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12 hours 18th century accumulation Adam Smith agricultural labourers amount average becomes capitalist production coat commodities consequence constant capital cotton division of labour duction employed employment England English equivalent exchange value existence exploitation expression fact Factory Act given gold hand handicrafts Hence human labour increase individual individual capitals Insp instruments of labour Karl Marx labour-process labour-time land less linen Lond London machine machinery magnitude manufacture Marx mass means of production means of subsistence mills mode of production Modern Industry modities nature necessary number of labourers operatives owner persons Political Economy population price of labour process of production productiveness of labour profit proportion quantity of labour raw material relation relative Report says shillings social society spindles spinning surplus surplus-labour things tion trade use-value value of labour-power variable capital wage-labourers wages wealth whole working-day workmen workpeople yarn
Page 160 - Pluck stout men's pillows from below their heads; This yellow slave Will knit and break religions; bless the accurs'd; Make the hoar leprosy ador'd; place thieves. And give them title, knee and approbation. With senators on the bench; this is it, That makes the wappen'd widow wed again: ..... Come damned earth, Thou common whore of mankind.*
Page 569 - epoch from all earlier ones. All fixed, fast-frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away, all new formed ones become antiquated before they can ossify. All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, and man is at last compelled to face with sober senses his real condition* of life, and
Page 423 - The understandings of the greater part of men," says Adam Smith, "are necessarily formed by their ordinary employments. The man whose whole life is spent in performing a few simple operations . . . has no occasion to exert his understanding. .... He generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is
Page 841 - was profound and admirable, in making farms and houses of husbandry of a standard ; that is, maintained with such a proportion of land unto them as may breed a subject to live in convenient plenty, and no servile condition, and to keep the plough in the hands of the owners and not mere hirelings.
Page 335 - Workmen and factory inspectors protested on hygienic and moral grounds, but Capital answered : "My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, The penalty and forfeit of my bond." In fact, according to statistics laid before the House of Commons on July 26th, 1850, in spite of all protests, on July 15th, 1850, 3,742 children were subjected to this "practice
Page 452 - la vie, et qu'au lieu de cette philosophie spéculative qu'on enseigne dans les écoles, on en peut trouver une pratique, par laquelle, connaissant la force et les actions du feu, de l'eau, de l'air, des astres, et de tous les autres corps qui nous environnent, aussi distinctement que nous connaissons les divers métiers de nos artisans, nous les pourrions employer
Page 320 - wealth exceeding what was necessary for their own subsistence by twelve thousand pounds a year. The more carefully we examine the history of the past, the more reason shall we find to dissent from those who imagine that our age has been fruitful of new social evils. . . . That which is new is the intelligence and