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as over heaven and hell, so over all into the dust, and many a pile laid that is holy, all that is divine, all that prostrate, or razed from its lowest base ; is imperishable in its beauty and death- and many a deed of military prowess, less in its grandeur on earth, he is in- or of civic glory, is left without a place vested with an undisputed and universal amidst the annals of mankind. The dominion.

same cloud of darkness and of overIt would be presumption to set limits spreading night is still advancing onto the resources of Divine supremacy, wards, to cover with its mantle all that and we are, therefore, not permitted to yet remains of the great, or the mighty, affirm that the renovation of mankind or the noble, in this vain and ephemeral could not have been effected in some

And we that now are, shall be other method. But we may surely say, ere long like those that have departed without impropriety, that nothing in the before us. Like us, they delighted drder of means, as far as human thought themselves for a little while, in all the is capable of being extended, could have eagerness of enterprise, and the ardour of been of equal directness of efficiency in pursuit

. They toiled, suffered, studied, subjugating all that is within the breast died, like us, for immortality. And we, of man to the authority and the love of like them, shall soon descend into the God. We must ever remember, when same silent and solitary regions ; and speaking on such subjects, that the pro- our name and memory shall perish, cess we describe is spiritual ; that the gulfed at length, like theirs, in the powers which must accomplish it can abyss of desolation. be those only of a moral nature; and But this name endureth for ever. when, therefore, adaptations of such a The narrative of the Saviour's sufferkind are witnessed as those we thus ings and death has, it is true, waxed refer to, it is surely no irreverence, but old, and is the remembrance of ages rather the elevation of our minds to and centuries long since passed away : the true character of this inquiry, if we but not the minutest circumstance is yet assert that such means were, in a moral forgotten; and its effect is witnessed at sense, necessary to its production. this very hour, with an increase of di

And what we should thus anticipate rectness, and a growing energy, that from the contemplation of the case con- nothing can withstand. Unlike all other sidered in itself, is confirmed and carried names, this, while it has become the out by all the records of the past, and loftiest in celebration, is also the highest not less by all the experience of the in endearment. It is not that of one present hour.

The name of Jesus, and who was, but of One who is, who ever the history of his salvation, have never liveth, and is ever near to us, to whom ceased to operate, with a resistless and we look, not merely with the eagerness a growing energy, upon the hearts of of historical inquiry, but the fondness men, even from the period of their of fraternal regard. It is the name, earliest proclamation.

not only of the noblest and the holiest, Ages rolled on. The might of em- but of the most lovely, and the most pire, and the monuments of martial beloved. A name, which gratitude canglory yielded in their turn to the ra- not utter without benedictions ; nor vages of barbaric violence, or the silent piety, but with veneration and delight. agency of time. The night of deepest It is thus cherished and revered, not oblivion, and the silence of utter `de- by one class of mankind rather than solation, enwrapped the proudest cities, another. The most lofty and the purest palaces, and temples, entombing a second minds prostrate their powers before it, time the conquerors of the world; till with the profoundest sense of their own not a vestige was left of all that once impotence and folly; while the most boasted so vauntingly the perpetuity of weak and dependent rejoice to lose in its duration. All was forgotten, as if it their wants, and infirmities, and sorit had never been. As if those masters

The fearful find it their refuge of the globe had formally bequeathed and their hope ; and those bowed down their honours and possessions to an with the deepest consciousness of sin, entire and universal destruction, they the renovation of happiness and glory. ceased at once to be, and to be re- Whether we contemplate the homage membered. Their hope, their works, with which it is regarded, or the untheir name, their whole existence, was speakable and boundless blessings it no more. And many a trophy is sunk | ceaselessly diffuses, we shall rejoice to




acknowledge that it is, in every sense, phrase--the most unapproachable neigh

a name above every name, whether bours. And they spoke of each other of those in heaven, or of those on with pity or with contempt, as earth.”—M'All.

good sort of man, with a few oddities ;' or, "A man given up to most perverse

and preposterous notions and practices.” ANTIQUITY AND NOVELTY.

