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Unus vivorum, Fundani ; Pollio regum
Facta canit pede ter percusso ; forte epos acer
Ut nemo Varius ducit; molle atque facetum
Virgilio annuerunt gaudentes rure Camenæ.
Hoc erat, experto frustra Varrone Atacino
Atque quibusdam aliis, melius quod scribere possem,
Inventore minor; neque ego illi detrahere ausim
Hærentem capiti cum multa laude coronam.
At dixi fluere hunc lutulentum, sæpe ferentem
Plura quidem tollenda relinquendis. Age, quæso,
Tu nihil in magno doctus reprehendis Homero ?
Nil comis tragici mutat Lucilius Acci?
Non ridet versus Enni gravitate minores,
Cum de se loquitur non ut majore reprensis ?
Quid vetat et nosmet Lucili scripta legentes
Quærere, num illius, num rerum dura negarit

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conscribendis fabulis." -Orell. The suited to me, though I confess my general sense is, you are the most inferiority to Lucilius (inventore pleasing writer of witty dialogue.' minor), esp. as the inventor of the Dillenburger points out the choice of style. verbs here, garrire comcediam, ca- Varrone. Publ. Terentius Varro nere tragediam, ducere epica car- Atacinus (from Atax, a river in mina,' expressing respectively the Gallia Narbonensis, his native light and lively dialogue; the digni- country) composed in several styles fied or solemn tone of tragedy; the of poetry. His satires may be inhistorical and sustained character of ferred from this passage to have been epic composition.

failures. He must not be confounded 42. Fundanî. Caius Fundanius, with the learned Varro Reatinus. the popular comic poet of the day. He was born B. C. 82. Pollio. Carm. II. i. 1.

| 53. i. e. “Does your favourite Lu43. pede ter percusso=trimetris, cilius find nothing to alter in AcArs P. 252.

cius ?' forte epos, ‘Epic poetry.'

comis was evidently (see v. 65.) 44. molle, facetum, epithets de- the popular epithet in the mouth of scriptive of the Eclogues and Geor- the admirers of Lucilius. gics, - the Æneid being yet un- Accî. Epist. II. i. 56. ; Ars P. 258. published. Quintilian, referring to 54. Ennî. Epist. 11. i. 50. this passage, explains facetum as a gravitate minores. i. e. 'undigni. term (appellationem) “decoris et ex-fied.' cultæ cujusdam elegantiæ.” — Or. 55, non ut majore, 'not as if he Inst. Vi. iii. 19.

were superior to those whom he 46. Hoc erat, this (viz. satiric blames' (though he can see their poetry) (was left for and) was better defects).

Versiculos natura magis factos et euntes
Mollius ac si quis pedibus quid claudere senis,
Hoc tantum contentus, amet scripsisse ducentos
Ante cibum versus, totidem conatus ; Etrusci
Quale fuit Cassi rapido ferventius amni
Ingenium, capsis quem fama est esse librisque
Ambustum propriis. Fuerit Lucilius, inquam,
Comis et urbanus, fuerit limatior idem
Quam rudis et Græcis intacti carminis auctor,
Quamque poëtarum seniorum turba ; sed ille,
Si foret hoc'nostrum fato dilatus in ævum,
Detereret sibi multa, recideret omne quod ultra
Perfectum traheretur, et in versu faciendo
Sæpe caput scaberet, vivos et roderet ungues.
Sæpe stilum vertas iterum quæ digna legi sint

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58. magis factos. i. e. more 20. ; cp. Ars P. 291. So kareppurnfinished.' Cp. facta quodammodo uévos, Arist. Ran. 902. oratio, Cic. Ad Brut. viii. 30. ; De 66. Quam ... auctor. i. e 'grant Orat. iii. 48. (184.)

that he has elegance and ease, and 59. pedibus quid claudere. i. e. even more smoothness than you could

to make verses that would scan.' expect from the author of a new Sat, JI. i. 28., 1. iv. 40.

