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adjustable apparatus applied arms arranged balance battery bridge Bros cable capacity cell charging circuit closed coil comparatively complete conducting conductor connected consequent consists constant constructed containing copper deflection depressed described determined difference direction discharge earth ebonite effect electrical employed equal extremity fault figure follows force galvanometer give glass illustrated indicated insulation known latter lead length lever magnetic manner means measurement mercury method mounted moving necessary needle noted obtained ohms ordinary passing period placed plugs pole position possible practical principle proportional reading remaining represented resistance respectively scale short shown shunt side similar simple slide spring standard standard cell suitable surface suspended switch taken taking temperature terminals tion tube turn unit usually vanometer varies voltage Wheatstone whilst wire zinc
Page 40 - ... above the cork, using sufficient to cover completely the zinc and soldering. The glass tube containing the platinum wire should project some way above the top of the marine glue. The cell may be sealed in a more permanent manner by coating the marine glue, when it is set, with a solution of sodium silicate, and leaving it to harden.
Page 50 - As a unit of resistance, the international ohm, which is based upon the ohm equal to 10" units of resistance of the CGS system of electromagnetic units, and is represented by the resistance offered to an unvarying electric current by a column of mercury at the temperature of melting ice, 14.4521 grams in mass, of a constant cross-sectional area and of the length of 106.3 centimetres.
Page 39 - Sulphate. — Take mercurous sulphate, purchased as pure, mix with it a small quantity of pure mercury, and wash the whole thoroughly with cold distilled water by agitation in a bottle; drain off the water, and repeat the process at least twice. After the last washing, drain off as much of the water as possible.
Page 40 - Then insert the cork and zinc rod, passing the glass tube through the hole prepared for it. Push the cork gently down until its lower surface is nearly in contact with the liquid. The air will thus be nearly all expelled, and the cell should be left in this condition for at least...
Page 39 - ... any free acid. The crystals should be dissolved with the aid of gentle heat, but the temperature to which the solution is raised should not exceed 30
Page 40 - ... which the zinc rod can pass tightly ; at the other side bore another hole for the glass tube which covers the platinum wire; at the edge of the cork cut a nick through' which the air can pass when the cork is pushed into the tube.
Page 39 - C. Keep the paste for an hour at this temperature, agitating it from time to time, then allow it to cool ; continue to shake it occasionally while it is cooling. Crystals of zinc sulphate should then be distinctly visible, and should be distributed throughout the mass ; if this is not the case, add more crystals from the stock bottle, and repeat the whole process. This method ensures the formation of a saturated solution of zinc and mercurous sulphates in water. To set up the Cell. The cell may conveniently...
Page 38 - ... carefully removing any loose pieces of the zinc. Just before making up the cell, dip the zinc into dilute sulphuric acid, wash with distilled water, and dry with a clean cloth or filter paper.