The two gentlemen sometimes met at A pair of Portraits.

my uncle's; not frequently, and scarcely ANTIQUITY.

ever by appointment: for my uncle ex“None of your new-fangled notions ceedingly objected, on principle, to such for me,” was the uniform reply of old a selection of guests as would be, in Mr. Dormer, to every proposal for the effect, setting two men against each adoption of any sort of modern invention other, to render themselves ridiculous or improvement. Mr. Dormer was a for the amusement or the annoyance of man of good property, residing on an the company, and he knew human naestate of his own, situated three or four ture too well to suppose that such set miles from that of my uncle, with whom encounters, in the presence of others, he was on terms of greater intimacy had any tendency to bring the combatthan with any other of the neighbouring ants nearer to each other, or to cure or gentlemen ; for my uncle discerned and soften down the peculiarities and prejuappreciated his real excellences, and dices of either. Sometimes, however, treated his little peculiarities with a it happened, that one of the two dropped greater degree of forbearance and can

in accidentally, when the other dour than the rest. The old gentleman making a visit.' On these occasions both was fond of my uncle's society, and was were under the salutary restraints of the not in fear of being ridiculed by him. laws of courtesy. Each, however, was It is remarkable, however, that he would evidently on the watch for an opportulisten with calmness, if not with appro- nity to throw out some remark on his bation, to remarks from my ungle which, neighbour's hobby; and indeed almost if they had been made by any other per- every topic afforded some such occasion, son, he would have deemed highly offen- The conversation generally commenced sive; and the few instances in which he, playfully, but would sometimes have terin the least degree, deviated from his minated angrily, but for the shrewd and long-adopted systems, were all at my good-humoured interposition of my uncle, uncle's suggestion.

who, without seeming to do so, acted An estate, contiguous to that of Mr. as moderator on these occasions, and Dormer, came by marriage into the pos- generally extorted, from each of the session of Mr. Kennedy, a man whose parties, such concessions in favour of the taste and habits were the very antipodes other, as sent them away mutual friends, of those of his neighbour. It may be Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy were one aftersupposed that this dissimilarity precluded noon at my uncle's, with a few other all intercourse between the two gentle- friends, when the former, who happened men and their families. Such, however, to sit near a window which commanded was not the case. They frequently met, a view of the avenue, suddenly spent an hour or two in friendly alterca- claimed, “Here comes the president of tion, and separated, each with an in the antiquarian society, my worthy friend creased sense of his own superiority, and Stephen Dormer, Esq., with his olda growing contempt for the understand- fashioned daughter, and his old-fashioned ing and the taste of his antagonist : | dog! Did ever any mortal behold such sometimes with a resolution to meet no a hat, and such a waistcoat?" more, but more frequently with either Oh, yes,” replied uncle, “I have the censorious, or the benevolent deter- often seen your good father dressed in mination of shortly making another visit, exactly the same style. If your own rewith the view to pry out and ridicule the collection does not confirm mine, the adfoibles of his neighbour; or in the mirable portrait in your drawing room hope of making a convert of him to pre- does.” ferences and pursuits more in unison “My father!-yes ; but that portrait with his own. According as these dis- was taken at least thirty years ago.

If positions prevailed, they were, for the my father had lived to the present day, time, the best friends imaginable, or the it is not to be supposed that he woulá bitterest enemies—no, that is too harsh a l have retained that ridiculous costume."



" I do not know that the costume is, | man. The whole was preserved and arin itself, more ridiculous than that of the ranged with the most scrupulous neatness present day. Do you not think that a and care; and when, at stated periods, few years hence, the propensity to ridi- they were replaced with new ones, and cule what is not the exact mode of the transferred to the old French gardener, day, will find as ample scope for its ex- (a family piece of some sixty years' ercise on what you now wear and ad- standing,) they appeared almost as good mire, as the old-fashioned garb of our as new; and sometimes caused the old worthy friend at present affords you ?" man to be mistaken for his master, a

Possibly it may; but, at all events, mistake which he generally corrected I will take care not to adhere so long to with a shrug and a smile, expressive raany one mode, as to give to posterity an ther of satisfaction than of displeasure. opportunity of recognizing my portrait | Those, however, who made such a misby the cut of the coat. I must rub up take, must have overlooked the absence the old quiz about his tailor."