and untried style of poetry.' Luci61. Etrusci Cassî, a bad poet, not lius is termed auctor, as in v. 48. to be confounded with the Cassius inventor (cp. below, Sat. 11. i. 63.); of Epist. 1. iv. 3.

and such he was, both as to the form 62. ferventius amni. So Carm. and the subject matter of his Satires. iv. ij. 5.: velut amnis ... fervet,-of Those of Ennius had been composed the impetuosity of genius.

in every kind of metre, and were 63. i. e. he wrote books enough, wholly irregular ; and in their subwith their cases, to serve for his ject they were principally a delineafuneral pile.'

tion of daily life. But Lucilius ambustum, prop. burnt round,' wrote only in hexameter verse, and i. e. set on fire, scorched.” “Ridicule apparently (like Horace and Juvenal) pro combustum.— Baxt. “ Consulto dealt with peculiarities of character, mitius verbum elegit ne nimis rem ex- with vices, and with persons. (Some aggeraret, non combustum.”—Orell. editors have interpreted auctor of (Can the story be a jest developed Ennius ; but there are great objecout of the double sense of the adj. tions to this. ferventius ?)

| 71. vivos ungues, to the quick.' 65. limatiór. The metaphor of “a Cp. Pers. i. 106. fayre filed tongue" is in Spenser, F. 72. stilum vertas, you must 11. i. 3. Cp. Ov. Ex Pont. I. v. 16— alter,' &c. The stilus was blunted

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Scripturus, neque te ut miretur turba labores,
Contentus paucis lectoribus. An tua demens
Vilibus in ludis dictari carmina malis ?

75
Non ego: nam satis est equitem mihi plaudere, ut audax
Contemptis aliis explosa Arbuscula dixit.
Men’ moveat cimex Pantilius, aut cruciet quod
Vellicet absentem Demetrius, aut quod ineptus
Fannius Hermogenis lædat conviva Tigelli ?

80 Plotius et Varius, Mæcenas Virgiliusque, Valgius et probet hæc Octavius, optimus atque Fuscus et hæc utinam Viscorum laudet uterque. Ambitione relegata te dicere possum, Pollio, te, Messalla, tuo cum fratre simulque Vos, Bibule et Servi, simul his te, candide Furni, Complures alios, doctos ego quos et amicos Prudens prætereo; quibus hæc, sunt qualiacunque, Arridere velim, doliturus si placeant spe Deterius nostra. Demetri, teque, Tigelli, Discipularum inter jubeo plorare cathedras. I, puer, atque meo citus hæc subscribe libello.

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at the one end so as to obliterate the 82. Valgius. Carm. 11. ix. writing on the waxen tablet when Octavius, historian and poet. needed.

83. Viscorum uterque, the two 75. This would be the fate of a sons of Vibius Viscus, a wealthy popular poet. Cp. Epist. 1. xx. 17., eques. and Pers. i. 29.

84. Ambitione relegatâ. i. e. 77. Arbuscula, a female mime or without flattery.' reciter (see on v. 18.), extolled by 86. Bibule, Servi. Unknown. Cic. Ad Att. iv. xv. 6.

Furni. Caius Furnius, an historian. 78. Pantilius, one of Horace's candide. Ep. 1. iv. 1. Dunciad. So Fannius, Sat. I. iv. 21. 91. jubeo plorare. Gr. oiua CELD cimex, a bug.'

KENGÚw, equivalent to 'abite in ma. 81. Plotius. Sat. 1. v. 40. llam rem.'

Q. HORATII FLACCI SATIRARUM

LIBER SECUNDUS.

SATIRA I.

