heard the particulars though of course not pleased at the of an entertaining story, or the cir- waste and destruction of his property, cumstances of a remarkable adventure took occasion to correct the foolish nothrough which you have passed ? It tion of the poor girl, and endeavoured to is only to bring home to your own convince her that her misfortunes rebusiness and bosom the instructions of sulted, not from any fatality, but from her the sanctuary, or the contents of the own frequent transgressions of the laws sacred volume, and they will be re- of common sense. • If,” said my uncle, membered, as they justly claim to be, "you were to stand on one foot at the edge with as much distinctness and delight.” of a precipice, it is more than probable
"I cannot give satisfaction to my you would fall over, especially if you employers; it is of no use to try: I am attempted to hold in your hands a heavy always blamed, do what I will." Such weight: and how could you expect the are the frequent complaints of persons teaboard to stand when you placed it in in subordinate stations. "Have you just as dangerous a situation ? A heavy learned to obey ?” my uncle would in- body will always weigh down a light quire. "Among all the methods of pleas-one. You know it is so with a pair ing, which you say you have tried in of scales. For that reason, whenever vain, have you ever tried this, or if you set any thing out of your hand, at all, have
tried perseveringly take care that you set it on something and habitually to do what you are de- solid enough to bear it. If the stand sired, and when you are desired, and or table is not large enough to take as you are desired ? If not, do not the whole size of the article you wish charge your employers with unreason- to place upon it, put the middle of one ableness and caprice, though they are not to the middle of the other, so that the pleased with you.
tray, or whatever else it may be, shall The footman who usually waited at project half a foot on each side, rather table, had gone to see his friends, and, than a foot on one side. If the tray in consequence, one of the housemaids also is loaded, see that the heaviest part was employed to remove the breakfast of its load is on the middle. Now things. "She placed a tray of china, mind;" (here my uncle goodnaturedly half on and half off a table, near the showed her what he meant;) "if you door, and returned for a pile of plates. had thus placed the tray straight on These she placed on the outer side of the middle of the stand, instead of putthe tray, already almost on balance. / ting it on cornerwise, with one large