of two appendages, without which Mr. My uncle had scarcely time to request Dormer was seen abroad-his that Mr. Kennedy would give a truce to gold-headed cane, and his shock dog, quizzing, as he could not permit his whose silvery locks were every day friend to be annoyed in his house, when washed and combed with as much care the old gentleman was announced. He as was bestowed on the dressing of his was indeed an original. It seemed as if master's wig. Such was the exterior of all the manufactories of Great Britain Mr. Dormer, an old-fashioned old genhad been ransacked to procure every tleman of the by-gone century; and a article of his dress, the very best of its very respectable old gentleman he was, kind; and as to the make, it was the old and would have been looked upon, at gentleman's pride, that not a single arti- least in the house of my uncle Barnaby, cle had been varied, in its cut, from that with unmingled respect and admiration, of the suit he wore in the reign of as a genuine specimen of the old school, George 11., when the prince and princess if he would have been contented with of Wales, accompanied by their son, adhering to his old preferences without (afterwards king. George ill.,) visited either enforcing them on others, to whom the silk manufactories in Spitalfields, of they were not agreeable or suitable, or one of which his father was the proprie- dealing out his censures on those who tor. Since that period, considerably more followed another mode ; but in both than half a century had intervened. The these particulars the old man was apt to old gentleman had outlived the tailors, display his weakness, and render himself and the sempstresses, and peruke makers obnoxious to those around him. of his youth; yet he contrived, by hunt- Scarcely were the usual inquiries after ing out the most antiquated work people health, etc., etc., got through, before Mr. in each department, by preserving an Dormer poured forth a violent tirade original pattern of each article, by ri- against the dress of the ladies, placingit in gidly enforcing exact conformity in most disparaging contrast with that of laevery particular, and by paying a more dies fifty or sixty years before, and dethan liberal price for compliance with nouncing it as one of the most fearful his wishes, still to keep up a regular suc- indications of national degeneracy, and of cession of richly embroidered satin waist- approaching national ruin. In the encoats with flaps or pouches, almost re- thusiasm of his zeal, he forgot to inform sembling the shooting jackets of the the company that his displeasure was ex. present day; of finely wrought cambric cited by the appearance of a carriage full frills, ruffles, and cravats; of powdered of ladies, whom he had met on the way periwigs, with stiff rows of curls, and a to my uncle's, attired in the very exrose in the centre, resembling the treme of the fashion ; nor did he observe knocker of a door; and of hats turned up that there were seven or eight females in a triangular form. These, with va- present who might have supposed his riegated silk stockings, massive silver censures directed them. My uncle buckles to the shoes and knees for un- endeavoured to soften down the matter, dress, and for full dress, similar articles and exempt the present company from set with diamonds or rubies, had been Mr. Dormer's remarks. “No,” he rethe mode when Mr. Dormer was young, plied, "they were all alike in the preand still, in his esteem, were indispensa- sent day. Éven his daughter would be ble to the attire of a well-dressed gentle-'just the same as the rest, if he would suffer her.” This ill-timed remark pain- experiment as transcendently absurd, fully drew the attention of all present to preposterous, and impious; and such as, the young lady, and added to the morti- if univerally adopted, would infallibly fication already too heavily imposed upon bring the next generation of men, whoher by her antiquated appearance. Mr. ever might live to see it, to a level with Kennedy, nowise loth to debate with his the brutes of the field. Then, as to the neighbour, began defending the modern modern advancements in machinery, style as most graceful and most natural, they were fraught with evil, and only and the debate probably would have oc- evil. He dreaded to visit either the mecupied the remainder of the evening; tropolis, or the towns in the north with but my uncle, in pity to the company in which he had formerly had connexions general, and especially with a view to re. in the way of trade ; for he knew that he lieve Miss Dormer's embarrassment, should find the hundreds of families who asked her if she had been to see some used to be comfortably supported by the beautiful specimens of glass work, then labour of their hands, thrown out of emexhibiting in the neighbouring town. ploy and reduced to starvation. It She had been, and had been much in- made him melancholy when he read of terested in the operations and experi- the achievements of machinery, ments she witnessed. It gave her a Mr. Kennedy, notwithstanding my more clear idea of the process than she uncle's prohibition of quizzing, could not had ever received before. The rest of refrain from stimulating the old gentlethe party also had been. My uncle had man, by telling him of new discoveries, purchased several beautiful specimens, and predicting the further march of imwhich were produced : and the subject provement in mechanical science, to a bid fair to afford a little rational and degree which seemed, at the time, most peaceable conversation : but, alas ! it extravagant and improbable, though acserved the old gentleman with an occa- tually far exceeded in the present day. sion to start off against the modern in- “ You may depend upon it, sir, that in novations of machinery. He thought the the course of a few years, good cotton present age was characterized by a pre- cloth will be manufactured for sixpence a sumptuous desire for knowledge and yard :" it was then selling at little short speculative inventions, some of which he of two shillings, and may now be purconsidered absolutely sinful and pro- chased for fourpence. “And as to hard. fane, and others useless and injurious. ware, they have almost brought to perAmong the first, he particularized the fection a scheme for putting into a maattempts to travel by means of air bal- chine, invented for the purpose, rough loons, on which, it must be confessed, pig iron at one end, which is to come some schemes, sufficiently absurd, had out at the other, good polished steel been broached by Montgolfier and knives, scissors, and snuffers; and every others; and vaccination, which was then thing will be sold so cheap, that the just introduced to public notice. The humblest classes of society will be furold gentleman had never given into the nished with the conveniences and eleexpedient, even of inoculation ; but ex- gances of life. And glass, Mr. Dormer, if pressed satisfaction, and even pride, that government would but take off the glass both himself and his daughter bore on tax, it is astonishing to how many purtheir countenances incontrovertible marks poses glass would be immediately apof the ravages of small pox in its un- plied: for instance, it would entirely mitigated form; he spoke with contempt supersede the use of iron and lead for of the arguments that had been employ- underground pipes for the conveyance of ed by friends and physicians, to induce water. There are many more improvehim to have his only remaining child ments, my dear sir, that you and I shall inoculated. He had lost several by the see before we die, hoping to live to a natural small pox, and seemed to con- good old age. sider the preservation of her life as the “Glass water pipes, sir !” exclaimed reward of his own constancy; for, had | Mr. Dormer, “but indeed there is no she been inoculated she might have died, saying to what pitch of madness the rage and was it worth while to hazard life for for modern improvements may be carthe sake of preserving beauty ?" Here ried. Improvements ! I can't call them the