Sunt quibus in satira videor nimis acer et ultra
Legem tendere opus; sine nervis altera quidquid
Composui pars esse putat similesque meorum
Mille die versus deduci posse. Trebati,
Quid faciam præscribe. Quiescas. Ne faciam, inquis,
Omnino versus ? Aio. Peream male, si non
Optimum erat ; verum nequeo dormire. Ter uncti
Transnanto Tiberim, somno quibus est opus alto,
Irriguumque mero sub noctem corpus babento.

| scriptionum for the common perseSat. I.

cutionum). 2. sine nervis, tame, spiritless.' l 7. Optimum erat, “it were best ;' Cp. nervi deficiunt, A. Poet. 26. l'it would be the best way :' Gr.

4. deduci. Cp. Ep. II. i. 225. kpeittov nv (as in Arist. Nub. 1215.). Pope has preserved the metaphor: Cp. Livy, xxx. 29.; optimum qui

dem fuerat, etc. “ Lord Fanny spins a thousand such

8. Ter transnanto ... habento. a day."

These terminations are proper to a Trebati. C. Trebatius Testa, well formal legal style of injunction ; and known through his intimaey with in the rule itself is a sly allusion to Cicero. See the Ep. Ad Fam. vii. the old lawyer's love of the water, V., and indeed the whole book. and of good living: for which traits

5. præscribe, a word used techni- see Cic. Ad Fam. VII. X. 2., studiosiscally of juridical rules. (Orelli quotes simus homo natandi ; and vii. xxii., Cic. Orat. 41. (141.), reading præ- inter scyphos, etc.

15

Aut, si tantus amor scribendi te rapit, aude

10 Cæsaris invicti res dicere, multa laborum Præmia laturus. Cupidum, pater optime, vires Deficiunt : neque enim quivis horrentia pilis Agmina nec fracta pereuntes cuspide Gallos Aut labentis equo describit vulnera Parthi. Attamen et justum poteras et scribere fortem, Scipiadam ut sapiens Lucilius. Haud mihi deero, Cum res ipsa feret : nisi dextro tempore, Flacci Verba per attentam non ibunt Cæsaris aurem; Cui male si palpere, recalcitrat undique tutus.

20 Quanto rectius hoc quam tristi lædere versu Pantolabum scurram Nomentanumque nepotem, Cum sibi quisque timet, quamquam est intactus, et odit. Quid faciam? Saltat Milonius, ut semel icto Accessit fervor capiti numerusque lucernis; Castor gaudet equis, ovo prognatus eodem Pugnis; quot capitum vivunt, totidem studiorum Millia : me pedibus delectat claudere verba

25

13. Deficiunt. Cp. Ov. Fast. i., Pantolabus is said to be a name 123. :

made up from παν λαβείν. " Deficit ingenium, majoraque viri- 23. intactus. So Epist. II. i. 151. bus urgent.”

24. Saltat. See the Roman idea 14. fractâ cuspide. This is said of this in Cic. Pro Muren, vi. 13. by the Schol. to be an allusion to icto. Ov. Rem. Am. 146. the device adopted by Marius against 25. numerusque lucernis. So Juv. the Cimbri. See Plutarch's Life of Sat. vi. 305.: C. Marius, 25.

“ geminis consurgit mensa lucernis.” 16. poteras scribere. Lit., ‘you Cp. Ov. Art. Am. 764. So Pentheus were able to describe, you might (under the influence of his guide have described.' But, as expressing Bacchus) says (as in Virg. Æn. iv. a suggestion or supposition, cp. Ars 470.): P. 328. : poteras dixisse, suppose kal unny Spav uol dúo nious you say, or have said.'

δοκώ justum, fortem. i. e. in his civil oloods de OńBas. capacity as a just and vigorous ruler.

Eurip. Bacch. 918. 18. dextro tempore. Cp. the op- 27. Cp. Ter. Phorm. II. iii. 14.: posite phrase in Sat, 11. iv. 4. Quot homines, tot sententiæ, suus

22. A verse quoted from Sat. 1. viii. cuique mos. 11.

Cp. Pers. v. 52.

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