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Q. HORATII FLACCI SATIRARUM
Qui fit, Mæcenas, ut nemo, quam sibi sortem
Bapós, Soph. Ed. T. 17. and Virg.
Æn. ix. 246., - passages to be 1-3. ut nemo ... vivat, lau. quoted chiefly in support of the redet ...? i. e. ut nemo vivat ceived reading, against the conjec(quisque) laudet. Though the first ture armis. annis, it should be clause contains the negative form of observed, is ‘ years of service, expression, the affirmative notion 8. cita mors. Carm. II. xvi. 29. only is to be supplied to the second. The whole idea is perhaps taken So below, v. 109. : nemo se probet, from the sentiment of Ajax, in Hom. ac potius laudet.
11. O. 511. Cicero has a noted instance of this 10. consultor pulsat. · See Epist. usage, De Orat. iii. 14. : Nemo ex- 11. i. 104.; and cp. Cic. Pro Muren. 9.: tulit .... (no one extols a speaker Vigilas tu de nocte tu tuis consultofor speaking intelligibly to his au- ribus respondeas: ille ut eo, quo indience), sed contempsit, etc. (but tendit, mature cum exercitu perveall despise one who cannot do so). niat; te gallorum, illum buccinarum 4. gravis annis. Cp. oùy yhpal cantus exsuscitat.
Ille, datis vadibus qui rure extractus in urbem est,
11. vadibus, from vas, a surety;'20. Quid causæ est quin? (What one “qui pro altero vadimonium is there to prevent his being, i. e.) promittebat.” – Varro.
Must he not be, provoked ? vadimonium, “a promise (in law) 23. Præterea. Here a fresh arguor recognisance.'
ment is beginning ; checked, howvadimonium sistit, he keeps his ever, by a parenthesis, to excuse recognisance,' i. e. appears in court. diversion to a more serious vein and Cic. Pro P. Quint. 8.
particular application. vadm. mihi deserit, he forfeits it,' 23. jocularia, farces'=exodia. i. e. by not appearing. Ibid. 23. See Liv. vii. 2., where the rise of farce
vadari,'to hold (a person) to bail.' and comedy at Rome is described; its See Sat. 1. ix. 36.
first step, the addition of jocularia 14. Fabium, “Eques Rom. Nar- to the Tuscan dance ; its next tranbonensis,' a stoic, fond of, and tire- sition to saturæ, with musical acsome in, argument,- if we may trust companiment; then a plot, dialogue, the allusion here, and Sat. 1. ii. and scenic representation ; while, 14.
| as it assumed its most artificial shape, .15. Si quis deus, etc. Sat. 11. vii. the young Romans, leaving the play 24.
to trained actors, claimed a place for 16. En ego, jam faciam. Comp. and performed, as amateurs, the the abrupt emphatic position of jam old jocularia, then called exodia in Liv. xxiii. 8.: Jam ego, inquit, (whether these were “interludes,' as sanguine Hannibalis sanciam R. in Smith's Dict. and Sigonius's note, fædus.
Perfidus hic caupo, miles nautæque, per omne
29. hic. Not as if the publican'l contristat. Virg. Geor. iii. 279. : had been already mentioned, but in pluvio contristat frigore cælum, opposition to ille, v. 28. The Aquarius. Ibid. 304. :
caupo' is more fittingly introduced extremoque irrorat Aquarius anno. among the examples here than the The sun is reckoned to enter Aqua6 consultus,' whose profession would rius on the 16th of January. not have been adopted merely for a 38. cum te, the apodosis to quæ. livelihood.
' But she uses her store like a wise nautæ. i. e. mercatores, as in v. creature, whereas you .....
te. i. e. the miser ; on whom the 32. Compare Juvenal, xiv. 272 satire is suddenly turned. (This 275.
changing of the persons addressed is 33. formica. Virg. Geor. i. 186. a difficulty in Carm. iv. ii.) (and in Scripture, Proverbs, vi. 6.). 39. Epist. 1. i. 46. :36. inversum. A favourite com- | 45. triverit area. Tibull. 1. v. pound with Horace ; perhaps here, as | 22.; Virg. Geor. i. 192. some suggest, borrowing its meaning 46. plus ac. Al. plus quam. from the “inversa Aquarii urna." | 47. venales, slaves.'
Mille aret? At suave est ex magno tollere acervo.
52. Soph. Philoct. 647. may be Quæstio ... compared.
Quantum quisque suâ nummorum 54, urna, cyatho. See on Carm. servat in arcâ, III. viii. 13.
Tantum habet et fidei. 58–60. See (for illustration of 63. libenter quatenus, let him this) the Eastern story in the Ram- be miserable if he likes it ;' lit., bler, No. 38., and Gray's Ode to since he is so of his own choice.' Vicissitude, stanz. 8.
miserum esse. Juv. xiv. 304. 61. bona pars. Cp.“ bona mag-| 66. Cp. Juv. xiv. 152-5.; e connaque pars.”—Lucret. v. 1024. A trar., Eurip. Ion, 630. phrase found in Terence also. 68—71. Tantalus ..., inhians. 62. tanti, quantum habeas, sis. Konep 8 Távtalos .., ALKEXNVOTES Juvenal's lines, iji. 140., with a dif- Móvov tq xpvolg.-Lucian. Timon, ferent application, are parallel to this:
| sacris. Cp. Sat. 11. iii. 109. sq. Protenus ad censum, de moribus 73. Compare Pope, Mor. Essays, ultima fiet