young lady seemed by no means to improvements. Civilization, carried to sympathize in her father's self-approba- excess, will lead to luxury, degeneracy, tion. He proceeded to speak of the new ! and national downfall. Read, sir, the


Decline of the Roman Empire, and see of thatch above every other kind of roofwhat these modern refinements are likely ing, and then he should hope, through to do for Great Britain. You talk of his influence, extensively to revive the old machines producing good articles: no plan; an object on which his mind was such thing, sir. There never was a good so much set, that he would willingly article produced since machinery was make the alteration, at his own expense, invented. It is impossible, at any price, on any cottage in his own parish, or the to procure articles of equal goodness, three adjoining to it. It would restore with what were bought and sold when I the appearance of an old English village, was a boy.". The old gentleman's in- and furnish employment to many. hands. dignation and ire kindled as he proceed. Time was, when the skilful thatcher was ed. My uncle observed, that if the use a man of importance in the village, and of machinery were to be wholly abolish- gained an excellent livelihood; and ed, we must go back much further than would do so again, if he (Mr. Dormer) to the days of Mr. Dormer's youth. It could but induce my uncle to join him in was by the use of machinery that man- an effort to restore thatched roofing, as kind began to emerge from a state of far as their influence could extend. My savage barbarism ; and if once the use uncle smiled, and inquired how all the of any implement, besides the human poor slaters and bricklayers were to be hand, was admitted, he did not see the provided for, whom such a point at which limits could be assigned would throw out of employ. That was to the progress of mechanical and scien- a difficulty which had not presented tific improvements.

itself to the mind of the zealous advocate A pause to these remarks ensued, but it for antiquity : and to him it was a diffiwas not long, however, before a new con- culty; for, with all his whims, he had a troversy was begun,on the comparativeme- benevolent heart, and was misled only. rits of slated and thatched roofs. My uncle by taking a one-sided view of things. had recently built some cottages, and had He was so eager in enumerating the adadopted the former material. Mr. Dor- vantages to be derived, and the benefits mer was so fully persuaded that the good to be conferred, by the adoption of his old method of thatching was, in every schemes, that he overlooked the evils respect, so far superior for pictu- | that would result, and the injuries that resque appearance, for warmth in win- would be inflicted; and this is the ter, and for coolness in summer, that case with all mere theorists, whether he had actually surmounted his utter ab- their projects be for the retention or rehorrence of having work people about storation of old, or the introduction of his premises, and had had the tiled roof new systems. In this respect, there was of his own mansion removed, and re- a striking resemblance even between Mr. placed with one of thatch ; and was Dormer and Mr. Kennedy. causing the same return to the good The conversation next turned upon old customs of our forefathers” to be education. Mr. Dormer had conducted effected on all the houses of his tenants, the education of his own child on a very in which it had been abandoned. It was limited scale, not at all suitable to her only in deference to my uncle's request prospects in life. With a fortune to bethat Mr. Kennedy had been restrained stow upon her, almost equal to nobility, from having a laugh at his neighbour, on her means of information had been inthe most incongruous appearance of his ferior to those of many a tradesman's dwelling; but now that the subject was daughter. This, like most other of the broached by Mr. Dormer himself, he old gentleman's narrow-minded peculiseemed to feel himself quite at liberty to arities, was a matter of principle, not of let out upon him. Mr. Dormer rather parsimony. He had sought, with great angrily retorted—He was not surprised solicitude, and remunerated, with great at such remarks from a gentleman who liberality, a governess of the old school, was celebrated for adopting every thing whose instructions were chiefly devoted new, and who had even had all his fire- to fine needlework, embroidery, filigree, places conformed to the vagaries of Count and other laborious trifles, with the very Rumford; but he was surprised, that a rudiments of English grammar and geogentleman of my uncle's good sense and graphy. Mr. Dormer himself instructed taste should defend the adoption of new- his daughter in the elements of the fangled notions. He wished he could French language; but carefully guarded convince him of the decided superiority against her proceeding so far in it as to

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